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La Plata

Coat of arms
La Plata is located in Argentina
La Plata
Location in Buenos Aires Province
Coordinates: 34°55′S 57°56′W / 34.917°S 57.933°W / -34.917; -57.933
Country  Argentina
Province Bandera-bonaerense.svg Buenos Aires
Department La Plata
Founded 19 November 1882
Elevation 26 m (85 ft)
Population (2001 census [INDEC])
 - Total 690,616
CPA Base B 1900
Area code(s) +54 221

La Plata is the capital city of the province of Buenos Aires, Argentina, as well as of the department of La Plata. The city was planned to serve as the capital of the province after the city of Buenos Aires was declared as the federal district in 1880. Per the 2001 census [INDEC], the city proper has a population of 574,369 and its metropolitan area has 694,253 inhabitants.

La Plata was officially founded by Governor Dardo Rocha on November 19, 1882 and its construction was fully documented in photographs by Tomás Bradley Sutton.[1]

Its current mayor is Pablo Bruera.

It was referred to as Eva Perón City ("Ciudad Eva Perón") between 1952 and 1955.

Contents

History and brief description

City Hall and Plaza Moreno.
Governor Dardo Rocha (1838-1921), founder of La Plata.

Rocha decided to erect a new city to host the provincial government institutions and the planned university. Urban planner Pedro Benoit designed a city layout based on a rationalist conception of urban centers. The city has the shape of a square with a central park and two main diagonal avenues, north-south and east-west. (In addition, there are numerous other shorter diagonals.) This design is copied in a self-similar manner in small blocks of six by six blocks in length. Every six blocks, one finds a small park or square. Other than the diagonals, all streets are on a rectangular grid, and are numbered consecutively. Thus, La Plata is nicknamed "la ciudad de las diagonales" ("city of diagonals"). It is also called "la ciudad de los tilos" ("city of tilia (linden tree)") because of the large number of linden trees lining many streets and squares.

The city design and its buildings are said to possess a strong Freemason symbolism. This is said to be a consequence of both Rocha and Benoit being Freemasons.

The designs for the government buildings were chosen in an international architectural competition. Thus, the Governor Palace was designed by Italians, City Hall by Germans, etc. Electric street lighting was installed in 1884, and was the first of its kind in Latin America.

Panoramic view of La Plata.

The cathedral of La Plata, in neo-Gothic style, is the largest church in Argentina.

The Curutchet House is one of the two buildings by Le Corbusier in the Americas. The Teatro Argentino de La Plata is the second most-important opera house in Argentina after the Teatro Colón in Buenos Aires.

The University of La Plata was founded in 1897 and nationalized in 1905. It is well-known for its observatory and natural history museum. Ernesto Sabato graduated in physics at this university; he went on to teach at the Sorbonne and the MIT before becoming a famed novelist. Doctor René Favaloro was another famous alumnus. During its early years, it attracted a number of renowned intellectuals from the Spanish-speaking world, such as Dominican Pedro Henríquez Ureña.

Under Alvear's administration (1922-1928), Enrique Mosconi, the president of the oil state company Yacimientos Petrolíferos Fiscales, created the distillery of La Plata, which was the tenth largest in the world [2].

Railway station, La Plata.

The city was renamed in 1952 as Eva Perón, though the original name was restored in 1955. La Plata's residents are served by numerous daily newspapers, the most prominent of which is El Día.

The city is home to two football (soccer) teams that play in the first division: Estudiantes de La Plata and Gimnasia y Esgrima La Plata.

Geography

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Location

Located in the northeastern province of Buenos Aires, limiting to the northeast with Ensenada and Berisso, northwest with the Berazategui and Florencio Varela, southwest and south, with San Vicente and Coronel Brandsen and southeast with Magdalena, occupying an area of 893 km.

The metropolitan area of La Plata includes besides the founding of the town, the towns of Tolosa, Ringuelet, Manuel B. Gonnet, City Bell, Villa Elisa, Melchor Romero, Abasto, Gorina, José Hernández, Ángel Etcheverry, Arturo Seguí Los Hornos, Lisandro Olmos, Villa Elvira and, Altos de San Lorenzo, all of them with community centers that operate as local delegations.

Time Zone

GMT -3

Climate

Usually warm and humid in the summer. Mild winters.
Average temperature: 16.7°C
Average clear days: 126 Rain: 1023 Mn
Average humidity: 78%

Education

La Plata hosts one of the most renowned universities in Argentina, the National University of La Plata (Spanish: Universidad Nacional de La Plata, UNLP). It has over 75,000 regular students, 8,000 teaching staff, 16 faculties and 106 available degrees.

Famous UNLP students and professors include:

Four high school institutes are under UNLP control, three of them are located in La Plata:

  • Rafael Hernández National High School (Spanish: Colegio Nacional Rafael Hernández)
  • Víctor Mercante Lyceum (Spanish: Liceo Víctor Mercante)
  • Fine Arts High School (Spanish: Bachillerato de Bellas Artes)

La Plata is also home of other three universities:

  • Universidad Católica de La Plata
  • Universidad Notarial Argentina
  • Facultad Regional de la Universidad Tecnológica Nacional.

Students come to these four universities from every part of Argentina and other countries, giving the city a rich young multicultural lifestyle.

Sports

The most popular sport in the city, as in the whole country, is football. Among the many clubs that play football in the city, two of them stand out above the rest and these are the clubs Estudiantes de La Plata and Gimnasia y Esgrima La Plata, they both play in the First Division of Argentine football. From these two teams came out great players like Martín Palermo, Francisco Varallo, Juan Sebastián Verón and his father, Gustavo and Guillermo Barros Schelotto, Leandro Cufré, among others.

The city also has the Liga Amateur Platense de fútbol that encompasses dozens of clubs in the region, such as: Club Atlético Estrella de Berisso, La Plata Fútbol Club, Asociación Nueva Alianza, Club Everton, among others.

Basketball has a place in the Torneo Nacional de Ascenso, through Gimnasia y Esgrima La Plata. In addition, through the Asociación Platense de Basquetbol, the city has leagues and tournaments for all levels and categories (First, Second Ascent, U20, Junior, Cadet and Kids Pre-Kids), which involved Clubs: Gimnasia y Esgrima La Plata, Estudiantes, Club Atenas, Unión Vecinal, Centro de Fomento Meridiano V, Club Cultural y Deportivo Juventud, among others.

Auto racing also has its importance in the city from the hands of the Turismo Carretera. For this competition is a racetrack called "Roberto José Mouras" in honor of the historic pilot of Chevrolet died in Lobos in 1992.[3] Other information relating to motorsport in the city has to do with the last Argentine Formula 1 pilot, who was the "platense" Gastón Mazzacane that after 21 races in Formula 1 came to compete in the Champ Car and Top Race V6.

Rugby, meanwhile, is a comprehensive discipline of fans in the city. The most representative clubs are: La Plata Rugby Club, Los Tilos, San Luis, Universitario and Albatros.

Of note is the traditional seat of turf in the city. La Plata has a race track, the third in order of competition and offer careers in the country.

Volleyball teams include Gimnasia y Esgrima and Universitario.

Hockey also claims two teams, Universitario and Santa Bárbara.

Culture

The culture has a major role in the city of La Plata. This is reflected in the large amount of cultural centers, theaters, museums, cinemas and libraries that are in the city, as well as the Universidad Nacional de La Plata and the observatory.

Pasaje Dardo Rocha Building, named in honor of the city's founder.
Former building of the Teatro Argentino (burnt and demolished in 1977).

Cultural centers

  • Pasaje Dardo Rocha
  • Centro Cultural Islas Malvinas
  • Centro Cultural Estación Provincial
  • Grupo Pasajes
  • Centro de Cultura & Comunicación
  • Centro Cultural El Núcleo
  • Centro Cultural Los Hornos

Theaters

  • Teatro Argentino de La Plata
  • Teatro Municipal Coliseo Podestá
  • Anfiteatro Martín Fierro
  • Teatro La Nonna
  • Teatro La Hermandad del Princesa
  • Sala 420
  • Taller de Teatro de la UNLP
  • Complejo "El Teatro"
  • Teatro "La Lechuza"

Museums

  • Museo Provincial de Bellas Artes
  • Museo Municipal de Bellas Artes
  • Museo de Arte "Fra. Angélico"
  • Colección Dr. Emilio Azzarini
  • Museo Histórico del Fuerte de la Ensenada de Barragán
  • Museo y Archivo Dardo Rocha
  • Museo Almafuerte
  • Museo del Teatro Argentino
  • Museo "José Juan Podestá"
  • Museo de la Catedral
  • Museo Indigenista "Yana Kuntur"
  • Museo Internacional de Muñecos
  • Museo del Automóvil - Colección Rau
  • Museo del Tango Platense
  • Museo Policial "Inspector Mayor Vesiroglos"
  • Museo Histórico "Contralmirante Chalier" - Escuela Naval de Río Santiago
  • Museo Histórico Militar "Tte. Julio A. Roca"

Cinemas

  • Cinema San Martín
  • Cinema 8
  • Cinema City
  • Cinema Paradiso
  • Cinema Rocha
  • Cine Select
  • Espacio INCAA km. 60

Libraries

  • Biblioteca Central General José de San Martín
  • Biblioteca Municipal Francisco López Merino
  • Biblioteca de la Universidad Nacional de La Plata
  • Biblioteca de la Legislatura de la Provincia

Festivals, celebrations and events scheduled

Doll winner 2008, "Arde Troya".

The city of La Plata has the particularity of being the only place (with Berisso and Ensenada) in the country where the burning of Momos (Dolls similar to those cremated at the Fallas festival in Valencia, Spain) is held every New Year's Eve. Hundreds of dolls are burnt to celebrate the end of the year and the beginning of a new year. Competitions for the best doll is awarded by the La Plata municipality and media.[4][5]

In addition, every year on November 19, the anniversary of the city is held with recitals and a fireworks show at the Plaza Moreno.

In La Plata, as well as in all of Argentina, the first day of spring is celebrated along with National Student's Day on September 21. On this date, the municipality organizes concerts both in the Paseo del Bosque and Plaza Moreno.

People

See Cat:People from La Plata

Sister cities

References

External links

La Plata's web guides


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

For places with the same name, please see La Plata (disambiguation).

La Plata is the capital city of Buenos Aires Province, the main state of Argentina. It is placed on the "pampa húmeda" (wet pampas), 56 kilometres south-east of Buenos Aires city, at 34º 55' south latitude and 57º 17' west longitude.

Map of La Plata (city)
Map of La Plata (city)

It covers an area of 940.38 km2 and it's at 9,87 mts. above the sea level.

Its weather is mild, with an annual average temperature of 16.3C and an average rainfall of 1023 mm per year. The average humidity is of 77.6% and the predominant southeast winds blow during four months in the year.

La Plata was designed around a central axis marked by 51st and 53rd Avenues, the main artery of the city where the main buildings and landmarks are located: the Cathedral, City Hall, Moreno Plaza, the Teatro Argentino, the Provincial Legislature and Government around Plaza San Martin. Its urban design was worked on by Pedro Benoit and his prestigious team, who are among the most distinguished in the world. His basic design was a perfect square, cut in half diagonally and with plazas and parks scattered around the city, grand tree-lined boulevards and a forest right near the center of the city.

La Plata's Natural History Museum
La Plata's Natural History Museum
  • Parks & Squares (Paseos Al Aire Libre)
  • Churches (Visitas a Iglesias)
  • Museums (Visitas a Museos)
  • Public Buildings (Visitas a Edificios Públicos)
  • Another Touristic Attractions (Atractivos Turísticos)
  • Cinema (Cine)
  • Theatre (Teatro)
  • Shows (Espectáculos)
  • Exhibitions (Exposiciones)
  • Cultural Centers (Centros Culturales)
  • Wilkenny Irish Pub & Restaurant. Calle 11 y 50. [1]
  • Howard Johnson Inn Corregidor [2], Calle 6 n° 1026 ( entre 53 y 54 ) - La Plata C.P. B1900DJF Buenos Aires - Argentina, Tel: (54 221) 425-6800, Fax (54 221) 425-6805. A Four Stars Hotel.
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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

LA PLATA, a city of Argentina and capital of the province of Buenos Aires, 5 m. inland from the port of Ensenada, or La Plata, and about 31 m. S.E. of the city of Buenos Aires, with which it is connected by rail. Pop. (1895) 45,609; (1907, estimate) 84,000. La Plata was founded in 1882, two years after Buenos Aires had been constituted a federal district and made the national capital. This necessitated the selection of another provincial capital, which resulted in the choice of an open plain near the former port of Ensenada de Barragan, on which a city was laid out after the plan of Washington. The streets are so wide that they seem out of proportion to the low brick buildings. The principal public buildings, constructed of brick and stucco, are the government-house, assembly building, treasury, municipal hall, cathedral, courts of justice, police headquarters, provincial museum and railway station. The museum, originally presented by Dr Moreno, has become one of the most important in South America, its palaeontological and anthropological collections being unique. There are also a university, national college, public library, astronomical observatory, several churches, two hospitals and two theatres. A noteworthy public park is formed by a large plantation of eucalyptus trees, which have grown to a great height and 'present an imposing appearance on the level, treeless plain. Electricity is in general use for public and private lighting, and tramways are laid down in the principal streets and extend eastward to the port. The harbour of the port of La Plata consists of a large artificial basin, 1450 yds. long by i 50 yds. wide, with approaches, in addition to the old port of Ensenada, which are capable of receiving the largest vessels that can navigate the La Plata estuary. Up to the opening of the new port works of Buenos Aires a large part of the ocean-going traffic of Buenos Aires passed through the port of La Plata. It has good railway connexions with the interior, and exports cattle and agricultural produce.


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Simple English

La Plata is a capital city of the Buenos Aires province, Argentina.

Population

It has a population of over 600,000 inhabitants.


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