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Landsberg am Lech
Coat of arms of Landsberg am Lech
Landsberg am Lech is located in Germany
Landsberg am Lech
Coordinates 48°02′52″N 10°53′56″E / 48.04778°N 10.89889°E / 48.04778; 10.89889
Administration
Country Germany
State Bavaria
Admin. region Upper Bavaria
District Landsberg am Lech
Town subdivisions 6 Ortsteile
Lord Mayor Ingo Lehmann (SPD)
Basic statistics
Area 57.89 km2 (22.35 sq mi)
Elevation 585-630 m
Population 27,721  (31 December 2006)
 - Density 479 /km2 (1,240 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate LL
Postal code 86899
Area codes 08191 08246 (Ellighofen)
Website www.landsberg.de
Post World War II DP camps
American sector camps
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Landsberg am Lech is a town in southwest Bavaria, Germany, about 65 kilometers west of Munich and 35 kilometers south of Augsburg. It is the capital of the district of Landsberg am Lech.

The town is noted for its prison where Adolf Hitler was incarcerated in 1924. During this incarceration Hitler wrote/dictated his book Mein Kampf together with Rudolf Hess. His cell, number 7, became part of the Nazi-cult and many followers came to visit it during the German Nazi-period. Landsberg am Lech was also known as the town of the Hitler youth. Following World War II it was the location for one of the largest Displaced Person (DP) camps for Jewish refugees and the place of execution for more than 150 war criminals after 1945.

It is the birthplace of the Nobel laureate Erwin Neher.

Contents

Geography

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Town areas

The town comprises three main areas. The historic old town centre of Landsberg, which lies between the river Lech and its easterly elevated bank. The area to the west of the river Lech (Katharinenvorstadt, Neuerpfting, Weststadt, Schwaighofsiedlung – today by far the biggest part of the town) and the area on the easterly elevated bank (Bayervorstadt) developed since the early 19th century.

Also belonging to Landsberg are the hamlets of Sandau and Pössing as well as the former independent boroughs of Ellighofen, Erpfting (with Friedheim, Geratshof and Mittelstetten), Pitzling (with Pöring) and Reisch (with Thalhofen).

Landsberg Concentration Camp

River Lech in Landsberg.

It began as a Nazi concentration camp. By October 1944, there were more than 5,000 prisoners in the camp. Comprised primarily of Jewish refugees from the Soviet Union and the Baltic states, it developed into one of the most influential DP camps in the Sh'erit ha-Pletah. It housed a Yiddish newspaper (the Yiddishe Zeitung), religious schools, and organizations to promote Jewish religious observance. The camp was liberated on April 28, 1945 by the 101st Airborne (506th PIR) and the 4th Division of the United States Army. Upon orders from General Taylor, the American forces allowed news media to record the atrocities, and ordered local German civilians and guards to reflect upon the dead and bury them bare-handed. After the liberation of the camp in 1945 it became a displaced person camp.

A dramatization of the discovery and liberation of the camp was presented in Episode 9: Why We Fight of the Band of Brothers mini-series.

A number of prominent leaders emerged from the camp, including Samuel Gringauz, who also became the chairman of the Council of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the U.S. zone. The camp also served as the headquarters for the Jewish education and training organisation ORT.

The camp closed on October 15, 1950.

Notable people

Twinnings

Sources

  • Burgett, Daniel R. (2001). Beyond the Rhine. New York: Dell Publishing. pp. 119–134.  

External links


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