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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Lantian Man
Fossil range: Pleistocene
Lantian Man, Reconstruction in the Shaanxi History Museum, Xian (taken in March 2006)
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Domain: Eukarya
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Primates
Family: Hominidae
Genus: Homo
Species: H. erectus
Subspecies: H. e. lantianensis
Trinomial name
Homo erectus lantianensis
(Woo Ju-Kang, 1964)

Lantian Man (simplified Chinese: 蓝田人traditional Chinese: 藍田人pinyin: Lántián rén), formerly Sinanthropus lantianensis (currently Homo erectus lantianensis) is a subspecies of Homo erectus. Its discovery in 1963 was first described by J. K. Woo the following year.

Remnants of Lantian Man (called Lantian Ren; 蓝田人 in Chinese) were found in Lantian County (蓝田县; pinyin: Lántián Xiàn), in China's northwestern Shaanxi province, approximately 50 km southeast of the city of Xi'an. Shortly after the discovery of the mandible (jaw bone) of the first Lantian Man at Chenjiawo (陈家窝), also in Lantian County, a cranium (skull) with nasal bones, right maxilla, and three teeth of another specimen of Lantian Man were found at Gongwangling (公王岭), another site in Lantian County.

The cranial capacity is estimated to be 780 cubic centimetres (48 cu in), somewhat similar to that of its contemporary, Java Man.

Lantian Man is older than the better-known Peking Man, but possibly younger than Yuanmou Man, who according to some estimates may have lived about 1.7 million years ago in modern-day China.

These fossils are believed to come from two females who lived about 530,000 to 1 million years ago, the second being the older one by about 400,000 years. Gongwangling Man represents the oldest fossil of an erect human ever found in northern Asia. Scientists classify Lantian Man as a subspecies of Homo erectus. The fossils are displayed at the Shaanxi History Museum, Xi'an, China.

In the same strata as and close to the Lantian Man fossils, animal fossils and stone artifacts were found, such as treated pebbles and flakes. The presence of these stone artifacts and as well as ashes suggests that Lantian Man used tools and could control fire.



  • Woo, J. (1964). "Mandible of Sinanthropus lantianensis". Current Anthropology 5 (2): 98–101. doi:10.1086/200457.  
  • Woo, J. (1965). "Preliminary report on a skull of Sinanthropus lantianensis of Lantian, Shensi". Scientia Sinica 14 (7): 1032–1036. PMID 5829059.  
  • Woo, J. (1966). "The skull of Lantian Man". Current Anthropology 7 (1): 83–86. doi:10.1086/200664.  
  • Woo, J. K. (1964). "A newly discovered mandible of the Sinanthropus type – Sinanthropus lantianensis". Scientia Sinica 13: 801–811. PMID 14170540.  
  • Aigner, J. S.; Laughlin, W. S. (1973). "The Dating of Lantian Man and His Significance for Analyzing trends in Human Evolution". American Journal of Physical Anthropology 39 (1): 97–110. doi:10.1002/ajpa.1330390111. PMID 4351579.  

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