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Languages of Malaysia: Wikis

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derive from the Malayo-Polynesian languages subgroup. Malaysia is a multicultural nation. The national, or official, language is Malay which is the mother tongue of the majority Malay ethnic group. The main ethnic groups within Malaysia comprise the Malays, Chinese and Indians, with many other ethnic groups represented in smaller numbers. The largest native languages spoken in East Malaysia are the Iban language and the Kadazan language. English is widely understood in service industries and is a compulsory subject in primary and secondary school. It is also the main language spoken in most private colleges and universities. 

Reflecting this multicultural environment, the languages spoken can be grouped as follows

  • Malay languages:
Malay
Kelantanese
Terengganuan
Kedahan
Sarawakian
Bajau
Negeri Sembilan Malay
Banjar
Bruneian
Indonesian
  • Malaysian Chinese languages:
Mandarin
Cantonese
Hokkien
Hakka
Foochowese
Teochew
  • Malaysian Indian languages:
Tamil - also by ethnic Tamils of Sri Lankan origin
Malayalam
Telugu
Punjabi
Gujarati
Urdu
Hindi
  • East Malaysian languages:
Iban
Kadazan
Bajau
Kelabit
Bidayuh
Kayan
  • Other languages and groups:
English
Burmese
Thai
Sinhalese
Filipinos

See also

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