|Philippines National Police
Pambansang Pulisya ng Pilipinas
|Coat of Arms of the Philippine National Police|
|Motto||Service • Honor • Justice|
|Formed||January 29, 1991|
|Legal personality||Governmental: Government agency|
|Headquarters||Camp Crame, Quezon City|
|Agency executive||Jesus Ame Verzosa, Police Director General, General|
The Philippine National Police (PNP) (Filipino: Pambansang Pulisya ng Pilipinas) is the national police force of the Republic of the Philippines. It is both a national and a local police force in that it provides all law enforcement services throughout the Philippines. The Philippine National Police, which was a result of a merger of the Philippine Constabulary and the Integrated National Police, was activated on January 29, 1991. Its national headquarters are based at Camp Crame, Quezon City, in the National Capital Region. On September 22, 2008, President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo appointed Deputy Director General Jesus Verzosa, Philippine National Police (PNP) chief, replacing Director General Avelino Razon Jr., who retired on September 27.
As of 2008,
As of 2007,
|#||Name||Term of Office|
|1||Cesar P. Nazareno||31 March 1991||28 August 1992|
|2||Raul S. Imperial||28 August 1992 (acting)
28 October 1992 (official)
|6 May 1993|
|3||Umberto Rodriguez||6 May 1993||8 July 1994|
|4||Recaredo Arevalo Sarmiento II||8 July 1994||1997|
|5||Santiago L. Aliño||1997||1998|
|6||Roberto T. Lastimoso||1998||1999|
|7||Edmundo L. Larozza||1999 (acting)||1999|
|8||Panfilo M. Lacson||November 1999||January 2001|
|9||Leandro Mendoza||16 March 2001||2002|
|10||Hermogenes E. Ebdane, Jr.||July 2002||23 August 2004|
|11||Edgar B. Aglipay||23 August 2004||March 6, 2005|
|12||Arturo Lomibao||March 13, 2005||August 29, 2006|
|13||Oscar Castelo Calderon||August 29, 2006||October 1, 2007|
|14||Avelino Ignacio Razon, Jr.||October 1, 2007||
(retired September 27, 2008)
|15||Jesus Ame Verzosa||September 27, 2008||Incumbent
The PNP has the following branches included:
The following ranks are observed in the PNP as of 2009 with the following:
Note: Rank in Italics is the Army equivalent. There is no Second Lieutenant rank-equivalent in the PNP.
Note: Rank in Italics is the Army equivalent.
On 3 April 1992, fifteen months into its reconstitution, the PNP began sending its international contingent to peace support operations and humanitarian relief missions in conflict areas around the world. Although most of these endeavors were United Nations-launched, there were some deployments made under the "lead-nation" concept or as an initiative of the Government of the Republic of the Philippines.
UN Peace Support Operations may be armed or unarmed peacekeeping, peace-building, or specialized efforts that require UN Civilian Police services.
International PNP deployments are:
♦United Nations Transitional Authority in Cambodia (UNTAC)
HAITI: 1994-95; 2004-present
♦Operation Uphold Democracy in Haïti - International Police Monitors component
♦UN Mission in Haïti (UNMIH)
♦l'Opération des Nations Unies pour la stabilisation en Haïti/
UN Stabilization Mission in Haïti (MINUSTAH)
EAST TIMOR: 1999-2002
♦UN Mission in East Timor (UNAMET)
♦UN Transitional Administration in East Timor (UNTAET)
♦UN Mission of Support in East Timor (UNMISET)
♦UN Office in Timor-Leste (UNOTIL)
♦UN Integrated Mission in Timor-Leste (UNMIT)
♦UN Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK)
♦Philippine Humanitarian Contingent to Iraq (PHCI)
♦UN Mission in Liberia (UNMIL)
♦UN Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA)
THE SUDAN (Southern): 2005-present
♦UN Mission in Sudan (UNMIS)
CÔTE D'IVOIRE: 2005-07
♦l'Opération des Nations Unies en Côte d'Ivoire/
UN Operation in Côte d'Ivoire (ONUCI)
♦UN Mission in Nepal (UNMIN)
♦UN Observer Mission in Georgia (UNOMIG)
♦UN Independent International Investigation Commission in Lebanon (UNIIIC)
THE SUDAN (Western): 2008-present
♦UN-African Union Hybrid Mission in Darfur (UNAMID).
Among the luminaries of the PNP Contingent are Police Director Rodolfo A Tor, who became the first Filipino police commissioner of a UN operation. In 2006, he was tasked to head the UN Integrated Mission in Timor-Leste, among the largest civilian police operations established by the UN.
The PNP Contingent has no fatalities in the line of fire. The 1993 deaths of Senior Police Officers 4 Winston Zerrudo and Edilberto Evangelista, both UNTAC Police, were of non-hostile causes.
To date, the PNP Contingent has sent more than two thousand "warm bodies" to UN and other international peace support operations and humanitarian relief missions. It awaits the deployment of the Philippine Formed Police Unit, or FPU, of which creation was approved by the National Police Commission in 2006.
PNP Chief Director General Avelino Razon Jr., on July 6, 2008, announced completion of the newly refurbished and reconfigured Camp Crame National Operations Center (NOC), powered by modern communication, imaging, and teleconferencing technology. Its new equipments include LCD monitors, CCTV cameras, and the electronic tracking system to monitor the deployment of mobile units thru global positioning system (GPS). Chief Superintendent Constante Azares Jr., chief of the PNP-NOC, explained that: "The NOC is the hub and nerve center of all PNP operations and activities nationwide. All deployments, movement of troops and police operations are monitored, coordinated and directed from this facility."
The Euro Generals Scandal involves Eliseo de la Paz and several Philippine National Police officials who went to Russia on October 2008 to attend the Interpol conference. De la Paz was detained for carrying a large sum of undeclared money.