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Lakeville, Minnesota
—  City  —
Lakeville city hall

Flag
Location in Dakota County and the state of Minnesota.
Location of Lakeville City Hall in the Minneapolis-Saint Paul metropolitan area
Coordinates: 44°38′59″N 93°14′33″W / 44.64972°N 93.2425°W / 44.64972; -93.2425Coordinates: 44°38′59″N 93°14′33″W / 44.64972°N 93.2425°W / 44.64972; -93.2425
Country United States
State Minnesota
County Dakota
Government
 - Mayor Holly Dahl
Area
 - City 37.5 sq mi (97.2 km2)
 - Land 36.2 sq mi (93.7 km2)
 - Water 1.4 sq mi (3.5 km2)
Elevation 971 ft (296 m)
Population (2005)[1][2]
 - City 51,722
 Density 1,192.4/sq mi (460.4/km2)
 Metro 3,502,891
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 55044
Area code(s) 952
FIPS code 27-35180[3]
GNIS feature ID 0646445[4]
Website http://www.ci.lakeville.mn.us/

Lakeville (pronounced /ˈleɪkvɪl/) is a suburb 23 miles (37 km) south of downtown Minneapolis in the U.S. state of Minnesota in Dakota County. On the south metro fringe, Lakeville is one of the fastest growing cities in the Minneapolis-St. Paul metropolitan area.[5] The U.S. Census Bureau recorded the population of the city of Lakeville at 43,128 people in 2000. The Metropolitan Council estimate for 2006 was 52,323.[1]

Lakeville is located on Interstate Highway 35. With an interstate highway link to the Twin Cities and undeveloped land, Lakeville has grown at rapid pace in the region's exurbia. The city became notable in 1910 when Marion Savage built the Dan Patch Railroad Line to service his Antlers Amusement Park.[6] Subsequently, Lakeville became a flourishing milling center from this line and today, the agriculture industry still is in operation. While a significant percentage of Lakeville's workers commute northward to the downtowns of Minneapolis and St. Paul, and closer-in suburbs like Bloomington, Lakeville has had major industry since the 1960s—including the Airlake Industrial Park, which is served by Airlake Airport, a regional reliever airport.

Contents

History

The Sioux people ceded most of southern Minnesota in the Treaty of Traverse des Sioux in 1851. A military road was constructed between Fort Snelling and the southern forts. In 1855, J.J. Brackett, a Saint Paul lumber baron and mail carrier using the road, decided to plat a site halfway between St. Paul and St. Peter on a lake he named Prairie Lake. The village was established as Lakeville Township in 1858. Notoriety came when Colonel Marion Savage expanded his entertainment business into constructing Antlers Amusement Park in 1910. Riding on fame from his success with the Dan Patch racing horse and the popularity of the park, the lake was renamed Lake Marion, and the rail line servicing the park named the Dan Patch Railroad Line.[7]

With the mostly rural landscape, early settlers were farmers and this owed to a high percentage of Scandinavians. The other group included Irish, Scots, and English who had spread out from Hamilton Landing and Burnsville. In Karen Miller's diary from 1840–1895, Danes reportedly outnumbered Norwegians and travel to Minneapolis was not uncommon for the rural township.[8] Enggren's Grocery was a downtown staple since 1900 until it closed in 2006.[9]

The later 20th century followed typically for the outer-ring suburban Twin Cities with official incorporation as the City of Lakeville in 1967. The agriculture industry continued to sustain itself as postwar development did not immediately absorb Lakeville (as well as I-35's later completion date). In the early 21st century, housing and population increases were due to rising land costs in the metropolitan area, causing Lakeville to become a boomtown.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 37.5 square miles (97.2 km²), of which, 36.2 square miles (93.7 km²) of it is land and 1.4 square miles (3.5 km²) of it (3.65%) is water. Lakeville includes the Argonne Farms post-World War I settlement project which failed in the early 20th century and was redeveloped in the 21st century into typical suburban retail. Since it was a semi-autonomous village within Lakeville Township before the city's incorporation, it continues to appear today on maps as Argonne.[10]

As its name implies, Lakeville contains several lakes as well as smaller ponds and wetlands within its borders. The two largest lakes include Lake Marion and Orchard Lake which are heavily used recreational waters used for fishing, boating, and swimming. Smaller named natural lakes include Kingsley Lake and Lee Lake. Valley Lake is a small man-made lake in the northern part of the city.

A branch of the Vermillion River flows through Lakeville. Its headwaters are just west of the city limits in Credit River Township, and it flows eastward across Dakota County until it empties into the Mississippi River at the Wisconsin border. Much of Lakeville drains into the Vermillion River watershed. North Creek, a major tributary of the Vermillion, begins its flow in northern Lakeville and flows eastward to meet the Vermillion near downtown Farmington just east of Lakeville. The Vermillion River has been designated as a trout stream by the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources.

Demographics

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 43,128 people, 13,609 households, and 11,526 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,192.4 people per square mile (460.4/km²). There were 13,799 housing units at an average density of 381.5/sq mi (147.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 94.26% White, 1.28% African American, 0.38% Native American, 2.01% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.76% from other races, and 1.28% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.94% of the population.

There were 13,609 households out of which 56.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 73.6% were married couples living together, 7.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 15.3% were non-families. 10.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 1.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.17 and the average family size was 3.43.

In the city the population was spread out with 36.1% under the age of 18, 5.9% from 18 to 24, 37.8% from 25 to 44, 17.4% from 45 to 64, and 2.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 102.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $72,404, and the median income for a family was $76,542 (these figures had risen to $90,014 and $96,662 respectively as of a 2007 estimate[11]). Males had a median income of $51,405 versus $33,071 for females. The per capita income for the city was $26,492. About 1.5% of families and 2.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.0% of those under age 18 and 4.3% of those age 65 or over.

Economy

Shops on Lakeville's "main street"

Lakeville is served by the Airlake Airport, which has a single runway with an ILS approach. The airport is managed by the Metropolitan Airports Commission as a reliever facility to draw general aviation traffic. The FAA operates the Minneapolis ARTCC (air route traffic control center) in Farmington, several miles away from the airport. This center provides traffic control services for Minnesota and surrounding states.

Large farms are still in operation producing leading-revenues in corn, soybeans, and dairy cattle.

Government

The City of Lakeville is governed by a five member City Council and Mayor, though a City Manager runs day to day municipal operations. A professional police force and volunteer fire department protect the city's residents. The city operates a large parks department which includes a senior center, an arts and entertainment center, dozens of various neighborhood and community parks, and many miles of multipurpose trails.

Lakeville is located in Minnesota's 2nd congressional district, represented by John Kline, a Republican, scoring 2.8% progressive on a range of issues[12] and 88% conservative based on 2006 House votes.[13] In the state House of Representatives, Lakeville is covered for the most part by district 36A, and is represented by Mary Liz Holberg; the eastern part of Lakeville is in district 36B and represented by Pat Garofalo.

Education

The city is served by three different school districts whose boundaries were determined while the community was largely agricultural. Today Independent School District 196 ("Rosemount-Apple Valley-Eagan") and the Farmington School District #192 service portions of northern and eastern Lakeville. The majority of Lakeville households are served by the Lakeville Area School District #194. In the fall of 2005 the Lakeville School District opened its second high school.

Recreation

The city of Lakeville has many recreational opportunities for its residents.

Lakeville's Parks & Recreation Department maintains a total of 62 public properties. These include neighborhood and community parks, athletic fields, playgrounds, greenways, trails, tennis courts, skating rinks, picnic areas, conservation areas, nature areas, several public fishing areas, swimming beaches, and the City's Central Maintenance Facility, Senior Center, and the Lakeville Area Arts Center. Notable parks include: Ritter Farm Park, North Park, Antlers Park, King Park, Valley Lake Park, Aronson Park. Aronson park features a Vetrens Memorial

Antlers Beach features a large swimming beach with volleyball courts, baseball diamonds, playground area, water equipment, picnic area, fishing pier, and horseshoe pits. Orchard Lake Beach has a picnic area, shore fishing, playground equipment, and volleyball courts. Valley Lake Beach includes playground equipment, picnic area, walking trail around the lake, fishing pier and seasonal restrooms.

Media

Notable natives

References

  1. ^ a b "Twin Cities Region Population and Household Estimates, 2006" (PDF). Metropolitan Council. 2006-04-01. http://www.metrocouncil.org/metroarea/2006PopulationEstimates.pdf. Retrieved 2007-07-24. 
  2. ^ "Table 2: Population Estimates for the 100 Most Populous Metropolitan Statistical Areas Based on July 1, 2006 Population Estimates: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2006" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. 2007-04-05. http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/releases/archives/cb07-51tbl2.pdf. Retrieved 2007-04-16. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ Metropolitan Council (2002-06-18). "Council to work with communities on household, job forecasts". http://www.metrocouncil.org/Directions/planning/planning2001-03/growth_overview.htm. Retrieved 2007-10-03. 
  6. ^ Robert O Greenawalt (March 1999). "The Dan Patch line". International Bond & Share Society. http://www.booneshares.com/The%20Dan%20Patch%20line.htm. Retrieved 2008-05-08. 
  7. ^ A Glimpse of Lakeville's' Past Lakeville Area Historical Society
  8. ^ Karen Miller, translated by Ninna Engskow, edited by John W. Nielsen (1997). Many Danes, some Norwegians : Karen Miller’s diary, 1894. Blair, Neb. Lur Publications, Danish Immigrant Archive, Dana College. 
  9. ^ John Sucansky (2006-04-07). "Enggren's closing after 100 years of business". Thisweek Newspapers. http://www.thisweek-online.com/2006/april/7enggrensclosing.html. Retrieved 2008-05-09. 
  10. ^ "Argonne Village to occupy former WWI soldier resettlement area". Thisweek Newspapers. 2005-01-28. http://www.thisweek-online.com/2005/january/28lkvlargonnevillage.html. Retrieved 2008-05-09. 
  11. ^ http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/ACSSAFFFacts?_event=Search&geo_id=06000US2501701605&_geoContext=01000US%7C04000US25%7C05000US25017%7C06000US2501701605&_street=&_county=lakeville&_cityTown=lakeville&_state=04000US27&_zip=&_lang=en&_sse=on&ActiveGeoDiv=geoSelect&_useEV=&pctxt=fph&pgsl=060&_submenuId=factsheet_1&ds_name=ACS_2007_3YR_SAFF&_ci_nbr=null&qr_name=null&reg=null%3Anull&_keyword=&_industry=
  12. ^ Grossman, Joshua. "ProgressivePunch Leading with the Left". All Issues. ProgressivePunch. http://www.progressivepunch.org/members.jsp?member=MN2. Retrieved 2007-09-08. 
  13. ^ "ACU Ratings of Congress, 2006". American Conservative Union. 2006. http://www.acuratings.org/2006all.htm#MN. Retrieved 2007-09-08. 

External links

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