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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Podarcis hispanica
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Family: Lacertidae
Oppel, 1811

Many, see text.

Terminology and scalation of lacertids

Lacertidae is the family of the wall lizards, or true lizards, which are native to Europe, Africa, and Asia. The group includes the genus Lacerta, which contains some of the most commonly seen lizard species in Europe.



The European and Mediterranean species live mainly in forest and scrub habitats.[1] Eremias and Ophisops species replace these in the grassland and desert habitats of Asia. African species usually live in rocky, arid areas. Holaspis is one of the few arboreal lacertids, and its single species, Holaspis guentheri, is a glider (although apparently a poor one), using its broad tail and flattened body as an aerofoil.[2]

Appearance and biology

Lacertids are small or medium-sized lizards. Most species are less than 9 cm long, excluding the tail, although the largest living species, Gallotia stehlini, reaches 46 cm, and some extinct forms were larger still. They are primarily insectivorous.[1] An exception is Meroles anchietae, one of the few wall lizards that regularly eats seeds – an appropriate food for a lizard of the harsh Namib Desert.

Lacertids are remarkably similar in form, with slender bodies and long tails, but have highly varied patterns and colours, even within the same species. Their scales are large on the head, which often also has osteoderms, small and granular on the back, and rectangular on the underside. Most species are sexually dimorphic, with the males and females having different patterns.[1]

At least eight species are parthenogenetic, and three species give birth to live young, including the viviparous lizard, Zootoca vivipara.[1]


Family Lacertidae

  • Subfamily Gallotiinae
  • Subfamily Lacertinae

External links


  1. ^ a b c d Bauer, Aaron M. (1998). Cogger, H.G. & Zweifel, R.G.. ed. Encyclopedia of Reptiles and Amphibians. San Diego: Academic Press. pp. 163–165. ISBN 0-12-178560-2.  
  2. ^ Zug et al. 2001


Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary


Proper noun

Wikipedia has an article on:



  1. a taxonomic family, within infraorder Scincomorpha - the Old-World lizards
Wikispecies has information on:


See also

  • Gallotiinae
  • Lacertinae


Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies


Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Reptilia
Subclassis: Diapsida
Infraclassis: Lepidosauromorpha
Superordo: Lepidosauria
Ordo: Squamata
Subordo: Sauria
Infraordo: Scincomorpha
Familia: Lacertidae
Subfamiliae: Gallotiinae - Lacertinae


Lacertidae Gray, 1825

Vernacular names

Česky: Ještěrkovití
Deutsch: Echte Eidechsen
Français: Lacertidae
Հայերեն: Իսկական մողեսներ
עברית: לטאיים
Nederlands: Echte hagedissen
日本語: カナヘビ科
‪Norsk (bokmål)‬: Firfisler
Polski: Jaszczurki właściwe
Русский: Настоящие ящерицы
Svenska: Egentliga ödlor
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Lacertidae on Wikimedia Commons.


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