LGV Est: Wikis

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TGV
TGV LGV Sud-Est TGV LGV Atlantique
TGV LGV Rhône-Alpes TGV LGV Nord
TGV LGV Méditerranée TGV LGV Est
TGV LGV Interconnexion Est  
TER
  Alsace   Nord-Pas de Calais
  Haute Normandie   Picardie
  Champagne Ardenne   Lorraine
  Basse Normandie   Bretagne
  Centre   Bourgogne
  Franche Comté   Pays de la Loire
  Poitou-Charentes   Limousin
  Auvergne   Rhône Alpes
  Aquitaine   Midi Pyrénées
  Languedoc Roussillon   Provence Alpes-Côte-d'Azur
  Corse    
SNCF Île-de-France/Transilien
  Est   Nord
  Saint-Lazare   Montparnasse
  Paris-Lyon  
RER
  line A   line D
  line B   line E
  line C
Réseau Express de l'Aire urbaine Lyonnaise (REAL)
  LGV Est
Legend
Unknown route-map component "KBFa"
0km Paris Gare de l'Est
Abbreviated in this map
Ligne Classique
Continuation to right Unknown route-map component "ABZ3rg" Track turning right
22.7km
0km
Arrow Blue Left 001.svg Metz 
Unknown route-map component "AKRZo"
2.1km Bridge over Francilienne (75 m)
Bridge over water
6.0km Bridge over the Dhuis (41 m)
Bridge over water
9.5km 1st Bridge over the Canal de l'Ourcq
Unknown route-map component "AKRZo"
Bridge over the N3
Continuation to right Unknown route-map component "kABZ3lg" Unknown route-map component "kKRZo+rl" Unknown route-map component "kABZ3rg" Continuation to left
10.1km Arrow Blue Left 001.svg LGV Interconnexion Est Arrow Blue Right 001.svg
Unknown route-map component "kABZdg"
12.7/11.2km
Bridge over water
36.8km 2nd bridge over the Canal de l'Ourcq (452 m)
Continuation to right Unknown route-map component "KRZolg" Continuation to left
38.3km Arrow Blue Left 001.svg Meaux – Reims Arrow Blue Right 001.svg
Unknown route-map component "AKRZo"
53.5km A4 (164 m)
Unknown route-map component "AKRZo"
78.7km A4
Large bridge
99.0km River Ardre (112 m)
Station on track Unknown route-map component "KBFa"
113.7km Champagne-Ardenne TGV
Junction to left Junction from right
114.7km
Continuation to right Unknown route-map component "KRZu" Unknown route-map component "ABZ3lf" Continuation to left
117.3km Arrow Blue Left 001.svg Epernay – Reims Arrow Blue Right 001.svg
Unknown route-map component "AKRZo"
136.3km A4 (93 m)
Junction to left Track turning from right
144,5km
Track turning from left Junction to right Straight track
146.2km
Non-passenger station on track Straight track Straight track
147.4km Maintenance yard
Continuation to right Unknown route-map component "ABZdr" Unknown route-map component "KRZo" Unknown route-map component "ABZ3rf" Continuation to left
146.9km Arrow Blue Left 001.svg Chalons – Laon Arrow Blue Right 001.svg
Track turning left Unknown route-map component "KRZo" Continuation to left
147.8km  Verdun Arrow Blue Right 001.svg
Unknown route-map component "AKRZo"
160.6km A4 (101 m)
Bridge over water
178.2km River Yêvre (30 m)
Bridge over water
190.4km River Aisne (43 m)
Bridge over water
206.9km River Aire (53 m)
Station on track
213.5km Meuse TGV
Bridge over water
230.9km River Meuse (603 m)
Bridge over water
231.7km Canal de l'Est
Bridge over water
235.6km River Creuë (114m)
Continuation to right
Transverse track + Elevated start
Continuation to left
Arrow Blue Left 001.svg Lérouville – Metz Arrow Blue Right 001.svg
Elevated end
Jaunly Bridge (480 m)
Unknown route-map component "kABZdf"
Continuation to right Unknown route-map component "kABZ3rf" Unknown route-map component "kKRZorl" Unknown route-map component "kABZ3lf" Continuation to left
Arrow Blue Left 001.svg Nancy – Metz Arrow Blue Right 001.svg (353 m)
Unknown route-map component "eBHF"
Lorraine-Vandières TGV (future)
Bridge over water
271.7km River Moselle (1115 m)
Unknown route-map component "AKRZo"
277.0km A31 (93 m)
Bridge over water
277.8km River Moselle (65 m)
Station on track
281.3km Lorraine TGV (current)
Unrestricted border on track
301.4km Current end of LGV
Straight track Track turning from left Continuation to left
 Metz Arrow Blue Right 001.svg
Junction to left Unknown route-map component "KRZolf" Continuation to left
301.4/307.1km  Saarbrücken Arrow Blue Right 001.svg
Unknown route-map component "xABZlf" Junction from right
307.1km
Unknown route-map component "exSTR" Abbreviated in this map
Continuation to right Unknown route-map component "xKRZo" Junction from right
Arrow Blue Left 001.svg Dieuze 
Track turning from left Unknown route-map component "xKRZo" Track turning right
Abbreviated in this map Unknown route-map component "exAKRZo"
A4
Abbreviated in this map Unknown route-map component "exTUNNEL1"
Saverne tunnel (±4000 m)
Abbreviated in this map Unknown route-map component "exAKRZo"
A4
Track turning left Unknown route-map component "xKRZo" Track turning from right
Unknown route-map component "exSTR" Abbreviated in this map
Unknown route-map component "xABZrg" Track turning right
Abbreviated in this map
Station on track
Strasbourg
Continuation forward
Arrow Blue Down 001.svg Kehl, Colmar 
The information for the 2nd phase (in pink) is given on a purely hypothetical basis.
Until its construction trains take the classic line (in red).

The LGV Est européenne (often shortened to LGV Est) is an extension to the French high-speed TGV network, connecting Paris and Strasbourg. As of 2009, it is the newest high-speed line in France and still under construction, with 300 km of a planned 406 km in service. It provides fast service between Paris and the principal cities of eastern France and Luxembourg, and several cities in Germany and Switzerland. It also enables fast connections between eastern France and French regions already served by TGV, to the southeast, the west and southwest, and to the north, with extensions towards Belgium.

The line passes through the French regions of Alsace, Lorraine, Champagne-Ardenne and Île-de-France. The first 300 km section of this new 406-km line, linking Vaires-sur-Marne near Paris to Baudrecourt in the Moselle, entered service on June 10, 2007. Constructed for speeds up to 350 km/h, for commercial service it is initially operating at a maximum speed of 320 km/h (199 mph),[1] and was the fastest service in the world[2] until the Wuhan–Guangzhou High-Speed Railway. It is the first TGV line to travel at this speed in commercial service, the first to use ERTMS,[3] the new European rail signalling system and the first line also served by German ICE trains.[4][5]

Contents

The project

The construction of the new line has been split into two phases:

  • from Vaires-sur-Marne (Seine-et-Marne) near Paris to Baudrecourt (Moselle), where it joins the conventional Metz-Saarbrücken and Metz-Strasbourg lines, opened June 2007;
  • from Baudrecourt to Vendenheim (Bas-Rhin) near Strasbourg, expected around 2014. Until then, TGV will run between these two cities via the existing Metz-Strasbourg line at the 160 km/h normal speed for the line. Preparatory work will start in 2009 with main construction beginning in 2011. This is part of a new accelerated time table, made possible by the release of additional funds by the French Government. It is unclear how much the accelerated timetable, announced the 4th of February, 2009, will affect the completion date.[6] It will presumably be earlier than the previous 2014 date mentioned.

On the 2nd of September, 2009, infrastructure manager RFF announced the tendering for the second phase. The timetable announced at the same time seems to contradict earlier reports, suggesting as it does, a start of construction in spring 2010 (earlier than the 2011 mentioned before) though a completion in 2016 (at least 2 years later than mentioned before). Financing was finalized Septermber 1st, 2009, with a mix of sources ranging from the French and Luxembourgois nation governments, regional governments, the EU and RFF.[7]

On the 29th of October, 2009, the European Commission announced that LGV Est's second phase has been awarded 76€M, out of total costs of 633.3€M. The Commission stated the funding had been brought foward to accelerate construction due to the economic crisis. [8]

Journey times have decreased as follows:

  • Paris–Strasbourg: from 4 hours to 2h 20 (first phase) to 1h 50 (second phase)
  • Paris–Reims: from 1h 35 to 0h 45
  • Paris–Sedan: from 2h 50 to 2h 00
  • Paris–Charleville-Mézières: from 2h 30 to 1h35
  • Paris–Nancy: from 2h 45 to 1h 30
  • Paris–Metz: from 2h 45 to 1h 25
  • Paris–Luxembourg: from 3h 55 to 2h 05
  • Paris–Basel: from 4h 55 to 3h 20
  • Paris–Zürich: from 5h 50 to 4h 35
  • Paris–Frankfurt: from 6h 15 to 3h 50
  • Paris–Stuttgart: from 6h 10 to 3h 40 (first phase) to 3h 10 (second phase)
  • Paris-Saarbrücken: from 4h 00 to 1h 50

Besides the construction of the LGV the project included:

Construction

Earthworks for the first phase between Vaires and Baudrecourt started in spring 2002. The contractors took three years to complete the earthworks and some 327 pieces of structural work as well as re-establishing communications for people and wildlife. Tracklaying and building the new stations started in 2004.

As the first infrastructure project of its kind to be declared a public utility by the Ministry of the Environment, the TGV Est is also the first railway to be financed largely by the French regions and the European Union (EU). The main contractor for the project is RFF (Réseau ferré de France), the state-owned company responsible for managing the French rail infrastructure.

Civil engineering works were distributed in eight contracts which were awarded after bidding by five companies: SNCF, ISL, Tractebel, Scétauroute and Setec. This is the first time there has been competition for the construction of a TGV line since reform of the rail system in 1997 and the involvement of RFF. SNCF Engineering, in partnership with EEG Simecsol succeeded in obtaining four of the contracts (including one for the second phase), this being 50% of the civil engineering project. Moreover, it directed the entire superstructure works project (track, signals and electrification) under the responsibility of Réseau Ferré de France.

Cost

The total cost is about €4 billion, apportioned as follows:

  • 61% public funds
  • 17% RFF
  • 22% SNCF (including €800 million for TGV rolling stock)

Controversy

The TGV Est has been a subject of public debate for several reasons:

  • The 2006 commencement of first phase service was pushed back to June 10, 2007.
  • This will be the first TGV construction in which local communities have had to participate financially together with the state government and European Union. The contribution was fixed following a capital structure group discussion of the communities, depending on the time decrease for users in relation to the Île de France. Alsace has therefore had to pay almost €300 million. It is possible that this financial model will continue for the second phase.

Timeline

  • 22 May 1992: French-German la Rochelle summit; commitment by France and Germany to create a high-speed rail line linking the two countries; comprising a northern branch via Saarbrücken-Mannheim and a southern branch via Strasbourg-Karlsruhe
  • 14 May 1996: declaration of public utility
  • 2001: refurbishment of a number of stations in Germany (for example Kaiserslautern) and launch of infrastructure work in Germany (line upgrading for 200 km/hour on sections of the conventional line between Saarbrücken and Mannheim)
  • 28 January 2002: official beginning of works for first phase between Vaires and Baudrecourt
  • 18 December 2003: government of Jean-Pierre Raffarin announces approximately 50 improvement projects, of which eight are for the TGV, including second phase works due to begin about 2010; additionally, connection of TGV Est with ICE to occur between 2007 and 2010
  • 19 October 2004: laying of the first LGV Est rail at Saint-Hilaire-au-Temple (Marne) by the transport minister, Gilles de Robien; earthworks are 80% complete and of the 338 structural projects, 290 (of which 14 are viaducts) are complete
  • June 2006: the catenary between Marne and Meuse is powered
  • 31 October 2006: the catenary for the entire length of the line is powered to enable testing[9]
  • 13 November 2006: beginning of technical testing of the central 210 km of the line using specialized trains to check correct track geometry, etc., at speeds up to 320 km/h[10]
  • 25 January 2007: An initial budget of €94 million is allocated to the second phase of the line between Baudrecourt and Strasbourg
  • 30 January 2007: The power is on over the whole length of 300 km.
  • 1 February 2007: The control centre at Pagny-sur-Moselle is opened.
  • 13 February 2007: A new world record for train speed is unofficially set by a TGV during tests on the TGV Est.[11]
  • 3 April 2007: An official new world speed record for conventional trains of 574.8 km/h is set by a TGV on the LGV Est.
  • June 9, 2007: The inaugural voyage of the LGV Est is completed (see below).
  • June 10, 2007: The LGV Est opens for commercial service.
  • May 16, 2008: First Stop of ICE-MF due to a fire of transformator on this route.

World speed record

A series of high speed trials, named Operation V150, were conducted on the LGV Est prior to its June 2007 opening using a specially modified train. The trials were conducted jointly by SNCF, TGV builder Alstom, and LGV Est owner Réseau Ferré de France between 15 January 2007 and 15 April 2007. Following a series of increasingly high speed runs, the official speed record attempt took place on 3 April 2007.[12][13] The top speed of 574.8 km/h (159.6 m/s, 357.2 mph) was reached at kilometre point 191 near the village of Le Chemin, between the Meuse and Champagne-Ardenne TGV stations, where the most favourable profile exists.

The 515.3 km/h speed record of 1990 was unofficially broken multiple times during the test campaign that preceded and followed the certified record attempt, the first time on February 13, 2007 with a speed of 554.3 km/h, and the last time on April 15, 2007 with a speed of 542.9 km/h.

Inauguration

Illustration of the proposed alignment of the second phase of the LGV Est.

On June 9, 2007, the TGV Est made its inaugural voyage, leaving from the Gare de l'Est at 7:36am. Notable passengers included: François Fillon, the French Prime Minister, Alain Juppé, the Minister of Sustainable Development, and the Argentinian Ambassador to France. The Prime Minister hailed this event as "a beautiful symbol of the capacity of our country to innovate when it is united, a symbol of European France, of the knowledge of French businesses, and a symbol that gives confidence in the future." He hailed this achievement as "a union by train between France and its German, Luxembourgish, and Swiss partners, between the European institutions and the [French] capital."

On June 10, 2007, the first phase of the LGV Est opened for commercial service.

References

See also

External links

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