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Sir Lauder Brunton, 1st Baronet

Lauder Brunton
Born 14 March 1844
Roxburgh, Scotland
Died 16 September 1916
London, England
Known for Treatment of angina pectoris

Sir Thomas Lauder Brunton, 1st Baronet FRS (14 March 1844 – 16 September 1916) was a Scottish physician who is most-closely associated with the use of amyl nitrite to treat angina pectoris.

Life and work

Brunton was born in Roxburgh in southeastern Scotland, the son of James Brunton and his wife Agnes (née Stenhouse). He studied medicine at the University of Edinburgh, beginning research into pharmacology while still a student there, and receiving a gold medal for his 1866 thesis on digitalis. Following additional work in Austria, the Netherlands, and Germany, Brunton returned to University College, London, and while there he was selected for a position at St. Bartholomew's Hospital.

Brunton's clinical use of amyl nitrite to treat angina was inspired by earlier work with the same reagent by Arthur Gamgee and Benjamin Ward Richardson. Brunton reasoned that the pain and discomfort of angina could be reduced by administering amyl nitrite to open the coronary arteries of patients. In 1874, Brunton was made a Fellow of the Royal Society. He was knighted in 1900 and made a baronet in 1908.

Brunton married Louisa Jane, daughter of the Venerable Edward Adderley Stopford, Archdeacon of Meath, in 1879. She died in 1909. Brunton died in London in September 1916, aged 72, and was buried in Highgate Cemetery. He was succeeded in the baronetcy by his eldest son Stopford.

Selected works

  • Brunton, Thomas Lauder (1885). A Textbook of Pharmacology, Therapeutics, and Materia Medica. London: Macmillan and Company.  

Further reading

  • C. A. (1917). "Thomas Lauder Brunton, 1844-1916". Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B 89 (622): xliv – xlviii.  
    • Only author's initials given
Baronetage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
New creation
Baronet
(of Stratford Place)
1908–1916
Succeeded by
James Stopford Lauder Brunton
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