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La Crescent, Minnesota
—  City  —
Location of La Crescent, Minnesota
Coordinates: 43°49′36″N 91°18′18″W / 43.82667°N 91.305°W / 43.82667; -91.305
Country United States
State Minnesota
Counties Houston, Winona
Area
 - Total 3.3 sq mi (8.7 km2)
 - Land 3.0 sq mi (7.8 km2)
 - Water 0.3 sq mi (0.9 km2)
Elevation 679 ft (207 m)
Population (2008)
 - Total 4,912
 - Density 1,634.4/sq mi (631.0/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 55947
Area code(s) 507
FIPS code 27-33866[1]
GNIS feature ID 0646292[2]

La Crescent is a city in Houston and Winona counties in the U.S. state of Minnesota. It is located in the La Crosse Metropolitan Area, located directly across the Mississippi River. The 2008 population estimate was 4,912.

La Crescent is known as the "Apple Capital of Minnesota" because of its many apple orchards.

Contents

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.3 square miles (8.7 km²), of which, 3.0 square miles (7.8 km²) of it is land and 0.3 square miles (0.9 km²) of it (9.85%) is water.

Demographics

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 4,923 people, 1,940 households, and 1,367 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,634.4 people per square mile (631.5/km²). There were 2,014 housing units at an average density of 668.6/sq mi (258.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.60% White, 0.43% African American, 0.08% Native American, 0.87% Asian, 0.08% from other races, and 0.93% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.73% of the population.

There were 1,940 households out of which 35.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.1% were married couples living together, 8.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.5% were non-families. 26.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.02.

In the city the population was spread out with 27.3% under the age of 18, 7.1% from 18 to 24, 28.6% from 25 to 44, 21.2% from 45 to 64, and 15.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 92.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $45,433, and the median income for a family was $54,708. Males had a median income of $40,316 versus $24,308 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,361. About 0.8% of families and 3.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.9% of those under age 18 and 12.8% of those age 65 or over.

Education

The La Crescent-Hokah Public Schools is the city's school district. [1] It includes La Crescent-Hokah Public Elementary School, Crucifixion Catholic Elementary School, Montessori Elementary School, and La Crescent High School.

History

Sitting on the banks of the Mississippi River, La Crescent, Minnesota is surrounded by beautiful bluffs with spectacular views of the river. It's no wonder then that humans have inhabited this area, abundant with wildlife, for thousands of years. The most recent inhabitants before the White settlers were the Dakota Indians, who were a branch of the Sioux, and the Winnebago.

Following the 1803 Louisiana Purchase, Nathan Boone, youngest son of Daniel Boone was among the early surveyors of this area. The various Indian tribes who had lived here were slaughtered in the 1840s to accommodate White settlement.

La Crescent was founded in 1851 by Peter Cameron and was originally called, "Camerons". Peter and his wife, Emma, were two of the town's most colorful characters. Peter tried to dig a canal to change the flow of the Mississippi River so it would flow closer to La Crescent and bypass La Crosse, Wisconsin across the river. He died 10 weeks before its scheduled completion in 1857, and the canal was never finished, although the canal can still be seen in aerial photographs of the city.

The second name of La Crescent was "Manton", named by William and Harvey Gillett, after they cleared the downtown area for settlement for Peter Cameron. In quick succession, the name of the town was changed again by the somewhat unscrupulous Kentucky Land Company, which was a land speculation company. They wanted a more romantic sounding name for the town to attract settlers and came up with "La Crescent", after the bend or "crescent" shape of the Mississippi River around the town. La Crescent incorporated in 1857.

John S. Harris arrived in La Crescent in 1856 and soon gave the town its identity of "Apple Capital of Minnesota", a title that the city copyrighted in 2002. Despite the belief "by 99 out of 100” people that apples could not grow in Minnesota", Harris planted his first apple trees here in 1857 and experimented with them until he grew trees hardy enough to withstand the severe Minnesota winters. He planted thousands of apple trees and hundreds of varieties, a full half of which he said were complete and total failures. Harris became known as "Father of the Orchardists" in Minnesota and was also a founding member of the Minnesota State Horticultural Society. Since 1947 La Crescent has celebrated this apple heritage annually with a weekend festival know as Applefest.

La Crescent has entertained a number of businesses throughout its history, but the one that has endured the longest is the apple industry. Around the 1940s La Crescent had about 40 small orchards in and around the city. Although the number of orchards has dwindled to less than a dozen, the area is about the same, as the orchards have been expanded in the bluffs farther away from the city. La Crescent grows gourmet apple varieties not found in most other places. Eighty percent of its apples are sold in Minnesota, although they are also exported to surrounding states and Canada.

Here there are many markets which sell honey and other organic products, as well as apples. There are many outdoor activities to do in the area, such as biking, hiking, fishing, biking, bird watching, skiing, snowmobiling, and fourwheeling.

References

External links

Coordinates: 43°49′44.98″N 91°18′30.23″W / 43.8291611°N 91.3083972°W / 43.8291611; -91.3083972

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