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"La Paz"
Ciudad de La Paz  (Spanish)
Chuquiago Marka or Chuqiyapu  (Aymara)
City of La Paz  (English)
La Paz Skyline

Flag

Seal
Motto: "Los discordes en concordia, en paz y amor se juntaron y pueblo de paz fundaron para perpetua memoria"
"La Paz" is located in Bolivia
"La Paz"
Location of La Paz within La Paz Department
Coordinates: 16°30′S 68°09′W / 16.5°S 68.15°W / -16.5; -68.15
Country  Bolivia
Departament La Paz Department (Bolivia)
Province Pedro Domingo Murillo Province
Foundation October 20, 1548 by Alonso de Mendoza
Independence July 16, 1809
Government
 - Mayor Juan Del Granado
Area
 - City 472 km2 (182.2 sq mi)
 - Urban 3,240 km2 (1,251 sq mi)
Elevation 3,640 m (11,942 ft)
Population (2008[1])
 - City 877,363
 Density 6,275.16/km2 (16,252.6/sq mi)
 Metro 2,364,235
Time zone GMT-4
Area code(s) 2
Website www.ci-lapaz.gov.bo/

La Paz (Official Name: Nuestra Señora de La Paz) is the administrative capital of Bolivia, as well as the departmental capital of La Paz Department. Located at an elevation of 3,660 meters, it is the world's highest capital city. La Paz sits in a bowl surrounded by the high altiplano. As it grows, La Paz climbs the hills, resulting in varying elevations from 3,000 meters to 4,100 meters (9,840 ft to 13,450 ft). Overlooking the city is towering triple-peaked Illimani, always snow-covered and majestic. As of the 2001 census, the city of La Paz had a population of 877,363,[2] and together with the neighboring cities of El Alto and Viacha, make the most populous urban area of Bolivia, and is called Metro La Paz with a population of more than 2.3 million inhabitants [3] (Instituto Nacional de Estadistica). La Paz is also known as Chuquiago Marka or Chuqiyapu from Aymara "chuqi," meaning gold, and "yapu", meaning farm.

Contents

History

Founded in 1548 by the Spanish conquistadors at the site of the Native American settlement, Laja, the full name of the city was originally Nuestra Señora de La Paz (meaning Our Lady of Peace). The name commemorated the restoration of peace following the insurrection of Gonzalo Pizarro and fellow conquistadors four years earlier against Blasco Núñez Vela, the first viceroy of Peru. The city was later moved to its present location in the valley of Chuquiago Marka.[4]

Control over the former Inca lands had been entrusted to Pedro de la Gasca by the Spanish king (and Holy Roman Emperor) Emperor Charles V. Gasca commanded Alonso de Mendoza to found a new city commemorating the end of the civil wars in Peru; the city of La Paz was founded on October 20, 1548.

La Paz Fundation

In 1549, Juan Gutierrez Paniagua was commanded to design an urban plan that would designate sites for public areas, plazas, official buildings, and a cathedral. La Plaza de los Españoles, which is known today as the Plaza Murillo, was chosen as the location for government buildings as well as the Metropolitan Cathedral.

Spain controlled La Paz with a firm grip and the Spanish king had the last word in all matters political. In 1781, for a total of six months, a group of Aymara people laid siege to La Paz. Under the leadership of Tupac Katari, they destroyed churches and government property. Thirty years later Indians laid a two-month siege on La Paz - where and when the legend of the Ekeko is set. In 1809 the struggle for independence from the Spanish rule brought uprisings against the royalist forces. It was on July 16, 1809 that Pedro Domingo Murillo famously said that the Bolivian revolution was igniting a lamp that nobody would be able to turn-off. This formally marked the beginning of the Liberation of South America from Spain. Pedro Domingo Murillo was hanged at the Plaza de los Españoles that night, but his name would be eternally remembered in the name of the plaza, and he would be remembered as the voice of revolution across South America.

In 1825, after the decisive victory of the republicans at Ayacucho over the Spanish army in the course of the Spanish American wars of independence, the city's full name was changed to La Paz de Ayacucho (meaning The Peace of Ayacucho).

In 1898, La Paz was made the de facto seat of the national government, with Sucre remaining the nominal historical as well as judiciary capital. This change reflected the shift of the Bolivian economy away from the largely exhausted silver mines of Potosí to the exploitation of tin near Oruro, and resulting shifts in the distribution of economic and political power among various national elites.[5]

La Paz is the highest capital city in the world, and is home to the world's highest golf course, football stadium, velodrome (where the world record currently stands), and landing strip.

Government Palace of Bolivia in downtown La Paz
View of La Paz from Av. del Ejército
The Americas Building in Isabel La Católica Square.
Metropolitan Cathedral
Central Bank
View of La Paz from Satellite

History Timeline of La Paz

Year Event
1548 The city of La Paz was founded by Spanish settlers on the pre- existing site of Choqueyapu, an ancient Aymara village. It was founded as Nuestra Senora de La Paz (Our Lady of Peace) by Alonso de Mendoza, commissioned by Pedro de la Gasca, to commemorate the "pacification" of Peru. It was started as a commercial city, lying on the main gold and silver route to the coast. The Spaniards came for the Bolivian gold found in the Choqueapu River that runs through present-day La Paz. The Spaniards took the gold mines away from Aymara people and made them work as slaves. The primarily male Spanish population soon mixed with the indigenous people, creating a largely mestizo, or mixed, population.
1549 In November of this year, Juan Gutierrez was given the task of designing an urban plan, in keeping with the Code of the Indies (regulations on Spanish Colonial Cities from Spain). As such, he was to lay out plazas and public lands and designate sites for public buildings. The Plaza Murillo (pictured below) was later selected as the site for the city Cathedral, elite homes, and government buildings.
1600 As the gold slowly diminished, the city's location between Potosi (the primary silver mining town) and Lima grew in importance, as La Paz became a main stop on the trade route. Soon La Paz was the most flourishing town in the Altiplano area of the Andes, although it was not as wealthy as Potosi.
1800 La Paz emerges as the largest city of Upper Peru (the early name for Bolivia) in the late eighteenth century, acting as the center for the population and agricultural production zone. The heavily populated Altiplano hinterland above La Paz fed its growth. Many large estate land holders, known as hacendados, lived in La Paz throughout most of the year while they maintained a small community of indigenous people to live and work on their haciendas (landed estates).
1800 La Paz emerged as the capital of the Intendencia, the home of a thriving commercial community, and the center of an important network of interregional and international trade routes. The majority of the absentee landed elite resided in La Paz, creating the commerce and royal treasury from which more wealth could be generated for investment in the rural zones of the Intendencia. At that time in history, the capital and its provincial hinterland were one of the wealthiest tax-producing areas in all of the Andes. This early beginning, as the home of the rich land-lords of the haciendas, is still evident in the structure of the city today, as the finest example of old Spanish Colonial Architecture seen in houses is located close to the central plazas and offices of the city.
1809 July 16: the first South American libertarian scream against the Spanish Crown is given in La Paz, in a rebellion led by Pedro Domingo Murillo and the others revolutionaries.
1825 Bolivia gained independence, which sparked even more growth in the city. Simon Bolivar was the first president of the Republic. The country was divided in 5 departments: La Paz, Cochabamba, Potosí, Charkas and Santa Cruz de la Sierra.
1840 Bolivia started exporting more than it imported, allowing the government to engage in infrastructural investments with the surplus funds. This led to a growth of La Paz as the financial, commercial, and political capital of the area. "With new urban classes emerging, and new capital to spend, there was both increased demands for foodstuffs production and an aggressive class of urban-based capitalists willing to engage in agricultural production"(Klien 1993 134). However, at this time La Paz was virtually isolated from the rest of the world due to the poor roads and lack of rail lines leading over the harsh Altiplano to ports in Peru and Chile. Contact between La Paz and the eastern part of the country, surrounded by rainforest, was even more difficult.
1879 The Pacific War with Chile. The Chileans entered the country at the coast for the salitre and the guano (Nitrate-rich bird dung). The result of this brutal war was the loss of Bolivia's coast land to Chile.
1898 La Paz becomes de facto Bolivia's new administrative capital and the seat of the government, thus starting the process of development into the large city it is today.
1900 Construction began on the international railroad network linking La Paz to the Pacific and Atlantic coasts, thus solidifying the future role of La Paz as a primate city. At this period in time the Bolivian government spent an annual spendings of $5,986,384.
1921 The first oil company came to Bolivia. Bolivia was found to have great reservoirs of oil, in addition to all the precious minerals.
1952 The great national revolution when the revolutionaries won the rights for the indigenous people. Their biggest accomplishment was agrarian land reform, which allowed peasants to have freedom from the obligations of working on the elite-owned land, diffusing the long-established hacienda system. This in turn sparked a great growth spurt in the city, as many working-class and poor migrated to urban areas.
1963 Playing at home, Bolivia wins South American football (soccer) championships.
1964 Military revolution, with the help of the United States, that established the dictatorial rule that would remain until 1980. The last dictator was General Hugo Banzer. He held elections in 1980, although, suspiciously, Banzer's candidate won and was president until the year 1982.[6]
2009 La Paz City met the Bicentenary, celebrating in Plaza Villarroel and in the Stadium the 1809 revolution.

Principal neighborhoods and zones

San Jorge
  • Casco Viejo: is the historic and ancient center of La Paz. It now houses museums, hotels, shops and buildings as the Mayor City of La Paz and the Central Bank of Bolivia. In the Old Quarter is the Plaza Murillo, which is home to the Government Palace and the National Congress.
  • Downtown: locally known as "Downtown", comprises the center of La Paz and the neighborhoods of San Jorge and Sopocachi. It's the main financial center of the city and where almost every government office is located.
Central Bank of Bolivia in the Middle.
  • Sopocachi: probably one of the oldest residential neighborhoods, located 10 minutes from the center of the city. Despite the expansion and development of the area, this quarter maintained its residential property.
  • San Pedro: Built around the "Plaza de San Pedro" (official name: Plaza Sucre) on the right bank of the river Choqueyapu, is home to numerous shops, businesses and small enterprises, especially printing, spare parts and auto maintenance and repair shops. San Pedro's "Rodriguez Market" remains as one of the most middle-class popular and oldest of the city.
  • Miraflores: Miraflores district is separated from downtown by a long barrel (now called Parque Urbano Central) and connected by the Bridge of the Americas and two avenues. Originally a residential zone, its growth has led it to become a major recreational center. It houses universities (including the Universidad Mayor de San Andrés's faculty of medicine), hospitals and the Estadio Hernando Siles(cap. 45,000 people).
  • 'Northern District:' has a significant industrial activity (mainly food), being the Cervecería Boliviana Nacional (Bolivian National Brewery) the most significant industry founded by Germans, and one of the city's biggest companies in the country. It connects La Paz with the city of El Alto by the "autopista"or Highway.
  • 'Southern District:' has less height than the rest of La Paz (3,200 to 2,800 meters). This area houses the most affluent business and the richest neighborhoods of the city, like Calacoto, La Florida and Achumani, among others. It has been benefited from steady economic growth and is now the second commercial and financial center of the city, housing international firms like Moody's, Citibank, Aon Corporation, Huawei, Millicom International Cellular, Pan American Silver Corporation, a Sumitomo Corporation branch, Ernst & Young, and the Mega Center Bolivia's biggest shopping mall (52.000 mts2 of construction).

Economy

The economy of La Paz has improved greatly in recent years, mainly as a result of improved political leaders. Due to the long period of high inflation and economic struggle faced by Bolivians in the 1980s and early 1990s, a large Informal Economy developed. Evidence of this is provided by the markets found all around the city. While there are stable markets, almost every street in the downtown area and surrounding neighborhoods has at least one vendor on it. La Paz remains the principal center of manufacturing enterprises that produce finished-product goods for the country, with about two-thirds of Bolivia's manufacturing located nearby. Historically, industry in Bolivia has been dominated by mineral processing and the preparation of agricultural products. However, in the urban centre of La Paz, small plants carry out a large portion of the industry. Food, tobacco products, clothing, various consumer goods, building materials, and agricultural tools are produced. "The tin quotations from London are watched in La Paz with close interest as an index of the country's prosperity; a third of the national revenue and more than half of the total customs in 1925 were derived from tin; in short, that humble but indispensable metal is the hub around which Bolivia's economic life revolves. The tin deposits of Bolivia, second largest in the world, ... invite development."

Geography and climate

La Paz
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
114
 
17
6
 
 
107
 
17
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66
 
18
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33
 
18
4
 
 
13
 
18
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8
 
17
1
 
 
10
 
17
1
 
 
13
 
17
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28
 
18
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41
 
19
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48
 
19
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94
 
18
6
average max. and min. temperatures in °C
precipitation totals in mm
source: BBC Weather

Located at 16°30′0″S 68°08′0″W / 16.5°S 68.133333°W / -16.5; -68.133333 (-16.5, -68.1333), La Paz is built in a canyon created by the Choqueyapu River (now mostly built over), which runs northwest to southeast. The city's main thoroughfare, which roughly follows the river, changes names over its length, but the central tree-lined section running through the downtown core is called the Prado.

The geography of La Paz (in particular the altitude) reflects society: the lower areas of the city are the more affluent areas. While many middle-class residents live in high-rise condos near the center, the houses of the truly affluent are located in the lower neighborhoods southwest of the Prado. And looking up from the center, the surrounding hills are plastered with makeshift brick houses of those of less economic fortune.

The satellite city of El Alto, in which the airport is located, is spread over a broad area to the west of the canyon, on the Altiplano.

La Paz is renowned for its unique markets, very unusual topography, and traditional culture.

Under the Köppen climate classification, La Paz has a Subtropical highland climate. Owing to the altitude of the city, temperatures are consistently cool throughout the year, though the diurnal temperature variation is typically large. The city has a relatively dry climate, with rainfall occurring mainly in the slightly warmer months of November to March. The sun passes directly overhead in late October and mid February.

La Paz is located in the valleys of the Andes, and is closer to the Eastern split of the Altiplano region. Therefore, it is closer to the famous mountains such as the Illimani (guardian of La Paz), Huayna Potosi, Mururata, and Illampu. On the Western side of the Altiplano divide, about an hour to the West of the La Paz, is the site of the tallest mountain in Bolivia and 9th tallest mountain in the Andes, the Sajama Volcano. In July 1994, an earthquake rated at 8.2 struck just 200 miles north of La Paz, the largest earthquake since the Sumbawa earthquake of 1977. Part of the water supply is derived from glaciers, which are becoming a less reliable source of water.[7]

Sports

Estadio Hernando Siles, the largest sports complex in Bolivia

La Paz is the home of some of the biggest football teams in Bolivia.

  • Club Bolivar. Founded in 1925, it is known to be the best team of Bolivia, it was named in honor of the Libertador Simon Bolivar, the team has won most of the tournaments national and international championships in the last 20 years
  • The Strongest. Founded in 1908 and hosts some of its games and trains on its home stadium. Is the oldest team, and the one that has won more tournaments during the 20th century. It has its own stadium named Rafael Mendoza. Don Rafael Mendoza was one of the most important presidents. In 1968 an airplane accident took the life of almost all the players, but Rafael Mendoza made many efforts so that the team rises again as one of the most important of the country.
  • La Paz F.C.

However, both teams play the majority of their games in the city stadium, Estadio Hernando Siles. It is host to several other teams that play in the first and second divisions such as: Mariscal Braun (2nd), Always Ready (3rd), Municipal (3rd) and Chaco Petrolero (3rd).

La Paz hosts the national football team and international games.

Education

La Paz as a modern city has the best universities of the country such as :

  • Universidad Mayor de San Andrés.Opened in 1830,the second oldest university in Bolivia.
  • Universidad Católica Boliviana San Pablo
  • Escuela Militar de Ingeniería
  • Universidad Privada Boliviana
  • Universidad Nuestra Señora de La Paz
  • Universidad Privada Franz Tamayo
  • Universidad Privada San Francisco de Asis
  • Universidad Loyola
  • Universidad NUR
  • Universidad La Salle
  • Universidad Tecnológica Boliviana
  • Universidad Privada del Valle
  • Universidad Central de Bolivia
  • Universidad Salesiana de Bolivia
  • Universidad de Aquino Bolivia
  • Universidad Adventista de Bolivia
  • Universidad Saint Paul
  • Universidad Real
  • Universidad de Los Andes
  • Fundación Infocal La Paz
  • Escuela Normal Superior Simón Bolívar
  • Escuela Industrial Superior "Pedro Domingo Murillo"

Tourism and sites

La Paz is the cultural center of Bolivia.

Tiwanaku Square in front of the football stadium

Some of the notable sites are the marketplaces. These are located across the city and one will most likely run through one at some point. Also, the city is home to hundreds of museums and locations such as the Cathedral of San Francisco (where the saint is buried), the Metropolitan Cathedral (home of Sucre's remains), the Palacio Quemado (executive building), the Congress (which one may attend sometimes), the Calle Jaen (preserved from its Spanish days, home to 10 museums), the Valle de la Luna (Valley of the Moon), the Muela del diablo (Devil's Tooth), the Cine-Teatro Municipal (built in the 19th century), the largest state University (Universidad Mayor de San Andres), the Cementerio General (where many of Bolivia's presidents are buried), the house of Simon Bolivar, the Devil's Tooth (geological formation, hiking site), and many more. Supposable curses have been put on the land because of the disturbance in the ruins when Jose Galvaerio was murdered by Mateo Sanhosea.

The city is located near many natural and ancient ruins as well. Many tourists chose to take day trips to the Tiahuanacu ruins, which are thousands of years older than Macchu Picchu itself and of the same magnitude. Such is the interest in these ruins, that Chilean and Peruvian trips almost always include this site, even though it is in Bolivia. Another day trip visit tourists usually include is the Lake Titicaca and the lakeside city of Copacabana (its cathedral is visited by many Bolivians to see the Virgen de Copacabana figure, deity of the Lake).

Tourism in the City

Presidential Palace: Also known as the Palacio Quemado (Burnt Palace) due to repeated fire episodes the building endured in the past.

The Cathedral: Built in 1835, the cathedral is an impressive building worth seeing. It is located in the Plaza Murillo nest to the Presidential Palace.

Churches: San Francisco, Santo Domingo

Casa de Pedro Domingo Murillo: Once the house of Pedro Domingo Murillo, martyr of the independence revolution of 1809 (hanged in the plaza that now bores his name) the house displays a collection of furniture, textiles, and art from colonial times.

Museo Costumbrista: Displays amazing ceramic dolls wearing traditional customs that show how was life in the early 1800s. Also displays are photos of old La Paz.

Museo Nacional de Arqueología: Depicts a collection of artifacts of the Tiawanaku culture. Museo del Litoral: Displays objects from the 1879 war in which Bolivia lost its sea coast to Chile. Museo del Oro: Depicts pre-Conquest works made of gold, silver and copper.

Museo de Etnografía y Folklore: House built in the late 1700s exhibits customs and art of two ethnic groups: Chipayas and Ayoreos.

Museo del Charango: Located in Calle Linares, the museum displays an incredible variety of charangos. Other native instruments are displayed as well.

Museo de Historia Natural: Exhibits on Bolivia's paleontology, geology, paleontology, zoology, and botany.

Casa Museo Marina Nuñez del Prado: Displays Quechua and Aymara-theme sculptures by Bolivian artist Marina Nuñez del Prado.

Museo Nacional de Arte: Located in calle Comercio, this former palace, built in 1775, houses works by Melchor Perez de Holguín and Marina Nuñez del Prado, among others.

Mercado de Brujas (Witches' Market): Merchandise sold here includes herbs, remedies as well as other ingredients used in Aymara traditions.

Feria de Alasitas: This fair is celebrated each year on January 24 in honor of a little god of abundance known as Ekeko, which means dwarf in Aymara.

Festivities

  • January 24: Alasitas,in all neighborhoods
  • February 2: Virgen de Copacabana, Reina coronada of Bolivia (Villa Copacabana)
  • May 1: San José Obrero (V. Nuevo Potosí)
  • May 3: Señor de la Santa Cruz (Calvario, Tacagua, Calacoto)
  • May 13: Virgen de Fátima (Villa Fátima)
  • May 14: San Isidro, Labrador (San Isidro)
  • May 17: Señor de la Sentencia (Villa Armonía)
  • May: Jesus, Señor del Gran Poder (movible, Gran Poder)
  • June 13: San Antonio de Padua (San Antonio)
  • June 24: San Juan Bautista (Valle Hermoso, San Juan)
  • June 29: San Pedro Apóstol (San Pedro)
  • July 16: Virgen del Carmen, Patroness of Bolivia and the Armed Forces of the Nation Efemerides of La Paz '
  • July 25: Apóstol Santiago (Munaypata, Pampahasi, Pasankeri, Periférica, Alto Delicias)
  • August 15: Virgen de Urqupiña (Urkupiña)
  • August 15: Virgen de la Asunción (Villa Victoria)
  • September 8: Virgen de las Nieves (V. Copacabana, M. Paredes, La Portada, Achachicala, Alto Irpavi, Cotahuma, Las Nieves)
  • September 8: Virgen de los Remedios (Miraflores)
  • September 14: Señor de la Exaltación (Obrajes, G. de Lima, Bajo Tejar, Vino Tinto)
  • September 24: Virgen de la Merced (Cota Cota
  • October 7: Virgen del Rosario (El Rosario)
  • November: Cristo Rey (Pura Pura)
  • December 4: Santa Bárbara (Santa Bárbara, Llojeta)
  • December 8: Virgen de la Concepción (Kupini, Sopocachi, Achumani)

Transportation

Airport

New Look of El Alto International Airport
Waiting area in El Alto International Airport for domestic flights.

La Paz is served by El Alto International Airport (IATA code: LPB), which is situated eight miles (14 km) south-west of La Paz. At an elevation of 4,061 metres (13,323 ft), it is one of the highest major airports in the world. Airport facilities include a bank, bars, car rentals, restaurants, and duty-free shops. The runway has a length of 4,000 metres (13,123 ft) (or 2.5 miles). Additionally, it is the second airport in the Western Hemisphere, and the third airport in the world, to successfully pass the International Civil Aviation Organization's (ICAO) Universal Security Audit Program (USAP).

Buses

Bus Station

La Paz Bus Station, previously bus and train station, was built by the French architect Gustave Eiffel who designed the Eiffel Tower in France. The main gateway for transporting intercities bus travel in La Paz with several daily departs to all the main Bolivian cities. Bus Terminal in La Paz is the main city bus station. The city is connected by road with the city of Oruro where you can access the cities of Sucre, Potosí and south of the country. There is an important road that connects the road to Oruro in the cities of Cochabamba and Santa Cruz. There are also access roads to paviementados Copacabana and Tiwanaku to the west, near the Lake Titicaca, which continues until the city of Cuzco via the border town of Desaguadero. There are also roads north to get to The Yungas crossing the Andes Mountains.

The bus terminal has daily departures to major cities. There are also trips to other cities in countries like Chile and Peru. For departures to smaller cities and towns within the department, using informal stations located in Villa Fatima (departures to Los Yungas, Beni and Pando, Upper San Pedro (outputs Apolo) and near the General Cemetery (outputs Copacabana and other nearby cities to Lake Titicaca , and also Tiwanacu, Desaguadero where you can go to Peru).

Communication

  • The postal service is run by ECOBOL (National Company) which has its headquarters in La Paz. There are other companies offering courier and transport logistics courier nationally and internationally.
  • The private telecommunications company 'Entel' is located in the city. Provides services telephony, Internet,cell phone, data and voice. The telephone cooperative Cotel is responsible for managing much of their phones and now offers Internet services and cable television among others.
  • Area Code: 2
  • Country Code: 591
  • The main daily newspapers in circulation are: 'La Razon, 'El Diario, 'La Prensa, 'Jornada and 'El Alteño' . Other papers of local importance are: Extra and PEOPLE. There are also several other publications and weekly magazines.
  • There are 18 television channels with offices in La Paz. Channel 7 is state property. The main ones are: Unitel, ATB Bolivia, Red Uno,Bolivision, Red PAT. Channel 13 is managed by the Universidad Mayor de San Andres. Two local companies offer cable television service as Multivision and Cotel TV.

International relations

Twin towns - sister cities

La Paz is part of the Union of Capital Cities Latin America[8] from October 12, 1982 establishing brotherly relations with the following cities:

Additionally, agreement was reached by Twin Cities with:

In June 2008 it signed a twinning agreement with the City of Spain Zaragoza, Spain.

La Paz belongs to Merco Ciudades, signed by 180 urbes of the member countries of Mercosur,[12] since 1999.

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ "World Gazetteer". World Gazetteer. http://world-gazetteer.com/wg.php?x=&men=gcis&lng=en&des=wg&srt=npan&col=abcdefghinoq&msz=1500&geo=-38. Retrieved 2010-01-31. 
  2. ^ Observatorio Bolivia Democrática
  3. ^ http://world-gazetteer.com/wg.php?x=1262838217&men=gpro&lng=en&des=wg&geo=-730&srt=npan&col=abcdefghinoq&msz=1500&pt=c&va=&geo=-1048596
  4. ^ [1] La Paz. (2008). In Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved November 10, 2008, from Encyclopædia Britannica Online
  5. ^ [2] "La Paz," Microsoft Encarta Online Encyclopedia 2008. Retrieved November 10, 2008. Archived 2009-10-31.
  6. ^ "Macalester College Course GEOG61". Macalester.edu. http://www.macalester.edu/courses/GEOG61/amartin/history.html. Retrieved 2010-01-31. 
  7. ^ Shukman, David (2009-12-04). "Glacier threat to Bolivia capital". BBC News. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/8394324.stm. Retrieved 2010-01-31. 
  8. ^ "Declaración de Hermanamiento múltiple y solidario de todas las Capitales de Iberoamérica (12-10-82)" (PDF). http://www.munimadrid.es/UnidadWeb/Contenidos/EspecialInformativo/RelacInternac/RRII/HermanamientosyAcuerdos/Files/hermanamiento_UCCI.pdf. Retrieved 2010-01-31. 
  9. ^ Madrid city council webpage "Mapa Mundi de las ciudades hermanadas". Ayuntamiento de Madrid. http://www.munimadrid.es/portal/site/munimadrid/menuitem.dbd5147a4ba1b0aa7d245f019fc08a0c/?vgnextoid=4e84399a03003110VgnVCM2000000c205a0aRCRD&vgnextchannel=4e98823d3a37a010VgnVCM100000d90ca8c0RCRD&vgnextfmt=especial1&idContenido=1da69a4192b5b010VgnVCM100000d90ca8c0RCRD Madrid city council webpage. 
  10. ^ "Descentralized Cooperation" (in (Portuguese)). Prefeitura.Sp. http://www2.prefeitura.sp.gov.br/secretarias/relacoes_internacionais/ingles/descentralized_cooperation/sister_cities/0001. Retrieved 2010-01-31. 
  11. ^ "International Relations - São Paulo City Hall - Official Sister Cities". Prefeitura.sp.gov.br. http://www.prefeitura.sp.gov.br/cidade/secretarias/relacoes_internacionais/cidadesirmas/index.php?p=1066. Retrieved 2010-01-31. 
  12. ^ Mercociudades. "Mercocities: member cities". Mercociudades.org. http://www.mercociudades.org/index.php?module=htmlpages&func=display&pid=8. Retrieved 2010-01-31. 

External links

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Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to La Paz (Bolivia) article)

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La Paz Downtown skyline
La Paz Downtown skyline

For other places with the same name, see La Paz (disambiguation)


La Paz is the administrative capital of Bolivia, while Sucre is the constitutional capital and the seat of the Supreme Court. La Paz was established in 1548, and is in the Andes. Altitude of the city ranges from about 4058 meters (13,313 feet) above sea level in El Alto (where the airport is located) to 3100 meters (10,170 feet) in the lower residential area. It the highest national capital in the world.

The sight from the air as one flies into La Paz is incredible. First, one sees the sprawling shantytowns of El Alto, slowly giving way to the sight of La Paz itself, clinging tenuously to the sides of what looks like a large gash in the earth.

Bolivian Palace of Goverment in La Paz.
Bolivian Palace of Goverment in La Paz.

Understand

Orientation

La Paz was built in a canyon created by the Choqueyapu River (now mostly built over), which runs northwest to southeast. The city's main thoroughfare, which roughly follows the river, changes names over its length, but the central tree-lined section running through the downtown core is called the Prado.

La Paz' geography,(in particular, altitude) reflects society: the lower you go, the more affluent. While many middle-class paceños live in high-rise condos near the center, the really rich houses are located in the lower neighborhoods southwest of the Prado. The reason for this division is that the lower you go in the city the milder the weather is. And looking up from the center, the surrounding hills are plastered with makeshift brick houses of those struggling in the hope of one day reaching the bottom.

The satellite city of El Alto, in which the airport is located, is spread over a broad area to the west of the canyon, on the altiplano.

Get in

By plane

El Alto International Airport (IATA: LPB) (ICAO: SLLP), El Alto. This is the world's highest international airport; at 13,313 feet/4,058 meters above sea level, it's almost half as high as a jetliner's cruising altitude,!! and takeoffs take a bit longer due to the thin air. There is an airport departure tax of $25 for international flights, Bs14 for domestic flights.

Most South American airlines (TAM, LAN, TACA, etc.) serve El Alto Airport as well local airline Aerosur. Most international flights will make a stop over in Santa Cruz to pick up or drop off passengers. American Airlines is currently the only U.S. carrier serving Bolivia, with one daily flight from Miami.

Aerosur (a newer, private airline) also serves major domestic destinations. LAB (Lloyd Aéreo Boliviano) was Bolivia's national airline until April 2007, when services were suspended by the Bolivian government due to financial problems.

From the airport, the official rate for a taxi into central La Paz is Bs 55 (about USD 8). Shared vans cost about Bs 4 (USD 0,50).

By bus

The main bus terminal is in Central Park, near the upper end of the Prado. Note that buses arriving from Lake Titicaca (the route for entering overland from Puno, Peru) and Sorata terminate at a plaza near the city cemetery (Cementerio) farther to the west.

Buses leaving La Paz usually stop in El Alto to pick up more passengers. It sometimes takes almost an hour until you really leave the city.

Seven or eight hours by bus from Cochabamba.

Three hours by bus from Oruro.

To Chile, buses run to Arica, around 8 hours, some continuing to Iquique (12-14 hours - best to get the bus at 7AM, later buses will result in arriving in Iquique in the middle of the night.)

Colonial buildings on Calle Jaen
Colonial buildings on Calle Jaen

By bus

There are three types of shared public transportation in La Paz: regular buses or "micros"; shared vans, called "mini buses", and shared taxis running set routes advertised on the windshield, called "trufis". The former cost Bs 1,30 while the second are Bs 1,50-2,30 depending on duration. A trufi will generally cost you Bs 3 to 3,50. All types have their routes indicated on the windshield, but mini buses have the bonus of fare collectors hanging out the side, yelling out routes in a rapid, auctioneer-like manner. You can hail a bus or mini bus anywhere; to get off, just yell out "¡voy a bajar!"

By taxi

The easiest way to get around is by taxi. They aren't metered, so agree on a fare before boarding; a ride within downtown should be about Bs 6-8. If you want to go further, ask two or more taxi drivers before boarding. A normal ride by taxi from downtown to a place within the city won't cost more than 20 Bs.

By foot

If you ever find yourself to be lost, in general the easiest thing is to simply walk downhill. You will eventually find yourself on the Prado or another main avenue, then You'll be able to take a taxi to the downtown, if you are on the southside of the city (Zona sur)

The Witches Market in La Paz
The Witches Market in La Paz
  • Sagarnaga Street, just south of Plaza San Francisco, is La Paz' main tourist strip. It's mainly a market street with artesano and souvenir stores, but you'll also find budget hostels, tour and travel agencies, cafes, and lots and lots of backpackers. Don't be suckered by the roving sellers of "trilobite-in-a-rock".
  • The Witches' Market (Mercado de Hechiceria or Mercado de las Brujas) is on Calle Linares between Sagarnaga and Santa Cruz. Vendors sell llama fetuses and dried frogs for Aymara rituals, as well as soapstone figurines and aphrodisiac formulas. This street is also the best place to pick up a charango or other Bolivian musical instrument.
  • The Mercado Negro ("Black Market"), though not very clandestine, is quite comprehensive, selling clothing, household items, liquor, and other products in its many blocks.
  • Eloy Salmon Shops on this street sell cheap electronics.
  • Calle Jaen is one of the few places in the city with preserved colonial buildings, currently housing several interesting museums.
  • Plaza Murillo contains government buildings and the city cathedral.
  • The Valle de La Luna - surreal, weathered rock. Just outside the city. Take a local bus to Massalla (Bs2.30) or a taxi (Bs 35) or join a tour. The entrance to the park is located next to the flags and costs Bs15.
  • The Thursday & Sunday Market in El Alto -A huge market held in El Alto every Thursday and Sunday with great bargains including vintage clothing, antiques, everyday goods, etc.
Moon Valley (Valle de la Luna) in La Paz
Moon Valley (Valle de la Luna) in La Paz
  • Museum San Francisco [1], Plaza San Francisco. This restored religious complex has housed some of Bolivia's most important historical moments, including the birth of the Independence Revolution of 1809. Also, one can climb the church tower to get a panoramic view of both the indigenous and Mestiza quarters. Displays are in Spanish and English along with personal guides.
  • Tiwanaku Museum
  • Museum of Contemporary Art (Museo de Arte Contemporaneo), Av. 16 de Julio 1698 (Prado). The permanent collection upstairs (Bs10 admission) contain many works by renowned Aymara painter Mamani Mamani. The downstairs gallery containing work by students and up-and-comers is free.
  • Coca Museum, Calle Linares 906, [2]. Mon-Sun 10:00-19:00. A favorite of foreign tourists, this small museum details the history and significance of the coca plant, including the effect of the U.S. War on Drugs. The displays are in Spanish, but booklets of complete translations in other languages are provided. According to the museum, crack cocaine is the greatest epidemic since the Plague in the Middle-Ages. And yes, there are free samples of coca leaf for visitors. 10 Bs.  edit
  • Musical Instrument Museum (Museo de Instrumentos Musicales de Bolivia), Calle Jaen 711. Displays a huge collection of sound-producing devices from Bolivia and beyond, some of which you can play yourself. The museum was founded by charango master and inventor Ernesto Cavour, and some of his creations on display (such as multi-bodied guitars) are downright bizarre.
  • Museum of Precious Metals (Museo de Metales Preciosos Precolombinos), Calle Jaen 777. Pre-Columbian treasures in silver and gold.
  • Submerged Museum (Museo Subterraneo), in front of the city stadium. Hardly deserving the name "museum", it's essentially a small outdoor plaza sunk into the ground with a huge replica Tiwanaku monolith in the middle of it. The original one used to be there, but it was moved back to Tiwanaku for preservation.
  • Bolivian Andean Textile Museum (Museo de Textiles Andinos Bolivianos), [3] Plaza Benito Juarez 488. It exhibits a large variety of textiles and weavings from all the bolivian andean communities. It's a must-see for weaving lovers. It also displays several garments, like ponchos, from all these regions. The museum also includes a shop (90% of your purchase belongs to the artists) and it is located at lovely house in Miraflores.
Wide view of La Paz Cathedral and the Goverment Palace

La Paz is a city which can be a sight in itself, and there are several viewing places or miradores offering impressive panoramas.

  • Parque Laikacota, at the top of Av. Ejercito west of the city center. The best panorama from within the bowl, with clear views of the city and the rugged terrain to the east, all the way to Mt. Illimani. Admission is Bs 3.5.
  • Mirador Monticulo, next to Plaza España. This small park (free entry) has a church and lots of trees which block much of the city, but the clear view of Illimani makes it an evening hotspot for couples.
  • In the heart of downtown, Av. Camacho points straight to Illimani, and from the intersection with the Prado it's framed by skyscrapers in an interesting juxtaposition.
  • SpeakEasy Institute, Avenida Arce #2047, 244 17 79, [4]. This is the best place to study Spanish. Highly trained, experienced teachers and courses tailor-made to fit your needs - short survival Spanish, brush up on what you know, prepare for international exams, understand exactly what the subjunctive is. Homestays, volunteer work and cultural activities offered.  edit

Peñas

One of the most recognizable aspects of Andean culture is its folk music, which you can enjoy at a number of peñas, or music clubs.

  • Huari, Calle Sagarnaga 329. Its location makes it the convenient choice for foreign tourists, so be prepared for extreme tourist prices and slightly tacky decor. (The ancient Incas probably didn't have black lighting.) Nonetheless, the music and dance performances are excellent.
  • Marka Tambo Calle Jaen 710. Considered among the best for serious fans of the music.
  • MultiCine at 2631 Avenida Arce (a couple of blocks south of Plaza Isabel de Catholica) this is a brand new multiplex cinema with 1 3D screen. Currently (Dec 2009) still being built so don't be scared of by the building site appearance, it is open for business and shows current hollywood blockbusters.
  • The Cinemateca Boliviana (Guachalla and Federico Suazo Streets) recently opened and is the newest and most modern movie theater in the city. You can see new mega-releases as well as local films and international festivals.
  • Try Monje Campero at the beginning of Av.16 de julio.
  • Also you can go to 16 de Julio near to Plaza del Estudiante.
  • Despite the best efforts to censor it Cine Azul (Latin America's premier underground bluey showhouse) is still up and running at the beginning of Av.16 de julio. The steam is literally dripping off the walls! (Amongst other things)

Internet

Internet cafés are on each street corner in La Paz. Current standard fare is 2-4 Bs. per hour. There are four internet cafés around Plaza Mendoza at this price, all with good connection.

If you have a laptop computer you can find Wi-Fi access at the Sol Y Luna cafe on Calle Cochabamba and at the nearby Oliver's Travel Bar. Also Café El Consulado offers fast internet in the café and patio.

Handicrafts market in Santa Cruz street in La Paz.
Handicrafts market in Santa Cruz street in La Paz.
  • Cafe Confiteria La Paz, Avenida Camacho & Ayacucho (close to Obelisco). 8am to 12am. Free WiFi for customers  edit

Handicrafts

Fair trade shop - 958 Calle Linares: Check out the amazing value weavings upstairs, much better quality than the stuff on the street and not that much more expensive (sometimes cheaper even!) Also very nicely mounted with wood panels and ready for hanging. To quote their mission statement "... for the generation of economic revenues that contribute to the improvement of life quality of (the weavers´) families".. So by buying here you also support a good cause! Searching for high quality handicrafts - try visit 'A Manos' which is found on Calle Carlos Bravo 299.(behind Hotel Plaza on el Prado) The same house also has a café (Café El Consulado), travel agency (Topas Adventure Travel Bolivia) and 5 great rooms.

  • Ayni Bolivia (Fair Trade handicrafts), Av. Illampu 704 (one block from witches market), +591 2 2792395 (), [5]. Mon-Fri 9:30 to 14:00, 15:30 to 18:30, Sat: 10:00 to 18:30. a fair trade store member of Fair Trade Federation, has 26 different groups, with a wide variety of handicrafts (alpaca, wood, ceramics, native textiles, table cloth, greeting cards) 2 to 50 USD. (-16.4955,-68.1402) edit

Maps

La Paz is a good place for buying maps of the country, but be aware that Bolivian maps have a reputation of containing errors. Topographical maps are available in 1:50 000, 1:100 000 and 1:250 000. The most popular maps, including the 1:250 000 version of Cordillera Real and the 1:50 000 version of Volcan Sajama are sold by street vendors that roam Calle Sagarnaga and from stalls along el Prado. But the best place to buy maps is the "Instituto Geografico Militar", IGM. The instituto has two offices in town, listed below.

  • Edificio Murillo No. 100, Calle Juan XXIII Parallell to Calle Murillo at the end of Calle Rodríguez. This office is likely to be closest to where you stay and sometimes has as map or two on offer, but most often asks you to come back mañana when they still don't have the map you want. It's has a nice atmosphere though, and makes a nice visit for mapophiles needing that fix of fresh map air.
  • Oficina Central, Estado Mayor General, Av. Saavedra No. 2303. This is the place to go, but a little out of the way. It is said to be open afternoons, but it's best to visit between 9PM and 11PM Closed if there's a soccer game in the nearby Stadium. Take a micro marked "E. Mayor" from Plaza San Fransisco. The unmarked entrance is 20 m down Av. Saavedra from the main car entrance to the Estado Mayor. Surrender your passport in the window marked IGM, get a number tag to hang around you neck and walk down the road and to the left. Many maps are only available in copies for 30 Bs a sheet. An original is 40 Bs.
Image:Plaza Avaroa.jpg
Avaroa Square, one of the most popular spots

Most of the fancier restaurants in La Paz are at the bottom of the Prado, around the vicinity of Plaza Isabel La Catolica and Plaza Avaroa.

  • El Consulado, Calle Bravo 299 (Behind Hotel Plaza(Prado)). New place in La Paz. Best brunch in town, gourmet food in beautiful surroundings. Wifi and garden. Working with the "New Andean Kitchen" and organic coffee.
  • Restaurant Sabrosa Taiwanesa, Calle Chichas No. 1208, Zona Miraflores, 2221186 (a short walk or quick taxi from Plaza Isabela Católica, just on the other side of the Puente de Las Americas). New family-run Taiwanese restaurant. Flavourful dishes and a good sized menu (veg and non-veg) in a clean setting. 30Bs for chicken with spicy peanut sauce (2-person portion).
  • Utama, top floor of Plaza Hotel, Av. 16 de Julio 1789 (Prado). With its fabulous view of the city, the Utama has served the likes of Fidel Castro and Alberto Fujimori (embattled former President of Peru), yet the main dishes (Bolivian and international, in portions ample for two) are only around Bs 50 (USD 6.50).
  • Angelo Colonial, Calle Linares 922. A dark, bohemian cafe set in an old mansion decorated with scads of antiques. Serving Bolivian and mediocre international food. The best drip coffee in La Paz. Slow service. Another location on the Prado.
  • Tambo Colonial, in Hotel Rosario. Lavish breakfast buffet for Bs 20 (USD 2.50), great international and local food from 12:00 to 23:00. Try the Lake Titicaca trout with Beni almonds: one of the best dishes I've had in Bolivia.
  • Naira, Calle Sagarnaga 161. Catering mostly to travelers (and guests of the hotel -- see below), but a good sampling of Bolivian dishes. Expensive.
  • Alo Cubano, Av. Aniceto de Arce. Best place to pretend you're back in the fifties plotting a pan-American revolution with Fidel and Che.
  • Contigo Peru, second floor of Edificio Alameda (on the Prado). Good ceviche and other seafood.
  • Eli's New York Deli, on the Prado. Try ordering with a thick New York accent and see what you get. Prices gone sky high this year.
  • Sultan, San Miguel, Zona Sur. Great Arabic fast food in a tiny setting. Try the falafel for 7 Bs. Order a "super" for 10 Bs if you're hungry and be there for lunch when the boss isn't around (bigger portions).
  • There's a string of inexpensive pizza and hamburger joints on the west side of Avenida 6 de Agosto south of Plaza del Estudiante. Sergio's is considered the best, and is good for checking upcoming music venues.
  • Pizzeria Italia, Calle Ilampu 809, serves nice breakfasts with a friendly smile.
  • La Mia Pizzeria, Calle Ilampu, below one of the two "Pizzeria Italia" branches on Calle Ilampu. Cheaper than "Italia" with more American style pizzas. Take-away available.
  • Al amir, Murillo 824, has nice Arabic food.
  • 100% Natural, Calle Sagarnaga 345. Often full, especially around 11PM, but serves huge sandwiches and great vegetarian burgers in a cosy atmosphere. Good food, better juices.
  • The Star of India, (the highest Curry House in the world!!) has the best curry in La Paz and one of the few places you can get curry in Bolivia (and also can deliver to your hostel). Open from 9AM for breakfast, then lunch served from 11:30 mon-fri (with good veggie options.) They offer a free "I SURVIVED THE WORLD'S MOST DANGEROUS VINDALOO" t-shirt to anyone who finishes it - people generally don't! curries and mains are decent large portions.
  • Café Ciudad, Plaza Estudiantes (Lower end of the Prado). Open 24 hours! Burgers 15-20 Bs, main courses 30-40 Bs.  edit
  • Cafe Karlovy, Av. Claudio Aliaga Nº 1182 - Bloque J-47, San Miguel, [6]. 8:00-24:00. An elegant coffee shop in the hip southern part of La Paz. Serves fantastic food all day.  edit
  • Sol y Luna, Calle Murillo and Cochabamba. Wide selection of international food, Dutch owned and operated. Excellent coctails and always a good atmosphere. Unfortunately the food is overpriced, average and the portions are pretty small. Eat somewhere else first before coming here for a drink.  edit
  • Yussef, cnr illampu and Sagarnaga (As you go up Sagarnaga it is on the right inside a building about ten metres before the corner). Lebanese food, with real authentic lebanese owners. Great platters for vegeterians and mea eaters alike. Also real quality Baklava. great hosts there and atmosphere. It is a little more pricey than the usual fare but definitely worth it.  edit

Drink

Local law prohibits serving alcohol after 4 AM. There are a number of speakeasies defying this.

  • (right inside a building about ten metres before the corner.).
  • Alexander The Great, Av. 16 de Julio 1832 and other locations. Many thought the legendary Macedonian slayer had long since died. Not so infact, although he is considerably tamer after a rough encounter with a fiery cholita.
  • Blueberries, Av. 20 de Octubre 2475. This café serves very delicious coffee, and also has a very appealing breakfast menu. The café is situated at the east end of Plaza Avaroa, where you may also find an "Alexanders Coffee".
  • Pepe's Coffee Bar, Jimenez 894. Decent coffee and a nice calm getaway close to the tourist ghetto. Sandwiches are disappointingly small, but tasty. The "Trekker´s Breakfast" is huge and delicious.
  • Blue Note Café/Wine Bar, Plaza gaston Velasco, Viluyo esq. Linares (1 block from sagarnaga and illampu; at the top of the stairs when you exit Oliver's). A great find; mingle with locals and tourists alike. Pretty much any drink you can think of (cocktails, wine, beer, good local coffee), they also serve homemade chili, soups & tapas. Good prices compared with other bars in the area, open from the late afternoon onwards.
  • Oliver's Travels, Calle Murillo (opposite Sol y Luna) is a Northern English owned backpackers bar serving standard English fare at mid-range prices. Under new managment so doesn't have the problem of the (In)Famously obnoxious drunk in charge. Fun party atmosphere,and a warm welcome from Eglish speaking staff. Also has travel Has wi-fi and tv for most sporting events and a GREAT book exchange (best in South America - but expensive). Also has a great tour agency and great happy hour Sunday to Thursday. Wednesday Nights are Theme orientated with fancy dress. Also availabe for big bookings for tour groups. Also has great food, the breakfast is very nice and not too overpriced compared with the other local options.
  • Sol Y Luna, Calle Murillo, is a Dutch owned & managed traveller's hangout serving an average menu, with small portions and quite expensive for what you get. Good atmosphere, different areas, live music, free wi-fi zone, television, large screen for important football games, and a Pool Table. Serves Coca Leaf Mojitos, where Coca leaves are substituted for mint leaves!
  • Irish, on Plaza Avoroa, pathetically named Irish themed bar. Food is overpriced but good, and the cocktails are reasonable, though behind the above mentioned bars. Mostly frequented by Bolivians and should be scorned by real Oirish people.
  • Traffic, in San Jorge is a bar with a good atmosphere and fairly good music. There is a large dance floor and a comfortable bar. Owner Asher has taken 6 steps back from managing the place after a sting operation codenamed 'superhuey' .
  • Antique Pub, at Pichincha 662 has recorded rock music, and all sorts of old things including fob watches, photographs, a kid's tricycle and a six shooter to keep you amused. They serve food too.
  • Mongo's, Hermanos Manchego 2444. Since 1995 has remained one of the most popular places for travellers with a good mix of locals. It's a lively atmosphere every night of the week at this place. Open from 6:00 PM till 3:30 AM. Serving the best in global cuisine, and well priced. Be careful, though, as many tourists (as of July 2009) have reported being duped by being charged much higher prices for drinks than listed on the menu. Check your bill carefully!
  • Ram Jam Presbitero Medina 2124, near Plaza Avaroa , is another popular place, Less gringos than Mongos. Serves Saya beer from Adventurebrew hostel. Occasional live gigs. 0,6 l beer 18 Bs. Saturday cover charge 10 Bs.
  • Forum, Near Plaza Espana is a mostly Bolivian hangout though is La Paz's only proper disco venue. Upper class Bolivians frequent the establishment very dressed up. Worth a look if you're missing a big club with big pretensions.
  • Gitanas, Zona Sur, Calle 8 de Calacoto, is a bar/club hangout for upper class youth of La Paz's South Zone.
  • Dry Law, Zona Sur, Coto Coto, is a pretty hip club in La Paz's rich South Zone that's slightly on the right side of pretentious. Good alternative to Mongo's or RamJam if you're sick of bumping into Gringos all the time. Dress well.

Sleep

If you do not want to pay for a bed, you can pass a night in loco along Calle Sagarnaga or Calle Illampu. These streets are merged into fairs and museums, so are full of people all day long. Be sure to inspect your room before signing the register.

  • Hostel Maya [7] Calle Sagarnaga 339 +59122311970 Quality, inexpensive hostel in La Paz with very friendly, helpful, bilingual staff. The terraces have a fantastic view of the city, and they're located in the best neighborhood near all the bars, museums, restaurants, and great events.
  • Loki Backpackers Hostel, Calle Loayza 420. Tel:(591)2-2119024 [8]Set in a beautifully restored 100 year old hotel, with an amazing bar in the old ball room. Also houses the Oxygen Bar on the 3rd floor with a rooftop terrace and BBQ area. Amenities include real duvets, comfortable beds, hot showers, breakfast, English speaking staff, Tour Desk, internet and Wi-fi, International phone service, Pool Table, TV-room with DVDs and cable. Dorm beds from 40 Bs. Matrimonials, Triples and Twin rooms also available.
  • Adventure Brew Hostel and Brew Too ,Avenida Montes 533 and 641 ph:(591)2 2461614, [9] New, bright and clean, Adventure Brew Hostel has it´s own micro-brewery on-site, and a rooftop bar, with BBQs most nights. Just down the road is the annex: The Adventure Brew Too. Dorm beds 48-72 Bs, single with bath 192 Bs. Includes all-you-can-eat pancake breakfast, slow internet, Wi-Fi, a range of DVD-films and a small Saya beer. Although their internet booking engine will state they are full, they might have a bed if you call. The location is good for the bus terminal, but a bit off for other things. At $20 per night for a single, can hardly be considered a ¨hostel.¨
  • Wild Rover Backpackers Hostel, Calle Comercio 1476. [10]Un-officially the highest Irish owned hostel/bar in the world, Wild Rover is a new Backpackers just 3 blocks from the famous Plaza Murillio in a beautiful old ex presidents house. Facilities include 24 hour reception, travel agency, backpack lockers, 24 hour gas powered hot showers, extra wide beds with specially made winter/summer duvets, fun bar with daily activities, all day food menu with the food you miss from home, wi-fi and free internet, pool table and tv room. Dorms from Bs. 40. Phone (591) 2 2116903.
  • El Solario, Calle Murillo 776. Another backpacker joint. Warm water, shared bathrooms with electrical showers, cheap laundry service, free internet and kitchen use. Singles Bs 35, Doubles Bs 60, Triples Bs 90, dorm bed Bs 20-25.
  • Hotel la Valle Great location, great prices (double with private bath (no tv), 90 bs) and very friendly staff. Popular with Bolivians. Great place. Phone. (591)-2-2456085, info@lavalle.com
  • Inkaterra Backpackers Home, across the bus terminal, singles from Bs. 30.
  • Arty´s Guesthouse, Avenida Montes, a few blocks down from the Adventure Brew. Small family run hostel, friendly staff but the midnight curfew can be a bummer.
  • Hostal Illimani Calle Illimani #1817 In Barrio Miraflores, a few blocks from the Stadium, 591-2-220-2346. Basic and secure accommodations with shared bath and sink in room. Ms. Filomena is the manager who keeps an eye on the place and is always happy to help. Has a courtyard and places to wash and dry clothing. Expect to pay 25 b for a single. Doubles are available. Is not in the normal city central tourist area. If you want to be by the tourist stuff, do not stay here. If you want less gringos around this is a good place.
  • El Carretero, about 5 blocks north of San Francisco, dorm for 20 Bs. Basic. Gets a lot of "Artisans" staying there.
  • Hostal Austria, Calle Yanacocha 531, 235-1140. Very popular with backpackers , offering warm water, friendly staff and a central location. Singles Bs35, shared room Bs30.
  • Hosteria Blanquita, Santa Cruz 242, is a nice place, with a friendly staff, offering doubles for 70 Bs.
  • Hotel Continental, top end of Calle Illampu. Doubles with shared bath are 80 Bs. 10% discount with HI-card. Former members of Status Quo tend to use this hotel whilst in town.
  • Hostal Cactus, Calle Jimenez. Kitchen, laundry service, lousy Nestle instant coffee maker, rooftop terrace, nice quiet street. Very popular with the pseudo-hippie types. Can be very loud outside the rooms near the employees´ reception area (Friday night fiesta time!). 30 Bs for privates (10 Bs for lentil soup).
  • Hotel Majestic Calle Santa Cruz. Splurge just a little and for 130 bolivianos you get a nice comfy double (Single 100 Bs) with tv (loads of movie channels) and private bathroom with hot shower. All in the heart of the backpacker area. Breakfast is also included, but isn´t great. The Senora in charge is a lovely lady and will take good care of you.
  • Hostal Lobo, c/Illampu esq Santa Cruz, low prices, friendly staff, a home from home taste of Tel Aviv.
  • Apart'Hotel "A LA MAISON", The french touch in La Paz near from plaza de espana; coming from so far to feel in your hotel like at home is a must; best prices about 280 B$ to 630 B$ depend from the size of the flat (40 to 120m2). Apart-hotel À la maison Pasaje Muñoz Cornejo nº15 LA PAZ - BOLIVIA Tel : + 591 2 241 37 04 contact@alamaison-lapaz.com
  • La Posada en La Paz, Calle Hermanos Manchego 2551, 243-5204, [11]. Small, friendly and bilingual staff run this posada in the heart of the restaurant and pub disctict. Between Mongo´s and Traffic, and just steps from Mamprahon´s Asian Food. Singles $20, Doubles $30.
  • Hotel España, Av. 6 de Agosto 2074, 244-2643. Located in the Sopocachi district close to numerous nice restaurants, the España has a charming garden courtyard as well as a solarium. There's a single net-connected PC in the lobby. Singles $24, doubles $34.
  • Hotel Rosario, Av. Illampu 704, 245-1658, [12]. Located in the Aymara District close to the Witches Market and many touristic attractions. Has a colonial style building with sunny patios. Free Internet and WiFi. Has a travel office. Beautiful rooms. Friendly and helpful staff. Complimentary tea and mate de coca. Singles $28-$31, doubles US$63 per night. Book ahead; it fills up.
  • Hostal Naira, Calle Sagarnaga 161, 235-5645, Fax 231-1214, [13]. In business since 1975, with a good restaurant in the basement and a popular cafe (Coffee Banais) on the ground floor.
  • Ritz Apart Hotel, Plaza Isabel La Catolica 2478, [14]. Five stars and all suites in the heart of Sopocachi.
  • Hotel Europa, Tihuanaco 64, 231-5656, [15]. Luxury hotel located just off the central Prado.
  • Radisson Plaza Hotel La Paz, Av. Arce 2177, [16]. Luxury hotel situated in Sopocachi in the heart of La Paz.

Stay safe

In crowded areas be careful for pickpockets and bagslashers. A common trick is that one person spills something on your clothes, and while you or he wipes it off another person lifts your wallet or slashes your bag. Be vigilant when checking into a hotel or hostel. Keep a hand on all your bags and belongings at all times. Acting as if they work for the hotel, opportunist thieves will create a diversion and snatch the nearest unattended bag.

If you are approached by plain-clothed police officers don't show any valuables or your passport. And certainly don't get in a taxi with them. Undercover police are strictly ordered not to hassle tourists. There have been several cases of muggings and things going missing from bags or luggage after "drug searches". Insist on being taken to the police station before giving them access to your things. If you can, call the 110, which is the Bolivian number for emergencies . Take care - an Austrian couple was found murdered in 2006 after following false police into a taxi.

There have been several cases of violent muggings in taxis. Only take Radio Cabs (they will have the telephone number and their call centre listed above the cab). The taxis, or Gypsy Cabs, have no boarding above the taxi and have taxi written on the side, they are dangerous to take at night, as many of the drivers are paid to drive tourists to specific locations for muggings. Be especially careful if you are at one of the illegal after-hours bars such as Fin Del Mundo or Bar 36, as most of the muggings happen in taxis from these locations. Lock the doors and don't allow other people to share the journey with you. Reliable taxi firms to use Magnifico Taxis tel 2410410, La Paz Taxis tel 2221212 and Gold Taxis tel 2722722.

La Paz is a very safe city, and if you keep your wits about you there shouldn't be any problems. Operating (not just bringing) a laptop computer or anything containing a hard drive is a risk. Most hard drives sold today safely work up to 3,000 meters/10,000 ft. La Paz exceeds this by one-third. While you may get by without anything bad happening, the hard drive could be destroyed (disc crash) and you will lose your data and installed software (even after returning to sea level). At the very least, you should back up your data before arriving. The high elevation won't subsequently "stress" the hard drive though, assuming nothing happens during your visit.

Stay healthy

The altitude of La Paz is well within the zone where altitude sickness could be a problem, especially for those arriving from at or near sea level. (Just spending a day or two at an intermediate elevation may not be enough.) It's is highly recommended that you have adequate travel insurance, familiarize yourself with the symptoms of altitude sickness, and inform your physician to what elevation you will be traveling (up to 4,000 meters/13,000 ft. for La Paz, and 6,000 meters/20,000 ft. if you want to climb Huayna Potosi). Taking Ginko Biloba supplements for a couple weeks before a climb in altitude has been known to eliminate altitude sickness. Despite being near the equator, it does occasionally snow a little in La Paz during the middle of the year, and packing some warm clothing is a must year-round.

  • Many laundries from Bs 6 per kilo wash and dry.
  • Changing money on the street does not give you a better rate, and some tricks will most likely be tried such as false Alasitas or Banco de la fortuna Notes (toy money). Still, it is convenient on weekends and after hours, -just stay alert.
  • United Kingdom, Avenida Arce No.2732 Casilla (PO Box) 694, (591) (2) 243-3424 (fax: (591) (2) 243-1073), [17].  edit
  • United States, [18].  edit
Lake Titicaca with the Andes at the background, 35 km. away from La Paz
Lake Titicaca with the Andes at the background, 35 km. away from La Paz

The most popular day trips from La Paz are to Tiwanaku, Chacaltaya, and Lake Titicaca, though the latter (especially Copacabana) is pushing it a bit in terms of time.

Another popular daytrip is the bike ride down the world's most dangerous road, North Yungas Road (a.k.a. Death Road). It's a 64km long scenic ride downhill to Coroico. There was an average of 100 motor fatalities a year (though in the ten years that companies have been biking down the road, there have only been 12 biking fatalities), a world record, mostly due to the Bolivian driving style than to the road itself. Although it's a narrow, winding road with big drops on the side, going down by bike is probably the safest way to get to Coroico and there are several tour agents in La Paz offering the trip.

For a safer and more relaxed trip to Yungas, you may want to take the South Yungas Road that leads to Chulumani by bus. Around kilometer 36or so of the South Yungas Road, you will find a surprise: a European castle, built in the 1930s, emerges in the middle of the coca and flower growing region. It´s a treat because the people who run the castle/hotel have built many narrow roads for hiking through mountains and mountain cascades. Much calmer and relaxing than Coroico. The hotel is called the Hotel y Parque Ecologico el Castillo del Loro.

This is a usable article. It has information for getting in as well as some complete entries for restaurants and hotels. An adventurous person could use this article, but please plunge forward and help it grow!

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

There is more than one meaning of La Paz discussed in the 1911 Encyclopedia. We are planning to let all links go to the correct meaning directly, but for now you will have to search it out from the list below by yourself. If you want to change the link that led you here yourself, it would be appreciated.


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

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Contents

English

Pronunciation

  • IPA: /lɑːˈpæz/

Proper noun

La Paz

  1. The administrative capital of Bolivia.

Translations

Anagrams

  • Anagrams of aalpz
  • plaza

Spanish

Proper noun

La Paz

  1. Capital of Bolivia

See also








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