Larger Urban Zones: Wikis

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Eurostat, the European Union's statistical agency, has created the concept of Larger Urban Zone (LUZ) in an effort to harmonise definitions of urbanisation in the European Union and in countries outside the European Union.[1] These definitions were agreed between Eurostat and the National Statistics Offices of the different countries of the European Union at the occasion of the European Commission's Urban Audit of 2004.[2] LUZs have been criticised for their insufficient harmonisation of data, which are still collected by national governments within local administrative units, making it sometimes difficult to compare LUZs from different countries. In 2006, about a third of the LUZ definitions were changed, significantly improving the comparability of LUZ definitions across different countries. The latest round of the Urban Audit also added cities from candidate countries and EFTA countries.

Contents

Eurostat's urban definitions

The list below shows the population sizes of cities in the European Union as well as candidate countries and non-EU EFTA countries. The list is limited to those cities whose Larger Urban Zones (LUZ) have populations of at least 1 million. The LUZ represents an attempt at a harmonised definition of the metropolitan area. Eurostat's objective was to have an area from a significant share of the resident commute into the city, a concept known as the "functional urban region." To ensure a good data availability, Eurostat adjusts the LUZ boundaries to administrative boundaries that approximate the functional urban region.

Ranking methodology

The list below contains the cities in the European Union and associated countries that participated in the third round of the Urban Audit programme. The cities are ranked by the size of the population of the Larger Urban Zone. The figures in the Eurostat database are an attempt at a compromise between harmonised data for all of the European Union, and with availability of statistical data, making comparisons more accurate. The data used is from the 2006 Urban Audit III, which uses information collected for 2004.[3]

List of LUZs by population

Although the latest round of the Urban Audit also added cities from EFTA countries (Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland) and EU candidate countries, the only candidate country for which there is available data is Turkey. Croatia and Macedonia, which are also current candidate countries, received that status in 2004 and 2005 respectively.

Rank City name Country LUZ population LUZ area (km²) Population Density (Σ/km²)
1 London
London
 United Kingdom 11,917,000 8,920[4] 1336
2 Paris
Paris
 France 11,089,124 12,079.87[4] 918
3 Istanbul
Istanbul
 Turkey 11,044,642
4 Madrid
Madrid
 Spain 5,804,829 8,022 724
5 Ruhr Area
Bochum
 Germany 5,302,179 4,435 1196
6 Berlin
Berlin
 Germany 4,971,331 17,385 286
8 Barcelona
Barcelona
 Spain 4,233,638 1,796.64 2356
9 Athens
Athens
 Greece 4,013,368 3,806.92 1054
10 Ankara
Ankara
 Turkey 3,708,047
11 Rome
Rome
 Italy 3,457,690 3,666.66 943
11 Hamburg
Hamburg
 Germany 3,134,620 7,304 429
12 Milan
Milan
 Italy 3,076,643 1,348.32 2282
7 Katowice
Katowice
 Poland 2,710,397 2,650.65 1023
14 Stuttgart
Stuttgart
 Germany 2,663,660 3,654 729
15 Warsaw
Warsaw
 Poland 2,660,406 5,198.52 512
16 Manchester
Manchester
 United Kingdom 2,539,100 1,280 1984
17 Munich
Munich
 Germany 2,531,706 5,504 460
18 Frankfurt am Main
Frankfurt am Main
 Germany 2,517,561 4,305 585
19 Izmir
Izmir
 Turkey 2,440,902
20 Lisbon
Lisbon
 Portugal 2,435,837 1,432.49 1700
21 Budapest
Budapest
 Hungary 2,393,846 2,538[4] 943
22 Leeds-Bradford
Leeds
 United Kingdom 2,393,300 5,114[4] 468
23 Birmingham
Birmingham
 United Kingdom 2,357,100 1,598 1475
24 Naples
Naples
 Italy 2,253,964 564.95 3990
25 Vienna
Vienna
 Austria 2,179,769 4,610.93[4] 473
26 Bucharest

Bucharest
 Romania 2,140,194 662 3233
27 Prague
Prague
 Czech Republic 1,964,750 6,977[4] 282
28 Cologne
Cologne
 Germany 1,873,580 1,626 1152
29 Stockholm
Stockholm
 Sweden 1,860,872 6,519 285
30 Copenhagen
Warsaw
 Denmark 1,806,667[4] 2,759[4] 655
31 Brussels
Brussels
 Belgium 1,800,663 1,613.91 1116
32 Glasgow
Glasgow
 United Kingdom 1,747,100 3,346 522
33 Turin
Turin
 Italy 1,745,221 1,878.97 929
34 Lyon
Lyon
 France 1,717,300 5,997.68[4] 286
35 Valencia
Valencia
 Spain 1,564,145 1,440.58 1086
36 Dublin
Dublin
 Ireland 1,535,446[4]
37 Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
 Germany 1,525,029 1,201 1270
38 Bursa
Bursa
 Turkey 1,458,067
39 Amsterdam
Amsterdam
 Netherlands 1,443,258 859.28 1680
40 Adana
Adana
 Turkey 1,384,680
41 Liverpool
Liverpool
 United Kingdom 1,365,900 821 1664
42 Bielefeld
Bielefeld
 Germany 1,297,876 2,921 444
43 Hanover
Hanover
 Germany 1,294,447 2,966 436
44 Nuremberg
Nuremberg
 Germany 1,288,797 2,934 439
45 Sheffield
Sheffield
 United Kingdom 1,277,100 1,846 692
46 Kraków
Kraków
 Poland 1,264,322 2,988.65 423
47 Sofia
Sofia
 Bulgaria 1,263,807[4] 3,424.2[4] 369
48 Seville
Seville
 Spain 1,249,346 3,081.9 405
49 Bremen
Bremen
 Germany 1,249,291 5,885 213
50 Helsinki
Helsinki
 Finland 1,224,107 2,969.94 412
51 Rotterdam
Rotterdam
 Netherlands 1,186,818 611.75 1940
52 Łódź
Łódź
 Poland 1,163,516 2,857.51 407
53 Ostrava
Ostrava
 Czech Republic 1,153,876 3,896[4] 296
54 Zürich
Zürich
 Switzerland 1,110,478 1,086.14 1022
55 Gdańsk
Gdańsk
 Poland 1,105,203 3,457.32 320
56 Porto
Porto
 Portugal 1,099,040 562.32 1954
57 Oslo
Oslo
 Norway 1,090,513 6,920 158
58 Newcastle upon Tyne
Newcastle upon Tyne
 United Kingdom 1,055,600 3,385 312
59 Toulouse
Toulouse
 France 1,052,497 4,706.93[4] 224
60 Gaziantep  Turkey 1,042,732
61 Wrocław  Poland 1,031,439 4,582.2 225
62 Poznań  Poland 1,018,511 3,719.2 274
63 Bristol  United Kingdom 1,006,600 1,635 616
64 Riga  Latvia 1,003,949 5,382.5 187
65 Thessaloniki  Greece 995,766
66 Bordeaux  France 981,370
67 The Hague  Netherlands 978,161
68 Bilbao  Spain 939,994
69 Konya  Turkey 919,433
70 Antwerpen  Belgium 915,258
71 Bonn  Germany 908,503
72 Leipzig  Germany 904,401
73 Dresden  Germany 902,067
74 Göteborg  Sweden 873,335
75 Saarbrücken  Germany 855,317
76 Palermo  Italy 855,285
77 Cardiff  United Kingdom 841,600
78 Nottingham  United Kingdom 825,600
79 Diyarbakir  Turkey 814,874
80 Antalya  Turkey 814,685
81 Edinburgh  United Kingdom 787,700
82 Córdoba  Spain 779,870[5] 13,771
83 Szczecin  Poland 777,806
84 Leicester  United Kingdom 772,400
85 Nantes  France 751,085
86 Bologna  Italy 743,965
87 Brno  Czech Republic 728,101
88 Genoa  Italy 718,896
89 Karlsruhe  Germany 712,475
90 Vilnius  Lithuania 709,870
91 Málaga  Spain 699,916
92 Florence  Italy 696,767
93 Zaragoza  Spain 685,873
94 Kayseri  Turkey 675,734
95 Badajoz  Spain 663,896[6] 21,766
96 Aarhus  Denmark 653,472
97 Lublin  Poland 652,642
98 Coventry  United Kingdom 651,000
99 Kiel  Germany 641,905
100 Belfast  United Kingdom 641,638
101 Strasbourg  France 634,275
102 Augsburg  Germany 629,139
103 Liège  Belgium 626,357
104 Las Palmas de Gran Canaria  Spain 625,892
105 Bari  Italy 623,298
106 Freiburg im Breisgau  Germany 618,467
107 Venice  Italy 612,245
108 Padua  Italy 605,709
109 Izmit  Turkey 601,351
110 Bratislava  Slovakia 601,132
111 Palma  Spain 593,386
112 Magdeburg  Germany 588,875
113 Bydgoszcz  Poland 582,927
114 Kingston upon Hull  United Kingdom 573,300
115 Catania  Italy 572,302
116 Utrecht  Netherlands 564,485
117 Verona  Italy 563,952
118 Rennes  France 553,579
119 Malmö  Sweden 550,289
120 Vigo  Spain 548,799
121 Erfurt  Germany 543,226
122 Grenoble  France 541,888
123 Linz  Austria 532,995
124 Bialystok  Poland 523,958
125 Tallinn  Estonia 521,410
126 Rouen  France 519,318
127 Malatya  Turkey 501,849

Urban Audit

Eurostat's Urban Audit is about much more than demographics. In order for it to be useful as a policy tool to the European Commission and other authorities it contains data for over 250 indicators across the following domains:[7][8]

  • Demography
  • Social Aspects
  • Economic Aspects
  • Civic Involvement
  • Training and Education
  • Environment
  • Travel and Transport
  • Information Society
  • Culture and Recreation

References

  1. ^ "What is the Urban Audit?". Eurostat. 2006. http://www.urbanaudit.org/help.aspx.  
  2. ^ "The shift of Eurostat to Urban Statistics". Dr. Berthold Feldmann, Eurostat. March 2006. http://www.urbanaudit.org/MarchMeetingResources/UA%20day_Eurostat%20focus.ppt#1.  
  3. ^ Urban Audit Database
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Data for 2001 (2004 data not yet available)
  5. ^ Data refers to the province of Cordoba
  6. ^ Data refers to the province of Badajoz
  7. ^ "Urban Audit". European Commission. 2006. http://www.urbanaudit.org/index.aspx.  
  8. ^ State of European Cities Report

See also

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