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La Vallon Airfield (Y-18)
12th USAAF.png Patch9thusaaf.png
Type Military Airfield
Coordinates 45°38′57.08″N 004°04′34.56″E / 45.6491889°N 4.0762667°E / 45.6491889; 4.0762667 (Approximate)
Built 1944
In use 1944
Controlled by United States Army Air Forces
La Vallon Airfield is located in France
La Vallon Airfield
Location of La Vallon, France

La Vallon Airfield is an abandoned World War II military airfield in France, which is located approximately 6km north-northeast of Montbrison (Departement de la Loire,Rhone-Alpes); about 385km south-southeast of Paria.

La Vallon was an all-weather temporary temporary sod airfield built by the XII Engineer Command. The runway was 7800' in length; 300' wide and aligned 13/31. The airfield was equipped with an access road was built to the existing road infrastructure; a dump for supplies, ammunition, and gasoline drums, along with a drinkable water and minimal electrical grid for communications and station lighting. Tents were used for billeting and also for support facilities.

Designated as as Advanced Landing Ground Y-18 it was turned over to the United States Army Air Force Twelfth Air Force on 30 August 1944. The 417th Night Fighter Squadron used the airfield between 12 Sep 1944-5 Apr 1945, flying Bristol Beaufighters. In addition, the Ninth Air Force 415th Night Fighter Squadron flew Bristol Beaufighters from the airfield between 1-25 Sep 1944.

When the Americans pulled out in April 1945, the airfield was dismantled by engineers and returned to agriculture. An outline of the airfield remains as agricultural fields in aerial photos today.

References

PD-icon.svg This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

  • Maurer, Maurer. Air Force Combat Units of World War II. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History, 1983. ISBN 0-89201-092-4.
  • Mauer, Mauer (1969), Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II, Air Force Historical Studies Office, Maxwell AFB, Alabama. ISBN 0892010975
  • Johnson, David C. (1988), U.S. Army Air Forces Continental Airfields (ETO), D-Day to V-E Day; Research Division, USAF Historical Research Center, Maxwell AFB, Alabama.
  • IX Engineering Command ETO Airfields layout

External links

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