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Lamiales
Galeopsis speciosa
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Bromhead
Families

The order Lamiales is a taxon in the asterid group of dicotyledonous flowering plants. It includes approximately 11,000 species divided into about 20 families. Well-known or economically important members of this order include lavender, lilac, olive, jasmine, the ash tree, teak, snapdragon, sesame, psyllium, and a number of table herbs such as mint, basil, and rosemary.

Characteristics

Species in this order typically have the following characteristics, although there are exceptions to all of them:

Taxonomic history

Lamiales formerly had a restricted circumscription (e.g., by Arthur Cronquist) that included the major families Lamiaceae (Labiatae), Verbenaceae, and Boraginaceae plus a few smaller families. Recent phylogenetic work has shown that Lamiales is polyphyletic with respect to order Scrophulariales and the two groups are now usually combined in a single order that also includes the former orders Hippuridales and Plantaginales. Lamiales has become the preferred name for this much larger combined group. The placement of Boraginaceae is unclear but phylogenetic work shows that this family does not belong in Lamiales.

Also, the circumscription of family Scrophulariaceae, formerly a paraphyletic group defined primarily by plesiomorphic characters and from within which numerous other families of the Lamiales were derived, has been radically altered to create a number of smaller, better-defined and putatively monophyletic families.

External links


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

Translingual

Etymology

Proper noun

Lamiales

  1. (taxonomy) A taxonomic order within the class Magnoliopsida — many flowering plants having bilateral symmetry and five petals.

Hyponyms

  • Acanthaceae
  • Bignoniaceae
  • Byblidaceae
  • Calceolariaceae
  • Carlemanniaceae
  • Gesneriaceae
  • Lamiaceae
  • Lentibulariaceae
  • Martyniaceae
  • Oleaceae
  • Orobanchaceae
  • Paulowniaceae
  • Pedaliaceae
  • Phrymaceae
  • Plantaginaceae
  • Plocospermataceae
  • Schlegeliaceae
  • Scrophulariaceae
  • Stilbaceae
  • Tetrachondraceae
  • Verbenaceae

See also


Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Taxonavigation

Classification System: APG II (down to family level)

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiospermae
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Euasterids I
Ordo: Lamiales
Familiae: Acanthaceae - Bignoniaceae - Buddlejaceae - Byblidaceae - Calceolariaceae - Carlemanniaceae - Gesneriaceae - Lamiaceae - Lentibulariaceae - Martyniaceae - Oleaceae - Orobanchaceae - Paulowniaceae - Pedaliaceae - Phrymaceae - Plantaginaceae - Plocospermataceae - Schlegeliaceae - Scrophulariaceae - Stilbaceae - Tetrachondraceae - Verbenaceae

Name

Lamiales Bromhead

Synonyms

  • Acanthales
  • Bignoniales
  • Byblidales
  • Callitrichales
  • Carlemanniales
  • Gesneriales
  • Globulariales
  • Hippuridales
  • Jasminales
  • Lentibulariales
  • Ligustrales
  • Oleales
  • Pinguiculales
  • Plantaginales
  • Rhinanthales
  • Scrophulariales
  • Stilbales
  • Verbenales
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Lamiales on Wikimedia Commons.

Vernacular name

Deutsch: Lippenblütlerartige
עברית: צינוראים
Magyar: Árvacsalán-virágúak (Ajakosvirágúak)
Nederlands: Lipbloemigen
Русский: Губоцветные
Українська: Губоцвіті
中文: 唇形目

Simple English

Lamiales
File:Galeopsis speciosa (Zellwald).jpg
Galeopsis speciosa
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Lamiales
Bromhead
Families

The order Lamiales is a taxon in the asterid group of dicotyledonous flowering plants. It includes approximately 11,000 species divided up into about 10 families. A few well-known members of this order are the lavender, the lilac, the olive, the jasmine, the ash tree, the teak, the snapdragon, and a number of table herbs such as mint, basil, and rosemary.

Look up Lamiales in Wikispecies, a directory of species
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