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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Lapu-Lapu is also the name of the grouper fish in the Philippines. For the city, see Lapu-Lapu City.
Lapu-Lapu

Lapu-Lapu's statue on Mactan Island in the Philippines.
Other names Kaliph Pulaka, Cali Pulacu, Kalipulako
Occupation Chieftain
Known for commanding Visayan forces that killed Ferdinand Magellan.

Lapu-Lapu (14911542) was the datu of Mactan, an island in the Visayas in the Philippines, who is known as the first native of the archipelago to have resisted Spanish colonization. He is now regarded as the first Filipino hero.[1][2]

On the morning of April 27, 1521, Lapu-Lapu and the men of Mactan, armed with spears, kampilan and kalasag, faced Spanish soldiers led by Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan. In what would later be known as the Battle of Mactan, Magellan and several of his men were killed.

According to Sulu oral tradition, Lapu-Lapu was a Muslim chieftain,[3] and was also known as "Kaliph Pulaka".[4] Other Moros also recognize him as a Muslim and as a Tausūg.[5] A variant of the name, as written by Carlos Calao, a 17th century Chinese-Spanish poet in his poem "Que Dios Le Perdone" (Spanish, "That God May Forgive Him") is "Cali Pulacu".[6]

In the 19th century, the propagandist Mariano Ponce used a variant name, "Kalipulako", as one of his pseudonyms.[7] The 1898 Philippine Declaration of Independence refers to Lapu-Lapu as "King Kalipulako de Maktan".[8]

Contents

Commemoration

The Cebuano people have erected a statue in his honor on Mactan Island and renamed the town of Opon in Cebu to Lapu-Lapu City. A more recent statue was given as a gift to the Philippines by South Korea in 2005. It stands in Rizal Park in the national capital of Manila.[9]

Lapu-Lapu appears as a central figure in the official seal of the Philippine National Police[10] and as the main design on the defunct 1-centavo coin circulated in the Philippines from 1967-1974.[11]

During the First Regular Session of the 14th Congress of the Philippines, Senator Richard Gordon introduced a bill proposing to declare April 27 as an official Philippine national holiday to be known as Adlaw ni Lapu-Lapu, (Cebuano, "Day of Lapu-Lapu").[12]

A type of red grouper native to the Philippines is commonly known as "Lapu-Lapu" [13] in the island of Luzon, but more commonly known in the Visayas and Mindanao islands as "Pugapo", (Cebuano, "fish of the shore").

Two Filipino films, both called "Lapu-Lapu", have been made about the figure - the first in 1955[14] and the second in 2002.[15] The latter stars actor-turned-politician Lito Lapid and Joyce Jimenez.[15]

Chief Lapu-Lapu cocktail is an alcoholic drink named in his honor.[16][17]

A street in the South of Market neighborhood of San Francisco, California is named after Lapu-Lapu.[18]

See also

Further reading

  • Agoncillo, Teodoro A. Magellan and Lapu-Lapu. Fookien Times Yearbook, 1965, p. 634.
  • Alcina, Francisco, Historia de las Islas e Indios de Bisaya, MS 1668.
  • Correa, Gaspar, Lendas de India, Vol. 2, p. 630.
  • Cruz, Gemma, "Making Little Hero of Maktan."
  • Estabaya, D. M., 445 Years of Lapu-lapu, Weekly nation 1: 26-27, April 25, 1966.
  • Pigafetta, Antonio, Primo Viaje en Torno al Globo Terraqueo, Corredato di Notte de Carlo Amoteti, Milano, 1800.

References

  1. ^ Zaide, Sonia M. (1994). The Philippines:A Unique Nation. All Nations Publishing Co., Inc.. pp. 83–84. ISBN 971-642-005-6. 
  2. ^ De Guzman, Maria O. (1967). The Filipino Heroes. National Bookstore, Inc.. pp. 58. ISBN 971-08-2987-4. 
  3. ^ "Lapu-Lapu and the Battle of Mactan". The Manila Bulletin Online. 2001. http://www.mb.com.ph/issues/2004/04/27/OPED200404278218.html. Retrieved 2008-07-09. 
  4. ^ Ang, Josiah C.. "Historical Timeline of the Royal Sultanate of Sulu Including Related Events of Neighboring Peoples". http://www.seasite.niu.edu/Tagalog/Modules/Modules/MuslimMindanao/historical_timeline_of_the_royal.htm. Retrieved 2008-07-11. 
  5. ^ "Lapu-Lapu and the battle of Mactan". http://www.bangsamoro.info/modules/wfsection/article.php?articleid=33. Retrieved 2008-08-07. 
  6. ^ Halili, Ma. Christine N. (2004). Philippine History. REX Bookstore, Inc.. pp. 74. ISBN 978-971-23-3934-9. 
  7. ^ "Bulacan, Philippines: General Info: Heroes and Patriots: Mariano Ponce". http://www.bulacan.gov.ph/generalinfo/hero.php?id=32. Retrieved 2008-08-01. 
  8. ^ Kalaw, Maximo M. (2005). "Appendix A: Act of the Proclamation of Independence of the Filipino People (Spanish-to-English translation culled from John Taylor's Philippine Insurgent Records)". The development of Philippine politics. University of Michigan Library. http://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/t/text/pageviewer-idx?c=philamer&cc=philamer&idno=afj2233.0001.001&frm=frameset&view=image&seq=433. Retrieved 2008-07-31. "Hernando de Magallanes, who arrived upon the shores of Cebu, ...was killed in the battle which took place on said shores, to which he was provoked by King Kalipulako de Maktan, who was suspicious of his bad intentions..." 
  9. ^ "Gordon, Garcia recall victory at Mactan, honor Lapu-Lapu". http://www.senate.gov.ph/press_release/2008/0427_gordon1.asp. Retrieved 2008-07-09. 
  10. ^ "PNP Seal Symbolism". http://www.pnp.gov.ph/about/content/seal.html. Retrieved 2008-06-09. 
  11. ^ "American Numismatic Society". http://numismatics.org/collection/2004.9.7460. Retrieved 2008-06-10. 
  12. ^ Gordon, Richard J.. "An Act to declare April 27 of every year as a special non-working holiday throughout the country to commemorate the victory of Lapu-Lapu and his men over the Spaniards led by Fernando Magallanes...". http://www.senate.gov.ph/lisdata/70996341!.pdf. Retrieved 2008-07-11. 
  13. ^ "Lucky lapu-lapu, ATV, boatmen and rice". GMANews.tv. 2008-04-12. http://www.gmanews.tv/story/88641/Lucky-lapu-lapu-ATV-boatmen-and-rice. Retrieved 2008-06-09. 
  14. ^ "Lapu-Lapu (1955)". http://www.kabayancentral.com/video/lvn/cplvnll.html. Retrieved 2008-06-10. 
  15. ^ a b "Lapu-Lapu (2002)". http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0345547/. Retrieved 2008-06-10. 
  16. ^ "Cocktail of the Day: Chief Lapu Lapu". http://tikijohnny.com/?p=35. Retrieved 2008-06-09. 
  17. ^ Williams, Nicole Prentice. "Locals Only". http://www.rachaelraymag.com/travel-tips/best-trips/locals-only/locals-only---laguna-beach/article.html. Retrieved 2008-06-09. 
  18. ^ "Lapu Lapu Street in San Francisco". http://maps.google.com/maps?q=lapu+lapu+street+san+Francisco&ie=UTF8&oe=utf-8&client=firefox-a&t=h&z=17&iwloc=addr. Retrieved 2008-08-13. 

External links

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Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Lapu Lapu article)

From Wikitravel

Lapu-Lapu is an island city of Cebu Province in the Philippines.

Get in

By plane

Lapu-Lapu City is located in Mactan Island, Cebu, Philippines, so the fastest way to get to Lapu-Lapu City, Cebu, Philippines is by air. The Mactan-Cebu International Airport is located in Lapu-Lapu City where foreign visitors, local visitors and residents may fly direct to Cebu from Doha, Hong Kong, Busan, Singapore, Taipei, Tokyo, Seoul, Kuala Lumpur and Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia thru this airport. International flight from budget carrier is also flying direct to this airport from Singapore and Hong Kong.Facilities and amenities include a shopping center, duty-free shop, souvenir shops, cafés, business centers, food shops, communication facilities, banking facilities, car rentals, hotel and resort reservations, beauty & health services.

Cathay Pacific Airways, Philippine Airlines (the Philippine's flag carrier) and Cebu Pacific, a new budget carrier, fly between Hong Kong and Cebu daily while Silkair and Cebu pacific fly between Cebu and Singapore daily. Philippine Airlines service between Cebu-Tokyo daily except Mondays and Cebu-Seoul, four times a week, Cebu-Kuala Lumpur twice a week, and Cebu-Kota Kinabalu 2x a week. Malaysian Airlines fly from Kuala Lumpur via Kota Kinabalu to Cebu twice a week, and twice Cebu-Kuala Lumpur direct as well. Qatar Airways meanwhile fly from Doha to Cebu three times weekly. Visitors may also pass through via Seoul-Incheon as Asiana Airlines, Cebu Pacific, Philippine Airlines have a 4x a week flight to Cebu each, Korean Air has a 3x a week flight. Taipei is another point of entry as China Airlines / Mandarin Airlines have a 2x weekly flight.

Lapu-Lapu City is also the domestic air hub of the Philippines with close to 60 flights daily on average to and from popular destinations and key cities all over the archipelago such as Manila, Kalibo, Puerto Princesa, Boracay, Clark, Siargao (Surigao), Zamboanga, Davao, Bacolod, Iloilo, Cagayan de Oro, Camiguin, General Santos, and Leyte.

Visitors from North America, Europe, Middle East, and the rest of the world may fly first to Singapore or Hong Kong or Seoul or Kuala Lumpur to catch a flight to Lapu-Lapu City. There are also flights to Lapu-Lapu City from Clark International airport, from which there are further flights on discount airlines to Macau, Kuala Lumpur and Singapore and other points.

Charter flights are also available in some select destinations especially China, Russia and the USA.

By boat

As part of Cebu Province, going to Lapu-Lapu City is thru Cebu City's domestic port which is the biggest and busiest in the island. Then you can take taxi to Lapu-Lapu City that cost less than $US3.00 or take ferry boat from Pier 3 to Muelle Osmena that cost less than US$0.25

Large passenger ferries with a capacity of 2,000 to 4,000 passengers ply the more distant routes such as Manila, Davao, Zamboanga and Cagayan de Oro. Medium-sized vessels such as the roll-on/roll-off (roro) types ply nearer destinations while fast ferries transport passengers to and from neighboring islands in two hours or less depending on the destination.

Get around

The simplest way to get around is by hopping on a tricycle or multicab (small jeepney). Taxi is also available for a comfortable trip. Note: Always ask for taxi meter if you opt to pay by meter. Currently, flagdown rate is at 35PhP and 2.50PhP per succeeding 200 meters and 2.50PhP per waiting time of two minutes. Drivers however may bargain if they notice that you are a tourist, hence the cost of the trip may double in price. However, you have the option not to agree and may report such to local authorities. If you know the name of the building, establishment, area or street you wish you reach, this is still the fastest way to get to your destination.

If you opt for more adventure, then do as the locals and catch a colorful jeepney. Simply ask around for which route to take. They are available 24 hours and cover most of the nooks and crannies of the city. This is the cheapest option for getting around for as low as 7PhP.

  • Lapu-lapu Shrine
  • Mactan island hopping
  • Scuba diving
  • Beach bumming in white sand beaches like Shangrila, Plantation Bay, Blue Waters, White Sands, Tambuli Beach Club

Scuba diving in Mactan, Cebu is by far one of the best in the Philippines. There are several dive operators that can serve your needs. You may do shore entry in few areas but most dive sites can be reached by boat. You can go to Kontiki, Talima, Tinggo, Hilutungan (sanctuary), Nalusuan (sanctuary), Shangri-la, Cordova and more. From Mactan, you can also hire an outrigger (boat) to take you to Cabilao or Balicasag, Bohol. Other famous dive sites is in north of Cebu Province: Malapascua (for tresher shark), and down south of Cebu Province is Moalboal.

See the Philippine Culture in all its amazing glory - Native dances that show the grace and heritage of the Philippines - The Jungle Restaurant and Entertainment - Maribago - http://thejunglerestaurant.weebly.com/

  • The Jungle Restaurant and Entertainment, Bagumbayan, Maribago (Close to White Sands beach resort), 032 238 8641, [1]. 12 pm until 12 am. The Jungle is fast becoming a major tourist attraction on Mactan Island. We offer a Filipino or International Foods with a Filipino / International Cultural Show. We offer Dances from Philippines, Korea, Japan, India, Hawaii, and many other countries. The best is our Fire Dancers. We are open 7 days a week with Lunch show at 12:30, and Dinner Shows at 6:30, 8, 10 pm. We have been labeled by many Travel Agency's and Tour Guides as " THE BEST AND MOST EXCITING FOOD AND ENTERTAINMENT ON MACTAN ISLAND " Please check out our website for all our info, and videos. http://thejunglerestaurant.weebly.com/ P250 and up.  edit

Sleep

Budget

Travelers can find budget rooms and apartments in Lapu-Lapu City for adventure visit and budget trip. There are places to stay as low as US$100 for one week.

  • Cebu Residencia Lourdes, +63322362446, [2]. Cebu Residencia Lourdes is just 10 minutes from the beaches and very near Mactan International Airport. It is 3km away to the Mactan beaches, Lapu-Lapu Monument, and Mactan Shrine. Their facilities includes Internet access on rooms, dry cleaning / laundry services, and restaurant / cafe / bar. Room rates starts at Php 950.00. Best rates on official website start at Php950.00.  edit
  • Microtel Grand Resorts Mactan Punta Engaño Road, Mactan Island. Reasonably priced but very stylish beachfront hotel 10 minutes from the Mactan airport. Amenities include an in-house restaurant, pool, and wireless Internet.
  • Cebu Hilton Resort and Spa, Mactan Island, Cebu, [3].  edit
  • Crown Regency Suites Mactan, Maximo Patalinhug Jr. Avenue, Lapu-Lapu City, Cebu, Philippines., +63-32-341-4586 to 94 (fax: +63-32-341-4595), [4]. Crown Regency Suites is comfortably close to the Mactan Export Processing Zone II and is only minutes away from one of the world's best beaches and the Mactan International Airport. Best rates on official website start at US$85.  edit
  • Lancaster Hotels Cebu Brgy. Pusok, Mactan Island, Lapu-Lapu City. Like its sister hotel in Mandaluyong City, Lancaster Cebu provides suites fully furnished with a private kitchen and personalized service most suitable for long-staying business travelers.
  • Cebu Yacht Club - Island Village, 63323402939, [5]. Is located at the Mactan Export Processing Zone. They're close to shopping malls and restaurants, and a comfortable 500 m from Mactan International Airport. It's only 6 km away from the The University of San Carlos Museum, and only 4 km away from the Mactan Shrine. All of their cottage-style studios, suites, and villas are furnished with a deck/ balcony, mini-bar, microwave oven, writing desk and chair, refrigerator, and private bathroom. Rates starts at Php 2000++ Best rates on official website start at Php2,000.00++.  edit
  • EGI Club Cebu, (+63-32) 232-3111 to 15, [6]. EGI Club Cebu is a three-star beach resort on Mactan Island. It's location is close to Basilica Minore del Santo Niño, Lapu-lapu Monument, Magellan's Cross, and Taoist Temple.It offers 120 air-conditioned rooms, all of which have an Internet access, double bed, IDD phone, mini-bar, and refrigerator. Their facilities includes swimming pool, fitness center, and function/ meeting rooms. Room rates starts at Php3,400.00. Best rates on official website start at Php 3,400.00++.  edit
  • The Bellavista Hotel, +63(32) 340-7821, [7]. Situated in Mactan Island, midtown Lapu-Lapu City, Cebu Province, our three-star hotel is only 0.8 km from the Mactan Export Processing Zone and approximately 1 km from the Mactan International Airport. Our air-conditioned guestrooms come in different types: Deluxe Twin, Deluxe Queen, Executive, Junior Suite, and The Channel and Infanta Suites. M.L Quezon National Highway, Pusok, Lapu-Lapu City 6015, Mactan, Cebu, Philippines. Rates start at PHP 2,684.  edit
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