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Mano Negra is also a French pop group.

La Mano Negra (Spanish, in English, "The Black Hand") was a supposed secret and violent Anarchist organization that was founded in Andalucia, Spain at the end of the 19th century.

Although the local Anarchist groups affirm that they had nothing to do with this said organization, the police carried out a strong repression against anarchists based on four crimes committed by La Mano Negra at the end of 1882, and the first months of 1883.

The results of the ensuing revolt was that 15 peasants were condemned to death, of which 7 where executed in the Plaza del Mercado in Jerez de la Frontera, on June 14 of 1884. The trial was covered by Leopoldo Alas Clarín for the Jerez newspaper El Día, who also reported on the condition of Andalusian peasants.

Even today it is not clear if La Mano Negra existed or if it was an invention of the government of Práxedes Mateo Sagasta to combat the revolts of the countryside in the south of Spain, as Vicente Blasco Ibáñez denounced in his novel La Bodega.

Northern New Mexico

In the 1950s through the late 1970s there was a group of Hispanic New Mexicans who called themselves "La Mano Negra." Their roots went back to the Spaniards that settled in Northern New Mexico in the late 1500s. They were opposed to White/Caucasian people moving into the area and buying land that had been owned by Hispanic families for generations. They also did not like that these people were opening businesses that were causing other local businesses to go out of business. After a while, the Caucasians were finding themselves in political positions or making political connections that could influence laws or regulations. New laws and regulations, such as having to pay more for water rights or having to pay different taxes, were making it harder for some New Mexicans to continue farming; which had been their family's livelihood for centuries.

To show discontent to the changes Caucasians were making in the area, "La Mano Negra" would frequently do things to the Caucasians' property such as lighting cars or entire fields on fire. They never harmed anyone physically, instead they only damaged property. They were frustrated with what was going on in their community and even more frustrated that the community leaders were doing nothing about it. "La Mano Negra" was probably at their peak during the 1960s when protests all over that nation escalated for various reasons. Their activities slowly declined in the 70s as the native Hispanics and people moving into the area learned how to coexist.

References

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