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La Union
—  Province  —

Seal
Map of the Philippines with La Union highlighted
Coordinates: 16°30′N 120°25′E / 16.5°N 120.417°E / 16.5; 120.417Coordinates: 16°30′N 120°25′E / 16.5°N 120.417°E / 16.5; 120.417
Country  Philippines
Region Ilocos Region (Region I)
Founded 1850
Capital San Fernando City
Government
 - Governor Manuel "Manoling" Ortega (NPC)
Area
 - Total 1,504.0 km2 (580.7 sq mi)
Area rank 70th out of 80
Population (2007)
 - Total 720,972
 Density 479.4/km2 (1,241.6/sq mi)
Population rank 34th out of 80
Population density rank 9th out of 80
Divisions
 - Independent cities 0
 - Component cities 1
 - Municipalities 19
 - Barangays 576
 - Districts 1st and 2nd districts of La Union
Time zone PHT (UTC+8)
ZIP Code
Spoken languages Ilokano, Pangasinan

La Union is a province of the Philippines located in the Ilocos Region in Luzon. Its capital is San Fernando City and borders Ilocos Sur to the north, Benguet to the east, and Pangasinan to the south. To the west of La Union is the South China Sea.

Contents

People and culture

Ninety-three percent of the population is Ilocano and is overwhelmingly Roman Catholic. There are communities of Pangasinense in the south, Igorots in the Cordillera foothills, and Chinese in the city.

La Union is highly literate, with San Fernando City as the administrative, educational, and financial center of the region.

Economy

The economy is diversified with service, manufacturing, and agricultural industries spread throughout the province. The Port of San Fernando operates as an increasingly active shipping point, and the former American airbase Wallace Air Station, having been converted into a business and industrial area, helps to facilitate such commercial activity.

Tourism to the province is driven by airlines and passenger coach bus lines like regionally owned Farinas Transit Company and Partas.

Tourists often flock to the beaches of Bauang, or to the more secluded ones further north for snorkeling, surfing or other water sports; the more northerly beaches near San Juan specifically cater to both local surfers as well as portions of the world surfing circuit.

Geography

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Political

La Union is subdivided into 19 municipalities and 1 city.

City

Municipalities

Physical

Like most of the region, the province is squeezed in by the Cordillera mountain range to the east and the South China Sea to the west. Yet, unlike other portions of Luzon and the Philippines' two other island groupings, the Visayas and Mindanao, La Union experiences a rather arid and prolonged dry season with little precipitation to be expected between the months of November and May.

History

La Unión, "The Union" or "The Unity" in Spanish, was formed in 1850 when the Spanish colonial government of Governor-General Antonio Maria Blanco merged the southern towns of Ilocos Sur province, the northern towns of Pangasinan, and the western towns of Benguet to the east.

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Contents

For the La Unión province of El Salvador, see La Unión Department, El Salvador.

La Union is a province in the Ilocos Region of the Philippines.

Regions

catholic

  • San Fernando City
  • Basic Ridge, Located 9 kilometers northeast of San Fernando town proper through the Imperial Army in the province. The Ridge constituted the East Flank of the 121st Infantry of the United States Armed Forces in the Philippines, Northern Luzon (USAFIP NL) during the Liberation in 1945
  • Wallace Air Station.

This 101 hectares of base land located at the end of Poro Point in San Fernando was acquired in 1903 for the United States Cavalry. It was the home of the 848th Aircraft Control and Warning Squadron which provided logistics and administrative support to other radar detachments under its chain of command. Formally turned-over by the United States to the Republic of the Philippines on September 16, 1991, the Bases conversion Development Authority is overseeing the plans for the conversion of the area into a prime tourism and industrial estate.

  • Tomb of the Unknown Soldier. Built as a tribute to the heroism of the soldiers who fought during the last World War, the marker stands at the junction leading to the Poro Point.
  • Battle of San Fernando Marker. Situated at the northwestern portion of the Town Plaza, inscribed is an account of how the Battle was started and won ebabling the establishment of the United States Army Base Base M at Poro Point which was eventually used as a build up area for the projected invasion of Japan. San Fernando is 264 kilometers north of Manila.
  • Luna Watchtower. This rotund structure built along the shore in Luna during the Pre-Spanish time was used as look-out point for impending attacks by pirates.
  • Baroro Bridge Marker. The siege of Baroro in Bacnotan started the operation to liberate San Fernando. This marked the first victory of the Luzon Guerrillas over a Japanese armed unit before the American Liberation forces landed on Luzon. The marker stands at the southern approach of the briedge approximately 14 kilometers north of San Fernando.
  • USAFIP, NL Military Shrine and Park. Camp Spencer, the general headquarters of the USAFIP, NL located along Darigayos Cove in Luna is reserved as a Military Shrine and Park by virtue of Proclamation 590 signed by President Fidel V. Ramos on June 1, 1995. Darigayos is approximately 34.2 kilometers north of San Fernando accessible through the Bitalag Junction in Bacnotan or through Balaoan

Talk

Ilocano is the common dialect. The residents of the coastal barangay of Sto. Tomas and Rosario also speak Pangasinense while the cultural communities in the towns bordering the Cordillera speak Ibaloi or Kankanacy. English and Filipino remain as basic tools of instruction in schools.

  • Learn to surf on the black volcanic sand beaches of La Union. While the waves aren't Hawaii by any stretch of the imagination, the gently sloping beaches provide a steady supply of trainer waves. Seasoned surfers will yawn and stay in the bar.
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