Lamiaceae: Wikis

  
  
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Did you know ...


More interesting facts on Lamiaceae

Include this on your site/blog:

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Mint family
Lemon balm (Melissa officinalis)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Lamiaceae
Lindley
Genera

See text

Lamiaceae or Labiatae, also known as the mint family, is a family of plants. It has been considered closely related to Verbenaceae but several recent phylogenetic studies[1] have shown that numerous genera classified in Verbenaceae belong instead in Lamiaceae, whereas the core genera of Verbenaceae are not closely related to Lamiaceae and are more closely related to other members of the Lamiales. The enlarged Lamiaceae family contains 233[2] to 263[3] genera and 6900[2] to 7200[4] species.

Lamium purpureum, showing the bilaterally symmetrical flower

The plants are frequently aromatic in all parts and include many widely used culinary herbs, such as basil, mint, rosemary, sage, savory, marjoram, oregano, thyme, lavender, and perilla. Some are shrubs, trees, such as teak, or rarely vines. Many members of the family are widely cultivated, owing not only to their aromatic qualities but also their ease of cultivation: these plants are among the easiest plants to propagate by stem cuttings. Besides those grown for their edible leaves, some are grown for decorative foliage, such as coleus. Others are grown for food purposes, but seeds are utilized instead of leaves, such as with chia.

The original family name is Labiatae, so given because the flowers typically have petals fused into an upper lip and a lower lip. Although this is still considered an acceptable alternative name, most botanists now use the name "Lamiaceae" in referring to this family.

The leaves emerge oppositely, each pair at right angles to the previous one (called decussate) or whorled.

The stems are frequently square in cross section, but this is not found in all members of the family, and is sometimes found in other plant families.

The flowers are bilaterally symmetrical with 5 united petals, 5 united sepals. They are usually bisexual and verticillastrate (a flower cluster that looks like a whorl of flowers but actually consists of two crowded clusters).

Contents

Genera

Leucas aspera in Hyderabad, India.
Orthosiphon thymiflorus flower

The genera in the enlarged family[3]:


Acanthomintha
Achyrospermum
Acinos
Acrocephalus
Acrotome
Acrymia
Adelosa
Aegiphila
Aeollanthus
Agastache
Ajuga
Ajugoides
Alajja
Alvesia
Amasonia
Amethystea
Anisochilus
Anisomeles
Archboldia
Asterohyptis
Ballota
Basilicum
Becium
Benguellia
Blephilia
Bostrychanthera
Bovonia
Brazoria
Bystropogon
Calamintha
Callicarpa
Capitanopsis
Capitanya
Caryopteris
Catoferia
Cedronella
Ceratanthus
Chaiturus
Chamaesphacos
Chaunostoma
Chelonopsis
Chloanthes
Cleonia
Clerodendrum
Clinopodium
Colebrookea
Collinsonia
Colquhounia
Comanthosphace
Congea
Conradina
Coridothymus
Cornutia
Craniotome


Cryphia
Cuminia
Cunila
Cyanostegia
Cyclotrichium
Cymaria
Dauphinea
Dicerandra
Dicrastylis
Dorystaechas
Dracocephalum
Drepanocaryum
Elsholtzia
Endostemon
Englerastrum
Eremostachys
Eriope
Eriophyton
Eriopidion
Eriothymus
Erythrochlamys
Euhesperida
Eurysolen
Faradaya
Fuerstia
Galeopsis
Garrettia
Geniosporum
Glechoma
Glechon
Glossocarya
Gmelina
Gomphostemma
Gontscharovia
Hanceola
Haplostachys
Haumaniastrum
Hedeoma
Hemiandra
Hemigenia
Hemiphora
Hemizygia
Hesperozygis
Heterolamium
Hoehnea
Holmskioldia
Holocheila
Holostylon
Horminum
Hosea
Hoslundia
Hymenocrater
Hymenopyramis


Hypenia
Hypogomphia
Hyptidendron
Hyptis
Hyssopus
Isodictyophorus
Isodon
Isoleucas
Kalaharia
Karomia
Keiskea
Kudrjaschevia
Kurzamra
Lachnostachys
Lagochilus
Lagopsis
Lallemantia
Lamiophlomis
Lamium
Lavandula
Leocus
Leonotis
Leonurus
Lepechinia
Leucas
Leucophae
Leucosceptrum
Limniboza
Lophanthus
Loxocalyx
Lycopus
Macbridea
Mallophora
Marmoritis
Marrubium
Marsypianthes
Meehania
Melissa
Melittis
Mentha
Meriandra
Mesona
Metastachydium
Microcorys
Micromeria
Microtoena
Minthostachys
Moluccella
Monarda
Monardella
Monochilus
Mosla
Neoeplingia


Neohyptis
Neorapinia
Nepeta (Catnip)
Newcastelia
Nosema
Notochaete
Ocimum
Octomeron
Ombrocharis
Oncinocalyx
Origanum
Orthosiphon
Otostegia
Oxera
Panzerina
Paralamium
Paraphlomis
Paravitex
Peltodon
Pentapleura
Perilla
Perillula
Peronema
Perovskia
Perrierastrum
Petitia
Petraeovitex
Phlomidoschema
Phlomis
Phyllostegia
Physopsis
Physostegia
Piloblephis
Pitardia
Pityrodia
Platostoma
Plectranthus
Pogogyne
Pogostemon
Poliomintha
Prasium
Premna
Prostanthera
Prunella
Pseuderemostachys
Pseudocarpidium
Pseudomarrubium
Puntia
Pycnanthemum
Pycnostachys
Rabdosiella
Renschia
Rhabdocaulon


Raphidion
Rhododon
Rosmarinus
Rostrinucula
Rotheca
Roylea
Rubiteucris
Sabaudia
Saccocalyx
Salazaria
Salvia
Satureja
Schizonepeta
Schnabelia
Scutellaria
Sideritis
Solenostemon
Spartothamnella
Sphenodesme
Stachydeoma
Stachyopsis
Stachys
Stenogyne
Sulaimania
Suzukia
Symphorema
Symphostemon
Synandra
Syncolostemon
Tectona
Teijsmanniodendron
Tetraclea
Tetradenia
Teucridium
Teucrium
Thorncroftia
Thuspeinanta
Thymbra
Thymus
Tinnea
Trichostema
Tsoongia
Vitex
Viticipremna
Warnockia
Wenchengia
Westringia
Wiedemannia
Wrixonia
Xenopoma
Zataria
Zhumeria
Ziziphora

Gallery of Leucas

References

  1. ^ Cantino, P.D., Harley, R.M. & Wagstaff, S.J. 1992. Genera of Labiatae: status and classification. Pp. 511-522. In Harley, R.M. & Reynolds, T. (eds) Advances in Labiate Science. Richmond, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  2. ^ a b Heywood, V.H., Brummitt, R.K., Culham, A. & Seberg, O. 2007: Flowering Plant Families of the World. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  3. ^ a b "GRIN Taxonomy for Plants - Genera of Lamiaceae". United States Department of Agriculture. http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/gnlist.pl?619.  
  4. ^ "Angiosperm Phylogeny Website - Lamiales". Missouri Botanical Garden. http://www.mobot.org/mobot/research/APweb/orders/lamialesweb.htm#Lamiales.  

External links


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

Translingual

Etymology

Proper noun

Lamiaceae

  1. (taxonomy) A taxonomic family within the order Lamiales — many plants related to mint.

Hyponyms

  • Pogostemonoideae
  • Scutellarioideae
  • Symphorematoideae
  • Teucrioideae
  • Viticoideae

See also


Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Taxonavigation

Classification System: APG II (down to family level)

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiospermae
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Euasterids I
Ordo: Lamiales
Familia: Lamiaceae
Subfamiliae: Ajugoideae - Chloanthoideae - Lamioideae - Nepetoideae - Pogostemonoideae - Scutellarioideae - Symphorematoideae - Teucrioideae - Viticoideae


Genera Overview:

Acanthomintha - Achyrospermum - Acinos - Acrocephalus - Acrotome - Acrymia - Aeollanthus - Agastache - Ajuga - Ajugoides - Alajja - Alvesia - Amethystea - Anisochilus - Anisomeles - Antonina - Asterohyptis - Ballota - Basilicum - Becium - Benguellia - Betonica - Blephilia - Bostrychanthera - Bovonia - Brazoria - Bystropogon - Calamintha - Capitanopsis - Capitanya - Catoferia - Cedronella - Ceratanthus - Chamaesphacos - Chaunostoma - Chelonopsis - Cleonia - Clinopodium - Colebrookia - Coleus - Collinsonia - Colquhounia - Comanthosphace - Conradina - Craniotome - Cuminia - Cunila - Cyclotrichium - Cymaria - Dauphinea - Dicerandra - Dorystaechas - Dracocephalum - Drepanocaryum - Eichlerago - Elsholtzia - Endostemon - Englerastrum - Eremostachys - Eriiophyton - Eriope - Eriopidion - Eriothymus - Erythrochlamys - Eurysolen - Fuerstia - Galeopsis - Geniosporum - Glechoma - Glechon - Gomphostemma - Gontscharovia - Hanceola - Haplostachys - Haumaniastrum - Hedeoma - Hemiandra - Hemigenia - Hemizygia - Hesperozygis - Heterolamium - Hoehnea - Holocheila - Holostylon - Horminium - Hoslundia - Hymenocrater - Hypenia - Hypogomphia - Hyptidendron - Hyptis - Hyssopus - Isodictyophorus - Isodon - Isoleucas - Keiskea - Kinostemon - Kudrjaschevia - Kurzamra - Lagochilus - Lagopsis - Lallemantia - Lamiophlomis - Lamium - Lavandula - Leocus - Leonotis - Leonurus - Lepechinia - Leucas - Leucosceptrum - Limniboza - Lophanthus - Loxocalyx - Lycopus - Macbridea - Marmoritis - Marrubium - Marsypianthes - Meehania - Melissa - Melittis - Mentha - Meriandra - Mesona - Metastachydium - Microcorys - Micromeria - Microtoena - Minthostachys - Moluccella - Monarda - Monardella - Mosla - Neoeplingia - Neohyptis - Nepeta - Neustruevia - Nosema - Notochaete - Ocimum - Octomeron - Ombrocharis - Origanum - Orthosiphon - Otostegia - Panzerina - Paraeremostachys - Paralamium - Paraphlomis - Peltodon - Pentapleura - Perilla - Perovskia - Perrierastrum - Phlomis - Phlomoides - Phyllostegia - Physostegia - Piloblephis - Pitardia - Platostoma - Plectranthus - Pogogyne - Pogostemon - Poliomintha - Prasium - Prostanthera - Prunella - Pseuderemostachys - Puntia - Pycnanthemum - Pycnostachys - Raphidion - Renschia - Rhabdocaulon - Rhododon - Rosmarinus - Rostrinucula - Roylea - Rubiteucris - Sabaudia - Saccocalyx - Salvia - Satureja - Schizonepeta - Scutellaria - Sideritis - Siphocranion - Skapanthus - Solenostemon - Stachyopsis - Stachys - Stenogyne - Sulaimania - Suzukia - Symphostemon - Synandra - Syncolostemon - Tetradenia - Teucrium - Thorncroftia - Thuspeinanta - Thymbra - Thymus - Tinnea - Trichostema - Wenchengia - Westringia - Wiedemannia - Wrixonia - Zataria - Zhumeria - Ziziphora

Vernacular name

Dansk: Læbeblomst-familien
Deutsch: Lippenblütler
Ελληνικά: Χειλανθή
Esperanto: Lamiacoj
Français: Lamiaceae
한국어: 꿀풀과
עברית: שפתניים
Lietuvių: Notreliniai augalai
Magyar: Árvacsalánfélék (Ajakosak, Ajakosvirágúak)
Nederlands: Lipbloemigen
日本語: シソ科
‪Norsk (bokmål)‬: Leppeblomstfamilien
Polski: Jasnotowate
Русский: Яснотковые, Губоцветные
Suomi: Huulikukkaiskasvit
Svenska: Kransblommiga växter
Türkçe: Ballıbabagiller
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Lamiaceae on Wikimedia Commons.

Simple English

Mint family
File:Melissa
Lemon balm (Melissa officinalis)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Lamiales
Family: Lamiaceae
Lindley
Genera

See text

Look up Lamiaceae in Wikispecies, a directory of species

Lamiaceae or Labiatae, also known as the mint family, is a family of plants comprising about 210 genera and some 3,500 species. It has been considered closely related to Verbenaceae but several recent phylogenetic studies have shown that a lot of the genera classified in Verbenaceae belong instead in Lamiaceae, whereas the core genera of Verbenaceae are not closely related to Lamiaceae and are more closely related to other members of the Lamiales.

Genera


Acanthomintha
Achyrospermum
Acinos
Acrocephalus
Acrotome
Acrymia
Aeollanthus
Agastache
Ajuga
Ajugoides
Alajja
Alvesia
Amethystea
Anisochilus
Anisomeles
Antonina
Asterohyptis
Ballota
Becium
Benguellia
Blephilia
Bostrychanthera
Bovonia
Brazoria
Bystropogon
Calamintha
Capitanopsis
Capitanya
Caryopteris
Catoferia
Cedronella
Ceratanthus
Chamaesphacos
Chaunostoma
Chelonopsis
Cleonia
Clinopodium
Colebrookia
Coleus*
Collinsonia
Colquhounia
Comanthosphace
Conradina
Craniotome


Cuminia
Cunila
Cyclotrichium
Cymaria
Dauphinea
Dicerandra
Dorystaechas
Dracocephalum
Drepanocaryum
Eichlerago
Elsholtzia
Endostemon
Englerastrum
Eremostachys
Eriope
Eriiophyton
Eriopidion
Eriothymus
Erythrochlamys
Eurysolen
Fuerstia
Galeopsis
Geniosporum
Glechoma
Glechon
Gomphostemma
Gontscharovia
Hanceola
Haplostachys
Haumaniastrum
Hedeoma
Hemiandra
Hemigenia
Hemizygia
Hesperozygis
Heterolamium
Hoehnea
Holocheila
Holostylon
Horminum
Hoslundia
Hymenocrater
Hypenia
Hypogomphia


Hyptidendron
Hyptis
Hyssopus
Isodictyophorus
Isodon
Isoleucas
Keiskea
Kinostemon
Kudrjaschevia
Kurzamra
Lagochilus
Lagopsis
Lallemantia
Lamiastrum
Lamiophlomis
Lamium
Lavandula
Leocus
Leonotis
Leonurus
Lepechinia
Leucas
Leucosceptrum
Limniboza
Lophanthus
Loxocalyx
Lycopus
Macbridea
Marmoritis
Marrubium
Marsypianthes
Meehania
Melissa
Melittis
Mentha
Meriandra
Mesona
Metastachydium
Microcorys
Micromeria
Microtoena
Minthostachys
Moluccella
Monarda


Monardella
Mosla
Neoeplingia
Neohyptis
Nepeta (Catnip)
Neustruevia
Nosema
Notochaete
Ocimum
Octomeron
Ombrocharis
Origanum
Orthosiphon
Otostegia
Panzerina
Paraeremostachys
Paralamium
Paraphlomis
Peltodon
Pentapleura
Perilla
Perovskia
Perrierastrum
Phlomis
Phlomoides
Phyllostegia
Physostegia
Piloblephis
Pitardia
Platostoma
Plectranthus
Pogogyne
Pogostemon
Poliomintha
Prasium
Prostanthera
Prunella
Pseuderemostachys
Puntia
Pycnanthemum
Pycnostachys
Renschia
Rhabdocaulon
Raphidion


Rhododon
Rosmarinus
Rostrinucula
Roylea
Rubiteucris
Sabaudia
Saccocalyx
Salazaria
Salvia
Satureja
Schizonepeta
Scutellaria
Sideritis
Siphocranion
Skapanthus
Solenostemon
Stachyopsis
Stachys
Stenogyne
Sulaimania
Suzukia
Symphostemon
Synandra
Syncolostemon
Tetradenia
Teucrium
Thorncroftia
Thuspeinanta
Thymbra
Thymus
Tinnea
Trichostema
Vitex
Warnockia
Wenchengia
Westringia
Wiedemannia
Wrixonia
Zataria
Zhumeria
Ziziphora








Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message