Lanzarote: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Lanzarote
Native name: Lanzarote
Flag of Lanzarote with coat of arms.png
Flag of Lanzarote
Geography
LZ Canarias.png
Location Atlantic Ocean
Coordinates 29°02′06″N 13°37′59″W / 29.035°N 13.633°W / 29.035; -13.633Coordinates: 29°02′06″N 13°37′59″W / 29.035°N 13.633°W / 29.035; -13.633
Archipelago Canary Islands
Total islands 7
Major islands Gran Canaria, Tenerife
Area 845.9 km²
Highest point Peñas del Chache, Famara (671 m)
Country
Spain
Autonomous Community Canary Islands
Province Las Palmas
Largest city Arrecife (pop. 55,203)
President Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero
Demographics
Population 127,457 (as of 2006)
Density 209 /km2 (540 /sq mi)
Ethnic groups Spanish, other minority groups

Lanzarote, a Spanish island, is the easternmost of the autonomous Canary Islands, in the Atlantic Ocean, approximately 125 km off the coast of Africa and 1,000 km from the Iberian Peninsula. Covering 845.9 km2, it stands as the fourth largest of the islands. The first recorded name for the island, given by Angelino Dulcert, was Insula de Lanzarotus Marocelus, after the Genoese navigator Lancelotto Malocello, from which the modern name is derived. The island's name in the native language was Titerro(y)gatra, which may mean "the red mountains".

Contents

Geography

Lanzarote is situated at 29°00' north, 13°40' west. It is located 11 km north-east of Fuerteventura and 1 km from Graciosa. The dimensions of the island are 60 km from north to south and 25 km from west to east. Lanzarote has 213 km of coastline, of which 10 km are sand, 16.5 km are beach, and the remainder are rocky. Its dramatic landscape includes the mountain ranges of Famara (671m) in the north and Ajaches (608m) to the south. South of the Famara massif is the El Jable desert which separates Famara and Montañas del Fuego.

The mountainous area of Lanzarote is called Timanfaya National Park. The tallest mountain is Peñas del Chache elevating 670m above sea level. The "Tunnel of Atlantis" is the largest submerged volcanic tunnel in the world. The island is a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve protected site.

Lanzarote is the easternmost island of the Canary Islands and has volcanic origin. It was born out of fiery eruptions and has solidified lava streams as well as extravagant rock formations.

Geology

View over a lava field towards the Montañas del Fuego.

Lanzarote is of volcanic origin. The island was created about 35 million years ago by the Canary hotspot. Alfred Wegener arrived in 1912 and studied the island and showed how it fitted in with his theory of continental drift. The island along with others was created after the breakup of the African and the American continental plates.

The greatest recorded eruptions occurred between 1730 and 1736.

Demographics

Papagayo beach

As of 2008, a total of 139,506 people lived on Lanzarote[1] which is an increase of 9.4% from 2006 (127,457)[2]. The seat of the island government (Cabildo Insular) is in the capital, Arrecife, which has a population of 59,040[1]. The majority of the inhabitants (73.9%) are Spanish, with a sizeable number of residents from other European nations, mainly British (4.0%), Germans (2.6%) and Irish (2.5%)[3]. Other populous groups include immigrants from Colombia, Morocco, Ecuador, Western Africa, China and India, which constitute for a large proportion of the remaining 15.6% of the population.

Ethnic Group Population  % of Lanzarote's Population
Spaniards 99,929 73.9%
Colombians 5,703 4.2%
Britons 5,420 4.0%
Moroccans 3,606 2.7%
Germans 3,450 2.6%
Irish 3,378 2.5%
Ecuadorians 1,950 1.4%
Other ethnicities 11,758 8.7%

The island has its own international airport, Arrecife Airport, through which 5,438,178 passengers travelled in 2008[4]. Tourism has been the mainstay of the island's economy for the past forty years, the only other industry being agriculture.

Lanzarote is part of the province of Las Palmas, and is divided into seven municipalities:

Flora and fauna

Vines growing in volcanic lapilli in the La Geria region of Lanzarote. The low, curved walls are traditionally used to protect the vines from the constant wind.

There are five hundred different kinds of plants and lichen on the island. 17 of the plants are endemic and there are 180 different lichen. Lichens survive in the suitable areas like the rock and introduce its own weathering. These plants have adapted to the relative scarcity of water, the same as succulents. Plants include the Canary Island Date Palm (Phoenix canariensis), which are found in damper areas of the north, Canary Island Pine (Pinus canariensis), ferns, and wild olive trees (Olea europaea). Laurisilva trees which once covered the highest parts of Risco de Famara are rarely found today. After the winter rainfalls, the vegetation comes to a colorful bloom between February and March.

The fauna of Lanzarote is more monotonous than the plant life, except for bats and other types of mammals which accompanied humans to the island, including the dromedary which was used for agriculture and is now a tourist attraction. Lanzarote has thirty-five types of animal life, including birds (such as falcons), and reptiles. Some interesting endemic creatures are the Gallotia lizards, and the blind deep-water Remipedia crabs found in the Jameos del Agua lagoon, which was created by a volcanic eruption.

The vineyards of La Gería (a sub-zone of the Lanzarote Denominación de Origen wine region), with their traditional methods of cultivation, are a protected area. Single vines are planted in pits 4-5m wide and 2-3m deep, with small stone walls around each pit. This agricultural technique is designed to harvest rainfall and overnight dew and to protect the plants from the winds. The vineyards are part of the World Heritage Site as well as other sites on the island.

History

Lanzarote was probably the first Canary Island to be settled. The Phoenicians settled there around 1100 BC. The Greek writers and philosophers Herodotus, Plato and Plutarch described the garden of Hesperids, the land of fertility where fruits and flowers smell in the part of the Atlantic.

The first known record came from Pliny the Elder in the encyclopedia Naturalis Historia on an expedition to the Canary Islands. The names of five islands (then called Insulae Fortunatae) were recorded as Canaria (Gran Canaria), Ninguaria (Tenerife), Junonia Mayor (La Palma), "Plivalia" (El Hierro) and Capraria (La Gomera). Lanzarote and Fuerteventura, the two easternmost Canary Islands, were only mentioned as the archipelago of the "purple islands". The Roman poet Lucan and the Egyptian astronomer and geographer Ptolemy gave their precise locations.[5] After the fall of the Roman Empire, the Canary islands became abandoned until 999 AD when the Arabs arrived at the island and was known as al-Djezir al-Khalida and other names.

In 1336, a ship arrived from Lisbon under the guidance of Lanzarote da Framqua, alias Lancelotto Malocello. A fort was later built in the area of Montaña de Guanapay near today's Teguise.

Jean de Béthencourt arrived in 1402 on a private expedition to the Canary Islands and brought slavery to the island as well as raw materials. Bethencourt first visited the south of Lanzarote at Playas de Papagayo. In 1404, the Castilians with the support of the King of Castile came and fought against a rebellion among the local Guanches. The islands of Fuerteventura and El Hierro were later conquered.

In 1585, the Ottoman admiral Murat Reis captured Lanzarote. In the 17th century, pirates raided the island and took 1,000 inhabitants to slavery in Cueva de los Verdes.

From 1730 to 1736 (for 2,053 days), the island was hit by a series of volcanic eruptions, creating 32 new volcanoes in a stretch of 18 km. The minister of Yaiza Don Andrés Lorenzo Curbelo documented the eruption in detail until 1731. Lava covered a quarter of the island's surface, including the most fertile soil and eleven villages. One hundred smaller volcanoes were located in the area called Montañas del Fuego.

In 1768, drought affected the island and winter rains did not fall. Much of the population was forced to emigrate to Cuba and the Americas. Another volcanic eruption occurred within the range of Tiagua in 1824 which was not as bad as the major eruption between 1730 and 1736.

In 1927, Lanzarote as well as Fuerteventura became part of the province of Las Palmas.

In 2007, a team from the Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria and a team from the Universidad de Zaragoza, Spain uncovered the prehistoric settlement of El Bebedero yielding about 100 Roman potsherds, nine pieces of metal, and one piece of glass. The artifacts were found in strata dated between the first and fourth centuries A.D. The finds show that Romans did trade with the Canaries, though there is no evidence of their ever settling there.[5]

Notables

Among the notables who have lived on the island are César Manrique, an artist; José Saramago, a Portuguese Nobel Prize for Literature winner, and Princess Alexia of Greece and Denmark and her husband, Carlos Morales Quintana.

The movies Krull (1983), Enemy Mine (1985), One Million Years B.C. (1966) and Broken Embraces (2009) were partially filmed on Lanzarote.

Gallery

Hacha Grande, in the south of the island, viewed from the road to Papagayo beach.

References

  1. ^ a b "Datos de Lanzarote - Población de derecho de Lanzarote según municipio". http://www.datosdelanzarote.com/itemDetalles.asp?idFamilia=6&idItem=4078. Retrieved 2009-11-24. 
  2. ^ "Datos de Lanzarote — Población de derecho de Lanzarote según municipio". http://www.datosdelanzarote.com/itemDetalles.asp?idFamilia=6&idItem=3291. Retrieved 2007-11-08. 
  3. ^ "Informe sobre la Población de Lanzarote — Marzo 2006" (pdf). http://www.datosdelanzarote.com/Uploads/doc/20070404140857465InformePobLanarote06.pdf. Retrieved 2009-11-24. 
  4. ^ "Tráfico de pasajeros, operaciones y carga en los aeropuertos españoles 2008" (pdf). http://estadisticas.aena.es/csee/ccurl/12.Estadistica_Diciembre_2008.pdf. Retrieved 2009-11-24. 
  5. ^ a b "Roman Trade with the Canary Islands". http://www.archaeology.org/9705/newsbriefs/canaries.html. Retrieved 2009-11-24. 
  • Pott, Joachim/Hüppe, Joachim/de la Torre, Wofredo Wildpret Die Kanarischen Inseln. Natur- und Kulturlandschaften = The Canary Islands. Natural and Cultural Landscapes, Ulmer : Stuttgart 2003, 320 S., 295 color photos, 28 colored graphica, 3 tables. (represented and illustrated by Geobotanik). ISBN 3-8001-3284-2.
  • Wilkens, Horst: Lanzarote — Blind Crabs, Hoopoes and Volcanoes. A Guide to the Countryside, Plants and Animals of an Exceptional Volcanic Island. NATURALANZA Ulrike Strecker 2009, 120 pages, with colour photos.
  • Strecker, Ulrike & Wilkens, Horst: Lanzarote — Life on Lava. Book of Illustrations of the most impressive landscapes, animals and plants. 120 pages, more than 90 colour photos, hardcover.

External links

Advertisements

Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Lanazarote is in the Canary Islands, part of Spain.

Entrance to the Timinfaya national park, with volcanic landscape behind.
Entrance to the Timinfaya national park, with volcanic landscape behind.
Map of Lanzarote showing key towns and sites of interest.
Map of Lanzarote showing key towns and sites of interest.

Lanzarote is in the same time zone as London (GMT). It also puts the clocks backwards and forward for British Summer Time in March and October at the same time as the UK - hence there is never a time difference between the UK and the island.

  • Arrecife - the island's capital

Understand

Not all that much is known about the Island's early history, because most archaeological evidence has either been buried under lava or carried off by raiders. The Phoenecians were there, followed by the Romans. The Arabs then settled the island, the French explored it, and the Spanish conquered it.

The island thrived for a while by producing cochineal, an expensive, crimson dye taken from the carapace of a scale insect that lives on cactus. Cochineal is used for dying fabric, decorating china, in cosmetics, and as a food colouring.

The eruptions in 1730-1736 covered a quarter of the island's surface, destroying its most fertile farmland and eleven villages. Still, visitors marvel at how stone walls and semi-surrounds are used to capture moisture to grow crops elsewhere on this decidedly desert island.

The coherence and beauty of the island's cultural and tourist centres is largely the legacy of the local artist César Manrique (1919-1992). He also played a key role in having the island declared a World Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO in 1993.

Talk

Lanzarote islanders speak Spanish (Castilian) with a distinct Canary Island accent and some vocabulary not found on the Spanish mainland.

Lanzarote's principal economic activity is tourism, and a large proportion of tourists are from Ireland and the U.K. so most people working with tourists can speak at least some basic English.

Most restaurants offer menus in Spanish, English, and German. Although, do remember that this is a Spanish speaking island and try not to get too flustered if the local people cannot understand you. Many residents speak some English or German as a second language, but it helps inmensively to speak slowly and using simple words/grammar when not being able to speak Spanish.

Get in

The island's only airport is just to the west of Arrecife, with the airport designator code ACE. In addition to the charter flights that serve Lanzarote from Northern Europe, there are scheduled flights operated to some of the other Canary Islands, to the Spanish mainland and to a few international locations, most notably London (Gatwick).

Some of the airlines serving Lanzarote (ACE) include: Iberia, Spanair, AirEuropa, EasyJet, Binter, Thomsonfly, Thomas Cook, Hapag Lloid, Air Berlin, Jetair, Lauda Air, Aer Lingus, Ryanair and Jet2.

  • Bus and Taxi. Taxis are good value on the island.
  • Hire car. Car hire is relatively cheap in Lanzarote. A hire car is the best option for discovering the remote wilderness regions. Reputable companies include AutoReisen, ORCAR, CICAR, Cabrera Medina, PaylessCAR. It only takes about 40 minutes to cross the entire island from North to South by car, and about 25 minutes across.

Public transport is quite inconvenient. It does not serve any of the tourist sights, and should be avoided. Hire cars are a far better idea.

Lanzarote tends to be a bit windy, and often a bit more in July, making motor scooters or bicycles a little difficult and risky.

The Airport is served only by a small bus that stops at both terminals to the city of Playa Honda and the Capital Arrecife, so it would be necessary to go there to connect to other destinations by BUS. Buses leave about twice per hour daily for most of the day, except for Sundays when there is a reduced schedule. Check ARRECIFEBUS for bus schedules (bus line 23). As in 2006, bus fare from the airport to Arrecife is about 1€ and from Arrecife to Puerto del Carmen about 1.5€. A Taxi ride from the Airport to Puerto del Carmen can range from 12€ to 24€. And around 30 Euros to the resort of Playa Blanca at the south of the island.

  • ATMs. ATMs at the airport charge about 8 euros to get cash, wait until you get into the resorts where it will be 1.50 euros
  • Timanfaya National Park is a volcanic landscape that has barely changed since its eruption in the 1730s and covers a quarter of the island's surface. For many, the highlight of their visit to Lanzarote.
    • Montañas del Fuego (Mountains of Fire) are located within the park, +34 928 84 00 57. Every day, 9AM-5:45PM (last tour at 5PM). Restaurant +34 928 17 31 05, every day, 12PM-3PM. Entrance is by bus or car leading to the Islote de Hilario, where a sloped car park leads up to a shop, bar and restaurant which were designed by César Manrique. The admission fee includes a bus tour around the interior of the park with a narrated history in Spanish, English and German. The restaurant has a panoramic view of the park, and the meat is roasted over the underground heat of the islote, which reaches hundreds of degrees at a depth of only a few metres. €8.
    • Timanfaya National Park Visitors' Centre, located just outside the northern limit of the park, on the road to Mancha Blanca and Tinajo. The permanent display and audio-visual presentations explain the origins of the island, the recent volcanic activity that formed the park, and the flora and fauna of what appears at first glance to be a dead landscape. Admission free.
  • Jameos del Agua, located in the Malpais de La Corona in the north of the island. Every day, 10AM-6:30PM, and Tu,F,Sa 7PM-2AM. Restaurant Tu,F,Sa 7:30PM-11:30PM. Neat dress (no shorts or t-shirts) and no flash or lit photography after 7PM. A jameo is a volcanic formation formed when the ceiling of an underground lava tunnel collapses, exposing a section of the tunnel to the sky. A bar, restaurant, swimming pool, and concert hall were all built within one such formation near the coast under the guidance of César Manrique, and opened to the public in 1966. €8.
  • Cueva de los Verdes ("Green's Cave") is located a few hundred metres inland from the Jameos del Agua, and is part of the same tunnel. +34 928 84 84 84. Every day, 10AM-6PM, last entry 5PM. A guided tour takes you through a succession of caverns and tunnels formed by an underground river of lava. The melted rock and mineral formations are well lit, and the demonstration of their acoustical qualities is truly surprising. €8.
  • Mirador del Rio is a lookout located at the northermost tip of the island. It has a comfortable bar and lounge offering a magnificent panoramic view of the small islands to the north of Lanzarote.
  • Jardín de Cactus ("Cactus Garden"), Guatiza. +34 928 52 93 97. Every day, 10AM-6PM, last entry 5:45PM. Entry fee includes a drink at the bar. €8.
  • Fundación César Manrique, Taro de Tahiche. +34 928 84 31 38 / 84 30 70. Every day, 10AM-7PM. €7.50.Visit César Manrique's superb house, built inside 5 volcanic bubbles.
  • Casa Monumento al Campesino ("House of Monument to the Peasant"), San Bartolomé. +34 928 52 01 36. Every day, 10AM-6PM. Restaurant 12PM-4:30PM, 6PM-1AM.
  • Whales and Dolphins Museum, Puerto Calero. The Museo de Cataceos de Canarias is a very informative museum with friendly and knowledgeable staff. Ideal for family holiday trips in Lanzarote located in Puerto Calero's attractive marina space. It's certainly an appropriate museum for the Canary Islands, as dolphins and whales abound in the surrounding Atlantic waters. Outside the museum is a giant skeleton of a whale - giving you an idea of what to expect inside. The museum explores the evolution of whales and dolphins in detail through life sized reproduction models, skeleton collections, sounds and interactive displays, photographs and biological samples[1].
  • Agricola Museum, Echedey, 18 35558,Tiagua, Tel / Fax: +34 928.529.134, [2]. Open M-F 10AM-5:30PM and Sa 10AM-2:30PM. This is a great place to see what life used to be like on Lanzarote for the farmers and settlers. There are lots of exhibits covering everything from tools and implements to a typical household layout on this large and interesting site. Two flour mills, a winery, animals and a working farm are all on offer for visitors to see. Often missed by tourist buses this site is easy to find an well preserved.
  • Lanzarote's Beaches: Lanzarote has a number of beautiful beaches and a rugged, fabulous coastline to explore.

Itineraries

Drive from Yaiza along the LZ-704 to El Golfo on the west coast, where there are a couple of black sand beaches and a long row of restaurants along the shore. From there head south along the coast road LZ-703, stopping at the lookout, the Charco Los Clicos, and Los Hervideros. Continue past the salt pans at the Laguna De Jaunubio then return to Yaiza along the LZ-2.

Do

The beaches. There are also water activities such as snorkeling, scuba diving, surfing, windsurfing, parasailing and canoeing. There is also a water park (with bus service from Puerto del Carmen), a Zoo Park (Guinate Park), an aquarium-type park and a wild-west themed animal park (Rancho Texas). You can also take submarine trips from Ports in Puerto del Carmen and Puerto Calero. One of the island's most enjoyable things to do is relax, lie at the beautiful beaches during the day and enjoy a nice meal in the evening. There is an array of shops ranging from digital hardware shops to bazaars but be wary, you can get a good bargain if you can haggle a little with the shopkeepers. Don't worry, these guys are well used to people asking for a better deal than what they are offering.

Try Scuba Diving from Costa Teguise, Playa Blanca or Puerto del Carmen. Lanzarote offers some of the best diving in Europe.

Image:ActiveDiving lanzarote.jpg
Scuba Diving in Lanzarote

Eat

Traditional

The local cuisine is typical of the Canary Islands:

  • Mojo means sauce. The most common varieties are:
    • mojo picón (hot, spicy) made from red chillis,
    • mojo verde (green) made either from green pepper or coriander (cilantro),
    • mojo hervido (boiled) made from spices and lemon.
  • Papas arrugadas ("wrinkly potatoes") are cooked unpeeled in salt water then baked dry. Customarily served with a mojo sauce.
  • Gofio is a flour substitute milled from a variety of cereals like wheat, corn (maize), barley, etc., or a mixture of them. It is sometimes served by local restaurants in entreé dishes as a small patty of moist dough, and also forms the basis for local pastries and pie bases.

Restaurants noted for local cuisine:

  • La Era, Yaiza.
  • Casa Monumento al Campesino, San Bartolomé.
  • Restaurante Museo Internacional de Arte Contemporaneo, Castillo de San José, Arrecife (on the coast just to the north of Arrecife, inside a Castle turned museum).

However, it is worth noting that in many of the resorts there are very few true Canarian restaurants. Most of those present tend to focus on English food (English fried breakfast, Roasts etc). If you are going on a package holiday it would be a huge saving to pay the extra for all-inclusive, especially if you're not likely to travel far from the resort. Self catering can be quite difficult in resort areas; the supermarkets open at 8am, siesta between 1pm and 4pm and close at 9pm, making it quite difficult to plan in advance.

Non traditional

There are many non-traditional places to eat out in the main resort towns, serving a wide range of food such as Greek, Chinese, Indian, and Mexican.

Sleep

Lanzarote has a broad selection of hotels and other forms of holiday accommodation. Most hotels are clustered in and around the major resorts of Puerto del Carmen, Playa Blanca and Costa Teguise.

  • Gran Melia Lanzarote, [3] C / El Castillo n° 1, (34) 928 519185 - The Hotel Gran Meliá Volcán Lanzarote counts a total of 255 bedrooms (49 of them in the Royal Service) spread over 20 typical houses. The rooms provide spectacular views over the islands Fuerteventura, Isla de Lobos, the Papagayo Beaches, the Yacht-Harbour "Marina Rubicón", Playa Blanca and the extensive pool and gardens areas of the hotel.
  • Gran Melia Salinas, [4] Avda. Islas Canarias, s/n , (34) 928 590040 - Situated in the north of the Lanazarote Island, Gran Meliá Salinas is in close proximity to the architecturally historical capital of Teguise, as well as Arrecife airport, Jameos del Agua, and Cueva de los Verdes.
  • Castillo Schlaraffenland, Camino del Meson 45 (La Assomada), +34 928511159, [5]. The apartments of Castillo Schlaraffenland that are build in César Manrique style are situated in the middle of the island, just 250m above Puerto Calero. All three apartments have been build into volcano rocks and have a stunning view across the Atlantic coast and Fuerteventura island.  edit

Drink

The tap water is treated sea water, brackish, and not recommended for drinking. Try to drink bottled water, which is affordable.

There are many bars in the tourist areas, in particular Irish bars in Puerto del carman.

Alcohol is very cheap in supermarkets. A 1 l bottle of San Miguel is around 1€, and a can of beer as little as €0.50. However, in bars and clubs, the same beer would cost around €3.50. There is no duty on alcohol purchased in Lanzarote (other than VAT at 5%) so restaurants tend to make a lot of their money from the selling of alcohol at a significant - but to foreign vistors seemingly imperceptible - markup. Again, if a package exists which is all-inclusive, it might be a good idea to pay the little bit extra in the long run.

Supermarkets vary greatly in price the most expensive are Netto (about 25% more expensive), then Hiperdino supermarkets, these are the larger ones and tend to have good local produce at reasonable prices,lastly there are SPAR stores.

Watch out for the cost of fresh fruit and veg as this has to be transported refrigerated by ship from afar and can be expensive, a fresh pinapple can cost 8 euros.

Some prices (supermarkets):

Can of coke: €0.60,
Can of beer: €0.50,
Litre of wine: €0.63,
Orange juice: €0.80

Some prices (Restaurants):

Coke (200ml): €2,
Beer: €3.50,
Litre of wine €8,
Orange juice (fresh): €3.20

Stay safe

While a generally safe country, as always beware of pickpockets and keep hold of any personal belongings. There are local police stations in all major cities and somewhat frequent police patrols around the streets. Emergency service phone number is the European standard "112".

This article is an outline and needs more content. It has a template, but there is not enough information present. Please plunge forward and help it grow!

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

LANZAROTE, an island in the Atlantic Ocean, forming part of the Spanish archipelago of the Canary Islands. Pop. (1900) 17,546; area, 326 sq. m. Lanzarote, the most easterly of the Canaries, has a length of 31 m. and a breadth varying from 5 to 10 m. It is naked and mountainous, bearing everywhere marks of its volcanic origin. Montana Blanca, the highest point (2000 ft.), is cultivated to the summit. In 1730 the appearance of half the island was altered by a volcanic outburst. A violent earthquake preceded the catastrophe, by which nine villages were destroyed. In 1825 another volcanic eruption took place accompanied by earthquakes, and two hills were thrown up. The port of Naos on the south-east of the island affords safe anchorage. It is protected by two forts. A short distance inland is the town of Arrecife (pop. 3082). The climate is hot and dry. There is only a single spring of fresh water on the island, and that in a position difficult of access. From the total failure of water the inhabitants were once compelled to abandon the island. Dromedaries are used as beasts of burden. Teguise (pop. 3786), on the north-west coast; is the residence of the local authorities. A strait about 6 m. in width separates Lanzarote from Fuerteventura.

Graciosa, a small uninhabited island, is divided from the north-eastern extremity of Lanzarote by a channel r m. in width, which affords a capacious and safe harbour for large ships; but basaltic cliffs, 1500 ft. high, prevent intercourse with the inhabited part of Lanzarote. A few persons reside on the little island Allegranza, a mass of lava and cinders ejected at various times from a now extinct volcano, the crater of which has still a well-defined edge.


<< Domenico Giovanni Giuseppe Maria Lanza

Luigi Lanzi >>


Simple English

Lanzarote is one of the Canary Islands.

Contents

Geography

Lanzarote is one of the two islands in the east of the Canary Islands. It is located 100 km west of the Western African coast line and 11 km north of the neighbouring island Fuerteventura. Its dimensions are from east to west coast 16.5 km, from north to south 60 km. The island was created by vulcano eruptions. There is only a few vegetation on it. About 130,000 people live on Lanzarote. The greatest town and main town is Arrecife.

Economy

Lanzarote has one international airport. It lives mainly on tourism. Most tourist come for sunbathing, swimming, windsurfing or snorkling. There is a few agriculture, too. Espacially there are some vineyards.

Gallery

Other websites

Error creating thumbnail: sh: convert: command not found
Wikimedia Commons has images, video, and/or sound related to:

Coordinates: 29°01′30″N 13°39′29″W / 29.025°N 13.658°W / 29.025; -13.658


Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message