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Lancaster
Borough constituency
House House of Commons
Created 1295, 1523 (1295, 1523)
Abolished 1376, 1867 (1376, 1867)
Lancaster division of Lancashire
County constituency
House House of Commons
Created 1885 (1885)
Abolished 1997 (1997)

Lancaster was a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of England then of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800 and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1867. Centred on the historic city of Lancaster in north-west England. It was represented by two Members of Parliament until the constituency was disenfranchised for corruption in 1867.

Under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, Lancaster was re-established for the 1885 general election as a county constituency. It then returned one Member of Parliament to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, with elections held under the first-past-the-post system. This constituency in turn was abolished when it was largely replaced by the new Lancaster and Wyre constituency for the 1997 general election.

Contents

Boundaries

Members of Parliament

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Lancaster borough

1295-1640

1640–1867

Year First member First party Second member Second party
November 1640 Thomas Fanshawe Royalist John Harrison Royalist
September 1642 Fanshawe disabled from sitting - seat vacant
September 1643 Harrison disabled from sitting - seat vacant
1645 Thomas Fell Sir Robert Bindlosse
December 1648 Bindlosse excluded in Pride's Purge - seat vacant
1653 Lancaster was unrepresented in the Barebones Parliament
1654 Major Henry Porter Lancaster had only one seat in the First and
Second Parliaments of the Protectorate
1656
January 1659 Henry Porter, junior Colonel William West
May 1659 Thomas Fell One seat vacant
April 1660 Sir Gilbert Gerard William West
1661 Richard Kirkby Sir John Harrison
1669 Richard Harrison
1679 William Spencer
1685 Roger Kirkby Henry Crispe
January 1689 Curwen Rawlinson Thomas Preston
November 1689 Roger Kirkby
1697 Fitton Gerard
1698 Robert Heysham
1702 Sir William Lowther
1705 William Heysham
1715 Dodding Bradyll
1716 William Heysham, junior
1722 Sir Thomas Lowther
1727 Christopher Tower
1734 Robert Fenwick
1745 Francis Reynolds
1747 Edward Marton
1758 (Sir) George Warren [2]
1773 Lord Richard Cavendish
1780 Wilson Braddyll Abraham Rawlinson
1784 Captain Francis Reynolds
1786 Sir George Warren
1790 John Dent
1796 Richard Penn
1802 Marquess of Douglas Whig
1806 John Fenton-Cawthorne
1807 Peter Patten
1812 John Fenton Cawthorne Tory Gabriel Doveton Whig
1818 John Gladstone Tory
1820 John Fenton Cawthorne Tory
1824 Thomas Greene Tory
1831 Patrick Maxwell Stewart Whig
1834 Conservative
1837 George Marton Conservative
1847 Samuel Gregson [3] Whig
1848 Robert Baynes Armstrong [4] Whig
1852 Samuel Gregson Whig
1853 Thomas Greene Conservative
1857 William James Garnett Conservative
1859 Liberal
1864 Edward Matthew Fenwick Liberal
1865 Henry William Schneider Liberal
1867 Constituency disfranchised for corruption [5]

Lancaster county constituency

1885-1997

Election Member Party
1885 Constituency re-created
1885 George Blucher Heneage Marton Conservative
1886 James Williamson Liberal
1895 Colonel William Foster Conservative
1900 Norval Watson Helme Liberal
1918 Archibald Hunter Coalition Conservative
1922 John Edward Singleton Conservative
1923 John Joseph O'Neill Liberal
1924 Gerald Strickland Conservative
1928 Robert Parkinson Tomlinson Liberal
1929 Herwald Ramsbotham Conservative
1941 Fitzroy Maclean Conservative
1959 Humphry Berkeley Conservative
1966 Stanley Henig Labour
1970 Elaine Kellett-Bowman Conservative
1997 constituency abolished: see Lancaster and Wyre

Notes

  1. ^ Awdeley was also elected for Stockbridge
  2. ^ Knighted (KB), 1761
  3. ^ On petition, Gregson's election was declared void and a by-election was held
  4. ^ On petition, Armstrong's re-election in 1852 was declared void and a by-election was held
  5. ^ Fenwick and Schneider were re-elected at the general election of 1865, but on petition their election was declared void. The constituency's writ was suspended, and a Royal Commission appointed to investigate. Following the Commission's report that it had found evidence of extensive bribery, the constituency was abolished and incorporated into the Northern Lancashire county division from the start of the next Parliament.

Election results

Elections in the 1940s

1945 General Election: Lancaster
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative F H R Maclean 27,090 49.42
Labour A Farrer 19,367 35.33
Liberal E S T Johnstone 8,357 15.25
Majority 7,723 14.09

Elections in the 1950s

1950 General Election: Lancaster
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative F H R Maclean 18,437 48.27 -1.15
Labour A Farrer 15,341 40.17 +4.84
Liberal H Rogerson 4,416 11.56 -3.69
Majority 3,096 8.11 -5.98
1955 General Election: Lancaster
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative F H R Maclean 19,873 56.46 +8.19
Labour C S B Atlee 15,324 43.54 +3.37
Majority 4,549 12.92 +4.81
1959 General Election: Lancaster
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative H J Berkeley 20,783 56.67 +1.21
Labour E Gardner 15,255 42.33 -1.21
Majority 5,528 15.34 +2.42

Elections in the 1960s

1964 General Election: Lancaster
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative H J Berkeley 18,811 53.53 -4.14
Labour E Gardner 16,330 46.47 +4.14
Majority 2,481 7.06 -8.28
1966 General Election: Lancaster
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour S Henig 18,168 52.62 +6.15
Conservative H J Berkeley 16,357 47.38 -6.15
Majority 1,811 5.25

Elections in the 1970s

1970 General Election: Lancaster
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative ME Kellett-Bowman 18,584 49.08 +1.70
Labour S Henig 16,843 44.48 -8.14
Liberal A Paton 2,436 6.43 N/A
Majority 1,741 4.60
Feb 1974 General Election: Lancaster
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative ME Kellett-Bowman 17,666 43.47 -5.61
Labour D Owen 15,197 37.40 -7.08
Liberal A Drury 6,898 16.97 +10.54
Independent Liberal P E Wallace 631 1.55
Independent G Darnton 245 0.6
Majority 2,493 6.08 +1.48
Oct 1974 General Election: Lancaster
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative ME Kellett-Bowman 16,540 42.61 -0.86
Labour D Owen 15,119 38.95 +1.15
Liberal M Mumford 7,161 18.45 +1.48
Majority 1,421 3.66 -2.42
1979 General Election: Lancaster
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative ME Kellett-Bowman 19,400 47.64 +5.03
Labour R Henig 15,174 37.27 -1.68
Liberal M Mumford 5,949 14.61 -3.84
BNP D F White 196 0.48
Majority 4,266 10.38 +6.72

Elections in the 1980s

1983 General Election: Lancaster
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative ME Kellett-Bowman 21,050 50.29 +2.65
Labour C Harkins 10,414 24.88 -12.39
Liberal W Booth 10,214 24.40 +9.79
Independent S R Leach 179 0.43
Majority 10,636 25.41 +15.03
1987 General Election: Lancaster
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative ME Kellett-Bowman 21,142 46.66 -3.63
Labour J Gallacher 14,689 32.42 +7.54
Liberal K C Brooks 9,003 19.87 -4.53
Green P F F Jones 473 1.04
Majority 6,453 14.24 -11.17
1992 General Election: Lancaster
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative ME Kellett-Bowman 21,084 45.58 -1.08
Labour R Henig 18,131 39.20 +6.78
Liberal Democrat J Humberstone 6,524 14.10 N/A
Green G Dowding 433 0.94 -0.10
Natural Law R Barcis 83 0.18
Majority 2,953 6.38 -7.86

References

  • Robert Beatson, A Chronological Register of Both Houses of Parliament (London: Longman, Hurst, Res & Orme, 1807) [1]
  • D Brunton & D H Pennington, Members of the Long Parliament (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1954)
  • Cobbett's Parliamentary history of England, from the Norman Conquest in 1066 to the year 1803 (London: Thomas Hansard, 1808) [2]
  • The Constitutional Year Book for 1913 (London: National Union of Conservative and Unionist Associations, 1913)
  • F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (2nd edition, Aldershot: Parliamentary Research Services, 1989)
  • Maija Jansson (ed.), Proceedings in Parliament, 1614 (House of Commons) (Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 1988) [3]
  • J E Neale, The Elizabethan House of Commons (London: Jonathan Cape, 1949)
  • J Holladay Philbin, Parliamentary Representation 1832 - England and Wales (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1965)
  • Henry Stooks Smith, The Parliaments of England from 1715 to 1847 (2nd edition, edited by FWS Craig - Chichester: Parliamentary Reference Publications, 1973)
  • Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs

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