Lampeter: Wikis

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Coordinates: 52°07′13″N 4°04′56″W / 52.1202°N 4.0821°W / 52.1202; -4.0821

Lampeter
Welsh: Llanbedr Pont Steffan
Llanbedr1451lg.jpg
Lampeter is located in Wales2
Lampeter

 Lampeter shown within Wales
Population 1,989 
OS grid reference SN578478
Principal area Ceredigion
Ceremonial county Dyfed
Country Wales
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LAMPETER
Postcode district SA48
Dialling code 01570
Police Dyfed-Powys
Fire Mid and West Wales
Ambulance Welsh
EU Parliament Wales
UK Parliament Ceredigion
Welsh Assembly Ceredigion
List of places: UK • Wales • Ceredigion
WalesCeredigion.png
Red Dot.svg

Lampeter within Ceredigion UA

Lampeter (Welsh: Llanbedr Pont Steffan, or more informally, Llambed) is a town in Ceredigion, South West Wales, lying at the confluence of the River Teifi and the Afon Dulas.

Contents

Demographics

In 1991 the population of the town was recorded as 1,989 people, of which 1,410 were Welsh speaking. Lampeter is therefore the smallest university town in both Wales and the United Kingdom. The university, in a normal year, adds a further 1,000 people to the town's population, which gives the rural town a somewhat cosmopolitan feel.

University

The town is best known for the University of Wales, Lampeter (formerly St David's University College), originally founded in 1822 as a college for ordinands and was until 2008 a constituent part of the University of Wales, primarily awarding degrees in the liberal arts. Its central building, based on an Oxbridge quadrangle was completed in 1827, and was designed by C. R. Cockerell.

The university's rugby team was Wales' first, having been formed in 1850 by Rowland Williams after he brought the game from Cambridge.

It was also from Lampeter, in 1968, that William Julian Cayo-Evans first marched his paramilitary nationalist 'Free Wales Army'.

Lampeter and its surroundings are home to a theatre (Theatr Felin-fach at Felinfach), a museum and a number of locally-owned shops rather than national chain stores.

Dylan Thomas' links with Lampeter and nearby Talsarn, where he lived, have been documented.[1] During WWII, he and Caitlin lived at Plas Gelli, a secluded mansion just outside Talsarn. The Dylan Thomas Trail links Talsarn and Lampeter with the other places in Ceredigion associated with the poet, such as Aberaeron and New Quay.

Although Lampeter is in the heart of rural Ceredigion it has a reasonable bus service to the larger towns of Carmarthen and Aberystwyth. The local bus services are a lifeline to many people of the town, especially students of the town's university.

History

Cardiganshire was one of the royal counties established by Edward I after the defeat of Llywelyn the Last (Llywelyn Ein Llyw Olaf) at Cilmeri in 1282—Lampeter fell under direct Royal Control. This however had little effect on the culture of the town, as the Welsh language and culture have continued to thrive. The first Borough Charter was granted in 1284 and successive charters allowed many markets and fairs to be held in the wide High Street until the 1930s. One of these fairs was the Dalis Horse fair. Lampeter's War Memorial was unveiled in September 1921. It was sculpted by Sir William Goscombe John.

Castle

The earliest reference to Lampeter is believed to be 1187, when Owain Gwynedd destroyed the King's castle of Pont Steffan (Stephen's Bridge in English). The remains of this castle later became the foundations for C. R. Cockerell's college building, and still form part of the university campus.

Culture

Lampeter hosted the National Eisteddfod in 1984.

It was at this Eisteddfod that the farmers union pledged its support to the striking miners of the '84-'85 strike and thus for the first time ever brought the agricultural and industrial sides of Wales together as one. Because of this the Lampeter Eisteddfod is considered to have been one of the most important in recent Welsh history.[citation needed]

Transport

Transport in Lampeter was greatly improved with the opening of the railway in 1866 which linked the town to both Carmarthen and Aberystwyth, as well as the seaside resort of Aberaeron. After the nationalisation of the railways, the passenger service to Aberaeron ceased. Passenger trains on the main line to Carmarthen and Aberystwyth continued until January 1965, when they ceased due to flooding, never to resume. The line was eventually lifted in 1975. However, the section of the old line between Bronwydd Arms and Danycoed Halt still exists and is used by a steam society and operates a regular timetable during summer months. Local residents have been campaigning for the return of the railway to Lampeter.

Regular bus services operate through the town, connecting Lampeter to the larger towns of Aberystwyth, Carmarthen and Swansea.

Twinned towns

Lampeter is twinned with:

External links

References

  1. ^ D. N. Thomas, Dylan Thomas: a Farm, Two Mansions and a Bungalow, Seren, 2000.
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Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Lampeter (Welsh: Llanbedr Pont Steffan) [1] is a town in Ceredigion, Wales, situated on the River Teifi (which later meets the Irish Sea at Cardigan).

Understand

Welsh language and culture continues to thrive in Lampeter. The town is best known for the University of Wales, Lampeter (formerly St David's University College), originally founded in 1822 as a theological college. Its central building is modelled on an Oxbridge quadrangle and was completed in 1827.

The earliest written reference to Lampeter is believed to be 1187, when Owain Gwynedd destroyed the English King's castle of Pont Steffan ('Stephen's Bridge' in Welsh). The castle's remains later formed the foundations for the college building and still forms part of the university campus.

  • From London (Paddington Station), train to Carmarthen (a few trains are direct, but generally will need to change in Swansea). Bus from Carmarthen to Lampeter. There is only one bus each way on a Sunday and the last bus leaves Carmarthen at 8PM on a weekday. The bus to catch is the X40 service operated jointly by the Arriva and First bus companies. It stops outside Carmarthen Railway Station.
  • From Birmingham (New Street Station), catch train to Aberystwyth then catch bus from Aberystwyth to Lampeter (Arriva or First route X40).

Train times are available from National Rail Enquiries, telephone 08457 484950 from within the UK. Bus times are available from Traveline, telephone 0871 200 22 33 (+44 871 200 22 33 if dialling from outside the UK).

Get around

Since the closure of Lampeter's train station a number of years ago, travel options in and around Lampeter are restricted to buses and taxis. Buses are reliable though fairly irregular, and go to the nearby towns of Aberystwyth and Carmarthen. Lampeter is a small town; vehicles are not necessary to explore the town itself, only to travel to other towns and cities.

  • the University of Wales, Lampeter [2]
  • St David's Church of Wales, Lampeter, Maesllan, SA48 7EN (In Lampeter town, at the top of the hill opposite the police station.), 01974 298937‎.  edit
  • Liberal arts at the University of Wales, Lampeter.
  • Conti's Café, 5 Harford Square, tel 01570 422223. The best ice cream in the world! Home-made and additive free. Specialist coffee, home made food and light lunches, family owned and run for the last 40 years.
  • The Ram Inn, Cwmann, Lampeter, Dyfed, SA48 8ES, tel 01570 422556. The Ram Inn has in recent years been voted Best Pub in Wales and fourth best in Britain.
  • Shapla Tandoori, 8 College Street, tel 01570 422076. You might not expect to find top notch Indian food in a small West Wales market town, but Shapla really does the business. All the usual British curry-house favourites, alongside some interesting house specials. Good service too. Take-away available.
  • Haulfan Guest House[3], 6 Station Terrace. 01570 422718. Adjacent to the University and close to the town centre. Threee double and 1 single rooms. Lovely Guest House, well run by a charming local couple. Attentive service and one of the best breakfasts you could hope to eat.
  • Best Western Falcondale Mansion[4], Falcondale Drive. 01570 422910. About a mile out of town, up its own private drive. Country House Hotel in 14 acres of grounds. Built in an Italianate style in the 19th Century as a private house, and converted to a hotel in 1980. Nineteen rooms, all en-suite with wifi internet access. Restaurant and Brasserie open to non-residents.
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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

LAMPETER (Llanbedr-pont-Stephan), a market town, municipal borough and assize town of Cardiganshire, Wales, on the right bank of the Teifi, here crossed by an ancient stone bridge. Pop. (1901) 1722. Lampeter is a station on the socalled Manchester-and-Milford branch line of the Great Western railway. Though of ancient origin, the town is entirely modern in appearance, its most conspicuous object being the Gothic buildings of St David's College, founded in 1822, which cover a large area and contain a valuable library of English, Welsh and foreign works (see Universities). The modernized parish church of St Peter, or Pedr, contains some old monuments of the Lloyd family. North of the town are the park and mansion of Falcondale, the seat of the Harford family.

The name of Llanbedr-pont-Stephan goes to prove the early foundation of the place by St Pedr, a Celtic missionary of the 6th century, while one Stephen was the original builder of the bridge over the Teifi. As an important outpost in the upper valley of the Teifi, Lampeter possessed a castle, which was demolished by Owen Gwynedd in the 12th century. In 1188 the town was visited by Archbishop Baldwin on his way from Cardigan to Strata-Florida Abbey, and the Crusade was vigorously preached at this spot. Lampeter was first imcorporated under Edward II., but the earliest known charter dates from the reign of Henry VI., whereby the principal officer of the town, a portreeve, was to be appointed annually at the court-leet of the manor. The town was subsequently governed under a confirmatory charter of 1814, but in 1884 a new charter was obtained, whereby the corporation was empowered to consist of a mayor, 4 aldermen and 12 councillors. Although only a small agricultural centre, Lampeter has since 1886 become the assize town of Cardiganshire owing to its convenient position. Until the Redistribution Act of 1885 Lampeter formed one of the group of boroughs comprising the Cardigan parliamentary district.


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