Lamar Hunt U.S. Open Cup: Wikis

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Lamar Hunt U.S. Open Cup
LHUSOpenCupLogo.png
Founded 1914
Region United States
Number of teams 40
Current champions Seattle Sounders FC
Most successful club Bethlehem Steel &
Maccabi Los Angeles (5)
Website U.S. Open Cup
2010 U.S. Open Cup

The Lamar Hunt U.S. Open Cup is an American soccer competition open to all United States Soccer Federation affiliated teams, from amateur adult club teams to the professional clubs of Major League Soccer.

The competition dates back to 1914, when it was known as the National Challenge Cup. In 1999, U.S. Soccer honored one of American soccer's most important patrons, Lamar Hunt, by changing the official title of the tournament to the Lamar Hunt U.S. Open Cup. The winners of the tournament were awarded the Dewar Cup, donated by Sir Thomas Dewar for the promotion of soccer in America in 1912, until it was retired due to poor condition in 1979. It was brought back into use by the United States Adult Soccer Association in 1997, but is now back on permanent display at the National Soccer Hall of Fame in Oneonta, New York, and the recent winners of the tournament have been awarded a new, different trophy. Despite this, the name of each winning club is still added to the base of the original Dewar Cup.

The National Challenge Cup was the first truly national cup competition in the United States, as previous cups had been effectively relegated to regional status by the difficulties in coordination and travel caused by the size of the United States in the early 1900s. While U.S. Soccer had initially administered the competition, at some point they handed over management to the USASA. In 1995, U.S. Soccer resumed its administration of the competition.[1]

Maccabi Los Angeles of California and Bethlehem Steel of Pennsylvania have both won the cup a record five times, while Greek American AA of New York hold the record for most consecutive cup victories at three. Most of these records are likely to fall over time, now that Major League Soccer offers a fully-professional league, and its teams typically dominate the competition. The old NASL did not participate in the Open Cup.

Since MLS' debut in 1996, MLS clubs have won the cup in all but one of those years. The Rochester Rhinos of the 2nd division A-League (now the USL First Division) were surprise winners in 1999, defeating four MLS clubs, including the Colorado Rapids 2-0 in the championship match. The first professional team to win in the modern era were the Richmond Kickers of the USISL (the current USL First Division) in 1995, one year before the start of MLS. D.C. United were the first MLS team to win in 1996.

Currently, eight teams from each level of the American Soccer Pyramid take part in the competition proper, with each league narrowing its delegation separately in the spring before the competition officially begins in the summer. In some cases, additional teams play in qualifying rounds to gain entry. One example is found with MLS clubs, as only the top six from the previous regular season get an automatic bid, while the bottom U.S.-based MLS teams face each other to qualify for the remaining two MLS slots.

Since 2008, the champion of the U.S. Open Cup has earned the right to play the CONCACAF Champions League [1]. The first team to represent the U.S. as Open Cup champion was 2007's winner, the New England Revolution.

Contents

Winners

5 times
4 times
3 times
2 times
1 time

Finalists

Year Winner Runner-up
1914
Details
Brooklyn Field Club Brooklyn Celtic
1915
Details
Bethlehem Steel Brooklyn Celtic
1916
Details
Bethlehem Steel Fall River Rovers
1917
Details
Fall River Rovers Bethlehem Steel
1918
Details
Bethlehem Steel Fall River Rovers
1919
Details
Bethlehem Steel Paterson Silk Sox
1920
Details
Ben Millers Fore River
1921
Details
Brooklyn Robins Dry Dock St. Louis Scullin Steel
1922
Details
St. Louis Scullin Steel Todd Shipyards
1923
Details
Paterson Silk Sox St. Louis Scullin Steel
1924
Details
Fall River Marksmen St. Louis Vesper Buick
1925
Details
Shawsheen Indians Chicago Canadian Club
1926
Details
Bethlehem Steel Ben Millers
1927
Details
Fall River Marksmen Holley Carburetor
1928
Details
New York Nationals Bricklayers and Masons
1929
Details
New York Hakoah St. Louis Madison Kennel
1930
Details
Fall River Marksmen Cleveland Bruell Insurance
1931
Details
Fall River Marksmen Bricklayers and Masons
1932
Details
New Bedford Whalers Stix, Baer and Fuller
1933
Details
Stix, Baer and Fuller New York Americans
1934
Details
Stix, Baer and Fuller Pawtucket Rangers
1935
Details
St. Louis Central Breweries Pawtucket Rangers
1936
Details
Uhrik Truckers St. Louis Shamrocks
1937
Details
New York Americans St. Louis Shamrocks
1938
Details
Chicago Sparta Brooklyn St. Mary's Celtic
1939
Details
Brooklyn St. Mary's Celtic Chicago Manhattan Beer
1940
Details
No final played. Baltimore and Chicago Sparta shared the title.
1941
Details
Pawtucket Detroit Chrysler
1942
Details
Gallatin Pawtucket
1943
Details
Brooklyn Hispano Morgan-Strasser
1944
Details
Brooklyn Hispano Morgan-Strasser
1945
Details
Brookhattan Cleveland Americans
1946
Details
Chicago Viking Ponta Delgada
1947
Details
Ponta Delgada Chicago Sparta
1948
Details
St. Louis Simpkins-Ford Brookhattan
1949
Details
Morgan-Strasser Ukrainian Nationals
1950
Details
St. Louis Simpkins-Ford Ponta Delgada
1951
Details
German Hungarian Pittsburgh Heidelberg
1952
Details
Harmarville Philadelphia Nationals
1953
Details
Falcons Harmarville
1954
Details
New York Americans St. Louis Kutis
1955
Details
Eintracht Los Angeles Danish Americans
1956
Details
Harmarville Chicago Schwaben
1957
Details
St. Louis Kutis New York Hakoah
1958
Details
Los Angeles Kickers Baltimore Pompei
1959
Details
McIlvane Canvasbacks Fall River
1960
Details
Philadelphia Ukrainians Los Angeles Kickers
1961
Details
Philadelphia Ukrainians Los Angeles Scots
1962
Details
New York Hungaria San Francisco Scots
1963
Details
Philadelphia Ukrainians Los Angeles Armenian
1964
Details
Los Angeles Kickers Philadelphia Ukrainians
1965
Details
New York Ukrainians Chicago Hansa
1966
Details
Philadelphia Ukrainians Orange County F.C.
1967
Details
Greek American AA Orange County
1968
Details
Greek American AA Chicago Olympic
1969
Details
Greek American AA Montabello Armenians
1970
Details
Elizabeth Los Angeles Croatia
1971
Details
Hota San Pedro Yugoslavs
1972
Details
Elizabeth San Pedro Yugoslavs
1973
Details
Maccabi Los Angeles Cleveland Inter
1974
Details
Greek American AA Chicago Croatia
1975
Details
Maccabi Los Angeles New York Inter-Giuliana
1976
Details
San Francisco New York Inter-Giuliana
1977
Details
Maccabi Los Angeles Philadelphia United German-Hungarian
1978
Details
Maccabi Los Angeles Bridgeport Vasco de Gama
1979
Details
Brooklyn Dodgers S.C. Chicago Croatian
1980
Details
New York Pancyprian-Freedoms Maccabi Los Angeles
1981
Details
Maccabi Los Angeles Brooklyn Dodgers S.C.
1982
Details
New York Pancyprian-Freedoms Maccabi Los Angeles
1983
Details
New York Pancyprian-Freedoms St. Louis Kutis
1984
Details
Krete Chicago Croatian
1985
Details
Greek-American St. Louis Kutis
1986
Details
St. Louis Kutis San Pedro Yugoslavs
1987
Details
España Seattle Eagles
1988
Details
St. Louis Busch Seniors Greek-American
1989
Details
Kickers Greek American AA
1990
Details
Eagles Brooklyn Italians
1991
Details
Brooklyn Italians Richardson Rockets
1992
Details
San Jose Oaks Bridgeport Vasco de Gama
1993
Details
Mexico Philadelphia United German-Hungarians
1994
Details
Greek-American Bavarian Leinenkugel
1995
Details
Richmond Kickers El Paso Patriots
1996
Details
D.C. United Rochester Raging Rhinos
1997
Details
Dallas Burn D.C. United
1998
Details
Chicago Fire Columbus Crew
1999
Details
Rochester Raging Rhinos Colorado Rapids
2000
Details
Chicago Fire Miami Fusion
2001
Details
Los Angeles Galaxy New England Revolution
2002
Details
Columbus Crew Los Angeles Galaxy
2003
Details
Chicago Fire MetroStars
2004
Details
Kansas City Wizards Chicago Fire
2005
Details
Los Angeles Galaxy FC Dallas
2006
Details
Chicago Fire Los Angeles Galaxy
2007
Details
New England Revolution FC Dallas
2008
Details
D.C. United Charleston Battery
2009
Details
Seattle Sounders FC D.C. United

References

External links

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