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Coat of Arms of Landes
Location of Landes in France
Department number: 40
Region: Aquitaine
Prefecture: Mont-de-Marsan
Subprefectures: Dax
Arrondissements: 2
Cantons: 30
Communes: 331
President of the General Council: Henri Emmanuelli
Population Ranked 65th
 -1999 327,334
Population density: 35/km2
Land area¹: 9243 km2
¹ French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2.

Landes (Occitan: Lanas) is a département in southern France.



Landes is one of the original 83 départements that were created during the French Revolution on March 4, 1790. It was created from parts of the provinces of Guyenne and Gascony.

The Nobel Prize winning novelist François Mauriac set his novels in the Landes.


Landes is part of the current région of Aquitaine and is surrounded by the départements of Gironde, Lot-et-Garonne, Gers, and Pyrénées-Atlantiques, as well as the Atlantic Ocean on the west. With an area stretching over more than 9000 km², Landes is, after Gironde, the second largest department of the metropolitan French territory.

It is well known for the Côte d'Argent beach which is Europe's longest, and attracts many surfers to Mimizan and Hossegor each year.


The President of the General Council is Henri Emmanuelli of the Socialist Party.

Party seats
Socialist Party 24
French Communist Party 2
Union for a Popular Movement 2
New Centre 1
Miscellaneous Right 1


In terms of agriculture, Landes is known for its large pine forests which are the raw material for a timber and resin industries in the region. The forests were planted in the early nineteenth century to prevent erosion of the region's sandy soil by the sea.

See also

External links

Coordinates: 44°00′N 00°50′W / 44°N 0.833°W / 44; -0.833



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