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Law Enforcement in Egypt is the responsibility of the Ministry of the Interior of Egypt.

Contents

National Organization

The Ministry of the Interior divides the functions of the police and public security among four deputy ministers of interior while the Minister of Interior himself retained responsibility for state security (El Mukhabarat).[1] investigations and overall organization.

There are four Deputy Ministers:

  • Personnel Affairs was responsible for police-training institutions, personnel matters for police and civilian employees, and the Policemen's Sports Association.
  • Administrative and Financial Affairs responsible for general administration, budgets, supplies, and legal matters.[2].

Regional organization

In each the Governorates of Egypt (sing. muhafazah; pl., muhafazat), the presidentially appointed governor and a director of police command all police and maintain public order.

Both the governor and the director of police report to the Ministry of Interior on all security matters. The governor reports directly to the minister or to a deputy while the director of police reports through regular police channels.

In the governorate's subdivisions there are district police commandants with the authority and functions that were similar to the director at the governorate level.

The urban police have more modern facilities and equipment, such as computers and communications equipment, while the smaller more remote village police have less sophisticated facilities and equipment. The police became increasingly motorised and it is now rare to see an officer on foot patrol except in city or town centres, and then rarely alone. An increasing number of urban centres police bicycle units are used to provide a quick response in congested areas, pedestrianised areas and parkland, as well as carrying out patrols.

Training

Almost all commissioned officers were graduates of the Police College at Cairo with police had to complete a three-month course at the college. The Police College is a modern institution equipped with laboratory and physical-training facilities. The police force also sent some officers abroad for schooling.

The Police College offers a two-year program which includes: security administration, criminal investigation, military drills, civil defense, fire fighting, forensic medicine, communications, cryptology, first aid, sociology, anatomy, and foreign languages (French and English). Also included are: political orientation, public relations, and military subjects (such as infantry and cavalry training), marksmanship, leadership, and field exercises. Graduates receive a bachelor of police studies degree and are commissioned first lieutenants.

Advanced officer training was given at the college's Institute for Advanced Police Studies, completion of which was required for advancement beyond the rank of lieutenant colonel.

The college's three-month course for enlisted personnel is conducted in a military atmosphere but emphasizes police methods and techniques.

Uniforms and equipment

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Ranks

Police rank insignia were the same as those used by the army

Commissioned police ranks resembled those of the Egyptian army. The highest-ranking police officer was a major general and ranks descended only to first lieutenant.

Warrant Officers - Below first lieutenant are the grades known of lieutenant-chief warrant officer, followed by three descending grades of warrant officers.

Enlisted police ranks are master sergeant, sergeant, corporal, and private.

Police uniforms

Police uniforms are similar to Army uniforms with the service uniform for the ground forces was khaki drill cotton. However, enlisted police personnel wear a black wool bush jacket and pants in the winter and a white cotton bush jacket and pants in the summer. Certain police personnel also wear a blue or black beret.

Equipment

The standard equipment for a constable on his beat is the baton which is generally made of wood. This is also his device for personal safety. Egyptian police officers generally do not carry fire-arms when on regular duty, however, arms are always available at police stations. These include .303 Lee Enfield rifles and SKS carbines. Some special units may also have additional automatic weapons like AK 47 Assault Rifles, MP5's and Port Said Submachine guns. Officers of and above the rank of First Lieutenant are authorised to carry a small arm, generally a 9mm Beretta M1951 Pistol.

Transport

Unlike in many other countries, the Egyptian police extensively use SUVs. The Egyptian produced Jeep vehicle used to be the most common police car in Egypt but in recent years, other similar vehicles have also come into police use. SUVs are known for their capabilities to move around in any sort of terrain. Depending upon the location, the police vehicles may have individual revolving lights (strobes) or light bars, sirens etc. An extensive modernisation drive has ensured that these vehicles are equipped with wireless sets in communication with a central control room. Traffic Police vehicles generally also have equipment like speed radars, breath analysers and emergency first aid kits.

For traffic regulation and patrolling in cities, motorcycles are also used. This is because of increasing congestion in cities where the heavier Bullets would prove to be unwieldy when compared to the nimbler handling the newer bikes were capable of. The bikes are provided with two-way radios, strobes and sirens & are generally painted white.

Some cities make use of sedans as patrol vehicles or high speed 'interceptors' on highways. Of late, the various police forces are on a modernisation drive, upgrading and revamping their fleet with new vehicles.

Color schemes of police vehicles vary according to their location and which directorate they belong to.

References

  1. ^ The Rough Guide to Egypt. New York: Rough Guides. August, 2007. p. 58. ISBN 9781843537823.  
  2. ^ [1]

LOC Egypt County Study page [2]

Sources

  1. World Police Encyclopedia, ed. by Dilip K. Das & Michael Palmiotto published by Taylor & Francis. 2004,
  2. World Encyclopedia of Police Forces and Correctional Systems,second edition, 2006 by Gale.
  3. Sullivan, Larry E. Encyclopedia of Law Enforcement. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications, 2005.

See also

External links

Official sites in English


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