La Mirada, California: Wikis

  
  
  
  

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City of La Mirada
—  City  —

Seal
Motto: Dedicated to Service
Location of La Mirada in Los Angeles County, California
Coordinates: 33°54′8″N 118°0′35″W / 33.90222°N 118.00972°W / 33.90222; -118.00972Coordinates: 33°54′8″N 118°0′35″W / 33.90222°N 118.00972°W / 33.90222; -118.00972
Country United States
State California
County Los Angeles
Incorporated (city) 1960-03-23[1]
Government
 - Type General Law City
Council-Manager
 - City Council Susan Tripp[2], (Mayor)
Pete Dames (Mayor Pro Tem)
Gabe Garcia
Steve Jones
Hal Malkin
 - City Manager Tom Robinson
Area
 - Total 7.88 sq mi (20.40 km2)
 - Land 7.85 sq mi (20.33 km2)
 - Water 0.03 sq mi (0.07 km2)  0.34%
Elevation 194 ft (59 m)
Population (2007)[3]
 - Total 50,093
 Density 5,960.6/sq mi (2,301.4/km2)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 - Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP Code 90637-90639[4]
Area code(s) 562/714[5]
FIPS code 06-40032
GNIS feature ID 1652736
Website http://www.cityoflamirada.org/

La Mirada is a city in southeast Los Angeles County,[6][7] California, United States, and is one of the cities that make up the Gateway Cities. The population was 46,783 at the 2000 census.

It is best known as the home of Biola University (formerly the Bible Institute of Los Angeles), an evangelical Christian institution of higher education. It is also the home of the La Mirada Theatre for the Performing Arts. McCoy/Rigby Entertainment produces six musicals per season. The company includes the actress-gymnast Cathy Rigby, noted for starring in the staged production of Peter Pan.

Splash!, a pirate-themed aquatics center, had its grand opening celebrations on November 10 and 11th, 2007. The center includes a 50-meter pool, 25-yard (23 m) pool, and a fun area titled "Buccaneer Bay" which has three water slides, a lazy river, and much more.

The City of La Mirada was named a “Best Place to Live” by CNN Money Magazine. La Mirada placed 34th on the list, with the La Mirada Theatre for the Performing Arts and the Splash! La Mirada Regional Aquatics Center as two of its main attributes.[8] The list features 100 U.S. cities with 7,500 to 50,000 citizens with a population that is less than 90% Caucasian. California had the most nominations with eight other cities making the list. The nominations were based on data such as low crime rates, education scores, population growth, accessibility, housing affordability, school quality, arts and leisure opportunities and racial diversity.

Contents

History

La Mirada (Spanish for The View) was the creation of two men, Andrew McNally, a printer and mapmaker from Chicago (see Rand McNally) and his son-in-law Edwin Neff.

In 1888, McNally purchased over 2200 acres (8.9 km²) of Rancho Los Coyotes,[9] south of Whittier, for $200,000. He developed 700 acres (2.8 km²) into his own home called Windermere Ranch and surrounded it with olive, orange and lemon groves. McNally built a plant to process the olive oil, which was of the best quality, as well as a railroad station on Stage Road. From here his olive oil and fruit were shipped all over the U.S.

In 1896, McNally turned his property over to his daughter and his son in law. McNally and Neff formed the La Mirada Land Company, which published a booklet entitled "The Country Gentleman in California", advertising parcels of land for sale including pictures, a map and descriptions of the scenic olive, alfalfa, lemon and grapefruit groves.

In 1946, "Along Your Way", a "Station by Station Description of the Santa Fe Route Through the Southwest," describes La Mirada with a population of 213, surrounded by orange, lemon, walnut and olive groves; oil wells; olive oil factory; and fruit packing houses.

The city received a lot of attention for the fact that it was going to be completely structured and planned out. Referred to as "the Nation's completely planned city" during the early 1950s,[10] the city of La Mirada received a lot of attention from the State Fair.[11] The Fair praised the city for planning for the future while still maintaining practicality for today.

In 1953, the land was sold to subdivisions for 5.2 million dollars, one of the largest real estate transactions in California. By 1960, the year the city was incorporated, La Mirada had grown from a mere 100 homes to over 8,000[9]. The city was incorporated as "Mirada Hills" on March 23, 1960. On November 8, 1960, voters approved a change of name to the current La Mirada, which was officially certified on December 15, 1960.

Today, the current population is near 50,000 with the addition of a new subdivision on the eastern portion of the town.

Geography

La Mirada is located at 33°54′8″N 118°0′35″W / 33.90222°N 118.00972°W / 33.90222; -118.00972 (33.902130, -118.009663).[12] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 20.4 km² (7.9 mi²). 20.3 km² (7.8 mi²) of it is land and 0.1 km² (0.04 mi²) of it (0.38%) is water. The city is on the border between Orange and Los Angeles Counties. The cities that border it on the Los Angeles County side is Santa Fe Springs to the west and Cerritos to the southwest; and unincorporated areas of Los Angeles County East La Mirada,and South Whittier to the North. Then the cities which border it on the Orange County side are Fullerton and La Habra on the east; Buena Park on the south; also a small portions of unincorporated Orange County to the northeast.

Climate

La Mirada, like the rest of the Los Angeles basin is well-known for its year-round pleasant weather:
-On average, the warmest month is July.
-The highest recorded temperature was 110 °F (43 °C) in 1988.
-On average, the coolest month is December.
-The lowest recorded temperature was 30 °F (−1 °C) in 1990.
-The maximum average precipitation occurs in February.

La Mirada has a Mediterranean climate or Dry-Summer Subtropical (Köppen climate classification Csb on the coast, Csa inland), enjoying plenty of sunshine throughout the year, with an average of 263 sunshine days and only 35 days with measurable precipitation annually.[13]

La Mirada, California
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
3.5
 
70
48
 
 
3.6
 
71
49
 
 
2.9
 
73
56
 
 
0.9
 
77
53
 
 
0.2
 
79
57
 
 
0.1
 
84
61
 
 
0
 
89
64
 
 
0
 
89
65
 
 
0.2
 
88
64
 
 
0.3
 
82
58
 
 
1
 
75
52
 
 
1.7
 
71
47
average max. and min. temperatures in °F
precipitation totals in inches
source: Weather.com / NWS

The period of April through November is warm to hot and dry with average high temperatures of 71 to 79°F (22 to 26°C) and lows of 50 to 62°F (10 to 17°C). Due to the moderating effect of the ocean, temperatures are cooler than more inland areas of Los Angeles, where temperatures frequently exceed 90°F (32°C) and occasionally reach 100°F (38°C).

The period of November through March is somewhat rainy, as shown in the table to left.[14]

The Los Angeles area is also subject to the phenomena typical of a microclimate. As such, the temperatures can vary as much as 18 °F (10 °C) between inland areas and the coast, with a temperature gradient of over one degree per mile (1.6 km) from the coast inland. California has also a weather phenomenon called "June Gloom or May Grey", which sometimes brings overcast or foggy skies in the morning at the coast, but usually gives way to sunny skies by noon, during late spring and early summer.

The Los Angeles region averages 15 inches (385 mm) of precipitation annually, which mainly occurs during the winter and spring (November through April) with generally light rain showers, but sometimes as heavy rainfall and thunderstorms. Coastal areas receive slightly less rainfall, while the mountains receive slightly more. Snowfall is extremely rare in the city basin, but the mountains within city limits typically receive snowfall every winter.

The greatest snowfall recorded in downtown Los Angeles was 2 inches (5 cm) in 1932.[15][16]

Demographics

As of the census[17] of 2000, there were 46,783 people, 14,580 households, and 11,518 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,301.0/km² (5,960.6/mi²). There were 14,811 housing units at an average density of 728.5/km² (1,887.1/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 64.46% White, 1.93% Black or African American, 0.75% American Indian, 14.88% Asian, 0.27% Pacific Islander, 13.64% from other races, and 4.08% from two or more races. 33.47% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 14,580 households out of which 37.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.1% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.0% were non-families. 17.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.10 and the average family size was 3.49.

In the city the population was spread out with 26.2% under the age of 18, 10.7% from 18 to 24, 28.5% from 25 to 44, 20.8% from 45 to 64, and 13.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 93.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $61,632, and the median income for a family was $66,598 (these figures had risen to $77,952 and $87,037 respectively as of a 2007 estimate[18]). Males had a median income of $47,364 versus $31,993 for females. The per capita income for the city was $22,404. About 3.7% of families and 5.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.1% of those under age 18 and 4.5% of those age 65 or over.

Government and politics

In the state legislature La Mirada is located in the 30th Senate District, represented by Democrat Ronald S. Calderon, and in the 60th Assembly District, represented by Republican Bob Huff. Federally, La Mirada is located in California's 39th congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of D +13[19] and is represented by Democrat Linda Sánchez.

The city is governed by a five-member council-manager government, each elected at-large (i.e., by the entire city's voting population, not by districts) to four year terms. Each year the five members vote one of themselves to be the Mayor and Mayor Pro Tem.

The Los Angeles County Department of Health Services operates the Whittier Health Center in Whittier, serving La Mirada.[20]

Emergency services

The Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department (LASD) operates the Norwalk Station in Norwalk, serving La Mirada.[21] In addition the department operates the La Mirada Substation.[22]

The Norwalk Station is also responsible for providing contracted police services to the city of Norwalk as well as unincorporated South Whittier. The department has a substation in La Mirada located adjacent to City Hall. Many deputies assigned to La Mirada drive patrol cars marked with the La Mirada logo, but wear Los Angeles County uniforms.[citation needed]

The city also employs a civilian Public Safety team to support the LASD. Public Safety Officers are unarmed and do not have arrest powers. They carry out ancillary duties such as issuing animal/bicycle licenses, fingerprinting, and writing reports on non-hazardous matters (e.g., forgery, vandalism). They are also charged with enforcing parking and municipal codes.[citation needed]

Fire protection and paramedic services are provided by the Los Angeles County Fire Department (LACoFD). The department maintains Station #49 in La Mirada adjacent to City Hall. With neighboring La Habra recently folding its city fire department into the LACoFD (despite being located in Orange County), a new station designated #194 is under construction on the east side of the city near the La Mirada/La Habra city limits to improve fire service to recently-developed residential and commercial areas in both cities.[citation needed]

Ambulance and EMT service are provided by private carriers including Care Ambulance Service and American Medical Response.[citation needed]

In the event of a major disaster La Mirada HamWatch volunteers provide real time communications support to law enforcement and life saving agencies through the use of Amateur (Ham) Radio.[citation needed]

Education

Public education in La Mirada is governed by the Norwalk-La Mirada Unified School District, headquartered in neighboring Norwalk. La Mirada has one public secondary school – La Mirada High School – within its city limits.

Several private schools – both denominational and non-denominational – are located in La Mirada.

The city is home to one private higher education institution, Biola University.

Transportation

La Mirada's main arterial streets are Rosecrans Avenue and Imperial Highway. Valley View Avenue, La Mirada Boulevard, and Santa Gertrudes Avenue are other important arterials. Interstate 5 passes through the southwest corner of the city, while Beach Boulevard (CA-39) passes through the east end of the city.

Freight railroad traffic through the city is handled by BNSF Railway on its right-of-way in the southwest portion of the city. Metrolink operates commuter rail service on this right-of-way; the nearest stations to La Mirada are Buena Park and Norwalk/Santa Fe Springs.

Public transportation is provided by the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority (Metro), Norwalk Transit, and Montebello Bus Lines.

Notable residents

References

  1. ^ "Incorporation Dates of California Cities" (DOC). http://www.cacities.org/resource_files/20457.IncorpDateLO.doc. Retrieved 2007-01-18. 
  2. ^ "City Council information". http://www.cityoflamirada.org/index.aspx?page=156. Retrieved 2009-04-06. 
  3. ^ "La Mirada Redevelopment Manager Application" (PDF). http://www.cityoflamirada.org/Jobs_07/RedevelopManager2.pdf. Retrieved 2007-05-16. 
  4. ^ "USPS - ZIP Code Lookup - Find a ZIP+ 4 Code By City Results". http://zip4.usps.com/zip4/zcl_1_results.jsp?visited=1&pagenumber=0&state=ca&city=La%20Mirada. Retrieved 2007-01-18. 
  5. ^ "Number Administration System - NPA and City/Town Search Results". http://www.nanpa.com/nas/public/npa_city_query_step2.do?method=displayData&cityToNpaModel.stateAbbr=CA&cityToNpaModel.city=La%20Mirada. Retrieved 2007-01-18. 
  6. ^ Cities Within Each County, California State Association of Counties
  7. ^ City of La Mirada Web Site Fact Sheet
  8. ^ "Best Places to Live: Top 100". http://money.cnn.com/galleries/2007/moneymag/0707/gallery.BPTL_top_100.moneymag/34.html. Retrieved 2008-10-15. 
  9. ^ a b "History of La Mirada". http://www.cityoflamirada.org/history.htm. Retrieved 2008-10-15. 
  10. ^ "Postcard from State Fair". http://ourlamirada.com/lamirada/modelhome1953.html/history.htm. Retrieved 2008-10-15. 
  11. ^ "1953 State Fair Article". http://ourlamirada.com/lamirada/calstatefair1953.html/history.htm. Retrieved 2008-10-15. 
  12. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  13. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Los Angeles, California, United States of America". Weatherbase.com. http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/weather.php3?s=159227&refer=. Retrieved 2009-01-08. 
  14. ^ www.weather.com
  15. ^ Rasmussen, Cecilia (2005-03-10). "We're Not in Kansas, but We Do Get Twisters - Los Angeles Times". Articles.latimes.com. http://articles.latimes.com/2005/mar/10/local/me-surroundings10. Retrieved 2009-01-08. 
  16. ^ Burt, Christopher. Extreme Weather: A Guide and Record Book. New York: Norton, 2004: 100.
  17. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  18. ^ http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/ACSSAFFFacts?_event=Search&geo_id=&_geoContext=&_street=&_county=la+mirada&_cityTown=la+mirada&_state=04000US06&_zip=&_lang=en&_sse=on&pctxt=fph&pgsl=010
  19. ^ "Will Gerrymandered Districts Stem the Wave of Voter Unrest?". Campaign Legal Center Blog. http://www.clcblog.org/blog_item-85.html. Retrieved 2008-02-10. 
  20. ^ "Whittier Health Center." Los Angeles County Department of Health Services. Retrieved on March 18, 2010.
  21. ^ "Norwalk Station." Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department. Retrieved on January 21, 2010.
  22. ^ "La Mirada Substation." Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department. Retrieved on January 21, 2010.

External links








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