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This article is about the demographic features of the population of Botswana, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

Demographics of Botswana, Data of FAO, year 2008 ; Number of inhabitants in thousands.

Botswana, like many nations in southern Africa, suffers from a high AIDS infection rates, estimated in a 2002 UN report to be 38.8% for adults. Demographic data from the 2001 Botswana census are included for comparison with 2006 CIA estimates.


CIA World Factbook demographic statistics

The following demographic statistics are from the 2006 CIA World Factbook.

Selected demographic data from the 2001 Botswana census is included for comparison.



1,680,863 (2001)
1,990,876 (July 2009 est.) [1]
Note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected.

Age structure

0-14 years: 38.3% (male 319,531/female 309,074)
15-64 years: 57.9% (male 460,692/female 488,577)
65 years and over: 3.8% (male 23,374/female 38,585) (2006 est.)

Median age

Total: 21.7 years
Male: 21.5 years
Female: 21.9 years (2009 est.)

Population growth rate

1.937% (2009 est.)

Birth rate

22.89 births/1,000 population (2009 est.)

Death rate

8.52 deaths/1,000 population (2009 est.)

Net migration rate

5 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.) [2]
note: there is an increasing flow of Zimbabweans into Botswana and South Africa in search of better economic opportunities.


Urban population: 60% of total population (2008)
Rate of urbanization: 2.5% annual rate of change (2005-10 est.)

Sex ratio

At birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
Under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female(s)
15-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female(s)
65 years and over: 0.68 male(s)/female(S)
Total population: 1 male(s)/female(S) (2009 est.)

Infant mortality rate

Total: 12.59 deaths/1,000 live births
Male: 13.43 deaths/1,000 live births
Female: 11.73 deaths/1,000 live births (2009 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

Total population: 61.85 years
Male: 61.72 years
Female: 61.99 years (2009 est.)

Total fertility rate

2.6 children born/woman (2009 est.)


Adult prevalence rate: 23.9% (2007 est.)
People living with HIV/AIDS: 300,000 (2007 est.)
Deaths due to AIDS: 11,000 (2007 est.)

No national survey of HIV/AIDS prevalency has been done in Botswana.

Major infectious diseases

Degree of risk: high
Food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
Vectorborne disease: malaria (2009)


Noun: Motswana (singular), Batswana (plural)
Adjective: Motswana (singular), Batswana (plural)

Ethnic groups

Tswana 79%, Kalanga 11%, Basarwa 3%, Kgalagadi 3%, White African 3%, other 1%


Christian 71.6%, Badimo 6%, other 1.4%, unspecified 0.3%, Buddhist 0.1%, none 20.6% (2001 census)


Tswana 78.2%, Ikalanga 7.9%, Sekgalagadi 2.8%, English 2.1% (official), other 8.6%, unspecified 0.4% (2001 census)


Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 81.2%
Male: 80.4%
Female: 81.8% (2007 est.)

Education expenditure

8.7% of total GDP (2007)


 This article incorporates public domain material from the CIA World Factbook document "2009 edition".


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