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La Jeune France, "young France", was a French group founded in 1936 (by some estimates 1940) by André Jolivet along with composers Olivier Messiaen, Jean-Yves Daniel-Lesur, Pierre Schaeffer and Yves Baudrier, who were attempting to re-establish a more human and less abstract form of composition. La jeune France developed from the avant-garde chamber music society La spirale, formed by Jolivet, Messiaen, and Lesur the previous year. The name originated with Hector Berlioz[1]. La Jeune France composers are associated with mysticism. However, Virgil Thomson describes the group as neo-Impressionist rather than post or neo-Romantic: "An addiction to religious subject matter, common all over post-war Europe, is no more significant in Messiaen than is orientalism with Jolivet or the classical humanism of Rosenthal (and Malipiero)."[2]

La Jeune France vocal compositions are included on the album of the same title: Jolivet's Épithalame, Messiaen's Cinq Rechants, and Daniel-Lesur's Le Cantique Des Cantiques[3].

Sources

  1. ^ http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/303331/La-Jeune-France
  2. ^ Thomson, Virgil. 2002. Virgil Thomson: A Reader: Selected Writings, 1924-1984, edited by Richard Kostelanetz, p.268. New York: Routledge. ISBN 0415937957.
  3. ^ http://www.the-sixteen.org.uk/recordings/coro_23.htm

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