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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Coordinates: 55°40′30″N 3°46′37″W / 55.674903°N 3.777019°W / 55.674903; -3.777019

Lanark
Scottish Gaelic: Lannraig
Scots: Lanrik
Lanark is located in Scotland
Lanark

 Lanark shown within Scotland
Population 8,253 (2001 Census)
OS grid reference NS8843
Council area South Lanarkshire
Lieutenancy area Lanarkshire
Country Scotland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LANARK
Postcode district ML11
Dialling code 01555 66
Police Strathclyde
Fire Strathclyde
Ambulance Scottish
EU Parliament Scotland
UK Parliament Lanark and Hamilton East
Scottish Parliament Clydesdale
List of places: UK • Scotland •

Lanark (Scottish Gaelic: Lannraig, Scots: Lanrik) is a small town in the central belt of Scotland. Its population of 8,253 makes it the 100th largest settlement in Scotland. The origin of the name is British (Cumbric Lanerc, Welsh Llanerch) meaning "clear space, glade"[1].

Lanark was the county town of the former county of Lanarkshire. For many years, however, Hamilton was the county town prior to the formation of Strathclyde. It has a long history, old traditions, and some fine parks and buildings. Lanark railway station and coach station has frequent services to Glasgow. There is little industry in Lanark and some residents commute to work in Glasgow and Edinburgh. Its shops serve the local agricultural community and surrounding villages. There is a large modern livestock auction market on the outskirts of the town.

Contents

History

Lanark has served as an important market town since medieval times, and King David I made it a Royal Burgh in 1140, giving it certain mercantile privileges relating to government and taxation. King David I realised that greater prosperity could result from encouraging trade. He decided to create a chain of new towns across Scotland. These would be centres of Norman civilisation in a largely Celtic country, and would be established in such a way as to encourage the development of trade within their area. These new towns were to be known as Burghs. Bastides were established in France for much the same reason.

When a site had been selected for a new town the King’s surveyors would lay out an area for the town’s market. Each merchant who came to the town was granted a plot of land [usually rent free for the first few years] bordering on the marketplace. These plots were known as feus or rigs. Each feu in a burgh was the same size, though the size varied between burghs. In Forres each feu was 24 feet 10 inches wide and 429 feet deep. The layout of the feus in Lanark can still be easily seen between the north side of Lanark High Street [the former market place] and North Vennel, a lane which runs behind the feus. A motte and bailey castle was also constructed at the bottom of Castlegate.

Governance

Colonel Duncan Carter-Campbell and HM Queen Elizabeth II inspecting the guard of honour of the Cameronians (Scottish Rifles) during the Queen's visit to Lanark in June 1953.
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European Parliament

Lanark is part of the constituency of Scotland which elects six representatives to the European Parliament.

Parliament of the United Kingdom

Lanark is part of the constituency of Lanark and Hamilton East. Jimmy Hood (voting record, interests and expenses) has represented Lanark and Hamilton East in the UK Parliament since 1987.

Scottish Parliament

Lanark is part of the constituency of Clydesdale. Karen Gillon has represented Clydesdale in the Scottish Parliament since 1999. Clydesdale is one of nine constituencies in the South of Scotland electoral region, which elects seven additional members by a system of proportional representation. The 2007 electoral results are given in the Clydesdale article and in the article for the Scottish Parliament election, 2007.

Local Council

Lanark is within the South Lanarkshire council area.

Landmarks

Gas lamp known as the "Provost's Lamp"

Visitors to the town can visit the nearby World Heritage Site of New Lanark, close to the Falls of Clyde, the Corehouse estate and the Scottish Wildlife Trust's Corehouse Nature Reserve.

The Lanark Museum is located in West Port.

A large boating lake, Lanark Loch, adjoins a golf course and the former racecourse, the latter offering pony-trekking activities.

The town's Castlebank Park lies near the former site of Lanark Castle, and allows access to the River Clyde and the Clyde Walkway.

An ornate gas lamp, known as the 'Provost's Lamp' stands at the bottom of the high street. The lamp used to be placed outside the home of whoever was Provost of Lanark at the time.

In the 1840s there was ill feeling between Deacon McDonald of Castlegate and a Miss Inglis who lived just across Castlegate in Vere House. One day, Deacon MacDonald’s dog was poisoned and he suspected that it was Miss Inglis who had done the evil deed. Deacon McDonald chose an effective form of revenge. He commissioned a local stonemason to cut a life sized stone replica of the dead dog and paint it, then place it on a skewputt on the Deacons roof, with its head tilted reprovingly towards the house of Miss Inglis. The reason for the statue was soon known throughout the town. The statue, also known as the Girnin Dog, can be seen in Castlegate [see photograph below].[citation needed] One of the churches in the town bears the name of The Old Church of St Kentigern (perhaps better known as St Mungo), who set up many medieval churches in the Scottish Lowlands, including Glasgow, and died c612 AD. The town's cemetery stands on the site of The Old Church of St Kentigern, and includes many Covenanter graves.

St. Nicholas' Church

St. Nicolas' Parish Church stands at the bottom of the high street. The church bell is believed to date from 1110, and may be one of the oldest church bells in the world. It was moved from The Old Church of St Kentigern when St. Nicolas's Church was built in 1774. It has been recast four times, including 1659 and 1983. There is an 8-foot [2.45 m] statue of William Wallace in the steeple. This was sculpted by Robert Forrest, from 'an ancient drawing in the possession of the Society of Antiquaries.

Lanark used to have a racecourse and the 'Lanark Silver Bell' is thought to be one of the oldest racing trophies in Europe.[citation needed] Part of the remaining racecourse Is still used for national showjumping events and farm shows.

Lanark Lanimer Day

This historic background forms the basis for the Lanark Lanimer celebrations, which take place each year for one week in June. Local primary schoolchildren elect a Lanimer Queen and court; and a Lord Cornet is chosen from local businessmen. On the Monday night the Perambulation of the Marches takes place, when townspeople turn out to walk around half the town boundary, following the Lord Cornets past and present as they inspect the border-stones. Traditionally, the townspeople carry "birks", which are small branches of birch trees cut from the woods at the Glenburnie estate. This tradition was started in 1948 by Joseph Doolan, whose family owned the land. The other half of the boundary is inspected on the Wednesday night, again led by the Lord Cornet accompanied by many local riders who participate in the Riding of the Marches, locally referred to as the Rideout. On the Thursday morning, schools and other organisations parade before the Gala Queen in themed dress, accompanied by pipe bands. The best floats win prizes, and after the parade the crowning of the Queen takes place on a temporary stand erected in front of St Nicholas' Church, under the statue of William Wallace. The Queen holds a reception party in the town's Memorial Hall on the Thursday and Friday nights, where children perform songs and dances.

Music

Pipe Bands: Lanark & District Pipe Band (www.lanarkpipeband.org) has two units which compete in competitions run by the Royal Scottish Pipe Band Association - one competing in grade 4b and one in grade 3a, having been upgraded from 4b to 4a to 3b to 3a in consecutive years from 2004.

The 'Music in Lanark' programme began in 2000 with the aim of bringing a variety of the highest quality live music to the town. In the first five years there were three classical concerts, one jazz concert and one traditional (Scottish) music concert. The programme continues to grow.

Notable people

Schools

Primary Schools

There are three main primary schools in Lanark:

  • Lanark Primary School (LPS) 1
  • Robert Owen Memorial Primary School (ROMPS) 1
  • St. Mary's Primary School 2

1 Indicates non-denominational school
2 Primarily a Roman Catholic school, but will accept other religious groups

Secondary Schools

There is one secondary school in Lanark:

1 Indicates non-denominational school

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ Scottish place names, W. F. H. Nicolaisen, p.164, 172, London, 1976
  2. ^ Scotland's Festival of History
  3. ^ The Gray Family of Hancock County, Maine, by Almon A. Gray, Walter A. Snow
  4. ^ [http://www.myspace.com/playtone Playtone Website
  • Historical Tours in the Clyde Valley. Published by the Clyde Valley Tourist Association and the Lanark & District Archaeological Association. Printed by Robert MacLehose and Company Limited, Renfrew, Scotland. 1982.
  • Building the Royal Burghs by John Barrett and David Iredale. Published in The Scots Magazine. Volume 142, Number 1. January 1995. pp 10 – 22.
  • Upper Clydesdale - A History and Guide by Daniel Martin. Published by the Tuckwell Press, Phantassie, East Linton. 1999.
  • Clydesdale District Guide. Published by Clydesdale District Guide. 1995.
  • Lanark Heritage Trail. Published by South Lanarkshire Council. 2001.

Maps


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

For other places with the same name, see Lanark (disambiguation).
Crown Tavern and St. Kentigern's Church
Crown Tavern and St. Kentigern's Church

Lanark is a historic town in Scotland. It is best known for the nearby UNESCO world heritage site of New Lanark, and as being the home town of the Scottish patriot William Wallace.

Get in

Lanark train and bus stations are adjacent to each other on Bannatyne Street.

By train

Travellers from Glasgow can take the train from Glasgow Central station (lower level) direct to Lanark. Travellers from Edinburgh can take a train to Motherwell (don't change at Holytown, which has no station facilities) and change there for a train to Lanark.

By bus

Irvine's Coaches operates an hourly coach service [240X] to Glasgow from Monday to Friday between 0600 hours and 1800 hours. There is also a reduced Saturday service. There's no direct coach or bus from Edinburgh, but you can make local connections by taking the bus to Biggar, from where you can catch a bus to Lanark bus station. There are also regular buses both to and from the nearby town of Carluke.

By car

Lanark lies at the junctions of the A70, A72 and A73 roads, all of which were major trunk roads before the building of the motorways. New Lanark is signposted on brown tourist signs from the M8 and M74 motorways.

  • New Lanark and the Falls of Clyde.
  • Lanark Museum, 8 West Port, +44 (0)1555 666680 (), [1]. 1030-1630 every Fri and Sat from Apr to Sep. Tells the history of the town, which is one of Scotland's oldest burghs.  edit
  • The Girnin Dog, Castlegate. A statue of a dog, erected in the 1840s by its owner. He suspected that his dog had been poisoned by a neighbour, so put up this statue on his roof, its reproachful expression directed to the home of the offending neighbour.  edit
  • Craignethan Castle, 9km north west of Lanark off the A72, 01555 860 364, [2]. Apr-Sep every day 9:30am-5:30pm, Oct every day 9:30am-4:30pm, Nov-Mar Sa-Su 9:30am-4:30pm. Castle built by Sir James Hamilton of Finnart in the 1530s. Adult £3.70, Child £1.85, Concession £3.00.  edit

Get out

The nearby town of Carluke is just 6 miles north of Lanark. Carluke is a nice rural market town with a selection of local shops in the town centre.

The Clyde Valley is a beautiful area located just outside Lanark and is well worth visiting. Scattered with pretty little villages along the valley and famous garden centres and public walkways, this is definitely a place you do not want to miss.

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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

LANARK, a royal, municipal and police burgh, and county town of Lanarkshire, Scotland, standing on high ground about half a mile from the right bank of the Clyde, 31 m. S.E. of Glasgow by the Caledonian railway. Pop. (1901) 6440. It is 1 I. Minette (Weiler, Alsace). II. Kersantite (Neubrunn, Thuringia). III. Vogesite (Castle Mountain, Montana). IV. Spessartite (Waldmichael, Spessart). V. Camptonite (Campton Falls). VI. Monchiquite (Ria do Ouro, Serra de Tingua). VII. Alniiite (Alno, Sweden).

a favourite holiday resort, being the point from which the falls of the Clyde are usually visited. The principal buildings are the town hall, the county buildings, the assembly rooms, occupying the site of an old Franciscan monastery, three hospitals, a convalescent home, the Smyllum orphanage and the Queen Victoria Jubilee fountain. The industries include cotton-spinning, weaving, nail-making and oilworks, and there are frequent markets for cattle and sheep. Lanark is a place of considerable antiquity. Kenneth II. held a parliament here in 978, and it was sometimes the residence of the Scottish kings, one of whom, William the Lion (d. 1214), granted it a charter. Several of the earlier exploits of William Wallace were achieved in the neighbourhood. He burned the town and slew the English sheriff William Hezelrig. About r m. N.W. are Cartland Craigs, where Mouse Water runs through a precipitous red sandstone ravine, the sides of which are about 400 ft. high. The stream is crossed by a bridge of single span, supposed to be Roman, and by a three-arched bridge, designed by Thomas Telford and erected in 1823. On the right bank, near this bridge, is the cave in which Wallace concealed himself after killing Hezelrig and which still bears his name. Lanark was the centre of much activity in the days of the Covenanters. William Lithgow (1582-1645), the traveller, William Smellie (1697-1763), the obstetrician and Gavin Hamilton (1730-1797), the painter, were born at Lanark. The town is one of the Falkirk district group of parliamentary burghs, the other constituents being Airdrie, Hamilton, Falkirk and Linlithgow.

New Lanark (pop. 795), I m. S., is famous in connexion with the socialist experiments of Robert Owen. The village was founded by David Dale (1739-1806) in 1785, with the support of Sir Richard Arkwright, inventor of the spinning-frame, who thought the spot might be made the Manchester of Scotland. In ten years four cotton mills were running, employing nearly 1400 hands. They were sold in 1799 to a Manchester company, who appointed Owen manager. In the same year he married Dale's daughter. For many years the mills were successfully conducted, but friction ultimately arose and Owen retired in 1828. The mills, however, are still carried on.

There are several interesting places near Lanark. Braxfield, on the Clyde, gave the title of Lord Braxfield to Robert Macqueen (1722-1799), who was born in the mansion and acquired on the bench the character of the Scottish Jeffreys. Robert Baillie, the patriot who was executed for conscience' sake (1684), belonged to Jerviswood, an estate on the Mouse. Lee House, the home of the Lockharts, is 3 m. N.W. The old castle was largely rebuilt in the 19th century. It contains some fine tapestry and portraits, and the Lee Pennyfamiliar to readers of Sir Walter Scott's Talisman-which was brought from Palestine in the 14th century by the Crusading knight, Sir Simon Lockhart. It is described as a cornelian encased in a silver coin. Craignethan Castle on the Nethan, a left-hand tributary joining the Clyde at Crossford, is said to be the original of the "Tillietudlem" of Scott's Old Mortality.


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Simple English

Scottish Town - Lanark
County South Lanarkshire
Population 8,253 (2001 census)
Ambulance Service Scottish
Fire Service Strathclyde
Police Strathclyde
Dialing Code +44(1555)******
This article is about the town in Scotland. For other uses, see Lanark (disambiguation).

Lanark is a town in South Lanarkshire, Scotland. It is close to Carluke and Biggar. Lanark is aproximately 40 miles from Edinburgh, the capital of Scotland. William Wallace once lived there. There is a statue of Wallace on the town church. A plaque remembers where he "first drew sword to free his native land" in 1296, when he killed Heselrig, the English sheriff of Lanark. This event forms the start of the Mel Gibson film, Braveheart.

Lanark is also notable for its annual Lanimer celebrations, where local children on coloured floats parade through the streets along with marching pipe bands. A Lanimer Queen is elected from the children, and crowned in a ceremony at the foot of the High Street. A Lord Cornet is chosen from local businessmen, and acts as escort for the Queen for the events of Lanimer Week.


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