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This article is about the demographic features of the population of Burundi, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

Demographics of Burundi, Data of FAO, year 2005 ; Number of inhabitants in thousands.

At 206.1 persons per km²., Burundi has the second-largest population density in Sub-Saharan Africa. Most people live on farms near areas of fertile volcanic soil. The population is made up of three major ethnic groups -- Bahutu (Hutu), Batutsi or Watusi (Tutsi), and Batwa (Twa). Kirundi is the common language. Intermarriage takes place frequently between the Hutus and Tutsis. The terms "pastoralist" and "agriculturist," often used as ethnic designations for Watusi and Bahutu, respectively, are only occupational titles which vary among individuals and groups. Although Hutus encompass the majority of the population, historically Tutsis have been politically and economically dominant.


CIA World Factbook demographic statistics

The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated.



Note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2009 est.)

Age structure

0-14 years: 46.3% (male 1,884,825/female 1,863,200)
15-64 years: 51.1% (male 2,051,451/female 2,082,017)
65 years and over: 2.6% (male 83,432/female 125,143) (2006 est.)

Median age

Total: 16.7 years
Male: 16.5 years
Female: 17.0 years (2009 est.)

Population growth rate

3.279% (2009 est.)

Birth rate

41.42 births/1,000 population (2009 est.)

Death rate

12.67 deaths/1,000 population (2009 est.)

Net migration rate

4.04 immigrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)


Urban population: 10% of total population (2009 est.)
Rate of urbanization: 6.8% annual rate of change (2005-10 est.)

Sex ratio

At birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
Under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.68 male(s)/female
Total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2009 est.)

Infant mortality rate

Total: 59.64 deaths/1,000 live births
Male: 66.32 deaths/1,000 live births
Female: 55.76 deaths/1,000 live births (2009 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

Total population: 52.09 years
Male: 51.2 years
Female: 53.01 years (2009 est.)

Total fertility rate

6.33 children born/woman (2009 est.)


Adult prevalence rate: 2% (2007 est.)
People living with HIV/AIDS: 110,000 (2007 est.)
Deaths: 11,000 (2007 est.)

Major infectious diseases

Degree of risk: very high
Food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
Vectorborne disease: malaria
Water contact disease: schistosomiasis
Animal contact disease: rabies (2009)


Noun: Burundian(s)
Adjective: Burundian

Ethnic groups

Hutu (Bantu) 85%, Tutsi 14%, Twa (Pygmy) 1%, Europeans 7,000, South Asians 2,000


Christian 67% (Roman Catholic 62%, Protestant 5%), indigenous beliefs 22.9%, Muslim 10%, Buddhist 0.1%


Kirundi (official), French (official), Swahili (along Lake Tanganyika and in the Bujumbura area)


Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 59.3%
Male: 67.3%
Female: 52.2% (2003 est.)

Education expenditure

5.1% of GDP (2005)


PD-icon.svg This article incorporates public domain material from the CIA World Factbook document "2008 edition".


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