Lane County, Oregon: Wikis

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Lane County, Oregon
Map of Oregon highlighting Lane County
Location in the state of Oregon
Map of the U.S. highlighting Oregon
Oregon's location in the U.S.
Seat Eugene
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

4,722 sq mi (12,230 km²)
4,554 sq mi (11,795 km²)
168 sq mi (435 km²), 3.55%
Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

322,959
70/sq mi (27/km²)
Founded January 29, 1851
Website www.co.lane.or.us

Lane County is a county in the U.S. state of Oregon. In 2008, its population was 346,560. It is named in honor of Joseph Lane, Oregon's first territorial governor. The seat of the county is Eugene.

Contents

Economy

Although 90 % of Lane County is forested, the county also contains the second-largest urban area in Oregon, comprising Eugene and Springfield.

The US Forest Service is landlord of 48% of the lands within the county boundaries, a fact which has contributed to the county's inability to fund basic government services. The federal land, which can not be taxed, previously generated hundreds of millions of dollars in logging-derived support for government, but that support was sharply reduced when various environmental regulations curtailed logging by approximately 78%. [1] Although Congress subsequently passed a series of revenue replacing bills culminating in the Secure Rural Schools and Community Self Determination Act (SRSCSDA) of 2000, the federal subsidies have not been adequate to fully replace logging as a means of supporting basic government services[2]. Today, according to the Oregon Criminal Justice Commission Report of 2009, Lane County crime rates are bad and continuing to worsen, but county law enforcement programs and services, from investigation to jail capacity, have been reduced to as little as 15% of state and national average capacity for a jurisdiction of similar size[3].

Historically, Lane County's economy has been based on timber and agriculture. Agriculture is important because of the fertile soil and moderate climate that exists in the Willamette Valley, making this valley one of the most productive farming areas in the nation. However, with the reductions in timber harvesting, and the continued pressure of population growth on many agricultural areas, these have become less important in the economic development of the county.

Growth in the next decades is predicted to shift away from these two pursuits to services, manufacturing of transportation equipment, printing and publishing, and high technology. A major manufacturer of recreation vehicles, Monaco Coach Corporation, is headquartered in Coburg, and operates one of four manufacturing plants there. Another major economic asset is the University of Oregon in Eugene. Lastly, with access to the mountains and the coast, tourism makes a noticeable contribution to the county's economy.

Geography

Cape Perpetua on the coastline of Lane County

Lane County is one of two Oregon counties that extend from the Pacific Ocean to the Cascades. (The other is Douglas County.) [4] According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 4,722 square miles (12,229 km²), of which, 4,554 square miles (11,795 km²) of it is land and 168 square miles (435 km²) of it (3.55%) is water. A portion of the Umpqua National Forest is in Lane County.

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Adjacent counties

National protected areas

Government

Presidential elections results
Year Republican Democratic
2008 34.9% 63,835 62.3% 114,037
2004 40.4% 75,007 58.0% 107,769
2000 40.4% 61,578 51.6% 78,583
1996 34.5% 48,253 49.7% 69,461
1992 27.5% 41,789 48.8% 74,083
1988 39.7% 47,563 58.4% 69,883
1984 48.9% 61,493 50.9% 63,999
1980 43.6% 54,750 41.6% 52,240

Lane County is governed by a County commission. Commissioners are elected officials and serve four-year terms. The current commissioners are:

  • Bill Dwyer, Springfield
  • Bill Fleenor, West Lane
  • Faye Stewart, East Lane
  • Pete Sorenson, South Eugene
  • Rob Handy, North Eugene

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1860 4,780
1870 6,426 34.4%
1880 9,411 46.5%
1890 15,198 61.5%
1900 19,604 29.0%
1910 33,783 72.3%
1920 36,166 7.1%
1930 54,493 50.7%
1940 69,096 26.8%
1950 125,776 82.0%
1960 162,890 29.5%
1970 213,358 31.0%
1980 275,226 29.0%
1990 282,912 2.8%
2000 322,959 14.2%
Est. 2008 346,560 7.3%

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 322,959 people, 130,453 households, and 82,185 families residing in the county. The population density was 71 people per square mile (27/km²). There were 138,946 housing units at an average density of 30 per square mile (12/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 90.64% White, 0.78% Black or African American, 1.13% Native American, 2.00% Asian, 0.19% Pacific Islander, 1.95% from other races, and 3.32% from two or more races. 4.61% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 18.3% were of German, 12.2% English, 9.6% Irish and 8.1% American ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 130,453 households out of which 28.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.90% were married couples living together, 10.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.00% were non-families. 26.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.92.

In the county, the population was spread out with 22.90% under the age of 18, 12.00% from 18 to 24, 27.50% from 25 to 44, 24.40% from 45 to 64, and 13.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 96.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $36,942, and the median income for a family was $45,111. Males had a median income of $34,358 versus $25,103 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,681. About 9.00% of families and 14.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.10% of those under age 18 and 7.50% of those age 65 or over.

History

Lane County was established on January 29, 1851. It was created from the southern part of Linn County and the portion of Benton County east of Umpqua County. It was named after the territory's first governor, Joseph Lane. Originally it covered all of southern Oregon east to the Rocky Mountains and south to the California border. When the Territorial Legislature created Lane County, it did not designate a county seat. In the 1853 election four sites competed for the designation, of which the "Mulligan donation" received a majority vote; however, since it was contiguous to the "Skinner claim" both became part of the new county seat known as Eugene.

In 1852 John Diamond, a pioneer from Eugene, led an exploration party to survey a shortcut for the Oregon Trail across the Cascade Range. Misled by word that the shortcut was complete, some 1500 people with 650 wagons left the usual Oregon Trail route in Idaho and followed Elijah Elliott through the central Oregon desert. The group couldn't decide which of the Cascade peaks was Diamond's landmark and followed sporadic blazes to Emigrant Pass at Summit Lake. In mid-October they abandoned their wagons and a rescue party eventually found them on the Middle Fork Willamette River and led them down to the Willamette Valley where they doubled the population of Lane County.[7]

It has been vastly reduced from its original size by several boundary changes. One of the first changes gave it access to the Pacific Ocean when it acquired the northern part of Umpqua County in 1853. With the creation of Wasco County in 1854, it lost all of its territory east of the Cascade Mountains. Minor boundary changes occurred with Douglas County in 1852, 1885, 1903, 1915, and 1917; with Linn County in 1907; and with Benton County in 1923.

Communities

Incorporated cities

Unincorporated communities

Former communities

See also

References

  1. ^ The Heartland Institute, http://www.heartland.org/publications/environment%20climate/article/12931/Federal_District_Court_Brings_Northwest_Timber_Sales_to_a_Standstill.html
  2. ^ Executive Summary Lane County Public Safety Report, http://www.lanecounty.org/cao_pscc/documents/PSTaskForceFinalReportSummary.pdf
  3. ^ 2009 Oregon Criminal Justice Commission, http://www.oregon.gov/CJC/docs/LaneCountyCriminalJusticeReportSec.pdf
  4. ^ "About Lane County". Official Lane County web site. http://www.co.lane.or.us/About/default.htm. 
  5. ^ Gumprecht Bannan, Jan (2002). Oregon State Parks: A Complete Recreation Guide. The Mountaineers Books. p. 56. ISBN 0898867940. http://books.google.com/books?id=boFO8l8R7BsC. 
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ Sullivan, William L. (2002). Thurman, Paula (Ed.). ed. Exploring Oregon's Wild Areas (3rd ed.). The Mountaineers Books. 

External links

Coordinates: 43°57′N 122°53′W / 43.95°N 122.88°W / 43.95; -122.88


Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

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Lane County, Oregon
Map
File:Map of Oregon highlighting Lane County.png
Location in the state of Oregon
Map of the USA highlighting Oregon
Oregon's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded January 29, 1851
Seat Eugene
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

 sq mikm²)
 sq mi ( km²)
 sq mi ( km²), 3.55%
wikipedia:Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

322959
Website: www.co.lane.or.us

Lane County is a county in the U.S. state of Oregon. In 2000, its population was 322,959. It is named in honor of Joseph Lane, Oregon's first territorial governor. The seat of the county is Eugene.

Contents

Economy

Although 90 % of Lane County is forested, the county also contains the second-largest urban area in Oregon, comprising Eugene and Springfield. The Forest Service is landlord of 48% of the lands within the county boundaries.

Historically, Lane County's economy has been based on timber and agriculture. Agriculture is important because of the fertile soil and moderate climate that exists in the Willamette Valley, making this valley one of the most productive farming areas in the nation. However, with the reductions in timber harvesting, and the continued pressure of population growth on many agricultural areas, these have become less important in the economic development of the county.

Growth in the next decades is predicted to shift away from these two pursuits to services, manufacturing of transportation equipment, printing and publishing, and high technology. A major manufacturer of recreation vehicles, Monaco Coach, is headquartered in Coburg, and operates one of four manufacturing plants there. Another major economic asset is the University of Oregon in Eugene. Lastly, with access to the mountains and the coast, tourism makes a noticeable contribution to the county's economy.

Geography

Cape Perpetua on the coastline of Lane County

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 12,229 km² (4,722 sq mi). 11,795 km² (4,554 sq mi) of it is land and 435 km² (168 sq mi) of it (3.55%) is water.

Adjacent counties

Demographics

As of the census² of 2000, there were 322,959 people, 130,453 households, and 82,185 families residing in the county. The population density was 27/km² (71/sq mi). There were 138,946 housing units at an average density of 12/km² (30/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 90.64% White, 0.78% Black or African American, 1.13% Native American, 2.00% Asian, 0.19% Pacific Islander, 1.95% from other races, and 3.32% from two or more races. 4.61% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 130,453 households out of which 28.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.90% were married couples living together, 10.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.00% were non-families. 26.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.92.

In the county, the population was spread out with 22.90% under the age of 18, 12.00% from 18 to 24, 27.50% from 25 to 44, 24.40% from 45 to 64, and 13.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 96.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $36,942, and the median income for a family was $45,111. Males had a median income of $34,358 versus $25,103 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,681. About 9.00% of families and 14.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.10% of those under age 18 and 7.50% of those age 65 or over.

History

Lane County was established on January 29, 1851. It was created from the southern part of Linn County and the portion of Benton County east of Umpqua County. Originally it covered all of southern Oregon east to the Rocky Mountains and south to the California border. When the Territorial Legislature created Lane County, it did not designate a county seat. In the 1853 election four sites competed for the designation, of which the "Mulligan donation" received a majority vote; however, since it was contiguous to the "Skinner claim" both became part of the new county seat known as Eugene.

It has been vastly reduced from its original size by several boundary changes. One of the first changes gave it access to the Pacific Ocean when it acquired the northern part of Umpqua County in 1853. With the creation of Wasco County in 1854, it lost all of its territory east of the Cascade Mountains. Minor boundary changes occurred with Douglas County in 1852, 1885, 1903, 1915, and 1917; with Linn County in 1907; and with Benton County in 1923.

Communities

Incorporated cities

Unincorporated communities

External links

Coordinates: 43°57′N 122°53′W / 43.95, -122.88

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Lane County, Oregon. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
Facts about Lane County, OregonRDF feed
County of country United States  +
County of subdivision1 Oregon  +
Short name Lane County  +

This article uses material from the "Lane County, Oregon" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

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