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Lake Manyara
Overlook of Lake Manyara National Park
Coordinates 3°35′S 35°50′E / 3.583°S 35.833°E / -3.583; 35.833Coordinates: 3°35′S 35°50′E / 3.583°S 35.833°E / -3.583; 35.833
Basin countries Tanzania
Surface area 89 sq mi (231 km2)
Lake Manyara, the cliff after the sunset.
Lake Manyara National Park, giraffe.

Lake Manyara is a shallow freshwater lake in Tanzania. Said by Ernest Hemingway[1] to be the "loveliest [lake] ... in Africa," it is also the home of a diverse set of landscapes and wildlife.

The name Manyara comes from the Maasai word emanyara, which is a euphorbia species of plant that is grown into a hedge around a family homestead (Euphorbia tirucalli).[citation needed] The name "is a Masai description not for the lake, but in general for a lake shore region."[2]

Of the 127 square miles (329 km2) of Lake Manyara National Park, the lake's alkaline waters cover approximately 89 square miles (231 km2). While most known for baboons, the lake and its environs is also home to herbivores such as hippos, impalas, elephants, wildebeests, buffalo, warthogs and giraffes. Giant fig trees and mahogany seen in the groundwater forest immediately around the park gates draw nourishment from the underground springs replenished continuously from crater highlands directly above the Manyara basin. Leading away from the forest to the fringes of Lake Manyara are the flood plains. To the south are visible the acacia woodlands. Leopards, although in abundance, are hard to get a glimpse of, just like the other elusive carnivores - the lions - of this park.

Lake Manyara provides opportunities for ornithologists keen on viewing and observing over 300 migratory birds, including flamingo, Long-crested Eagle and Grey-headed Kingfisher.

With an entrance gate that doubles as an exit, the trail of Lake Manyara National Park is effectively a loop that can be traversed by jeep within a couple of hours that may be stretched to a few more at best, if driving slowly, to watch, observe and enjoy the diversity of flora and fauna. The Rift Valley escarpment forms a noteworthy landmark and provides a spectacular backdrop to Lake Manyara.

See also

External links


  1. ^
  2. ^ H. H. T. Prins, Ecology and Behaviour of the African Buffalo: Social Inequality and Decision Making (Springer, 1996: ISBN 0412725207), p. 1.

Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel


Lake Manyara National Park is in Northeast Tanzania of Tanzania.


Lake Manyara National Park – A sign upon entrance says – "Remove nothing from this Park except: Nourishment for the soul, Consolation for the heart, Inspiration for the mind.“ This refuge for animals, great and small, is all of that and more. Do not miss. The elephant sightings are numerous, as are giraffes. Most amazing is the endless sea of flamingos that make the lake appear almost pink.


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