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Laminaria
Laminaria hyperborea
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Chromalveolata
Division: Heterokontophyta
Class: Phaeophyceae
Order: Laminariales
Family: Laminariaceae
Genus: Laminaria
J. V. Lamouroux
Species

c. 30 species; see text

Laminaria is a genus of 31 species of brown algae (Phaeophyceae), all sharing the common name "kelp". This economically important genus is characterized by long, leathery laminae and relatively large size. Some species are referred to by the common name Devil's apron, due to their shape,[1] or sea colander, due to the perforations present on the lamina.[2] It is found in the north Atlantic Ocean and the northern Pacific Ocean at depths from 8 to 30 m (26 to 98 ft) (exceptionally to 120 m (390 ft) in the warmer waters of the Mediterranean Sea and off Brazil).[3]

The name also refers to the use of this algae to dilate the cervix when induction of pregnancy is necessary. It serves to absorb moisture and then expand, subsequently expanding the cervix.

The greater proportion of commercial cultivation is for algin, iodine and mannitol, which are used in a range of industrial applications. The largest producer of kelp products is China.[4]

Laminaria japonica (J. E. Areschoug — Japón) [5] is now regarded as a synonym of Saccharina japonica[6]

Species

  • Laminaria abyssalis A.B. Joly & E.C. Oliveira — Southamerican Atlantic[7][8]
  • Laminaria agardhii Kjellman[9] — Atlántico de Nortemérica [10]
  • Laminaria appressirhiza J. E. Petrov & V. B. Vozzhinskaya [11]
  • Laminaria brasiliensis A. B. Loly & E. C. Oliveira
  • Laminaria brongardiana Postels & Ruprecht [12]
  • Laminaria bulbosa J. V. Lamouroux
  • Laminaria bullata Kjellman
  • Laminaria complanata (Setchell & N. L. Garder) Muenscher
  • Laminaria digitata (Hudson) J. V. Lamouroux
  • Laminaria ephemera Setchell — Pacific of North America: From Vancouver to California [13]
  • Laminaria farlowii Setchell — Coast of the North American Pacific [13]
  • Laminaria hyperborea (Gunnerus) Foslie
  • Laminaria inclinatorhiza J. Petrov & V. Vozzhinskaya
  • Laminaria multiplicata J. Petrov & M. Suchovejeva
Laminaria digitata, Cyanotype by Anna Atkins, 1843
  • Laminaria nigripes J. Agardh
  • Laminaria ochroleuca Bachelot de la Pylaie
  • Laminaria pallida Greville — South Africa, [14] Indian Ocean, Canary Islands and de Tristán da Cunha [15]
  • Laminaria platymeris Bachelot de la Pylaie
  • Laminaria rodriguezii Barnet
  • Laminaria ruprechtii (Areschoug) Setchell
  • Laminaria sachalinensis (Miyabe) Miyabe
  • Laminaria setchellii P. C. Silva
  • Laminaria sinclairii (Harvey ex J. D. Hooker & Harvey) Farlow, Anderson & EatonNorth American Pacific coast [13]
  • Laminaria solidugula J. Agardh
  • Laminaria yezoensis Miyabe

References

  1. ^ "Devil's Apron". Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary. C. & G. Merriam Co.. 1913. http://www.thefreedictionary.com/Devil's+apron. 
  2. ^ "Devil's apron - Sea Vegetable". http://www.wellbeingbeingwell.co.uk/sea_vegetables/devil.html. Retrieved 2009-02-06. 
  3. ^ Guiry, Michael. "Kelps: Laminaria and Saccharina". http://www.seaweed.ie/algae/laminaria.lasso. Retrieved 2009-02-06. 
  4. ^ Culture of Kelp (Laminaria japonica) in China. FAO. June 1989. http://www.fao.org/docrep/field/003/AB724E/AB724E00.htm. 
  5. ^ T. Tori (1998). An Illustrated Atlas of the Life History of Algae. Uchida Rokakuho Publishing Co., Ltd. Tokyo. ISBN 4-7536-4057-4. 
  6. ^ M. D. Guiry & Wendy Guiry (2006-09-29). "Laminaria japonica J. E. Areschoug". AlgaeBase. http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=1316&sk=0&from=results. 
  7. ^ Yoneshigue-Valentin, Yocie (1990). "The life cycle of Laminaria abyssalis (Laminariales, Phaeophyta) en cultivo". Hydrobiologia 204–205: 461–466. doi:10.1007/BF00040271. http://www.springerlink.com/content/nx5v56179q3w7153/. 
  8. ^ M. D. Guiry (2006-03-26). "Laminaria abyssalis A. B. Joly & E. B. Oliveira". AlgaeBase. http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=11397. 
  9. ^ M. D. Guiry (2004-09-23). "Laminaria agardhii Kjellman". AlgaeBase. http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=22942. 
  10. ^ Taylor (1957). Marine Algae of Northeastern Coast of North America. Ann Arbor. ISBN 0-472-04904-6. 
  11. ^ M. D. Guiry & Olga Selivanova (2006-09-19). "Laminaria appressirhiza J. E. Petrov & V. B. Vozzhinskaya". AlgaeBase. http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=131433. 
  12. ^ M. D. Guiry (2006-04-24). "Laminaria brongardiana Postels & Ruprecht". AlgaeBase. http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=26836. 
  13. ^ a b c I. A. Abbott & G. J. Hollenberg (1976). Marine Algae of California. Stanford University Press, Stanford, California. ISBN 0-8047-0867-3. 
  14. ^ H. Stegenga, J. J. Bolton & R. J. Anderson (1997). Seaweeds of the South Africal West Coast. Bolus Herbarium Number 18, University of Cape Town. 
  15. ^ M. D. Guiry (2004-09-32). "Laminaria pallida Greville". AlgaeBase. http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=3461. 

External links

url=http://www.algaebase.org/search/?genus=Laminaria

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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Translingual

Proper noun

Laminaria

  1. (taxonomy) A taxonomic genus within the family Laminariaceae — a genus of brown algae.

Hyponyms

  • Laminaria abyssalis
  • Laminaria agardhii
  • Laminaria angustata
  • Laminaria appressirhiza
  • Laminaria brasiliensis
  • Laminaria brongardiana
  • Laminaria bulbosa
  • Laminaria bullata
  • Laminaria complanata
  • Laminaria dentigera
  • Laminaria diabolica
  • Laminaria digitata
  • Laminaria ephemera
  • Laminaria farlowii
  • Laminaria hyperborea
  • Laminaria inclinatorhiza
  • Laminaria japonica
  • Laminaria multiplicata
  • Laminaria nigripes
  • Laminaria ochroleuca
  • Laminaria pallida
  • Laminaria platymeris
  • Laminaria rodriguezii
  • Laminaria ruprechtii
  • Laminaria saccharina
  • Laminaria sachalinensis
  • Laminaria setchellii
  • Laminaria sinclairii
  • Laminaria solidugula
  • Laminaria yezoensis

Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Laminaria hyperborea

Taxonavigation

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Chromalveolata
Divisio: Heterokonta
Classis: Phaeophyceae
Ordo: Laminariales
Familia: Laminariaceae
Genus: Laminaria
Species: L. abyssalis - L. agardhii - L. appressirhiza - L. brasiliensis - L. bullata - L. complanata - L. cordata - L. digitata - L. ephemera - L. farlowii - L. hyperborea - L. inclinatorhiza - L. longipes - L. multiplicata - L. nigripes - L. ochroleuca - L. pallida - L. platymeris - L. rodriguezii - L. ruprechtii - L. setchellii - L. sinclairii - L. solidungula - L. yezoensis

Name

Laminaria J.V. Lamouroux, 1813

References

  • Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2009). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. Accessed on 2009-12-19.
  • Lamouroux, J.V.F. (1813). Essai sur les genres de la famille des thalassiophytes non articulées. Annales du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris 20: 21-47, 115-139, 267-293.
  • Lane, C.E.; Mayes, C.; Druehl, L.D.; & Saunders, G.W. (2006). A multi-gene molecular investigation of the kelp (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae) supports substantial taxonomic re-organization. Journal of Phycology 42:493-512.
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Laminaria on Wikimedia Commons.

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