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Coordinates: 54°51′04″N 5°48′40″W / 54.851°N 5.811°W / 54.851; -5.811

Larne
Scots: Olderfleet
Irish: Latharna
Site of former paper mill, Larne.jpg
Larne in March 2007
Larne is located in Northern Ireland
Larne

 Larne shown within Northern Ireland
Population 18,228 (2001 Census)
Irish grid reference D4102
District Larne
County County Antrim
Country Northern Ireland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LARNE
Postcode district BT40
Dialling code 028
Police Northern Ireland
Fire Northern Ireland
Ambulance Northern Ireland
EU Parliament Northern Ireland
UK Parliament East Antrim
NI Assembly East Antrim
Website www.larne.gov.uk
List of places: UK • Northern Ireland • Antrim

Larne (from the Irish: Latharna meaning "Lathair's place") is a substantial seaport and industrial town on the east coast of County Antrim, Northern Ireland with a population of 18,228 people in the 2001 Census. It has been used as a seaport for over 1,000 years, and is today a major passenger and freight roll-on roll-off port. Larne is twinned with Clover, South Carolina.

Larne is administered by Larne Borough Council. Together with the neighbouring district of Carrickfergus and part of Newtownabbey, it forms the East Antrim constituency for elections to the Westminster Parliament and Northern Ireland Assembly.

Contents

History

Larne takes its name from the small medieval kingdom of Latharna meaning "descendants of Lathair". This territorial name was applied exclusively to the location of the present town only in recent centuries. Before this the place was known in Irish as Inbhear an Latharna (meaning the "river mouth of Larne") and in English as Inver Larne or simply Inver. The older name for Larne Lough was Loch Ollarbha or Inbhear nOllarbha from Ollarbha the ancient name of the Larne Water.

During the 18th century many Irish emigrated to America from the port of Larne. A monument in Smiley Park commemorates the Friends Goodwill, the first emigrant ship to sail from Larne in May 1717, heading for Boston in the United States. Boston's long standing Irish roots can be traced to Larne. As with western and southern Ireland Larne, unlike some areas of north–east (Antrim, Down, Louth and North Dublin) and eastern Ireland (South Dublin, Wicklow), was hugely affected by the Irish Famine of the mid 19th century.[citation needed]

In 1914, Loyalists opposed to the Home Rule Act 1914 prepared for armed resistance. In an episode known as the Larne Gun Running, German weapons and ammunition were transported into the port of Larne in the dead of night, and distributed all over the country.[1]

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The Troubles

Larne throughout the course of The Troubles had a significant paramilitary presence in the town, Mostly through the presence of the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) and Ulster Defence Association (UDA). For further information see UDA South East Antrim Brigade

Demographics

Larne is classified as a Large Town by the Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency (NISRA)[2] (i.e. with population between 18,000 and 75,000 people). On Census day (29 April, 2001) there were 18,228 people living in Larne. Of these:

  • 20.9% were aged under 16 years and 21.2% were aged 60 and over
  • 48.2% of the population were male and 51.8% were female
  • 26.2% were from a Catholic background and 70.7% were from a Protestant background.
  • 4.3% of people aged 16–74 were unemployed.

For more details see: NI Neighbourhood Information Service

Transport

Larne harbour

Notable people

Industry

Larne Harbour Police

Larne Harbour Police is a small,approximately seven officers [4], specialised police force responsible for policing Larne Harbour. The officers of the force are sworn in as special constables under the Harbours, Docks, and Piers Clauses Act 1847, and are responsible to Larne Harbour Ltd. Jurisdiction of the constables extends to one mile beyond the Harbour Complex.[5]

Freedom of the borough

In memory of a battle in the town of Musa Qala in Afghanistan in 2006, involving the Royal Irish Regiment, a new regimental march, composed by Chris Attrill and commissioned by Larne Borough Council, was gifted to the regiment on Saturday 1 November, 2008 in Larne, during an event in which the regiment was also presented with the 'Freedom of the Borough'. This gave the regiment the right to march through the towns of the borough with 'flags flying, bands playing and bayonets fixed'. The march was named Musa Qala.[6]

Sport

See also

References

  1. ^ A. T. Q. Stewart: "The Ulster Crisis", London, Faber and Faber Ltd., 1967 SBN 571 08066 9
  2. ^ NI Statistics and Research Agency website.
  3. ^ "Larne stations". Railscot - Irish Railways. http://www.railscot.co.uk/Ireland/Irish_railways.pdf. Retrieved 2007-08-28. 
  4. ^ Police Service of Northern Ireland, retrieved 2008-06-28
  5. ^ Hansard Report 5 June, 2006
  6. ^ Freedom of the Borough

External links


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