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Lakeview, Oregon
—  Town  —
Downtown Lakeview
Nickname(s): The Tallest Town in Oregon
Location in Lake County and Oregon
Coordinates: 42°11′20″N 120°20′45″W / 42.18889°N 120.34583°W / 42.18889; -120.34583Coordinates: 42°11′20″N 120°20′45″W / 42.18889°N 120.34583°W / 42.18889; -120.34583
Country United States
State Oregon
County Lake
Incorporated 1889
Government
 - Mayor Mike Patrick
Area
 - Total 1.6 sq mi (4.1 km2)
 - Land 1.3 sq mi (4.0 km2)
 - Water 0.3 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation 4,802 ft (1,463.6 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 2,474
 - Density 1,582.7/sq mi (612.3/km2)
Time zone Pacific (UTC-8)
 - Summer (DST) Pacific (UTC-7)
ZIP code 97630
Area code(s) 541
FIPS code 41-40700[1]
GNIS feature ID 1144791[2]
Website www.lakevieworegon.org

Lakeview is a city in Lake County, Oregon, United States. The population was 2,474 at the 2000 census, with an estimated population of 2,655 in 2006.[3] It is the county seat of Lake County.[4] Although it is an incorporated city, the municipal government refers to the community as "The Town of Lakeview", and bills itself as "Tallest Town in Oregon" because of its elevation.[5][6] Lakeview is situated at the foot of the Warner Mountains and at the edge of the Southeastern Oregon high desert.

Contents

History

Native American artifacts in Lake County have been dated back to 9,000 years ago.[7] White traders, explorers and military expeditions arrived in the 1800s.[8] The first white outpost in Lake County was Fort Warner in August 10, 1866, built in the area where the Hart Mountain Antelope Refuge is now located. The main reason for establishing the fort was to protect white settlers from the Native people of the region.[9] General George Crook was active in the area and established camps in the area and fought Indians.[10] The area around Lakeview was also home to Irish and some Basque sheepherders [11] [12] who were later displaced by cattle ranchers.

The first community established in the Goose Lake Valley was New Pine Creek in 1869, with a post office established December 8, 1876. Lake County was officially established until February 1, 1875 with Linkville, now Klamath Falls, and was relocated to Lakeview as the result of an 1875 election.[13] In 1900 a fire swept through Lakeview destroying 75 businesses. The town was rebuilt in 1901 using brick and corrugated iron roofs. In 1906 a second fire threatened the community, but was contained to a few buildings and homes. A third fire in 1916 consumed most of the homes that had escaped the first two fires.[14]

Geography

At an altitude of 4,800 feet (1,500 m) elevation, Lakeview is one of the highest cities in Oregon.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.6 square miles (4.1 km²), of which, 1.6 square miles (4.0 km²) of it is land and 0.64% is water.

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Climate

The city averages about 35 rainy days per year, 12 days with high temperatures of 90 °F (32 °C) or higher, and 167 days with low temperatures below freezing. The average temperature in January is 27 °F (−3 °C), and in July it is 67 °F (19 °C). Annual snowfall averages 54 inches (137 cm).[15]

Weather data for Lakeview, Oregon
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 37
(3)
40
(4)
47
(8)
57
(14)
65
(18)
74
(23)
85
(29)
84
(29)
74
(23)
63
(17)
49
(9)
40
(4)
60
(16)
Average low °F (°C) 18
(-8)
21
(-6)
25
(-4)
31
(-1)
36
(2)
43
(6)
49
(9)
47
(8)
40
(4)
33
(1)
26
(-3)
20
(-7)
32
(0)
Precipitation inches (mm) 1.9
(48.3)
1.8
(45.7)
1.5
(38.1)
1.1
(27.9)
1.4
(35.6)
1.1
(27.9)
0.3
(7.6)
0.2
(5.1)
0.6
(15.2)
1
(25.4)
1.6
(40.6)
1.8
(45.7)
14.3
(363.2)
Source: [15] September 2007

Demographics

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 2,474 people, 1,037 households, and 695 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,582.7 people per square mile (612.3/km²). There were 1,220 housing units at an average density of 780.5/sq mi (302.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 91.47% White, 0.04% African American, 2.47% Native American, 0.93% Asian, 0.16% Pacific Islander, 3.07% from other races, and 1.86% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.86% of the population.

There were 1,037 households out of which 29.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.3% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.9% were non-families. 30.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.85.

In the city the population was spread out with 25.4% under the age of 18, 5.0% from 18 to 24, 24.1% from 25 to 44, 25.9% from 45 to 64, and 19.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 94.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $30,960, and the median income for a family was $38,953. Males had a median income of $31,958 versus $22,198 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,649. About 14.3% of families and 15.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.1% of those under age 18 and 13.3% of those age 65 or over.

Economy

Lakeview has several schools, a hospital, a sawmill, a perlite mine and agriculture. Economic development plans including a prison that opened in 2005 have been controversial.[16] Lakeview is home to two uranium mines, White King and Lucky Lass, that operated from 1955 to the mid-1960s. In 1995 the mines were declared Superfund sites.[17]

Lakeview also markets itself as part of the "Oregon Outback" and is working to attract more tourist dollars from outdoors enthusiasts, sportsmen and wildlife enthusiasts. Attractions include: fishing, birdwatching, camping, hangliding, hiking, rockhounding, hunting, wildlife and wildflowers.[18]

Education

Lakeview High School, the only high school in the city, is part of the Lakeview School District and serves 255 students in grades 9 through 12.

Numerous students from high schools in Lake County have attended college on scholarships provided in trust by pioneer Doctor Bernard Daly. Known as the Bernard Daly Educational Fund, the funds have helped over 1600 Lake County students to attend college. Dr. Daly was a medical doctor, rancher, banker and politician. Daly was associated with an act of frontier heroism that occurred when a fire broke out during a Christmas program at the isolated Oregon town of Silver Lake. Rancher Ed O'Farrell rode to Lakeview some 100 miles (160 km) away in sub-zero temperatures to fetch Dr. Daly. The ride took 19 hours with O'Farrell stopping at ranches along the way to change horses. Dr. Daly and driver William Duncan made the return trip to Silver Lake in 13 hours using a buggy. A total of 43 people died in the fire, which was the worst fire in Oregon history.[19]

Transportation

Lakeview is located on U.S. Route 395 and Oregon Route 140. It is some 96 mi (154 km) from the passenger train station in Klamath Falls, Oregon. The Lake County Railroad serves the city, but does not provide passenger service. This railroad was operated by the Great Western Railway of Colorado, and later by the county, but operations were transferred to the Modoc Northern Railroad.

References

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  3. ^ PSU:Population Research Center
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Template.cfm?Section=Find_a_County&Template=/cffiles/counties/usamap.cfm. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  5. ^ [1]
  6. ^ The State of Oregon does not recognize towns as a legal entity. See List of cities and unincorporated communities in Oregon.
  7. ^ http://arcweb.sos.state.or.us/county/cplakehome.html
  8. ^ http://www.lakecountymuseum.com/Local%20History/timeline.html
  9. ^ http://www.lakecountychamber.org/facts/index.html
  10. ^ http://www.lakecountymuseum.com/Local%20History/timeline.html
  11. ^ http://www.heraldandnews.com/articles/2008/10/12/news/diversions/doc48d2fbf09b840436604006.txt
  12. ^ http://www.irishsheepherders.com/index.html
  13. ^ http://www.lakecountychamber.org/facts/index.html
  14. ^ http://www.lakecountychamber.org/facts/index.html
  15. ^ a b "Weatherbase: Weather for Lakeview, Oregon, United States of America". Weatherbase. 2007. http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/weather.php3?s=98527&refer=. Retrieved 2007-09-09.  
  16. ^ http://portland.indymedia.org/en/2004/11/302535.shtml
  17. ^ http://yosemite.epa.gov/R10/CLEANUP.NSF/sites/WhiteKing
  18. ^ http://www.oregonsoutback.com/towns/index.html
  19. ^ Cooper, Forest E., Introducing Dr. Daly, Lake County Historical Society, Maverick Publications: Bend, Oregon, 1986

External links


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