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Lagos
Èkó
Lagos Island as seen from the harbour near Victoria Island.

Flag

Seal
City of Lagos showing main urban areas
Lagos is located in Nigeria
Lagos
Lagos shown within Nigeria
Coordinates: 6°27′11″N 3°23′45″E / 6.45306°N 3.39583°E / 6.45306; 3.39583
Country  Nigeria
State Lagos State
LGA Lagos Island
Area [1]
 - Urban 999.6 km2 (385.9 sq mi)
Population (2006 census, preliminary)[2]
 - City 7,937,932
 Density 7,941/km2 (20,569.9/sq mi)
 Urban 7,937,932
 Metro 15,500,000
Time zone WAT (UTC+1)
Website http://www.lagosstate.gov.ng/

Lagos (pronounced /ˈleɪɡɒs/, or /ˈlɑːɡoʊs/ overseas or Èkó in the Yoruba language) is a port and the most populous conurbation in Nigeria. It is currently the 2nd most populous city in Africa, behind Cairo, and is currently estimated to be the second fastest growing city in Africa (UN-HABITAT, 2008) and the 7th fastest in the world[3].

Although the 2006 National Census credited the metropolitan area with a population figure of 7,937,932, the figure is highly unscientific as it contradicts existing realistic vital social data and incongruent with the population growth rate of Lagos. The figure has been widely rejected within and outside Nigeria and has been challenged in the Nigerian courts. The figure is completely at variance with scientifically sound projections by the UN and other reliable population agencies and groups worldwide. This is no surprise as many such census by the Nigerian government have been highly politicised and eventually cancelled. The more reliable population figure of Lagos State is given by the Lagos State Government as 17,553,924, based on well conducted enumeration for social planning. Since the inhabitants of the metropolitan area of Lagos constitute 88% of the Lagos State population, the population of metropolitan Lagos is about 15.5 million[4].

Formerly the capital of Nigeria, Lagos is a huge metropolis which originated on islands separated by creeks, such as Lagos Island, that fringe the southwest mouth of Lagos Lagoon, protected from the Atlantic Ocean by long sand spits such as Bar Beach which stretch up to 100 km east and west of the mouth. From the beginning Lagos has spread on the mainland west of the lagoon and the conurbation, including Ikeja and Agege, now reaches more than 40 km north-west of Lagos Island. There are Lagos Outskirts like Ikorodu, Epe and Badagry and recently more local councils have been created to bring the total numbers of local government to 56. The city is the economic and financial capital of Nigeria.

Contents

History

Lagos Island skyline
Victoria Island street scene

Lagos was a Yoruba settlement of Awori people initially called Eko. The Yoruba still use the name Eko when they speak of 'Lagos', a name which never existed in Yoruba language. It is likely that the name 'Lagos' was given to the town by the first Portuguese settlers who navigated from a coastal town of the same name in Portugal. The present day Lagos state has a higher percent of Awori, who migrated to the area from Isheri along the Ogun river. Throughout history, it was home to a number of warring ethnic groups who had settled in the area. During its early settlement, it also saw periods of rule by the Kingdom of Benin.[5]

Portuguese explorer Rui de Sequeira visited the area in 1472, naming the area around the city Lago de Curamo; indeed the present name is Portuguese for "lakes". Another explanation is that Lagos was named for Lagos, Portugal - a maritime town which at the time was the main centre of the Portuguese expeditions down the African coast and whose own name is derived from the Latin word Lacobriga.

From 1404-1889 it served as a major centre of the slave trade, ruled over by Yoruba kings called the Oba of Lagos. In 1841 Oba Akitoye ascended to the throne of Lagos and tried to ban slave trading. Lagos merchants, most notably Madam Tinubu, resisted the ban, deposed the king and installed her brother Oba Kosoko.

While exiled, Oba Akitoye met with the British, who had banned slave trading in 1807, and got their support to regain his throne. In 1851 he was reinstalled as the Oba of Lagos.

Lagos was formally annexed as a British colony in 1861. This had the dual effect of crushing the slave trade and establishing British control over palm and other trades.[6]

The remainder of modern-day Nigeria was seized in 1887, and when the Colony and Protectorate of Nigeria was established in 1914, Lagos was declared its capital. It continued to be the capital when Nigeria gained its independence from Britain in 1960.

Lagos experienced rapid growth throughout the 1960s and 1970s as a result of Nigeria's economic boom prior to the Nigerian Civil War otherwise called the Biafran War. Lagos was the capital of Nigeria from 1914 up to 1991; it was stripped of it status when the Federal Capital Territory was established at the purpose-built city of Abuja. However, most government functions (especially the head of state) stayed in Lagos for a time since Abuja was still under construction. On November 14, 1991, the Office of the Presidency and other federal government ministries were finally relocated to the new Capital city of Abuja.

Geography

The Lagos Mainland

Victoria Island street scene at dawn.

Most of the population live on the mainland,so, most of the industries are located on the mainland. Lagos is known for its music and night life which used to be located in areas around Yaba and Surulere but in recent years more night clubs have sprung on the island making the island especially Victoria Island, the main nightlife attraction, Mainland districts include Ebute-Meta, Surulere, Yaba (location of the University of Lagos) and Ikeja, site of Murtala Muhammed International Airport and capital of Lagos State.

Greater Lagos includes: Mushin, Maryland, Somolu, Oshodi, Isolo, Ikotun, Agege,Iju Ishaga, Egbeda, Ketu, Bariga, Ipaja, and Ejigbo.

The city of Lagos lies in south-western Nigeria, on the Atlantic coast in the Gulf of Guinea, west of the Niger River delta, located on longitude 3° 24' E and latitude 6° 27' N. On this stretch of the high-rainfall West African coast, rivers flowing to the sea form swampy lagoons like Lagos Lagoon behind long coastal sand spits or sand bars. Some rivers, like Badagry Creek flow parallel to the coast for some distance before finding an exit through the sand bars to the sea. The two major urban islands of Lagos in Lagos Lagoon are Lagos Island and Victoria Island. These islands are separated from the mainland by the main channel draining the lagoon into the Atlantic ocean, which forms Lagos Harbour. The islands are separated from each other by creeks of varying sizes and are connected to Lagos Island by bridges. However the smaller sections of some creeks have been sand filled and built over.

The Lagos Islands

Lagos Island

Lagos Island contains the Lagos central business district (with multistory buildings along the marina), many of the city's largest wholesale marketplaces (such as the Balogun Market), the National Museum, Lagos Central mosque, Glover Memorial Hall, Christ's Cathedral (CMS) and the Oba palace. Though formerly in derelict condition, the Tinubu Square on the island is a site of historical importance; it was here that the Amalgamation ceremony that unified the North and South protectorate to form Nigeria took place in 1914.

Lagos Court Residential Apartments In Ikoyi.

Ikoyi Island

Ikoyi Island is situated on the eastern half of Lagos Island and joined to each other by a landfill. The island is also connected to Victoria Island by a bridge carrying a main road over Five Cowrie creek.

Ikoyi housed the headquarters of the federal government of Nigeria and other buildings owned by the government -including the federal secretariat complex - which today is decrepit. The island has military and police barracks, a top-security prison and the Federal High Court, Lagos.

Ikoyi also a number of hotels, night clubs, a recreational park and one of Africa's largest golf courses.

Originally a middle class neighbourhood, in recent years, it has become a fashionable residential enclave for the upper middle class to the upper class.

There are also commercial activities in Ikoyi which is spotted in increasing number of offices, banks and shopping complexes. The commercial core in the island is much concentrated in the south-west section.

Victoria Island Residential Condos

Victoria Island

Victoria Island and Lekki Island are situated to the south of Lagos Island. They have some of the most expensive real estate properties in Africa, and for that reason, many new luxury condos and apartments are blooming up everywhere. Along with Ikoyi, Victoria Island occupies a major area in the suburbs of Lagos which boasts of several sizable shopping districts (including Nigeria's largest mall and movie theater) and several trendy beaches. Across the main channel of the lagoon from Lagos Island, a smaller island called Iddo Island is situated close to the mainland, and now is connected to the mainland like a peninsula. Three major bridges join Lagos Island to the mainland: Eko Bridge and Carter Bridge which start from Iddo Island, and the Third Mainland Bridge which passes through densely populated mainland suburbs through Lagos lagoon.

Climate

Lagos
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
13
 
32
22
 
 
41
 
33
24
 
 
84
 
33
24
 
 
146
 
32
24
 
 
202
 
31
23
 
 
316
 
29
22
 
 
243
 
28
22
 
 
122
 
28
22
 
 
160
 
29
22
 
 
125
 
30
22
 
 
40
 
31
23
 
 
15
 
32
23
average max. and min. temperatures in °C
precipitation totals in mm
source: [1]

Lagos has a tropical savanna climate (Köppen climate classification Aw) that is similar to that of the rest of southern Nigeria. There are two rainy seasons, with the heaviest rains falling from April to July and a weaker rainy season in October and November. There is a brief relatively dry spell in August and September and a longer dry season from December to March. Monthly rainfall between May and July averages over 300 mm (12 in), while in August and September it is down to 75 mm (3 inches) and in January as low as 35 mm (1.5 inches). The main dry season is accompanied by harmattan winds from the Sahara Desert, which between December and early February can be quite strong. The average temperature in January is 27°C (79°F) and for July it is 25°C (77°F). On average the hottest month is March; with a mean temperature of 29°C (84°F); while July is the coolest month.[7]

Administration and demographics

Map showing the 16 LGAs making up Metropolitan Lagos. Note that Metropolitan Lagos is a statistical area and not an administrative entity unlike Lagos State. Lagos State is made up of these 16 LGAs and 4 other larger LGAs not shown on the map.
The 16 LGAs of Metropolitan Lagos
Local Government Area Land area[1]
(in km²)
Population[2]
(2006 Census)
Density
(inh. per km²)
Agege 11.2 459,939 41,071
Ajeromi-Ifelodun 12.3 684,105 55,474
Alimosho 185.2 1,277,714 6,899
Amuwo-Odofin 134.6 318,166 2,364
Apapa
(home of the main port of Lagos)
26.7 217,362 8,153
Eti-Osa
(home of one of Lagos's largest business centres and of the upscale communities of Victoria Island and Ikoyi, formerly the residence of the Nigerian federal government)
192.3 287,785 1,496
Ifako-Ijaiye 26.6 427,878 16,078
Ikeja 46.2 313,196 6,785
Kosofe 81.4 665,393 8,174
Lagos Island
(the historical centre and commercial core of the Lagos agglomeration)
8.7 209,437 24,182
Lagos Mainland 19.5 317,720 16,322
Mushin 17,5 633,009 36,213
Ojo 158.2 598,071 3,781
Oshodi-Isolo 44.8 621,509 13,886
Somolu (aka Shomolu) 11.6 402,673 34,862
Surulere 23.0 503,975 21,912
Metropolitan Lagos 999.6 7,937,932 7,941
Lagos Skyline

In terms of administration, Lagos is not a municipality and has therefore no overall city administration. The Municipality of Lagos, which covered Lagos Island, Ikoyi and Victoria Island as well as some mainland territory, was managed by the Lagos City Council (LCC), but it was disbanded in 1976 and divided into several Local Government Areas (most notably Lagos Island LGA, Lagos Mainland LGA and Eti-Osa LGA). The mainland beyond the Municipality of Lagos, on the other hand, comprised several separate towns and settlements such as Mushin, Ikeja and Agege. In the wake of the 1970s Nigerian oil boom, Lagos experienced a population explosion, untamed economic growth, and unmitigated rural migration. This caused the outlying towns and settlements to develop rapidly, thus forming the Greater Lagos metropolis seen today. The history of Lagos is still evidenced in the layout of the LGAs which display the unique identities of the cultures that created them.

Today, the word Lagos most often refers to the urban area, called "Metropolitan Lagos" in Nigeria, which includes both the islands of the former Municipality of Lagos and the mainland suburbs. All of these are part of Lagos State, which now comprises 20 Local Government Areas. Lagos State is responsible for utilities including roads and transportation, power, water, health, and education. Metropolitan Lagos (a statistical division, and not an administrative unit) extends over 16 of the 20 LGAs of Lagos State, and contains 88% of the population of Lagos State, and includes semi-rural areas. Lagos City has a considerable amount of high rise buildings which makes up its skyline. Most of the tall buildings are located in around the downtown Central Business District.

Lagos was the former capital city of Nigeria but it has since been replaced by Abuja. Abuja officially gained its status as the capital of Nigeria on 12 December 1991, although the decision to move the federal capital had been made in now Act no. 6 of 1976.

Union Bank, One of Nigeria's Leading Banks

Lagos is also home to the High Court of the Lagos State Judiciary, housed in an old colonial building on Lagos Island.[8]

Census data for Lagos

According to the preliminary results of the 2006 census, there are 7,937,932 inhabitants in Metropolitan Lagos.[2] This figure is lower than what had been anticipated and has created a controversy in Nigeria. Lagos Island, the central Local Government Area and historic centre of Metropolitan Lagos, had a population of 209,437 as of the 2006 Census.[9]

Authorities of Lagos State have attacked the results of the 2006 census, accusing the National Population Commission of having undercounted the population of the state. This accusation is denied by the National Population Commission.[10][11]

Lagos is, by most estimates, one of the fastest-growing cities in the world. Lagos is currently experiencing a population increase of about 275,000 persons per annum. In 1999 the United Nations predicted that the city's metropolitan area, which had only about 290,000 inhabitants in 1950, would exceed 20 million by 2010 and thus become one of the ten most populated cities in the world.

There is a huge spectrum of wealth distribution among the people that reside in Lagos. It ranges from the very wealthy to the very poor. Lagos has attracted many young entrepreneurs and families seeking a better life from throughout Nigeria and beyond.

Economy

Lagos is Nigeria's most prosperous city, and much of the nation's wealth and economic activity are concentrated there. Most commercial and financial business of Lagos and Nigeria as a whole are transacted through the central business district in Lagos Island. This is also where most of the country's largest banks and financial institutions and headquarters of major corporations, banks and insurance companies are located. Lagos has one of the highest standards of living as compared to other cities in Nigeria as well as in Africa at large.

Lagos Central Business District

The Port of Lagos is Nigeria's leading port and one of the largest and busiest in Africa. It is administered by the Nigerian Ports Authority and it is split into three main sections: Lagos port, in the main channel next to Lagos Island, Apapa Port (site of the container terminal) and Tin Can Port, both located in Badagry Creek, which flows into Lagos Harbour from the west.[12] The port features a railhead.

The port has seen growing amounts of crude oil exported, with export figures rising between 1997 and 2000.[13] Oil and petroleum products provide 20% of GDP and 90% of foreign exchange earnings in Nigeria as a whole.[14]

Transport

Lagos BRT bus stop.

Highways

Lagos has one of the largest and most extensive road networks in West Africa.

Lagos has suburban terrains and has some ferry services. Highways are usually congested in peak hours, due in part to the geography of the city, as well as to its explosive population growth. Lagos is also linked by many highways and bridges.

Local roads in Lagos vary in quality from well-maintained to pothole-ridden. Most freeways are in good shape. The Lagos–Ibadan expressway and the Lagos–Abeokuta expressway are the major arterial routes in the north of the city and serve as inter-state highways to Oyo State and Ogun State respectively. To the west the congested Lagos–Badagry Expressway serves outlying towns such as Festival Town, which was the location for the 1977 Festival of Black Arts and Culture 77.

Lagos Bus Transit System Buses at Tafawa Balewa Square on Lagos Island, leading to Ikorodu road

BRT (Lagbus)

The Lagos Metropolitan Transport Authority (LAMATA)[15] agency was recently created in order to solve the transport issues in the state. The Bus Rapid Transit scheme was launched on 4 June 2006.[16]

Lagos State recently implemented a BRT (bus rapid transit) system; the first phase was completed in February 2008. It is expected to operate along eight routes using specially designated BRT Lanes running through the city, with the aim of expanding to other routes in the future. The first phase of the Lagos BRT runs 12 miles through Ikorodu Road and Funsho Williams Avenue up to CMS. After weeks of test runs, operations started on March 17, 2008, six months earlier than planned.

It has been estimated that the system will transport about 10,000 passengers in each direction per hour during peak travel times. The LAMATA BRT corridor covers a distance of about 22 kilometers in length. The system is run by two operators, NURTW Cooperative (Nigerian Union of Road Transport Workers) and Lagbus, a Lagos State Government owned Asset Management Company which contributes about 180 high capacity buses for the implementation of the first phase Mile 12 to CMS BRT Lite system.

International Highways

Lagos's importance as a commercial centre and port and its strategic location have led to it being the end-point of three Trans-African Highway routes using Nigeria's national roads:

Rail (Lagos Light Rail)

A planned railway line running through the Lagos metropolis is being constructed with plans of completion as early as 2012.

Ferries

Lagos State Ferry Services Corporation runs a few regular routes, for example between Lagos Island and the mainland, modern ferries and wharves. Private boats run irregular passenger services on the lagoon and on some creeks. Many routes are expected to get on-board in 1Q.

Airports

Lagos is served by Murtala Mohammed International Airport, one of the largest airports in Africa and a top international air passenger gateway to Nigeria. The airport is located in the northern suburb of Ikeja and has Domestic and International Terminals. With 5.1 million passengers in 2008, the airport accounts for almost fifty percent of all air traffic in Nigeria. Outbound international travel from Murtala Mohammed Airport accounts for the majority of all air passengers traveling to and from Nigeria.[17] The airport has recently undergone upgrades along with the addition of a new terminal.

Culture

Music & film industry

Lagos is famous throughout West Africa for its music scene. Lagos has given birth to a variety of styles such as the Nigerian-styled hiphop (naija hiphop), highlife, juju, fuji, and Afrobeat.

Lagos is the center of the Nigerian movie industry, often referred to as 'Nollywood.' Idumota market on Lagos Island is the primary distribution center. Many films are shot in the Festac area of Lagos.

The cinemas are gradually losing their supporters to the movie industry. Yoruba-spoken films happen to be the most watched in the cinemas, followed by Indian films. Films are not premiered for a long period of time in the western sense, especially with Yoruba-spoken films. The English-spoken films controlled mainly by the Igbos are the most popular and move directly from the studios to the market.

Iganmu is home to the National Arts Theater — the primary centre for the performing arts in Nigeria.

Sport

As in other major cities of the world, football is Lagos' most popular sport. Prominent Lagos football clubs include Julius Berger FC, First Bank and Stationery Stores.

The Nigeria national football team, also known as the Super Eagles, used to play almost all of their home games in Lagos at the National Stadium in Surulere; however, games are now mostly played at the larger and newer Abuja National Stadium in Abuja, which is the default home of the Super Eagles.[18][19]

Lekki Beach in Lagos
Eko Hotel and Suites, in Victoria Island.
Dinner on the Lagos Lagoon.

Tourism

Lagos, subsequently to the re-modernization project achieved by the current administration of Governor Raji Babatunde Fashola, is gradually becoming a major tourist destination, being one of the largest cities in Africa and in the world. Lagos is currently taking steps to become a global city. The 2009 Eyo carnival which took place on the April 25th, was a step toward world city status. Currently, Lagos is primarily known as a business-oriented and a fast paced community. Lagos has a number of sandy beaches by the Atlantic Ocean. Two of the popular beaches include Bar Beach and Lekki Beach. However in January 2009, a privately owned zoo was commissioned in the epe area of Lagos as it serves as a home for many animals that originate from Africa.It is a fully endorsed project by the Lagos State Government. Lagos has a variety of hotels ranging from three star to five star hotels. Some of the popular hotels include Sheraton Hotel and Towers, Federal Palace Hotel, Ikoyi Hotel, Sofitel Lagos Moorhouse Ikoyi, Eko Hotels And Suites, The AHI Residence and The Palmview Manor. Visitors are mostly attracted to Nigeria's rich culture, entertainment scenes and vitality which Lagos city offers. Tourist attractions include Oba's Palace, the National Museum, Shrine of Fela and the beach resorts.

Education

The Lagos State Government operates state schools.[20] The education system is the 6-3-3-4 system, which is practised throughout the country (as well as by many other ECOWAS states). The levels are Primary, Junior Secondary School (JSS), Senior Secondary School (SSS), and university. All children are offered basic education, with special focus now on the first nine years.

Lagos is home to several secondary schools, universities and other vocational institutions that are either operated by the government or private entities. Some examples are listed below.

Secondary schools

School name Location Description
Chrisland College Lagos Exclusive private secondary school
Babington Macaulay Junior Seminary Agunfoye Lugbusi Village Ikorodu, outskirts of Lagos Co-educational instution by the Anglican church of Lagos West and Badagry diocese. Founded in 1996 by Archbishop Abiodun Adetiloye.
Anthony Village Senior High School Anthony Village, Lagos)
Ansar-Ud-deen Grammar School Randle, Surulere
CMS Grammar School Bariga, Lagos First secondary school in Nigeria and second in West Africa. Founded 1859 by the Anglican church. Its first campus was on Odunlami/Broad Street, Lagos.
Anwar-ul-Islam Model College Agege, Lagos First Muslim college in West Africa, 1948.
Yaba College of Technology Secondary School Yaba, Lagos
Igbobi College Yaba, Lagos Established by the Methodist and Anglican Churches in 1932.
Eko Boys' High School Lagos Island Founded in January 13, 1913.
King's College, Lagos Lagos Island and Victoria Island Founded in 1909 on Lagos Island and has an annex on Victoria Island.
Methodist Boys' High School Lagos Island Founded in 1878.
Nigerian Institute of Medical Research Yaba suburb
Ansar-ud-deen College Isolo
Queen's College, Lagos Yaba suburb Founded in 1927 while Nigeria was still a British colony. It is a federal government-owned girl's secondary (high) school with boarding facilities.
Vivian Fowler Memorial College for Girls Ikeja Six-year preparatory college to help girls prepare for university. Founded in 1991.
St. Gregory College Southwest of Ikoyi
Federal Government College Lagos Ijanikin (outer Lagos)
St. Finbarr's college Akoka, Lagos
Lagoon Secondary School Lekki
Maryland Comprehensive Seconday School Ikeja, Metropolitan Lagos
WhiteSands School Lekki Lagos All-boys Catholic secondary school. Founded in 2000.[21]
Debiruss College Lekki Lagos
Atlantic Hall School Ijanikin (outer Lagos)
Redeemer's International Secondary School Maryland, Lagos
American International School[22]
Indian Language School[23] Ilupeju, Lagos
British International School
Dowen College Lekki axis
Lekki British International High School Lekki axis
GreenSprings School One campus in Anthony village, one campus on Lagos peninsula (Lekki axis)
Grange School Ikeja (Lagos metropolis)
Baptist Academy Obanikoro, Lagos Metropolis Established by the Baptist Churches in 1875.
International School Lagos Unilag, Akoka
Grace High School Gbagada
Grace Children School Gbagada
Doregos Private Academy Ipaja
Lycee Louis Pasteur (French international school) Victoria Island, Lagos
Aunty Ayo Girls Comprehensive Secondary School Ikoyi
Holy Child College Southwest Ikoyi
Community High School, Ikoyi Ikoyi Formerly at Ilado, Maroko.
MayDay College Iponri
The Dew Schools Yaba
Airforce Secondary School, Ikeja Nigerian Airforce Base in Ikeja
Krystal-Bal Comprehensive College Ikeja, Lagos
Legacy High School Shasha Road, Akowonjo, Lagos metropolis
Cayley College Agidingbi C.B.D Ikeja
Mainland High School Yaba, Lagos
Jextoban secondary school Ketu, Lagos metropolis
Jibril Martin Memorial Grammar School Iponri
Government College Lagos Surulere, La
Eric Moore High School Surulere
Kuje Secondary School Agboju Amuwo
Agboju Amuwo Secondary Agboju Amuwo
Starlight Model College Sari - Iganmu
New State High Mushin, Lagos
Akintan Grammar School Surulere
Ransome Kuti Memorial Grammar School Moshalasi-Mushin
Oluade Secondary School Isolo, Lagos
St Joseph Boys' Secondary School Surulere, Lagos
Ilupeju Grammar School Oshodi, Lagos
Estate Grammar School Oshodi, Lagos
Ilupeju Secondary School Oshodi, Lagos
Ilupeju College Obanikoro
Solar International School Mushin
Itolo Girls Secondary School, Eric Moore Surulere, Lagos
NEPA Staff Secondary School PHCN estate, Ikorodu, Lagos
Avi-cenna International school, Ikeja,Lagos
L. A. School Ikeja, Ikeja, Lagos

|State High School, Alimosho |} |Kings Academy, Egbeda, |limosho |} |- |EWUTUNTUN GRAMMAR SCHOOL, EWUTUNTUN,MAFOLUKU |OSHODI, LAGOS |FOUNDED IN 1980 | |- |Command Secondary Schools; Ikeja, Ipaja, and Ojo

Polytechnics

  • Yaba College of Technology (YABATECH) : founded in 1934, the college is Nigeria's first higher educational institution and third in Africa. The college is a center of culture and heritage. Currently it has student enrollment of over 16,000.
  • Lagos State Polytechnic is a polytechnic comprising of more than this 6 schools including private polytechnic and was founded 25 years ago. Its main campus resides at Ikorodu, along Ijebuode road.
  • Lagos City Polytechnic
  • Grace Polytechnic
  • Wolex Polytechnic

Universities

University of Lagos
  • The Pan-African University is primarily a business school, offering two MBA programmes. Founded in 1996 and awarded University status in 2002, it consists of the Lagos Business School and of Enterprise Development Services. The University also places some emphasis on the study of art.
  • The University of Lagos (UNILAG) is a large institution dating from 1962, with over 35,000 students. It comprises 13 faculties, run by over 4,000 staff.[24]
  • Lagos State University (LASU) is a multi-campus university established in 1984 and owned by the Lagos State government. The main campus is located at Ojoo, along the Lagos-Badagry Expressway.
  • National Open University National Open University is the first open university in Nigeria, it is located on Ahmadu Bello Way, Victoria Island, Lagos
  • Lagos State College of Health Technology(LASCOHET)Yaba- A mini instituition that run health courses such as Health information Management, Pharmacist Technician, Medical Laboratary Technician,Community health extension worker and Environmental Health Technology, it is located in Yaba
  • Lagos State University College of Medcine, (LASUCOM), Ikeja
  • Lagos University Teaching Hospital (LUTH), Idi-Araba-Mushin, Lagos.

New Districts

Eko Atlantic City

Eko Atlantic City is a planned 21st century city to be constructed, intended to be built on land reclaimed from the Atlantic Ocean. Already, most of the land had been reclaimed. The proposed development is targeting 400,000 residents and 250,000 commuters flowing daily to the island. The project is planned to return the coast to its position in the 1950s and 1960s, reversing damage done by erosion.[25]

Important People

Main article: People from Lagos

Notes and references

  1. ^ a b Summing the 16 LGAs making up Metropolitan Lagos (Agege, Ajeromi-Ifelodun, Alimosho, Amuwo-Odofin, Apapa, Eti-Osa, Ifako-Ijaiye, Ikeja, Kosofe, Lagos Island, Lagos Mainland, Mushin, Ojo, Oshodi-Isolo, Shomolu, Surulere) as per:
    The Nigeria Congress. "Administrative Levels - Lagos State". http://www.nigeriacongress.org/FGN/administrative/statedetails.asp?state=lagos. Retrieved 2007-06-29. 
  2. ^ a b c Summing the 16 LGAs making up Metropolitan Lagos (Agege, Ajeromi-Ifelodun, Alimosho, Amuwo-Odofin, Apapa, Eti-Osa, Ifako-Ijaiye, Ikeja, Kosofe, Lagos Island, Lagos Mainland, Mushin, Ojo, Oshodi-Isolo, Shomolu, Surulere) as per:
    Federal Republic of Nigeria Official Gazette (15 May 2007). "Legal Notice on Publication of the Details of the Breakdown of the National and State Provisional Totals 2006 Census" (PDF). http://www.nigerianstat.gov.ng/Connections/Pop2006.pdf. Retrieved 2007-06-29. 
  3. ^ World's fastest growing cities and urban areas from 2006 to 2020, by CityMayors.com
  4. ^ Errors, miscalculations, omissions in Lagos census figures
  5. ^ Edo Nation - The Origin of Eko (Lagos)
  6. ^ [http://apps.atlantaga.gov/sister/lagos/nigeria/lagos.html "A Brief History of Lagos State." Website of City of Atlanta, Georgia - Sister City, checked 24/7/07.
  7. ^ BBC - Weather Centre - World Weather - Average Conditions - Lagos
  8. ^ Lagos Judiciary
  9. ^ Federal Republic of Nigeria Official Gazette (15 May 2007). "Legal Notice on Publication of the Details of the Breakdown of the National and State Provisional Totals 2006 Census" (PDF). http://www.nigerianstat.gov.ng/Connections/Pop2006.pdf. Retrieved 2007-06-29. 
  10. ^ Obasola, Kemi (2007-02-05). "Lagos rejects population commission's figures". The Punch (Punch Nigeria Limited, via Biafra Nigeria World News). http://news.biafranigeriaworld.com/archive/punch/2007/02/05/lagos_rejects_population_commissionas_figures_announces_stateas_population_as_175m.php. Retrieved 2007-12-11. 
  11. ^ Government of Nigeria, National Population Commission (8 February 2007). "Lagos State Claim on the Provisional Result of the 2006 Census is Unfounded" (PDF). http://www.population.gov.ng/press-02-07.pdf. Retrieved 2007-06-29. 
  12. ^ OT Africa Line - Nigeria Page
  13. ^ OT Africa Line - Lagos Port Statistics
  14. ^ CIA World Factbook - Nigeria
  15. ^ Lagos Metropolitan Transport Authority
  16. ^ . about.Lagos State Official website
  17. ^ Federal Airports Authority of Nigeria. "Data & Statistics". http://www.faannigeria.org/statistics.php. Retrieved 2008-03-11. 
  18. ^ World Stadiums - Nigeria
  19. ^ RSSSF - Nigeria Results
  20. ^ Education
  21. ^ http://www.whitesands.org.ng
  22. ^ http://www.aislagos.com AISL
  23. ^ http://www.ilslagos.com/ ILS
  24. ^ University of Lagos official website
  25. ^ Elumoye, Deji (2007-09-26). "'Eko Atlantic City Underway'". Thisday (via allAfrica.com) (AllAfrica Global Media). http://allafrica.com/stories/200709260377.html. Retrieved 2008-02-04. 

Lagosmet Lagos Metropolitan Community, Nigeria

See also

External links

Government
News
Other

Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

For other places with the same name, see Lagos (disambiguation).

Lagos is the largest city in Nigeria. With an estimated population of 8.8 million inhabitants in the city, or rather 10.7 million in the metropolitan area, Lagos ranks next to Cairo of the largest cities of Africa.

Get in

You can fly in from most European cities (London, Frankfurt, Paris, Amsterdam, Madrid, Rome); from Doha, Dubai, South Africa, Ethiopia, and Kenya. There are also direct flights from the United States (Atlanta).

Get around

You will hardly be able to find your way in Nigeria especially the busy environ of Lagos unless you have been provided earlier direction.

If you are not on a tight budget, you should hire a car and driver, usually available from most of the major hotels and the airport. The price will be around ₦1,000 - ₦2,000 per hour, you will be expected to haggle. Talk to the drivers and find one you think will be able to communicate best with as they will be able to tell you things about the places you pass.

Use buses to move around the city if you know the routes. Larger buses are called molue and the smaller mini-Bus type are called Danfo. Buses are often overcrowded to the point where the conductor must stand on the side, with the side door open. Taxis cost more than buses, typically 10 times the price, you will be expected to negotiate the price before you enter and pay on arrival. They are however much safer than buses, especially at night where Buses are often subjected to highway robbery. You should be certain to inspect the Taxi before you enter, Taxis are often in a poor state of repair, balding tires and worn shocks leading to a very bumpy, nauseating ride.

For travelling short distances, you can use motorbike taxis called Okada. These motorbikes are quick, cheap and save a lot of walking but they are also very dangerous. Okada accidents are very common but safety equipment are now provided because the state government and in fact the Federeal Road Safety Commission has mandated it. If you want to take the risk, you can safely halve their first price, and usually there are lots to choose from. Choose an older driver as the younger ones are cowboys.

See

Tafawa Balewa Square: on the Lagos Island ; be careful never to go there at night as you will almost surely get mugged!

Badagry: the ancient slave port, the whispering palms, the 'sun tan' beach, the bubbly Vespa Market

Do

Lagos is for tourists like England is for food. It's a stereotype and not really true, but you have to put the effort in to see it.

There are a lot of great beaches. Especially if you make the effort to get outside the side (like Badagari). Inside the city, Lekki is about as good as it gets.

There are also lots of markets to see, although it can be very tiring. Usually safe during the day.

There is the lekki Conservartory down on the lekki/Epe express way which is really good for relaxation, its a dense park with a few animals and birds, there are walkways and benches to rest on.

Beaches:

  • Bar Beach: On Ahmodu Bello Way, Victoria Island.
  • Eleko Beach: Km 56, Lekki-Epe Expressway, Turn right just past Total service station, proceed to toll gate, turn left follow road to Rainbow Church sign, turn right onto dirt road. Eleko beach is at end of road.
  • Lekki Beach: Turn right at round-about just past estate (about 9 Km), Lekki-Epe Expressway, Lekki.
  • Tarkwa Beach: Accessible by boat only. boat can be hired opposite American/Indian Embassy. You can also board water taxis for about N200 per trip.

Beach Resorts:

  • Hermitage Garden Resorts: Hermitage road, Tiye village, near Akodo, Lekki Local Government.
  • La Campagne Tropicana: Lekki

Museums:

  • National Museum of Nigeria: Awolowo Rd (Opp Muson Centre), Onikan, Lagos Island. Open: 9AM-5PM Daily.
  • Didi Meuseum: 175, Akin Adesola St, Victoria Island. Open: 9AM-5PM (Monday-Friday).

Buy

Unless you are in a supermarket or restaurant/bar with fixed prices, you will be expected to negotiate the price you pay for an item down to the lowest the vendor would sell. When you are stuck in traffic, expect to see hawkers selling anything from potatoes to toilet seats to the most graphic pornography. Expect any brand names in these informal markets to be fake, and should you wish to purchase them aim for a very low price.

On beaches, hawkers will be trying to sell their wares. Selling necklaces, fake wristwatches, fake sunglasses and wooden carvings. Don't be tempted to buy any animals, dead or alive, and avoid anything you are told has ivory in it, even though it is probably bone or plastic. There is little enough wildlife, with exception of lizards and insects, in Lagos and the environs as it is.

Beggars are also very common where there is traffic, best advice is if you feel like giving, don't give it to anyone who can walk, talk, see, hear and has all their limbs. Also be aware that giving beggars money from your car window can result in your car quickly becoming surrounded by other beggars.

If you hold a Visa, MasterCard or Maestro Credit/Debit card you can withdraw cash in Naira from various ATM's around Lagos. Visa machines can be found at Standard Chartered Bank. MasterCard/Maestro machines are found in Ecobank and some Zenith Bank branches.

Foreign currency, US Dollars, Pounds Sterling, or Euros can be exchanged in various places, usually near large hotels and the airport. These are not formal bureaux de change and you will need to negotiate the exchange rate. It is strongly recommended that you count your money in front of the exchanger, and don't be afraid to walk away if you are not happy with the deal. Be wary of your safety in moneychanging areas, and take care to make sure you are not followed when leaving them.

Some of the Good Places to Shopping are:

  • The Palms Shopping Centre: No 1, British International School Way, Lekki-Epe Expressway, Lekki. Open: 10AM-9PM-7 Days a week.
  • The City Mall: Opp Muson Centre, Awolowo Rd, Onikan, Lagos Island. Open: 10AM-9PM-7 Days a week.
  • Mega Plaza: 21st Century Mall, 14, Idowu Martins Street, Victoria Island. Open: 10AM-10PM-7 Days a week.

Eat

Ikoyi also has a lot of good places to eat. There is a wide variety of cuisines available.

  • Reeds - Thai.
  • Mr Chang - Chinese
  • Havana - Pub Food
  • Double Four - Pizza
  • Le Saison - Pastries and Sandwiches

On Victoria Island, you will find even more variety and numbers of restaurants.

  • The Cowrie Restaurant(in B-Jays\'s Hotel) - Nigerian including the traditional "goat meat pepper soup"
  • Thistle Bar & Restaurant - Nigerian
  • Il Sorriso - Italian
  • Saipan - Chinese
  • Pearl Garden - Chinese
  • Marco Polo - Chinese
  • Pattaya - Thai
  • Bangkok - Thai
  • Indigo - Indian
  • Sherlaton - Indian (Cheap)
  • Fusion - Mix of Sushi/Japanese and Lebanese cuisine
  • Churrasco's - Brazilian Steakhouse
  • Bottles - Tex-Mex
  • Cactus - Pizza & Sandwiches
  • Chocolate Royal - American/ Bakery
  • Yellow Chili - Nigerian (specialties include Fried Snail with Fries)

Drink

Ikeja

  • Africa Shrine in Ikeja. With Femi Kuti, son of the legend Fela Kuti.
  • Lagbaja's Motherland, Opebi Road (in Ikeja).
  • The Night Shift Colosseum, Salvation Road, Off Opebi Road. Best Music. Well arranged. Big space for dancing and sitting. 9PM till 5AM
  • Options, Allen Avenue - Toyin Street T point. Good Music, Spacious, 10PM till 5AM.
  • MetroPark, Isaac-John Street, GRA, Ikeja.

Ikoyi

  • Bacchus: Awolowo Road, Ikoyi.
  • Club Insomnia: Awolowo Road, Ikoyi. If you are looking for a club fair and square then this is it.
  • Havana Ribadu Road off Awolowo Road. A very popular pub bar with a good mix of expatiates & Nigerians. Fun & freindly bar staff. Excellent and extensive food menu serving both continental and some Nigerian dishes. Has live bands on Wednesday & Fridays.Also has upstairs bar & dining.Local beer N450 Wine (glass) N800, bottle N3,000+ Spirits(50ml) N900.

Victoria Island

  • La Casa: NIghtclub on Victoria Island. Good selection of fine cigars.Very expensive, Local beer ₦900!
  • No 10: Owned by Nigerian soccer legend Austin "Jay-Jay" Okocha, it's got a nice restaurant and a trendy bar.
  • Pat's Bar: Ajose Adeogun Street (Towards Ligali Ayorinde Street end), A sports bar with a rugby theme, Very popular with expatriates of all nationalities. Local beer ₦450, wine (glass) ₦800, wine (bottle) ₦2000+
  • 007 bar This James Bond-themed hangout for the young, professional crowd is good for a quiet drink during the week.
  • Y-NOT: It is open until 6AM, I think the charge for the V.I.P. room is ₦1000 (about £4) and the bar prices are reasonable for Lagos, ₦350-500 for a beer, and the girls are 'very friendly', always keep your eyes open.

Apapa

  • Monalido: at Corner of Creek road, Entry ₦500 per person. Good Music, Sufficient Space for sitting. Good and Big Dance floor. Every one welcome. 10PM till 05:30AM. Drinks are at very competitive prices, Nice Food Restaurant as well open till 6AM.
  • Club 21: Warf Road, Entry ₦500 per person. Good Music, Sufficient Space for sitting. Good and Big Dance floor. Every one welcome. 10PM till 03:00AM. Drinks are at competitive prices.

Yaba

  • Koko Lounge: Cool as it gets. Co-owned by Africa's biggest hip-hop star, D'Banj who makes frequent appearances. Wednesday night is comedy nights. Classy VIP. Reasonable prices.

Sleep

Lagos has many great hotels and many more are being built. there are many 4 star hotels for the price of a 3 star hotel. try to get a hotel in victoria island.

  • The Stone House Admiralty Lekki Phase I.
   Peerage Retreat & Resort Ltd, Victoria Island,Lagos.
  • Lekki Inn, 911 Ken Uba Close, Lekki Peninsula (second street to the right off Ajiron Road, off Lekki Expressway (beside Chevron)), +234-1-877-0240 (), [1]. Caters mostly to executives from oil companies, banks, etc. Two fully-furnished chalets onsite can be rented for longer-term stays. Food is excellent, typically African or Continental cuisines. The rooms all have marble flooring, so you don't get the "wet" and "moldy" feel some of the other hotels have. The only downside is that there are just 12 rooms, albeit all large and luxurious, so you don't get to socialize too much onsite. Victoria Island with its bars and clubs is a 20-minute drive away, and the beaches are close by. US$50-100.  edit
  • BADEJO HOTEL1 OJA ST,Musa Lagos, Phone number 0112348037608353
  • Hotel Palais Royal 48, Balarabe Musa Crescent, Victoria Island, [2].
  • Hotel Le Chateau 292E Ajose Adeogun, Victoria Island, [3].
  • Protea, a South African group, has three hotels in Lagos, all of acceptable standard but not cheap. The prices are reduced if you hold a group loyalty card, the ProKard.

In addition on Ikoyi in Glover St is a small, new serviced aparthotel called La Cour.

Stay safe

Lagos like any other cities in the world has its own fair share of crime rates. Scamming and mugging is present so beware of deals or businesses that sound too good to be true, and do not openly flaunt your possession especially in public places. The police is corrupt and inefficient so it is best you stick to the Law and avoid going anywhere without a trusted guide especially if it is a first visit.

Contact

Nigeria has both GSM & CDMA Networks. Most of the International GSM Networks are served here on Roaming Partner Basis. Local pre-activated GSM (SIM) connection can be purchased from any where in entire Country at very cheap rate. Naira 200/- for a SIM.

GSM/3G

  • Etisalat: Services: Calls, SMS, GPRS and some most advance feature can be found only on this network.
  • Zain: Zain is the former Celtel. Services: Calls, SMS & GPRS Services.
  • MTN: Services: Calls, SMS, DATA (Internet) & GPRS Services.
  • Glo: Services: Calls, SMS, DATA (Internet) & GPRS Services.

CDMA

  • Multilinks Telkom: Services: Calls, SMS & DATA (Internet).
  • Visafone: Services: Calls, SMS & DATA (Internet).
  • Starcomms: Services: Calls, SMS & DATA (Internet).

In Nigeria SMS (Short Messaging Service) is known as "Text".

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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

There is more than one meaning of Lagos discussed in the 1911 Encyclopedia. We are planning to let all links go to the correct meaning directly, but for now you will have to search it out from the list below by yourself. If you want to change the link that led you here yourself, it would be appreciated.


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

Proper noun

Singular
Lagos

Plural
-

Lagos

  1. Port and former capital of Nigeria

Translations

Anagrams


Simple English

[[File:|right|thumb|A bridge in Lagos]]

File:A street in Lagos%
A street in Lagos

Lagos is the largest city in Nigeria and in West Africa, with more than 10 million inhabitants. There are about 12.5 million to 18 million people living in Lagos which makes it one of the biggest cities in Africa. This includes the greater Lagos area and other smaller cities like Surulere, Agege, Ikeja, Ikorodu, Ajegunle, Oshodi, Maryland.

Lagos was the capital of Nigeria until 1992, when the capital was moved to Abuja. Lagos still acts as the commercial capital of Nigeria and a gateway to West Africa.








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