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Laurent Fignon
Laurent FIGNON.jpg
Personal information
Full name Laurent Fignon
Date of birth 12 August 1960 (1960-08-12) (age 49)
Country  France
Team information
Discipline Road
Role Rider
Major wins
Jersey yellow.svg Tour de France (1983, 1984), 9 stages
Jersey pink.svg Giro d'Italia (1989)
Infobox last updated on:
24 May 2008
.Laurent Fignon (born 12 August 1960 in Paris, France)[1] is a French former professional road bicycle racer.^ Laurent Fignon - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Laurent Fignon (born 12 August 1960 in Paris, France) [1] is a French former professional road bicycle racer.
  • fignon laurent - Search Results - MSN Encarta 15 September 2009 8:27 UTC ca.encarta.msn.com [Source type: General]

^ Laurent Fignon (born August 12, 1960) is a French former professional cyclist, who won the Tour de France twice in 1983 and 1984, and missed winning it a third time ...
  • fignon laurent - Search Results - MSN Encarta 15 September 2009 8:27 UTC ca.encarta.msn.com [Source type: General]

^ Laurent Fignon est né à Paris.
  • Fignon, Laurent - MSN Encarta 15 September 2009 8:27 UTC fr.encarta.msn.com [Source type: Academic]

.He won the Tour de France twice, in 1983 and 1984, and missed winning it a third time, in 1989, by 8 seconds, the closest margin ever to decide the tour.^ Tour de France .
  • Campagnolo's Tour de France Victories 15 September 2009 8:27 UTC www.campyonly.com [Source type: News]
  • Fignon Wonders if Drug Use Caused Cancer - bicycling.com 15 September 2009 8:27 UTC www.bicycling.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Tour de France: winners of world's top cycling event — Infoplease.com 15 September 2009 8:27 UTC www.infoplease.com [Source type: News]
  • Tour de France: winners of world's top cycling event — FactMonster.com 15 September 2009 8:27 UTC www.factmonster.com [Source type: News]
  • The Giro d’Italia cycling race may come down to the final seconds - WSJ.com 15 September 2009 8:27 UTC online.wsj.com [Source type: General]
  • http://www.itv.com/Sport/tourdefrance/TourdeFrancehistory/default.html 15 September 2009 8:27 UTC www.itv.com [Source type: General]
  • Tour de France Winners - Table - MSN Encarta 15 September 2009 8:27 UTC uk.encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Tour de France–2006 .
  • Tour de France: winners of world's top cycling event — Infoplease.com 15 September 2009 8:27 UTC www.infoplease.com [Source type: News]
  • Tour de France: winners of world's top cycling event — FactMonster.com 15 September 2009 8:27 UTC www.factmonster.com [Source type: News]

^ BACKGROUND: Tour de France champions .
  • BACKGROUND: Tour de France champions : Sports 15 September 2009 8:27 UTC www.earthtimes.org [Source type: News]

[2] .He also won the Giro d'Italia in 1989, having been runner-up in 1984, and the Milan-San Remo Classic two times.^ He also won the Giro d'Italia in 1989, having been runner-up in 1984, and the Milan-Sanremo Classic two times.
  • Laurent Fignon, Cyclist - Evri 15 September 2009 8:27 UTC www.evri.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ His greatest achievements include back-to-back Tour de France wins in 1983 and 1984, as well as victory in the Giro d’Italia in 1989 and the Milan San Remo in 1988 and 1989.
  • Tour de France Laurent Fignon seriously ill: Twice-winner blames drugs for cancer - News - Bild.de 15 September 2009 8:27 UTC www.bild.de [Source type: General]

^ Of the 26 Giros D'Italia run between 1968 and 1994, only two were won on anything but Campagnolo!
  • Campagnolo's Giro D'Italia Victories 15 September 2009 8:27 UTC www.campyonly.com [Source type: General]

Contents

Amateur career

Fignon's first sport was football and he got as far as playing for his département or area. .Friends encouraged him into cycling and he rode his first official race in 1976. He won it.^ I was slowly getting in my own now, and the summer of '89 came when I saw, for the first time, an international cycling race.
  • Jamaica Gleaner News - When it all began - Lifestyle - Saturday | July 18, 2009 15 September 2009 8:27 UTC www.jamaica-gleaner.com [Source type: General]

^ Then in my first year I raced against him in the Tour of Georgia.

He won 17 more races in his second season while still studying at secondary school. .It was when he rode with the national 100 km time trial team that he caught the eye of the former rider and manager, Cyrille Guimard, who gave him a place in his Renault-Elf-Gitane professional team.^ But in an effort to create more drama, Giro organizers decided to end this year’s race with a time trial, where riders compete against the clock.
  • The Giro d’Italia cycling race may come down to the final seconds - WSJ.com 15 September 2009 8:27 UTC online.wsj.com [Source type: General]

^ Once the dusty, but uninjured, rider caught up with the group, he rode alongside my father and began to weave an apology.

^ Guimard was also heavily involved with the French amateur team Vélo Club Roubaix, where saw Schleck's potential and steered him towards a pro career.

Professional career

.Fignon won his first Tour de France in 1983 when Bernard Hinault did not start due to injury.^ Tour de France (15) .
  • EMM News Explorer: Laurent Fignon 15 September 2009 8:27 UTC press.jrc.it [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Tour de France Winners .
  • Tour de France Winners - Table - MSN Encarta 15 September 2009 8:27 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Tour de France Winners - Table - MSN Encarta 15 September 2009 8:27 UTC uk.encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The first stage of the Tour de France is called the prologue.
  • Tour De France History, Winners & Cartoon Fun by Brownielocks. 15 September 2009 8:27 UTC www.brownielocks.com [Source type: General]

.Hinault had won the Tour in 1978, 1979, 1981 and 1982, whereas Fignon was just a young newcomer on his team.^ "There is probably a link with (former champion) Laurent Fignon, who has just announced he had cancer," said Tour de France director Christian Prudhomme.
  • Laurent Fignon, Cyclist - Evri 15 September 2009 8:27 UTC www.evri.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the 1984 Tour de France Fignon won with...
  • Laurent Fignon, Cyclist - Evri 15 September 2009 8:27 UTC www.evri.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ During Hinault 's absence, his teammate Laurent Fignon rose to prominence by winning the Tour in 1983 .
  • Laurent Fignon, Cyclist - Evri 15 September 2009 8:27 UTC www.evri.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Mid-way through the 1983 Tour, the leader Pascal Simon lost more than three minutes of his advantage to Fignon in a 15.6 km individual time trial, with Fignon claiming the maillot jaune two days later.^ Part way through their ride one of the local riders slammed right into the back of Fignon and hit the tarmac.

^ The Tour de France arrives in two days, and journalists have commandeered every room.
  • Take the teens to Europe 15 September 2009 8:27 UTC www.canada.com [Source type: General]

^ UHR Two-time Tour de France winner Laurent Fignon says performance enhancing drugs have caused his pancreatic cancer.
  • Tour de France Laurent Fignon seriously ill: Twice-winner blames drugs for cancer - News - Bild.de 15 September 2009 8:27 UTC www.bild.de [Source type: General]

Victorious also in the final time trial, Fignon, at 22, was the youngest man to win the Tour since 1933.
With his round glasses, ponytail and an air of debonnaire, Fignon was a contrast to Hinault's hard-knocks image. .He earned the nickname The Professor.^ Fignon, whose oval spectacles earned him the nickname Professor, had graduated at the top of the racers' class.
  • Take the teens to Europe 15 September 2009 8:27 UTC www.canada.com [Source type: General]
  • Take the teens to Europe 15 September 2009 8:27 UTC www2.canada.com [Source type: General]

.In 1984, Hinault changed to the new La Vie Claire team, directed by Paul Koechli, but in the 1984 Tour, Fignon and his Renault team proved stronger.^ Laurent Fignon, dans la roue du maillot jaune Greg Lemond, lors de l'ascension du col de la Croix du Tour de France 1989.
  • Laurent Fignon se bat contre un cancer "avancé" | France-Amérique 15 September 2009 8:27 UTC www.france-amerique.com [Source type: Academic]

.Fignon won the stage 7 time trial, beat Hinault in the sprint for second place on the 14th stage, then beat him soundly in stage 16 (another time trial).^ The last great final-day time trial of a grand tour was in the 1989 Tour de France, when American Greg LeMond came from behind to beat Frenchman Laurent Fignon by 8 seconds.
  • The Giro d’Italia cycling race may come down to the final seconds - WSJ.com 15 September 2009 8:27 UTC online.wsj.com [Source type: General]

^ Lemond had ridden the race of his life to beat the French favourite Laurent Fignon, making up 50 seconds in 15 miles to separate himself from second place by eight seconds.
  • Jamaica Gleaner News - When it all began - Lifestyle - Saturday | July 18, 2009 15 September 2009 8:27 UTC www.jamaica-gleaner.com [Source type: General]

^ The Giro D’Italia, which ends this weekend in a time trial, could be decided by a few seconds.
  • The Giro d’Italia cycling race may come down to the final seconds - WSJ.com 15 September 2009 8:27 UTC online.wsj.com [Source type: General]

.On the stage to Alpe d'Huez, Fignon gained a further three minutes over Hinault; he then won the mountain top finish stage at La Plagne, stage 20 from Morzine to Crans-Montana, and the final time trial stage (22) - giving him five stage victories in the Tour.^ The last great final-day time trial of a grand tour was in the 1989 Tour de France, when American Greg LeMond came from behind to beat Frenchman Laurent Fignon by 8 seconds.
  • The Giro d’Italia cycling race may come down to the final seconds - WSJ.com 15 September 2009 8:27 UTC online.wsj.com [Source type: General]

^ I also recall the Gatorade team coming to the US for the Tour of DuPont - Hincapie won a sprint stage at age 17 and was then relegated to last place.

^ Our bags are going by taxi, but today we ride to Lourdes, the revered religious pilgrimage site, and Tour stage finish.
  • Take the teens to Europe 15 September 2009 8:27 UTC www.canada.com [Source type: General]

With his air of indifference in interviews and his crushing dominance, he was hailed as France's newest superstar.
.A knee injury meant Fignon missed the 1985 Tour, and he did not finish the 1986 race, retiring on stage 12 to Pau.^ Cycling’s grand tours, which have 21 individual days of racing, are usually decided a few days before the finish.
  • The Giro d’Italia cycling race may come down to the final seconds - WSJ.com 15 September 2009 8:27 UTC online.wsj.com [Source type: General]

^ Our bags are going by taxi, but today we ride to Lourdes, the revered religious pilgrimage site, and Tour stage finish.
  • Take the teens to Europe 15 September 2009 8:27 UTC www.canada.com [Source type: General]

^ He finished twelfth overall, the same position in which he began the race's 10th stage to Hautacam, where he lost any chance of winning the race when he suffered a hunger knock.

.In 1987, he finished 7th overall, taking another victory at La Plagne (stage 18).^ He finished twelfth overall, the same position in which he began the race's 10th stage to Hautacam, where he lost any chance of winning the race when he suffered a hunger knock.

^ For the rest of the peloton on the stage the day before that final contre la montre, the race was over, so it provided me with another day of recovery.
  • The Ride Journal | Online Articles | Time Trial 15 September 2009 8:27 UTC www.theridejournal.com [Source type: General]

He also abandoned the 1988 Tour (on Bastille Day).
In 1989, he overtook Seán Kelly to become the number one ranked cyclist in the world. .That season included a win at Milan-San Remo and the Giro d'Italia.^ He also won the Giro d'Italia in 1989, having been runner-up in 1984, and the Milan-Sanremo Classic two times.
  • Laurent Fignon, Cyclist - Evri 15 September 2009 8:27 UTC www.evri.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.However, Fignon is also particularly remembered for finishing second in the 1989 Tour de France, losing to Greg Lemond by only eight seconds.^ Tour de France (15) .
  • EMM News Explorer: Laurent Fignon 15 September 2009 8:27 UTC press.jrc.it [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Tour de France Winners .
  • Tour de France Winners - Table - MSN Encarta 15 September 2009 8:27 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Tour de France Winners - Table - MSN Encarta 15 September 2009 8:27 UTC uk.encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Tour de France .
  • Laurent Fignon, Cyclist - Evri 15 September 2009 8:27 UTC www.evri.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Tour de France: winners of world's top cycling event — Infoplease.com 15 September 2009 8:27 UTC www.infoplease.com [Source type: News]
  • Tour de France: winners of world's top cycling event — FactMonster.com 15 September 2009 8:27 UTC www.factmonster.com [Source type: News]
  • The Giro d’Italia cycling race may come down to the final seconds - WSJ.com 15 September 2009 8:27 UTC online.wsj.com [Source type: General]
  • Tour de France Winners - Table - MSN Encarta 15 September 2009 8:27 UTC uk.encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.While Greg Lemond used aerobars (handlebars which enabled a new and more aerodynamic riding position, also known as tri-bars as they had previously only been used in triathlons), a new type of teardrop-shaped aerodynamic helmet in the time trials and a rear disc wheel, Fignon used normal road handlebars, wore no helmet with his ponytail also creating additional drag and a bicycle with both front and rear disc wheels, which left him more affected by cross winds.^ The last great final-day time trial of a grand tour was in the 1989 Tour de France, when American Greg LeMond came from behind to beat Frenchman Laurent Fignon by 8 seconds.
  • The Giro d’Italia cycling race may come down to the final seconds - WSJ.com 15 September 2009 8:27 UTC online.wsj.com [Source type: General]

^ The ride back to the shop was less eventful: there were no more crashes and no international incidents.

^ But in an effort to create more drama, Giro organizers decided to end this year’s race with a time trial, where riders compete against the clock.
  • The Giro d’Italia cycling race may come down to the final seconds - WSJ.com 15 September 2009 8:27 UTC online.wsj.com [Source type: General]

Fignon also suffered in the 1989 tour from saddle sores and he claimed this is what really slowed him down. Before the final stage time trial, Fignon had a 50-second advantage over Lemond on general classification, but Lemond beat Fignon by 58 seconds in the stage and, with an overall lead of just eight seconds, gained his second Tour de France victory after having become the first American winner of the Tour de France in 1986.
Fignon withdrew from the 1990 Tour, but finished 6th in 1991, and 23rd overall in 1992, taking his ninth and last stage win at Mulhouse on stage 11.
.Fignon won the Milan-San Remo Classic twice (1988, 1989) and the 1989 Giro d'Italia, finishing second in 1984 behind the Italian favorite Francesco Moser.^ He also won the Giro d'Italia in 1989, having been runner-up in 1984, and the Milan-Sanremo Classic two times.
  • Laurent Fignon, Cyclist - Evri 15 September 2009 8:27 UTC www.evri.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In a 1989 Sports Illustrated article about Greg LeMond's eight-second win over Fignon, the closest finish in Tour history, writer E.M. Swift painted an unflattering picture.
  • The Seattle Times: Sports: Sweet, sour riders take the prize 15 September 2009 8:27 UTC seattletimes.nwsource.com [Source type: News]

^ Twice a Grand Tour's best young rider, he stood atop the Giro d'Italia podium at 21.

Retirement

Upon retirement Fignon managed races, notably Paris-Nice until it was taken over by ASO, the organiser of Tour de France, in 2004.
Fignon remains organiser for races such as Paris-Corrèze. He criticised French cycling, lamenting in L'Equipe that, "The sports directors don't do a good job any more. They lack competence and don't have authority over their riders. The non-results of French teams are not only the consequences of doping," alluding to the stringent French doping control.
.On his relationships with Cyrille Guimard and Bernard Hinault, Fignon said that with Bernard Hinault, Guimard already found a champion, whereas with himself, Guimard made a champion.^ Famed French coach Cyrille Guimard suggested as such, and he is very entitled to his opinion; after all, he's worked with Bernard Hinault, Greg LeMond, Laurent Fignon and Lucien Van Impe, who between them won ten editions of the race.

Therefore his bond with Guimard was stronger than Hinault's bond with Guimard.
In June 2009, Fignon revealed that he was undergoing chemotherapy for advanced intestinal cancer. He also admitted having used doping products when queried about the link between his cancer and past doping.[3].
Fignon has written a book on his life "Nous étions jeunes et insouciants" (We were young and carefree) released in June 2009.

Significant victories by year

1982 Renault-Elf-Gitane
1st, Critérium International
1983 Renault-Elf-Gitane
Jersey yellow.svg 1st Overall, Tour de France (and stage 21 win)
Stage, Tirreno-Adriatico
Stage, Critérium International
Stage, Vuelta a España
1984 Renault (Gitane)
Jersey yellow.svg 1st Overall, Tour de France (and stage 7, 16, 18, 20 and 22 wins)
Jersey green.svg 1st mountains classification, 2nd Overall, Giro d'Italia (and stage 20 win)
France French National Road Race Championships
1986 Systeme U (Gitane)
1st, La Flèche Wallonne
Stage, Critérium du Dauphiné Libéré
1987 Systeme U (Gitane)
Two stages, Paris-Nice
3rd Overall, Vuelta a España (and stage)
7th Overall, Tour de France (and stage 21 win)
1988 Systeme U (Gitane)
1st, Milan-San Remo
Stage, Critérium International
1st, Paris-Camembert
1989 Super U (Raleigh)
Jersey pink.svg 1st Overall, Giro d'Italia (and stage 20 win)
1st, Milan-San Remo
2nd Overall, Tour de France (Combativity award and stage 18 win)
11 days in maillot jaune (stages 10-20)
1st Overall, Ronde van Nederland
1st, Grand Prix des Nations
1990 Castorama (Raleigh)
1st, Critérium International
1991 Castorama (Raleigh)
6th Overall, Tour de France
1992 Gatorade (Bianchi)
23rd Overall, Tour de France (and stage 11 win)
1993 Gatorade (Bianchi)
1st Overall, Ruta Mexico

References

See also


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 07, 2010

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