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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Canal de Jonction at Sallèles d'Aude

The La Nouvelle branch (French: embranchement de La Nouvelle)[n 1] is a 37.3-kilometre (23.2 mi) [1] lateral branch of the Canal du Midi in Aude, south-central France which runs from the Canal du Midi through Narbonne and on to the Mediterranean. It is composed of three waterways: the first 5.1 kilometres (3.2 mi) is the Canal de Jonction from the Canal du Midi to the Aude, the second section is 800 metres (2,625 ft) of the Aude itself and the third is the 31.6 kilometres (19.6 mi) Canal de la Robine which enters the Mediterranean at Port-la-Nouvelle.[2] The La Nouvelle branch is designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site as part of the Canal du Midi and is managed by the French navigation authority, Voies navigables de France.

Contents

Canal de Jonction

Canal de Jonction
legend
Urban transverse track Unknown route-map component "uJUNCa" Urban transverse track
Canal du Midi
Waterway under track or footbridge
Cesse Footbridge
Unknown route-map component "uLock5"
Cesse Lock
Unknown route-map component "uLock5"
Truilhas Lock
Unknown route-map component "uLock5"
Empare Lock
Unknown route-map component "uLock5"
Argeliers Lock
Unknown route-map component "uLock5"
Saint Cyr Lock
Waterway under track or footbridge
Sallèles-d'Aude Footbridge
Unknown route-map component "uLock5"
Sallèles Lock
Waterway under minor road
Sallèles Bridge
Waterway under minor road
Gailhousty Bridge
Unknown route-map component "uLock5"
Gailhousty Lock
Unused transverse waterway Unknown route-map component "uJUNCe" Unknown route-map component "uJUNCa"
River Aude
Urban straight track
Canal de la Robine

The Canal de Jonction runs in a dead straight line and was built in 1776 to provide access to Narbonne from the Canal du Midi via the Canal de la Robine.[3] The Canal de Jonction enters the Aude some 800 m upstream from where the Canal de la Robine leaves it. Prior to 1776 the Canal du Midi port for Narbonne was Le Somail, 13.8 kilometres (8.6 mi) by road from the city centre.[2]

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Locks on the Canal de Jonction

Lock number[n 2] Lock name[2] Coordinates
(with links to maps and satellite images)
Number of chambers Distance from the Canal du Midi[2] Image Elevation
km mi ft m
1 Cesse Lock 43°16′55″N 2°55′26″E / 43.281825°N 2.923963°E / 43.281825; 2.923963 (Cesse Lock) 1 0.3 0.19 106 32
2 Truilhas Lock 43°16′38″N 2°55′44″E / 43.277101°N 2.929015°E / 43.277101; 2.929015 (Truilhas Lock) 1 1.0 0.62 91 28
3 Empare Lock 43°16′20″N 2°56′03″E / 43.272307°N 2.934109°E / 43.272307; 2.934109 (Empare Lock) 1 1.6 0.99 85 26
4 Argeliers Lock 43°16′03″N 2°56′21″E / 43.267613°N 2.939171°E / 43.267613; 2.939171 (Argeliers Lock) 1 2.3 1.4 79 24
5 Saint-Cyr Lock 43°15′46″N 2°56′40″E / 43.262791°N 2.944323°E / 43.262791; 2.944323 (Saint-Cyr Lock) 1 3.0 1.9 72 22
6 Sallèles Lock 43°15′26″N 2°56′59″E / 43.257163°N 2.949848°E / 43.257163; 2.949848 (Sallèles Lock) 1 3.7 2.3
Salleles Lock on the Canal de Jonction (Nancy).JPG
66 20
7 Gailhousty Lock 43°14′52″N 2°57′21″E / 43.247839°N 2.955702°E / 43.247839; 2.955702 (Gailhousty Lock) 1 4.9 3.0
Gailhousty Lock on the Canal de Jonction (Nancy).JPG
50 15

The Aude

Canal de Jonction meets the Aude

The Aude is only traversed for 800 metres (870 yd) between the two canals however on leaving the Canal de Jonction it is necessary to navigate upstream first before turning and coming back downstream against the opposite bank to the Canal de la Robine in order to avoid shallows caused by silt banks in the middle of the channel.[2]

Canal de la Robine

Canal de la Robine
legend
Urban straight track
Canal de Jonction
Unknown route-map component "uJUNCe" Unknown route-map component "uJUNCa" Unused transverse waterway
River Aude
Unknown route-map component "uLock5"
Moussoulens Lock
Waterway under minor road
Pont Vieux, Moussoulens
Unknown route-map component "uLock5"
Raonel Lock
Urban straight track
Unknown route-map component "uLock5"
Gua Lock
Waterway under track or footbridge
Footbridge
Waterway under track or footbridge
Footbridge
Waterway under railway bridge
Railway Bridge
Waterway under minor road
Escoute Bridge
Waterway under minor road
Carmes Bridge
Waterway under minor road
Voltaire Bridge
Unknown route-map component "uLock5"
Narbonne Lock
Waterway under minor road
Merchants' Bridge, Narbonne
Waterway under track or footbridge
Footbridge
Waterway under minor road
Sainte Catherine Bridge
Waterway under track or footbridge
Footbridge
Urban straight track
Unknown route-map component "uLock5"
Mandirac Lock
Waterway under minor road
Road Bridge
Waterway under motorway
A9 motorway
Urban straight track
Unknown route-map component "uLock5"
Sainte-Lucie Lock
Waterway under railway bridge
Railway Bridge
Start of large dock/flash/lake
Port-la-Nouvelle
End of large dock/flash/lake
Unknown route-map component "uJUNCe"
Mediterranean Sea

Following its opening in 1681, the commercial success of the Canal du Midi was such that Narbonne traders demanded improved access to it, so in 1686 the Canal de la Robine was constructed by Vauban as a lockless open cut following an abandoned course of the Aude.[2] The northern end of the canal is at the Aude at Moussoulens just south of Sallèles-d'Aude from where goods were transported by land to the Canal du Midi at Le Somail — a journey of approximately 6 kilometres (3.7 mi). A century later, when the Canal de Jonction was constructed, the Canal de la Robine was straightened and six single locks were built to deal with the more severe gradients, Narbonne finally had direct waterway access to the Canal du Midi.

From the Aude the canal passes through the centre of Narbonne and under the Merchants' Bridge (fr: le pont des Marchands) which is one of the few bridges in France which is still lined with houses. From there it runs through Bages and the Ile Sainte Lucie nature reserve before meeting the Mediterranean at Port-la-Nouvelle.

Locks on the Canal de la Robine

Lock number[n 2] Lock name[2] Coordinates
(with links to maps and satellite images)
Number of chambers Distance from the Canal du Midi [2] Image Elevation
km mi ft m
8 Moussoulens Lock 43°14′42″N 2°57′39″E / 43.244865°N 2.960728°E / 43.244865; 2.960728 (Moussoulens Lock) 1 5.8 3.6 44 13
9 Raonel Lock 43°13′41″N 3°00′13″E / 43.228013°N 3.003509°E / 43.228013; 3.003509 (Raonel Lock) 1 9.8 6.1 26 7.9
10 Gua Lock 43°11′29″N 3°00′04″E / 43.191271°N 3.001063°E / 43.191271; 3.001063 (Gua Lock) 1 14.2 8.8 30 9.1
11 Narbonne Lock 43°11′03″N 3°00′06″E / 43.184116°N 3.001693°E / 43.184116; 3.001693 (Narbonne Lock) 1 15.3 9.5 44 13
12 Mandirac Lock 43°07′19″N 3°01′51″E / 43.122056°N 3.030913°E / 43.122056; 3.030913 (Mandirac Lock) 1 24.1 15.0 13 4.0
13 Sainte-Lucie Lock 43°02′50″N 3°03′21″E / 43.047141°N 3.055856°E / 43.047141; 3.055856 (Sainte-Lucie Lock) 1 34.3 21.3 9 2.7

Notes

  1. ^ It is also sometimes referred to as branche de La Nouvelle or embranchement de Port-la-Nouvelle.
  2. ^ a b Lock numbers are as given in the appendix of the 1994 edition From Sea to Sea by L. T. C. Rolt.

References

  1. ^ McKnight, Hugh (2005). Cruising French Waterways. Sheridan House. pp. 62. ISBN 9781574092103. http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=Gm63fwrQ3gsC&pg=PA259&lpg=PA259&dq=%22nouvelle+branch%22&source=web&ots=GLfyVk31Pf&sig=_i2FWvxnd0UY9lcbLyrgO-VYWiE&hl=en&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=5&ct=result.  
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Rolt, L. T. C. (1973). From Sea to Sea: An Illustrated History of the Canal du Midi. Allen Lane. ISBN 2-910185-02-08.  
  3. ^ "Le Canal de Jonction et la Robine de Narbonne" (in French). canaldumidi.com. http://www.canalmidi.com/aufildlo/narbonne.html. Retrieved 2008-11-02.  

See also


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