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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This is a list of bodies that regulate standard languages.


Natural languages

Languages Regulators
Afrikaans Die Taalkommissie, South Africa
Albanian Academy of Sciences of Albania, Tirana, Albania
Arabic Academy of the Arabic Language (مجمع اللغة العربية, Syria, Egypt, Jordan, Morocco, Iraq)
Aragonese Academia de l'Aragonés [1], Aragon, Spain
Armenian Armenian Academy of Sciences
Asturian Academia de la Llingua Asturiana
Bangla / Bengali Bangla Academy, Dhaka, Bangladesh,

or Paschimbanga Bangla Academy, Kolkata, West Bengal

Basque Euskaltzaindia-Royal Academy of the Basque language
Belarusian Iнстытут мовы i лiтаратуры iмя Я. Коласа і Я. Купалы Нацыянальнай Акадэміі навук БеларусіJ. Kolas and J. Kupala Institute of Language and Literature at the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus
Bulgarian Institute for Bulgarian Language [2] at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences
Burmese Myanmar Language Commission
Catalan Institut d'Estudis Catalans and Acadèmia Valenciana de la Llengua (for the valencian standard)
Cebuano Visayan Academy of Arts and Letters, Philippines
Mandarin Chinese State Language and Letters Committee of the PRC (国家语言文字工作委员会); Standard Mandarin is also regulated by the Mandarin Promotion Council (國語推行委員會) of the Republic of China
Cornish Cornish Language Partnership (Keskowethyans an Taves Kernewek)
Croatian Vijeće za normu hrvatskoga standardnog jezika (Council for Standard Croatian Language Norm)

attached to the Institut za hrvatski jezik i jezikoslovlje [3] (Institute of Croatian Language and Linguistics)

Czech Czech Language Institute (Ústav pro jazyk český)
Danish Dansk Sprognævn (Danish Language Board)
Dalecarlian Ulum Dalska
Dari Academy of Sciences of Afghanistan
Dutch Nederlandse Taalunie (Dutch Language Union)
Dzongkha (Dzongkha Development Commission)
Estonian Language Board at the Mother Tongue Society [4] (Emakeele Seltsi keeletoimkond) sets rules and standards, authoritative advice is given by the Institute of the Estonian Language [5]
Faroese Faroese Language Board (Føroyska málnevndin)
Filipino Komisyon sa Wikang Filipino [6]
Finnish Kielitoimisto (Language Planning Department of the Research Institute for the Languages of Finland)
French Académie française (French Academy), Office québécois de la langue française (Quebec Office of the French Language)
Friulian Agjenzie Regjonâl pe Lenghe Furlane (Regional Agency for the Friulian Language) [7]
Galician Real Academia Galega (Royal Galician Academy, official)
German Rat für deutsche Rechtschreibung [8] (Council for German Orthogaphy)
Hebrew Academy of the Hebrew Language (האקדמיה ללשון העברית)
Hindi Central Hindi Directorate (regulates use of Devanagari script and Hindi spelling in India.[1])
Hungarian Magyar Tudományos Akadémia Nyelvtudományi Intézete (Research Institute for Linguistics at the Hungarian Academy of Sciences)
Icelandic Árni Magnússon Institute for Icelandic Studies
Igbo Society for Promoting Igbo Language and Culture
Indonesian Pusat Bahasa (Language Center)
Irish Foras na Gaeilge
Italian Accademia della Crusca
Japanese No official centralized regulation, but de facto regulations by Agency for Cultural Affairs (文化庁) at the Ministry of Education of Japan (文部科学省)
Kannada Various academies and Government of Karnataka
Kashubian Radzëzna Kaszëbsczégò Jãzëka (Commission of the Kashubian Language) [9]
Korean The National Institute of the Korean Language [10] (국립국어원)
Latin Opus Fundatum Latinitas (Latin in the Roman Catholic Church)
International Code of Botanical Nomenclature (of the International Association for Plant Taxonomy: botanical Latin)
International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (of the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature: zoological Latin)
Latvian Latvian State Language Center (Valsts Valodas Centrs)
Lithuanian Commission of the Lithuanian Language (Valstybinė lietuvių kalbos komisija)
Lusoga Lusoga Language Authority, (LULA) (Uganda)
Macedonian Macedonian Language Institute "Krste Misirkov",
Malay Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka (The Institute of Language and Literature)
Maltese Akkademja tal-Malti
Manx Coonseil ny Gaelgey
Maori Maori Language Commission
Mixtec Ve'e Tu'un Sávi (Academy of the Mixtec Language)
Mongolian (Mongolia) Council of the official state language (Төрийн хэлний зөвлөл). Decisions have to be confirmed by the Mongolian government. [11]
Norwegian (Bokmål and Nynorsk) Norwegian Language Council
Occitan Conselh de la Lenga Occitana (Occitan Language Council)
Pashto Academy of Sciences of Afghanistan
Persian Academy of Persian Language and Literature (فرهنگستان زبان و ادب فارسی)
Polish Rada Języka Polskiego (Polish Language Council)
Portuguese (Brazil) Academia Brasileira de Letras (Brazilian Literary Academy)
Portuguese (Portugal) Academia das Ciências de Lisboa, Classe de Letras
Romanian (Romania) Institutul de Lingvisticǎ al Academiei Române (Institute for Linguistics of the Romanian Academy)
Romanian (Moldova) Academia de Ştiinţe a Moldovei
Russian Russian Academy (1783-1841); Russian Language Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences (since 1944)
Scots Scotland: Scots Tung, promotes Lowland Scots.

Ireland: the Ulster-Scots Agency, a cross-border agency, promotes Ulster Scots.

Scottish Gaelic Bòrd na Gàidhlig maintains the national plan for Gaelic, to promote its use and make Gaelic culture accessible
Serbian Matica Srpska, Board for Standardization of the Serbian Language, Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts
Sindhi Sindhi Language Authority[12]
Slovak Slovak Academy of Sciences (Slovenská akadémia vied)
Slovene Slovene Academy of Sciences and Arts
Sorbian Serbski institut - website
Spanish Asociación de Academias de la Lengua Española (constituted by the Real Academia Española plus 21 other separate national academies in the Spanish speaking world)
Swahili Baraza la Kiswahili la Taifa
Swedish Swedish Language Council (semi-official)
Swedish (Finland) Svenska språkbyrån (Swedish Language Department of the Research Institute for the Languages of Finland)
Tamil Thanjavur Tamil University and Official language Commission of Government of Tamil Nadu
Telugu Telugu Academy and Official Language Commission of Government of Andhra Pradesh
Tetum National Institute of Linguistics at the National University of East Timor
Thai The Royal Institute (Thailand) (ราชบัณฑิตยสถาน)
Turkish Turkish Language Association
Ukrainian National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
Urdu National Language Authority, Pakistan
Võro Võro Institute
Waray Sanghiran San Binisaya ha Samar ug Leyte (Academy for Samar-Leyte Visayan) [13] defunct
Welsh Welsh Language Board (Bwrdd yr Iaith Gymraeg) [14]
West Frisian Fryske Akademy (Frisian Academy)
Wolof Centre de linguistique appliquée de Dakar (Center of Applied Linguistics of Dakar at the Cheikh Anta Diop University in Dakar, Senegal)
Yiddish YIVO [15]
Yoruba The Yoruba Academy

Auxiliary languages



The auxiliary language Interlingua has no regulating body, as its vocabulary, grammar, and orthography are viewed as a product of ongoing social forces. In theory, Interlingua therefore evolves independent from any human regulator. Interlingua's vocabulary is verified and recorded by dynamically applying certain general principles to an existing set of natural languages and their etymologies.

Constructed languages

Languages such as Esperanto and Ido have been constructed (or planned) by a person or small group, before being adopted and developed by communities of users. Bodies such as the Akademio de Esperanto look at questions of usage in the light of the original goals and principles of the language.

Languages Regulators
Esperanto Akademio de Esperanto
Ido Uniono por la Linguo Internaciona Ido
Klingon Marc Okrand and Klingon Language Institute
Lojban Logical Language Group

See also



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