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For the ancient region, see Laconia (ancient region) and Sparta
Lakonia redirects here. For the vessel, see TSMS Lakonia.
Laconia Prefecture
Νομός Λακωνίας
Location of Laconia Prefecture in Greece
Location of Laconia Prefecture municipalities
Country:  Greece
Capital: Sparti
Periphery: Peloponnese
Population: 100,871 (2005)Ranked 37th
Area: 3,636 km² 
(1,404 sq.mi.) Ranked 10th
Density: 28 /km² 
(72 /sq.mi.)
Number of municipalities: 20
Number of communities: 2
Postal codes: 23x xx
Area codes: 273x0
Licence plate code: ΑΚ
ISO 3166-2 code: GR-16

Laconia (Λακωνία), also known as Lacedaemonia, is a prefecture of Greece. Its administrative capital is Sparti (Sparta) and its main towns and cities are Amykles, Areopoli, Gytheio, Molaoi, Monemvasia, Mystras, Voies and Oinountas. It encompasses Cape Malea and Cape Tainaron and a large part of the Mani Peninsula.

Contents

Geography

It is bounded by the Taygetus mountains to the west with Messenia, Arcadia to the north and with the Parnon mountains to the northeast, the Myrtoan Sea to the east and the Gulf of Laconia and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. The islands of Cythera and Antikythera lie to the south, but they administratively belong to the prefecture of Piraeus.

The Evrotas is the longest river in the prefecture. The valley of the Evrotas is predominantly an agricultural region that contains many citrus groves, olive groves and pasture lands and most of all, oranges. It is the location of the largest orange production in the Peloponnese and probably all of Greece. The brand of orange juice named after this prefecture Lakonia is based in Amyclae and sells fresh orange juice entirely from this region.

Taygetus (2,407 m), known as Pentadaktylos (five-fingers) throughout the Middle Ages, is west of Sparta and the Evrotas valley. It is the highest mountain in Laconia and the Peloponnese, and mostly covered with pine trees. Two roads connect the adjoining prefectures of Messinia and Laconia: one is a tortuous mountain pass through Taygetus and the other bypasses the mountain via the Mani district to the south. The other major mountain is Parnon (1,961 m) to the east.

A stalactite cave in the southwest of the prefecture is located south of Areopolis. This famous cave is called Dirou and is a major tourist attraction.

The word "laconic" is derived from the name of the region by analogy - to speak in a concise way, as the Spartans were reputed by the Athenians to do.

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Climate

Snow is very common throughout the winter.

Provinces

Note: Provinces no longer hold any legal status in Greece.

Municipalities and communities

Map Municipality Municipal code Seat (if different) Postal code
3 Asopos 3202 Papadianika 230 56
2 East Mani 3201 Kotronas 230 66
7 Elos 3207 Vlachiotis 230 55
20 Faris 3222 Xirokampi 230 54
5 Geronthres 3204 Geraki 230 58
6 Gytheio 3205 232 00
10 Krokees 3211 230 57
11 Molaoi 3212 230 52
12 Monemvassia 3213 230 70
13 Mystras 3214 Magoula 231 00
14 Niata 3215 Agios Dimitrios 230 60
15 Oinountas 3216 Sellasia 230 64
16 Oitylo 3217 Areopoli 230 62
17 Pellana 3218 Kastoreio 230 59
18 Skala 3219 230 51
19 Smynos 3220 Agios Nikolaos 230 61
1 Sparti 3221 231 00
9 Therapnes 3209 Gkoritsa 231 00
4 Voies 3203 Neapoli 230 53
8 Zarakas 3208 Reichea 230 68
Community Municipal code Seat (if different) Postal code
21 Elafonisos 3206 230 53
22 Karyes 3210 230 67

Population

  • 1907: 87,106
  • 1991: 95,696 (+8,590 or +9.862% from 1907)
  • 2001: 94,918 (-778 or -0.81%)

History

Ancient history

In ancient Greece this was the principal region of the Spartan state. Throughout classical antiquity the Spartan sphere of influence expanded to Messenia, whose inhabitants (the helots) were permanently enslaved. Significant archaeological recovery exists at the Vaphio tomb site in Laconia. Advanced Bronze Age art is found here, and evidence of cultural associations with the co-temperaneous Minoan culture on Crete.[1] Laconia was at war with the Kingdom of Macedonia and saw several battles; at the end of the Mycenean period population of Laconia declined sharply.[2] From the early-2nd century BC until 395 it became a part of the Roman Empire.

Medieval history

In the medieval period it formed part of the Byzantine Empire, and following the Crusades it was the home of the Byzantine Despotate of Morea, held by the penultimate Greek ruling dynasty, the Palaiologoi. Laconia fell into the hands of the Ottomans but the Mani peninsula was mainly autonomous.

Modern history

Laconia was liberated after the Greek War of Independence of 1821, and after victory in battle, Sparta was selected capital of the modern prefecture; its economy and agriculture expanded. The country and the prefecture extended beyond the Laconia of ancient times, to Elafonissos in 1864, separating it from the British Empire and dissolving United States of the Ionian Islands. The island never had full Turkish rule; it was part of the Venetian Empire from the 15th century until the Napoleonic Wars. After World War II and the Greek Civil War, its population began to decline somewhat, as people moved from the villages toward the larger cities of Greece and abroad.

In 1992, a devastating fire ruined the finest olive crops in the northern part of the prefecture, and affected the area of Sellasia along with Oinountas and its surrounding areas. Firefighters, helicopters and planes battled for days to put out the horrific fire.

The Mani portion along with Gytheio became famous in Greece for filming episodes of Vendetta, broadcast on Mega Channel throughout Greece and abroad on Mega Cosmos.

Flooding ruined olive and citrus crops along the Evrotas river, as well as properties and villages there in early 2006. In the summer of 2006, a terrible fire devastated a part of the Mani Peninsula, ruining tens of its villages and crops, along with its forests. In recent memory, the fire lasted for several days, turning stone-built houses into a rubble-like area, and occurred again a year later, devastating some properties but was smaller than last year's fire. Another one in the last days of July 2007, in the vicinity of Skourta, once more, in the same peninsula, ruined some groves and forest; it was a minor fire and lasted for a day only.

Transport

Communications

Radio

  • FLY FM 89,7 (Sparta). This is a popular radio station of Lakonia. Its website is www.flyradio.gr
  • Lakonia FM - 91.1 FM (Sparta)
  • Politeia FM - 90.7 FM & 91.5 FM
  • Radio Sparti - 92.7 FM (Sparta)
  • Radiofonias Notias Lakonias (Southern Laconia Radio) - 93.5 (Gytheio)
  • Star FM - 94.7

Television

  • Ellada TV - UHF 43, Sparta
  • TV Notias Lakonias - Molaoi

Newspapers

  • Λακωνικός Τύπος
  • Ελεύθερη Άποψη
  • Νέα Σπάρτη
  • Παρατηρητής της Λακωνίας

See also

References

  1. ^ C. Michael Hogan, Knossos fieldnotes, Modern Antiquarian (2007)
  2. ^ Sarah B. Pomeroy, Stanley M. Burstein and Walter Donlan (1998) Ancient Greece: A Political, Social, and Cultural History, 512 pages, Oxford University Press, ISBN 0195097424

External links

Coordinates: 37°00′N 22°35′E / 37°N 22.583°E / 37; 22.583


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Laconia is in the Lakes Region of New Hampshire.

  • Funspot, 579 Endicott St N, +1 603 366-4377 (), [1]. Featuring the largest arcade in the state, outdoor mini-golf, an indoor golf dome, adult Bingo, bowling, and more, Funspot seems to have an appropriate name.  edit
  • Gunstock Mountain Resort, 719 Cherry Valley Road, Gilford, NH, +1 603 293-4341, [2]. While Laconia receives most of its tourism in the summer months, there are things to do in the winter, as well. One example is Gunstock. Gunstock describes itself as a "Four Season Resort," but their primary offering is its 1400ft mountain, which is the second highest in the Belknap region, and completely ski, snowboard, and tube friendly. Gunstock offers a variety of trails with difficulties ranging from "Beginner" to "Expert," a fully stocked ski shop with rentals for those without their own equipment, and a lodge with several restaurants.  edit
  • Laconia Motorcycle Week, Weirs Boulevard, Laconia, NH. Although Weirs Beach is always busy during the summer, for one week, every year, "busy" is an understatement. Based around Father's Day weekend, "Bike Week" is the biggest event of the year in Laconia and attracts tens of thousands of bikers consistently. Bike Week is located at Weirs Beach, and attracts so many bikers and curious visitors that traffic in and immediately around Weirs Boulevard is completely closed off for the week. To attend, it's necessary to park in one of many makeshift parking lots and trek over to Weirs Beach, or preferably, ride a bike.  edit
  • Weirs Beach, Weirs Boulevard, Laconia, NH, [3]. In the summer months in Laconia, there is no dispute over where to find the most tourists. It is Weirs Beach. "The Weirs" consists of a boardwalk, which is about a half mile in length, a half dozen arcades, a pizza place, an ice cream parlor, an ample selection of souvenir shops, and of course, a beach.  edit
  • Weirs Drive-In Theater, 76 Endicotte St N, +1 603 366-4723 (). Right next door to Weirs Beach Water Slide is the Weirs Drive-In Theater. While not particularly big, this drive-in always has the latest movies.  edit
  • Weirs Beach Go-Kart Track, 582 Endicotte St N, +1 603 366-4177, [4]. Su-Th 10AM-10PM, Fr-Sa 10AM-11PM. Visitors in Laconia looking for a bit of speed may want to check out the Weirs Beach Go-Kart Track. People of all ages are welcome to ride on this quarter mile track. One seat and two seat go-karts are available. Group rates are available for those with 15 or more in their party. Ice cream and pizza is also sold here. $5.50 per ride.  edit
  • Weirs Beach Water Slide, 74 Endicotte St N, +1 603 366-5161, [5]. Su-Fr 9AM-11PM, Sa 9AM-12AM. Located right down the street from Weirs Beach, this water park offers an activity for the hot summer days. Although the main attraction is the water park, there is also a mini-golf course with a volcano theme available.  edit
  • Tanger Outlets, 120 Laconia Rd, +1 603 286-7880. Mo-Sa 10AM-9PM, Su 10AM-6PM. For enthusiastic shoppers heading to Laconia, the Tanger Outlets may be worth exploring. Tanger Outlets is composed of over thirty stores and also offers a handful of places to eat. Shopping ranges from clothes, to specialty merchandise, to housewares items, with other categories in between.  edit
  • Lake Opechee Inn and Spa, 62 Doris Ray Court, 603 524-0111, [6]. Laconia's most reputable Inn. Thirty four guest rooms, all including fireplace, two-person whirlpool bath. Many offer balcony with lake view. Pet friendly.  edit
  • The Landmark Inn, 480 Main Street, 603 524-8000, [7]. Not particularly large (total of 104 rooms), but features single and double rooms, color TV, climate control, and free wireless internet.  edit
  • The Margate on Winnipesauke, 76 Lake Street, 603 524-5210, [8].  edit
  • Misty Harbor Resort, 118 Weirs Road, 603 293-4500, [9].  edit
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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

There is more than one meaning of Laconia discussed in the 1911 Encyclopedia. We are planning to let all links go to the correct meaning directly, but for now you will have to search it out from the list below by yourself. If you want to change the link that led you here yourself, it would be appreciated.


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

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Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Contents

English

Pronunciation

  • IPA: /laˈkoʊ.ni.ə/

Proper noun

Singular
Laconia

Plural
-

Laconia

  1. Formerly Lacedemonia or Lacaedaemonia. A region in the southern Peloponnese which has its capital at Sparta for over 3,000 years.

Translations


Simple English

Laconia is one of 51 prefectures of Greece. It is on the Peloponnese peninsula. The capital of Laconia is Sparta.


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