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Lapland (Finland): Wikis

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Lapland
Lapin maakunta
Lapplands landskap
—  Region  —

Coat of arms
Country Finland
Capital Rovaniemi
Area
 - Total 98,984 km2 (38,217.9 sq mi)
Population (2009)
 - Total 184,000
 Density 1.9/km2 (4.8/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 - Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
ISO 3166 code LL
NUTS

Lapland (Finnish: Lappi; Northern Sami: Lappi; Swedish: Lappland) is one of the Regions of Finland. The municipalities in the province cooperate in a Regional Council. It borders the Region of North Ostrobothnia in the south. It also borders to the Gulf of Bothnia, Norrbotten County in Sweden, Finnmark County and Troms County in Norway and to Murmansk Oblast in Russia. In some parts of the world, particularly Britain, Ireland and Finland itself, it is considered the traditional home of Santa Claus (Joulupukki).

Contents

Historical provinces

For history, geography and culture see: Laponia, Österbotten and Västerbotten

Lapland was separated from the province of Oulu in 1936. After the Second World War, the Petsamo and Salla areas were ceded to the Soviet Union. Under the royalist constitution of Finland during the first half of 1918, Lapland was to become a Grand Principality and part of the inheritance of the proposed king of Finland.

Lapland was one of the Provinces of Finland, until the provinces were abolished on January 1, 2010.[1]

Population

Wilderness in Enontekiö

Lapland is the home of about 3.6% of Finland's population, and is by far the least densely populated area in the country. The biggest towns in Lapland are Rovaniemi (the regional capital), Kemi, and Tornio. Of the more than 185 000 inhabitants, less than 5% are Sami people.

Administration

The State Provincial Office was a joint regional authority of seven different ministries. It promoted national and regional objectives of the State central administration.

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Regional Council

The 21 municipalities of Lapland are organised into a single Region, where they cooperate in the Lapland Regional Council, Lapin liitto or Lapplands förbund.

Sami Domicile Area

The northermost municipalities of Lapland where the Sami people are the most numerous, form the Sami Domicile Area. Sami organization exists in parallel with the provincial one.

Municipalities

Heraldry

The Regional Council of Lapland uses the Finnish variation of the coat of arms for Laponia. The coat of arms for the Province of Lapland was composed out of the coats of arms of Laponia and Ostrobothnia.

Lapland impact on Finnish numismatics

Most of the gold used to mint Finnish gold coins comes from Lapland. Lapland itself has been the main motif for a recent commemorative coin, the Finish First Finnish gold euro commemorative coin, minted in 2002. On the reverse side, the midnight sun above a lake in Lapland can be observed.

Notes

See also

External links

Lapland
Regional flower
- Finnish
- Latin
Globe-flower
- Kullero
- Trollius europaeus
Regional bird Bluethroat
Regional fish Salmon

Coordinates: 67°N 26°E / 67°N 26°E / 67; 26


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