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TGV
TGV LGV Sud-Est TGV LGV Atlantique
TGV LGV Rhône-Alpes TGV LGV Nord
TGV LGV Méditerranée TGV LGV Est
TGV LGV Interconnexion Est  
TER
  Alsace   Nord-Pas de Calais
  Haute Normandie   Picardie
  Champagne Ardenne   Lorraine
  Basse Normandie   Bretagne
  Centre   Bourgogne
  Franche Comté   Pays de la Loire
  Poitou-Charentes   Limousin
  Auvergne   Rhône Alpes
  Aquitaine   Midi Pyrénées
  Languedoc Roussillon   Provence Alpes-Côte-d'Azur
  Corse    
SNCF Île-de-France/Transilien
  Est   Nord
  Saint-Lazare   Montparnasse
  Paris-Lyon  
RER
  line A   line D
  line B   line E
  line C
Réseau Express de l'Aire urbaine Lyonnaise (REAL)
LGV Méditerranée
Legend
Abbreviated in this map
Connection to LGV Rhône-Alpes
Unknown route-map component "KRZu"
ValenceGrenoble line
Station on track
495.46 Valence TGV
Enter and exit short tunnel
Tunnel d'Eurre (664 m)
Junction to right
524.53 Connection to BriançonLivron line
Unknown route-map component "KRZu"
Briançon–Livron line
Bridge over water
Viaduc de la Drôme (190 m)
Straight track
Bridge over the Drôme
Large bridge
531.06 Viaduc de la Grenette (947 m)
Enter and exit tunnel
532.83 Tunnel de Tartaiguille (2340 m)
Bridge over water
570.21 Viaduc de la Garde-Adhémar (325 m)
Straight track
Bridge over the Donzère Canal
Junction to right
577.65 Connection to LyonAvignon line
Unknown route-map component "KRZu"
Lyon–Avignon line
Bridge over water
589.21 Viaduc de Mondragon (637 m)
Straight track
Bridge over the Rhône
Bridge over water
590.36 Viaduc de Mornas (887 m)
Straight track
Bridge over the Rhône
Bridge over water
Viaduc de l'Aigues (186 m)
Straight track
Bridge over the Eygues
Bridge over water
609.30 Viaduc de Roquemaure (680 m)
Straight track
Bridge over the Rhône
Bridge over water
Viaduc de Saint-Geniès-de-Comolas (533 m)
Straight track
Bridge over the Rhône
Enter and exit short tunnel
Tunnel de Saint-Geniès-de-Comolas (256 m)
Unknown route-map component "ABZrd"
618.15 Triangle junction with Nîmes branch
Unknown route-map component "KRZo"
Avignon–Nîmes line
Bridge over water
622.38 Viaducs d'Avignon (1573 m)
Straight track
Bridge over the Rhône
Station on track
625.16 Avignon TGV
Enter and exit tunnel
626.59 Avignon covered section (1300 m)
Large bridge
636.91 Viaduc de Bonpas (356 m)
Enter and exit short tunnel
637.27 Tunnel de Bonpas (303 m)
Bridge over water
646.60 Viaduc de Cavaillon (1500 m)
Straight track
Bridge over the Durance
Unknown route-map component "KRZo"
Avignon–Miramas line
Bridge over water
650.56 Viaduc de Cheval-Blanc (994 m)
Straight track
Bridge over the Durance
Bridge over water
653.85 Viaduc d'Orgon (942 m)
Straight track
Bridge over the Durance
Large bridge
669.02 Viaduc de Vernègues (1210 m)
Enter and exit short tunnel
670.71 Tunnel de Lambesc (440 m)
Large bridge
Viaduc sur la Touloubre (372 m)
Large bridge
688.23 Viaduc de Ventabren (1730 m)
Large bridge
692.40 Viaduc de l'Arc (416 m)
Station on track
699.14 Aix-en-Provence TGV
Enter and exit short tunnel
Bellepeire covered section (400 m)
Enter and exit tunnel
Tunnel de Pennes-Mirabeau (1350 m)
Enter and exit tunnel
706.20 Tunnel de Marseille (7834 m)
Enter and exit short tunnel
Saint-André covered section (490 m)
Junction from right
{{BSkm|711.16|853.01}} Junction with line to Marseille
Unknown route-map component "KBFe"
862.05 Marseille-Saint-Charles
LGV Méditerranée (Nîmes branch)
Legend
Unknown route-map component "ABZld"
{{BSkm|618.15|0.0}} Triangle junction with main line
Unknown route-map component "KRZo"
AvignonNîmes line
Bridge over water
10.98 Viaduc de la Roubine (270 m)
Straight track
Bridge over the Roubine
Bridge over water
18.38 Viaduc du Gardon (212 m)
Straight track
Bridge over the Gardon
Junction from left
25.06 Junction with the Avignon–Nîmes line

The LGV Méditerranée is a French high speed railway line of approximately 250 km length, which entered service in June, 2001. Running between Saint-Marcel-lès-Valence and Marseille, it connects the regions of Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur and Languedoc-Roussillon to the LGV Rhône-Alpes, and therefore to Lyon and the north of France. Although construction cost rose to €3.8 billion, the commencement of service on this line has led to a reversal of the respective airplane and train markets; by making Marseille reachable in three hours from Paris (a distance of over 750 km), the train now handles two thirds of all journeys.

Contents

Route

The LGV Méditerranée begins at Saint-Marcel-lès-Valence, as the extension of the LGV Rhône-Alpes. The new Gare de Valence TGV lies at the interchange with the regular Valence-Grenoble line, allowing rapid connections towards Valence, Romans-sur-Isère and Grenoble. At Crest, an emergency link is provided to the Briançon-Loriol line. The LGV then approaches the Rhône, rejoining the A7 autoroute at Montélimar. After having crossed the Canal de Donzère-Mondragon, the line connects to the regular network by an emergency link situated between Pierrelatte and Lapalud.

Spanning the Rhône three times (twice at Mornas, once north of Roquemaure), the LGV continues to Angles, where a triangle allows access to the southwest and southeast. The southwest branch is generally thought of as the beginning of the future LGV Languedoc-Roussillon, joining the regular Avignon-Nîmes line 25 km later at Redessan. The southeast branch crosses the Rhône on two parallel viaducts and serves the new Avignon-TGV station. The line then follows the Durance which it crosses at Orgon.

At Ventabren, a 1.73 km viaduct extends across the A8 autoroute, the D10 and the Canal de Provence. The line then dives towards the south, serving the new Aix-en-Provence-TGV station, traverses the 8 km long Tunnel de Marseille and re-joins the regular network at the entry to Marseille.

Stations

Controversy

  • Numerous protests, particularly from the wine growers of the Rhône valley, obliged President Mitterrand to ask for alterations to the route; the original path keeping to the left bank of the river, the final route skirting the river and crossing it four times
  • The nearly 250 km long line has no regularly used connection to the classic network (unless one considers the southwest branch as a connector). Numerous connections had however been proposed:
    • a link at Saint-Marcel-lès-Valence between the LGV (southwards) and the regular line (eastwards), accompanied by the electrification of the Valence-Grenoble line. This would have permitted direct connections between Grenoble and the Mediterranean; instead, passengers travelling between Marseille and Grenoble must change at Valence-TGV. Another link from the LGV (southwards) to the regular line (towards Valence) would have enabled service to Valence central station from the south
    • a link at Roquemaure from the north towards Avignon would not only have enabled service to Avignon central station, but would have enabled faster service for Arles. A link south of Avignon would equally have permitted the linking of Avignon central station with Marseille in 25 minutes
    • the regular use of the existing link at Pierrelatte would have enabled rapid service to Orange from the north, as well as Avignon and Arles, given that no link was created at Roquemaure
    • a link at Orgon with the Avignon-Miramas line via Cavaillon would have enabled service to Salon-de-Provence, Miramas and Istres from the north
  • Montélimar wanted a TGV station
  • Aix-en-Provence wanted its TGV station more eastwards, closer to the town centre.

Journey times

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From Paris

Interregional

See also

External links



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