LaGuardia Airport: Wikis

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LaGuardia Airport
PortAuthorityofNYandNJ logo.PNG
LaGuardiaairport.jpg
LaGuardia Airport view from an airplane
IATA: LGAICAO: KLGAFAA: LGA
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner City of New York
Operator Port Authority of New York and New Jersey
Serves New York Metropolitan Area
Location New York City
Hub for Delta Air Lines (future)
Elevation AMSL 21 ft / 6 m
Coordinates 40°46′38.1″N 073°52′21.4″W / 40.77725°N 73.872611°W / 40.77725; -73.872611
Website www.laguardiaairport.com
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
4/22 7,001 2,134 Asphalt/Concrete
13/31 7,003 2,135 Asphalt/Concrete
Helipads
Number Length Surface
ft m
H1 60 18 Asphalt
H2 60 18 Asphalt
Source: Federal Aviation Administration[1]
FAA airport diagram

LaGuardia Airport (IATA: LGAICAO: KLGAFAA LID: LGA) (pronounced /ləˈɡwɑrdiə/) is an airport located in Queens County on Long Island in the City of New York. The airport is located on the waterfront of Flushing Bay and Bowery Bay, and borders the neighborhoods of Astoria, Jackson Heights and East Elmhurst. The airport was originally named Glenn H. Curtiss Airport after aviation pioneer Glenn Hammond Curtiss[2] then renamed North Beach Airport,[3] then later named for Fiorello H. La Guardia, a former mayor of New York who built the airport. In 1960, it was voted the "greatest airport in the world" by the worldwide aviation community.[4] "LaGuardia Airport" is the official name of the airport according to the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, which operates the facility.

LaGuardia is the smallest of the New York metropolitan area's three primary commercial airports, the other two of which are John F. Kennedy International Airport in southern Queens and Newark Liberty International Airport in Newark, New Jersey, and the closest of the three to Manhattan. It is larger, however, than nearby alternative airports Long Island MacArthur Airport in Suffolk County, Westchester County Airport in Westchester County, and Stewart International Airport in Newburgh, New York. LaGuardia is popular because of its central location and proximity to Manhattan. In spite of the airport's small size, wide-body aircraft once visited regularly; the McDonnell Douglas DC-10 and Lockheed L-1011 were even specifically designed for use at LaGuardia. From 2000–2005 Delta operated the 767-400ER with 285 seats. Today, there are no scheduled widebody flights, though occasionally Delta Air Lines rotates a Boeing 767-300 in for one of its many Atlanta flights. The airport serves as a focus city for American Airlines, American Eagle, and AirTran Airways. It will become a domestic hub of Delta Air Lines.

Most flights from LaGuardia go to destinations within the US and Canada, as well as service to Aruba, the Bahamas and Bermuda because those destinations are staffed with United States border preclearance facilities. The airport has INS/FIS facilities capable of processing customs and immigration on arriving international flights; the facilities are insufficient to handle efficiently the number of passengers that a non-precleared scheduled airline service would require. LaGuardia is the busiest airport in the US without any non-stop service to and from Europe.[5] A perimeter rule prohibits incoming and outgoing flights that exceed 1,500 miles (2,400 km)—except on Saturdays, when the ban is lifted, and to Denver, which was grandfathered in — so most transcontinental and international flights use the area's other two major airports, JFK and Newark.[6]

In 2008, the airport handled 23.1 million passengers; JFK handled 47.8 million[7] and Newark handled slightly more than 35.4 million,[7] making for a total of approximately 106 million travelers using New York airports, which is the largest airport system in the United States, largest in the world in terms of flight operations, and second in the world (after London) in terms of passenger traffic.

LaGuardia ranked last out of 66 airports in the United States in a passenger satisfaction survey compiled by J.D. Power and Associates. Out of 31 airports surveyed in 2009, LaGuardia, together with Newark Liberty International Airport, ranked last for on-time arrivals.[8]

Contents

History

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Construction

The three major airports serving New York City:
 1) JFK International (JFK)
 2) LaGuardia (LGA)
 3) Newark Liberty International (EWR)
 ☆ Floyd Bennett Field (1931–72)

The current site of the airport was originally used by the Gala Amusement Park, owned by the Steinway family. It was razed and transformed in 1929 into a 105-acre private flying field. The airport was originally named Glenn H. Curtiss Airport after the pioneer Long Island aviator, and later called North Beach Airport.[3]

The initiative to develop the airport for commercial flights began with a verbal outburst by New York mayor Fiorello La Guardia (in office from 1934 to 1945) upon the arrival of his TWA flight at Newark — the only commercial airport serving the New York City region at the time — as his ticket said "New York". He demanded to be taken to New York, and ordered the plane to be flown to Brooklyn's Floyd Bennett Field, giving an impromptu press conference to reporters along the way. At that time, he urged New Yorkers to support a new airport within their city.[3]

American Airlines accepted La Guardia's offer to start a pilot program of scheduled flights to Floyd Bennett, although the program failed after several months because of Newark's relative proximity to Manhattan. La Guardia went as far as to offer police escorts to airport limousines, in an attempt to get American Airlines to continue operating the pilot program.

During the Floyd Bennett experiment, La Guardia and American executives began an alternative plan to build a new airport in Queens, where it could take advantage of the new Queens-Midtown Tunnel to Manhattan. The existing North Beach Airport was an obvious location, but much too small for the sort of airport that was being planned. With backing and assistance from the WPA, construction began in 1937.[9] Building on the site required moving landfill from Rikers Island, then a garbage dump, onto a metal reinforcing framework. The framework below the airport still causes magnetic interference on the compasses of outgoing aircraft: signs on the airfield warn pilots about the problem.[10] Because of American's pivotal role in the development of the airport, La Guardia gave the airline extra real estate during the airport's first year of operation, including four hangars (an unprecedented amount of space at the time) and a large office space that would be turned into the world's first airline lounge, the LaGuardia Admirals Club.

The airport was dedicated on October 15, 1939, as the New York Municipal Airport, and opened for business on that December 2.[3] It cost New York City $23 million to turn the tiny North Beach Airport into a 550-acre (2.2 km2) modern facility. Not everyone was as enthusiastic as LaGuardia about the project, some regarded it as a $40-million boondoggle. But the public was fascinated by the very idea of air travel, and thousands traveled to the airport, paid the dime fee, and watched the airliners take off and land. Two years later these fees and their associated parking had already provided $285,000, and other non-travel related incomes (food, etc.) were another $650,000 a year. The airport was soon a huge financial success.

Newark Airport began renovations, but could not keep up with the new Queens airport, which Time called, "the most pretentious land and seaplane base in the world." Even before the project was completed, La Guardia had won commitments from the 5 largest airlines (Pan American Airways, American, United, Eastern Air Lines and Transcontinental & Western Air) that they would begin using the new field as soon as it opened.[11] The airport was used during World War II as a training facility for aviation technicians and as a logistics field.

Newspaper accounts alternately referred to the airfield as New York Municipal Airport and LaGuardia Field until the modern name was officially applied when the airport moved to Port of New York Authority control under a lease with New York City on June 1, 1947.

Later development

Although LaGuardia was a very large airport for the era in which it was built, it soon became too small for the amount of air traffic it had to handle. Starting in 1968, general aviation aircraft were charged heavy fees to operate from LaGuardia during peak hours, driving many GA operators to airports such as Teterboro Airport in Teterboro, New Jersey. In 1984, to further combat overcrowding at LGA, the Port Authority instituted a "perimeter rule" banning flights from La Guardia to cities more than 1,500 miles (2,400 km) away (Western Airlines unsuccessfully challenged the rule in federal court). Later, the Port Authority also moved to connect JFK and Newark Airport to regional rail networks with the AirTrain Newark and AirTrain JFK, in an attempt to make these more distant airports competitive with LaGuardia. [2] In addition to these local regulations, the FAA also limited the number of flights and types of aircraft that could operate at LaGuardia (see 14 CFR § 193).

LaGuardia's traffic continued to grow. By 2000, the airport routinely experienced overcrowding-related delays, many of which were more than an hour long. That year, Congress passed legislation to revoke the federal traffic limits on LaGuardia by 2007. The reduced demand for air travel following the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks on New York City quickly slowed LaGuardia's traffic growth, helping to mitigate the airport's delays. Ongoing Port Authority investments to renovate the Central Terminal Building and improve the airfield layout have also made the airport's operations more efficient in recent years.

FAA approved Instrument Departure Procedure "Whitestone Climb" and the "Expressway Visual Approach to Runway 31" which both overfly Citi Field. In the name of safety when New York Mets games are in progress, these procedures are not usually used.

In late 2006, construction began to replace the current Air Traffic Control Tower, which was built in 1962, with a more modern one.

Top airlines and destinations

LaGuardia Airport is one of the busiest airports in the United States. In 2008, there were 176,373 flights that departed in LaGuardia. In 2009, 26 scheduled airlines operate from the airport. The top carriers are: American Airlines (19.76%), Delta (16.21%), US Airways (8.88%), United (7.05%), Northwest (6.86%).[citation needed] Other airlines that have numerous flights in LaGuardia are Air Tran, Continental, Frontier and Spirit.

Busiest Domestic Routes from LGA (2008)
Rank City Passengers Top Carriers
1 Flag of Georgia (U.S. state).svg Atlanta, Georgia 1,071,000 AirTran, Delta
2 Flag of Illinois.svg Chicago (O'Hare), Illinois 1,047,000 American, United
3 Flag of Florida.svg Fort Lauderdale, Florida 668,000 Delta, JetBlue, Spirit
4 Flag of Texas.svg Dallas-Fort Worth, Texas 559,000 American
5 Flag of Florida.svg Miami, Florida 541,000 American
6 Flag of Massachusetts.svg Boston, Massachusetts 523,000 Delta, US Airways, American Eagle
7 Flag of Virginia.svg Washington (National), DC 489,000 US Airways, Delta
8 Flag of Michigan.svg Detroit, Michigan 486,000 Delta, Spirit, American Eagle
9 Flag of North Carolina.svg Charlotte, North Carolina 434,000 US Airways
10 Flag of Colorado.svg Denver, Colorado 369,000 Frontier, United

Terminals, airlines and destinations

LaGuardia has four terminals connected by buses and walkways. Signage throughout the terminals was designed by Paul Mijksenaar.[12]

Central Terminal Building (CTB)

The Central Terminal Building (CTB) serves most of LaGuardia's domestic airlines. It is six blocks long, consisting of a four-story central section, two three-story wings and four concourses (A, B, C, and D) with up to 40 aircraft gates.[13] It was dedicated on April 17, 1964, and cost $36 million. Delta and US Airways left the CTB in 1983 and 1992 respectively to their own dedicated terminals on the east side of the airport. The Port Authority and various airlines have carried out a $340 million improvement project in the 1990s and early 2000s to expand and renovate the existing space. [3]

Delta Terminal

The Delta Flight Center opened on June 19, 1983, at a cost of approximately $90 million. It was designed to accommodate Delta's new Boeing 757 and Boeing 767 aircraft. On August 12, 2009, Delta announced the upcoming expansion of their operations and flights at LaGuardia, thanks to deal with US Airways.[14]

Marine Air Terminal in 1974

Marine Air Terminal

The Marine Air Terminal (MAT) was the airport's original terminal for overseas flights. The waterside terminal was designed to serve the fleet of flying boats, or Clippers, of Pan American Airways, America's main international airline throughout the 1930s and 1940s. When a Clipper would land in Long Island Sound, it would taxi up to a dock where passengers would disembark into the terminal. After World War II, new four-engine land planes were developed, signaling the end of the Clipper era. The final Clipper flight left the terminal in February 1952, bound for Bermuda.

The terminal is home of the largest mural created during the Roosevelt era Works Progress Administration (WPA) Federal Arts Program. Created by New York artist James Brooks, the mural, Flight, encircles the upper rotunda walls, telling the story of man's conquest of the heavens up through 1942 when the work was completed. During the 1950s, many WPA artists were thought to be in collusion with communists. Several works of art were destroyed that had been created for Post Offices and other public facilities. Likewise, Flight was completely painted over with wall paint by the Port Authority of New York & New Jersey. In the late 1970s, Geoffrey Arend, an aviation historian and author of Great Airports: LaGuardia, mounted a campaign to restore the mural to its original splendor. With the help of Brooks, LaGuardia Airport manager Tim Peirce, and donations from Reader’s Digest founders DeWitt Wallace and Laurance Rockefeller, Flight was rededicated in 1980.

In 1986, Pan Am restarted flights at the MAT with the purchase of New York Air’s shuttle service between Boston, New York City, and Washington, D.C. In 1991, Delta Air Lines bought the Pan Am Shuttle and subsequently started service from the MAT on September 1. In 1995, the MAT was designated as a historic landmark. A $7 million dollar restoration was completed in time for the airport’s sixty-fifth anniversary of commercial flights on December 2, 2004. Along with the Delta Shuttle, general aviation operates from the terminal through a fixed based operator.

On August 12, 2009 a transaction was announced between Delta Air Lines and US Airways which will include the transfer of 125 takeoffs and landings at LGA from US Airways to Delta. As part of the transaction, Delta will move its flights from the MAT to Terminal C, and the US Airways Shuttle will move from Terminal C to the MAT in early 2010.[15]

US Airways Terminal

The US Airways terminal.

The 300,000-square-foot (28,000 m2) US Airways Terminal, designed by William Nicholas Bodouva + Associates Architects and Planners, was opened September 12, 1992, at a cost of $250 million. The original tenant was intended to be Eastern Airlines, but when Eastern was forcibly bankrupt in an effort by parent Texas Air Corporation to merge its assets with that of sister airline Continental Airlines, Continental assumed the leases. Continental never moved in, as it sold its leases and most of its LaGuardia slots to US Airways as part of Continental's bankruptcy restructuring.[16] Trump Shuttle, successor to Eastern Airlines Shuttle, and what is now US Airways Shuttle, also occupied the terminal before becoming part of US Airways. The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey says that the terminal handles approximately 50% of regional airliner traffic at LaGuardia. [4]

On August 12, 2009, Delta Air Lines and US Airways announced a landing slot and terminal swap in separate press releases. Under the swap plan, which is subject to government approval, US Airways will give Delta 125 operating slot pairs at LaGuardia. US Airways, in return, will get 42 operating slot pairs at Ronald Reagan National Airport in Washington, DC and be granted the authority to begin service from the US to Sao Pãulo, Brazil and Tokyo, Japan. When the swap plan is complete, Delta intends to operate service at LaGuardia as a hub airport. Delta Shuttle operations will move from the Marine Air Terminal to Terminal C (the present US Airways terminal), and Terminals C and D will be connected together. US Airways Shuttle flights will move to the Marine Air Terminal, and mainline US Airways flights will move to Terminal D (the present Delta terminal).[17][18]

Airlines and destinations

Airlines Destinations Terminal
Air Canada Montréal-Trudeau, Toronto-Pearson A
Air Canada Jazz Halifax [seasonal], Montréal-Trudeau, Ottawa A
AirTran Airways Akron/Canton, Atlanta, Indianapolis, Milwaukee, Newport News/Williamsburg, Orlando B
American Airlines Chicago-O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Eagle/Vail [seasonal], Miami, Nashville, St. Louis D
American Eagle Boston, Charleston (WV), Cleveland, Columbus (OH), Detroit, Fayetteville (AR), Montréal-Trudeau, Nashville, Raleigh/Durham, Toronto-Pearson, Traverse City [seasonal] C
Continental Airlines Aruba [seasonal], Cleveland, Houston-Intercontinental A
Continental Express operated by Chautauqua Airlines Cleveland A
Continental Express operated by ExpressJet Airlines Cleveland A
Delta Air Lines Atlanta, Bermuda [seasonal], Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky [begins April 6], Detroit, Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Hayden/Steamboat Springs [seasonal], Memphis, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Nassau [seasonal], New Orleans, Orlando, Salt Lake City, Tampa, West Palm Beach Delta
Delta Air Lines Boston Marine
Delta Connection operated by Chautauqua Airlines Asheville, Birmingham (AL), Charleston, Columbia (SC), Columbus (OH), Grand Rapids, Greenville/Spartanburg, Indianapolis, Lexington, Norfolk [begins April 6], Raleigh/Durham, Richmond [begins April 6], Savannah Delta
Delta Connection operated by Comair Birmingham (AL), Charleston (SC), Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky, Columbus (OH), Halifax [begins April 6], Jacksonville (FL), Madison, Portland (ME) [begins April 6], Raleigh/Durham, Savannah, Traverse City [seasonal] Delta
Delta Connection operated by Mesaba Airlines Des Moines, Kansas City, Omaha Delta
Delta Connection operated by Pinnacle Airlines Bangor [begins April 6], Birmingham (AL) [begins April 6], Indianapolis, Knoxville Delta
Delta Connection operated by Shuttle America Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky, Indianapolis, Myrtle Beach [begins April 29] Delta
Delta Connection operated by Shuttle America Boston, Chicago-Midway [ends June 10], Chicago-O'Hare [begins June 10], Washington-Reagan Marine
Frontier Airlines Denver B
JetBlue Airways Fort Lauderdale, Orlando, West Palm Beach A/B
Midwest Airlines operated by Republic Airlines Kansas City, Milwaukee B
Southwest Airlines Baltimore, Chicago-Midway, Denver [begins May 15] B
Spirit Airlines Detroit, Fort Lauderdale, Myrtle Beach B
United Airlines Chicago-O'Hare, Denver, Washington-Dulles C
United Express operated by Atlantic Southeast Airlines Washington-Dulles C
United Express operated by Mesa Airlines Washington-Dulles C
United Express operated by Shuttle America Chicago-O'Hare, Washington-Dulles C
US Airways Boston, Charlotte, Nassau [seasonal], Philadelphia, Washington-Reagan US Airways
US Airways Express operated by Air Wisconsin Baltimore, Buffalo, Charleston (SC), Charlotte, Columbus (OH), Greensboro, Indianapolis [ends April 30], Louisville, Norfolk, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Portland (ME), Raleigh/Durham, Richmond, Rochester (NY), Syracuse, Wilmington (NC) US Airways
US Airways Express operated by Chautauqua Airlines Baltimore, Columbus (OH), Greensboro, Indianapolis [ends May 2], Louisville, Pittsburgh, Raleigh/Durham, Richmond, Wilmington (NC) US Airways
US Airways Express operated by Piedmont Airlines Albany, Baltimore, Bangor, Buffalo, Burlington (VT), Charlottesville, Ithaca, Manchester (NH), Philadelphia, Portland (ME), Providence, Roanoke, Rochester (NY), Syracuse US Airways
US Airways Express operated by PSA Airlines Charlotte, Dayton, Richmond US Airways
US Airways Express operated by Republic Airlines Columbus (OH), Philadelphia, Pittsburgh US Airways

Ground transportation

Bus

Several city bus lines link LGA to the New York City Subway and Long Island Rail Road, with free transfers provided for Metrocard users making subway connections. The buses are wheelchair accessible. These are operated by MTA New York City Transit and MTA Bus Company:

  • M60 (All terminals)
  • Q33 (Central Terminal, US Airways, and Delta terminals only)
  • Q48 (All terminals)
  • Q72 (Central Terminal only)
  • Q47 (Marine Air Terminal only)

There are also many private bus lines operating express buses to Manhattan, the Hudson Valley, and Long Island.

Taxi

Taxicabs serving the Airport are licensed by New York City Taxi & Limousine Commission. The fares within New York City are metered. Uniformed Taxi Dispatchers are available to assist passengers before they start the rides.[19]

Limousine

New York City's limousine services, which are licensed by NYCTLC New York City Taxi & Limousine Commission, offer various rates ranging from $40–150 from LGA airport to Manhattan (excluding tips and tolls) in a sedan or limousine. Depending on the time of day, travel from LGA to Midtown Manhattan can be as quick as 25 minutes. Limousines accommodate 2–20 passengers depending upon the size of the vehicle.

Accidents and incidents

  • On December 29, 1975, a bomb exploded at LaGuardia, killing 11 people and injuring 74.[22]
  • On August 1, 2009, the airport was evacuated when a Port Authority police officer mistook a mentally-disabled man's electrical equipment for a bomb, and his flipping of a switch to be an attempt to detonate it.

In popular culture

  • LaGuardia Airport appears as a level in the computer game Deus Ex. The level itself takes place in a private section of LaGuardia that is owned by Juan Lebedev, a prominent member of the NSF.
  • LaGuardia airport of 1939 (or 1940) nearly receives the landing of a Boeing 707 jetliner in the Twilight Zone episode The Odyssey of Flight 33, but then the crew sees the 1939/1940 World's Fair site and realize they did not come forward in time far enough to be home. They do not make the landing they've been cleared for at LaGuardia.
  • LaGuardia Airport is featured, and is the only airport, in the 2006 game Driver Parallel Lines. Although the player cannot enter the terminal, the runway area and a few of the parking lots are accessible. In the 1978 era there are hangars with ramps to jump off of, and in 2006 there are gates and a new entrance from the road out front, which is one-way, opposed to the two way road in 1978. The surrounding area's geography is changed to incorporate a racetrack and a Ray's Garage. Also,in 1978 era,there's a large stack of shipping containers next to the parking bay. It served as an alternative entrance.It was removed in 2006 era with a large parking lot in its place.
  • In the 1987 John Hughes comedy Planes, Trains and Automobiles, Neal Page and Del Griffith (played by Steve Martin and John Candy) depart LaGuardia on a flight to Chicago O'Hare Airport. They end up landing at Mid-Continent Airport in Wichita because of a snowstorm in Chicago.
  • In the music video for the 2008 song, I Will Possess Your Heart, by Death Cab for Cutie, the main character embarks on a worldwide journey beginning from LaGuardia
  • The airport is featured in the 1992 movie Home Alone 2, when Kevin McCalister (Maculay Culkin) discovers he accidentally took the plane to NYC instead of Miami
  • The airport is the headquarters of the Men in Black in Men in Black: The Series based on the film.
  • The runways of the airport are featured in the 2008 videogame Grand Theft Auto IV.

See also


References

  1. ^ FAA Airport Master Record for LGA (Form 5010 PDF), retrieved 03/15/2007
  2. ^ Kenneth T. Jackson: The Encyclopedia of New York City: The New York Historical Society; Yale University Press; 1995. P. 470.
  3. ^ a b c d Amon, Rhoda (2007). "Major Airports Take Off". Newsday. http://www.newsday.com/community/guide/lihistory/ny-history-hs732a,0,7288770.story. 
  4. ^ DiCarlo, Lisa (2005-04-07). "The World's Best Airports". Forbes. http://www.forbes.com/business/2005/04/07/cx_ld_0407bestairports.html. Retrieved 2007-08-12. 
  5. ^ [1]
  6. ^ "Long Distance at La Guardia". The New York Sun. 2005-08-04. http://www.nysun.com/editorials/long-distance-at-la-guardia/18053/. Retrieved 2010-03-04. 
  7. ^ a b ACI passenger figures for 2008
  8. ^ "LaGuardia the worst airport in U.S.: Report". Metro (New York). 2010-02-19. http://www.metro.us/us/article/2010/02/19/06/2415-82/index.xml. Retrieved 2010-03-04. 
  9. ^ "12 WPA Projects that Still Exist". How Stuff Works. Publications International, Ltd.. http://people.howstuffworks.com/12-wpa-projects-that-still-exist1.htm. Retrieved 2009-03-11. 
  10. ^ Steinke, Sebastian (August 2005). "La Guardia:New York City's Airport". Flug Review. http://www.flug-revue.rotor.com/FRheft/FRHeft05/FRH0508/FR0508c.htm. 
  11. ^ "LaGuardia's Coup". Time. September 12, 1938. http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,760199,00.html. 
  12. ^ "New York and New Jersey Airports". Mijksenaar BV. http://www.mijksenaar.com/projects-quicktour/30-new_york_and_new_jersey_airports.html. Retrieved 2009-05-18. 
  13. ^ "Facts & Info - About the Airport - LaGuardia Airport". Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. http://www.panynj.gov/airports/lga-facts-info.html. Retrieved 2010-03-05. 
  14. ^ Salpukas, Agis (1983-06-18). "Delta Spreads Out at La Guardia". The New York Times: p. 29. http://www.nytimes.com/1983/06/18/business/delta-spreads-out-at-la-guardia.html. Retrieved 2009-09-15. 
  15. ^ Barron, James (2009-08-12). "Delta to Increase Service at La Guardia". New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2009/08/13/nyregion/13laguardia.html. Retrieved 2009-08-13. 
  16. ^ McDowell, Edwin (1991-11-16). "Continental to Sell 108 Slots At La Guardia for $61 Million". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/1991/11/16/business/continental-to-sell-108-slots-at-la-guardia-for-61-million.html. Retrieved 2009-09-15. 
  17. ^ Delta Air Lines (2009-08-12). "Delta Reinforces New York Commitment with Plan for Domestic Hub at LaGuardia Airport". Press release. http://news.delta.com/index.php?s=43&item=751. Retrieved 2009-08-12. 
  18. ^ US Airways (2009-08-12). "US Airways announces slot transaction with Delta Air Lines". Press release. http://www2.usairways.com/en-US/aboutus/pressroom/Aug09_announcement.html?c=hp_g3_txt_00711. Retrieved 2009-08-12. 
  19. ^ "Taxi, Car and Van Service - Ground Transportation". Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. http://www.panynj.gov/airports/lga-taxi-car-van-service.html. Retrieved 2010-03-05. 
  20. ^ Berger, Meyer (1957-02-02). "22 Die, 72 Survive As Plane Falls on Rikers Island During Take-Off for Florida in Heavy Snow". The New York Times. http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=FB0910FE3F5A177B93C0A91789D85F438585F9. Retrieved 2010-03-05. 
  21. ^ Kihss, Peter (1959-02-05). "Airliner Death Toll Is 65". The New York Times. http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F10B14FE3959107B93C7A91789D85F4D8585F9. Retrieved 2010-03-05. 
  22. ^ Daily Almanac: Tuesday, December 29, 1998, CNN. Accessed October 3, 2007. "In 1975, a bomb explosion at New York's La Guardia airport killed 11 people"
  23. ^ McQuiston, John T. (September 21, 1989). "3 Die as Jetliner Plunges Into Bay Off La Guardia". The New York Times. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=950DE5D7113AF932A1575AC0A96F948260. Retrieved 2007-10-03. "A USAir jetliner taking off for Charlotte, N.C., from La Guardia Airport late last night skidded off the end of a rain-slicked runway and plunged into the bay near Rikers Island, killing 3 and injuring 51 of the 62 people aboard, police and fire officials said." 
  24. ^ Barron, James (1992-03-23). "At Least 19 Killed in Crash at Snowy La Guardia". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/1992/03/23/nyregion/at-least-19-killed-in-crash-at-snowy-la-guardia.html. Retrieved 2007-10-03. 
  25. ^ Barron, James (1994-03-03). "Plane Skids Off a Runway at Snowy La Guardia". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/1994/03/03/nyregion/plane-skids-off-a-runway-at-snowy-la-guardia.html. Retrieved 2010-03-05. 
  26. ^ "US Airways Plane Crashes Into Hudson River". WCBS. 2009-01-16. http://wcbstv.com/breakingnewsalerts/us.airways.crash.2.909535.html. Retrieved 2010-03-24. 
  27. ^ "Airplane crash-lands into Hudson River; all aboard reported safe". CNN. 2009-01-15. http://www.cnn.com/2009/US/01/15/new.york.plane.crash/index.html. Retrieved 2010-03-04. 

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