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Lawyer
Honoré Daumier 018.jpg
19th century painting of lawyers,
by French artist Honoré Daumier
Occupation
Names Attorney, counselor (counsel), solicitor, barrister, advocate
Type Profession
Activity sectors Law, business
Description
Competencies Analytical skills
Critical thinking skills
Knowledge of the law
Proficiency in legal research and legal writing
Education required see Professional requirements
Fields of employment Courts, government, private sector, NGOs, legal aid
Related jobs Judge, Prosecutor, Law clerk, Law professor
Average salary see Earnings and compensation
A lawyer, according to Black's Law Dictionary, is "a person learned in the law; as an attorney, counsel or solicitor; a person licensed to practice law."[1] Law is the system of rules of conduct established by the sovereign government of a society to correct wrongs, maintain the stability of political and social authority, and deliver justice. .Working as a lawyer involves the practical application of abstract legal theories and knowledge to solve specific individualized problems, or to advance the interests of those who retain (i.e., hire) lawyers to perform legal services.^ Other times, they are general litigation lawyers appointed by the court for people who cannot afford legal counsel.
  • Criminal Defense Attorney | Criminal Defense Attorney Information - LawInfo 20 September 2009 11:42 UTC www.lawinfo.com [Source type: News]

^ Lawyers often work long hours; of those who work full time, about 33 percent work 50 or more hours per week.
  • Lawyers 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.bls.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Lawyers who own their own practices usually earn less than those who are partners in law firms.
  • Lawyers 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.bls.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The role of the lawyer varies significantly across legal jurisdictions, and so it can be treated here in only the most general terms.^ In 2008, 46 States and jurisdictions required lawyers to participate in mandatory continuing legal education.
  • Lawyers 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.bls.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ [Update: See below for various mentions of the term sheet generator.

^ Barron’s: For the Startup with No Money to Pay Pricey Lawyers: Wilson Sonsini’s Do-It-Yourself Term Sheet Generator .

[2][3] .More information is available in country-specific articles (see below).^ More information is available at "What the TheFunded Founder Institute?"

^ See this information and more in today's article in the Gazette (Montreal) called: Flexible work schedules save money, research shows .
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ For information on a specific occupation, select the appropriate link below.
  • Lawyers 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.bls.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Contents

Terminology

.In practice, legal jurisdictions exercise their right to determine who is recognized as being a lawyer; as a result, the meaning of the term "lawyer" may vary from place to place.^ Bar Council otherwise determines, if he has been disqualified for or suspended from practice in the courts of any place outside The Bahamas and such disqualification or suspension is in force at the date of his application for such admission; .
  • The Government of The Bahamas - Home 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC laws.bahamas.gov.bs [Source type: Original source]

^ Kirk asked me to direct you American Lawyers who care about voting rights to his post Offtopic - Lawyers and Voters' Rights 2008 - Get Involved at GlobalTort .
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ Lawyers who have been admitted to the bar in one State occasionally may be admitted to the bar in another without taking an examination if they meet the latter jurisdiction's standards of good moral character and a specified period of legal experience.
  • Find A Lawyer | Lawyers | Attorneys | Attorney | Find Top Lawyers 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.findattorneyorlawyer.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[4]
.
  • In Australia the word "lawyer" is used to refer to both barristers and solicitors (whether in private practice or practising as corporate in-house counsel).
  • In Canada, the word "lawyer" only refers to individuals who have been called to the bar or have qualified as civil law notaries in the province of Quebec.^ A person is qualified for registration as an associate in accordance with this Schedule if he has been called to the Bar or admitted to practice as a barrister or a solicitor or as an attorney-at-law before a court of unlimited jurisdiction in any country whether within or without the Commonwealth and, under the provisions of any enactment for the time being in force regulating the right to engage in gainful occupation or to be employed in The Bahamas, may lawfully be employed to perform the functions allowed to a registered associate under this Act.
    • The Government of The Bahamas - Home 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC laws.bahamas.gov.bs [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Any unauthorized use of this system is subject to both civil and criminal penalties.
    • State Bar of Texas | 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.texasbar.com [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Find a Lawyer Understand Your Legal Issue Discuss Your Legal Issue Legal Help & Resources Law Blog Martindale-Hubbell® Lawyers.com SM is the most complete, trusted source for identifying qualified legal counsel.
    • Criminal Attorney, Lawyer, Attorneys, Lawyers and Legal Research Information - Lawyers.com 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC criminal.lawyers.com [Source type: News]
    • Labor & Employment Law Attorney, Lawyer, Attorneys, Lawyers and Legal Research Information - Lawyers.com 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC labor-employment-law.lawyers.com [Source type: News]
    • Entertainment Law Attorney, Lawyer, Attorneys, Lawyers and Legal Research Information - Lawyers.com 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC entertainment-law.lawyers.com [Source type: News]

    .Common law lawyers in Canada may also be known as "barristers and solicitors", but should not be referred to as "attorneys", since that term has a different meaning in Canadian usage.^ Disclaimer: The information provided on Lawyers.com is not legal advice, Lawyers.com is not a lawyer referral service, and no attorney-client or confidential relationship is or should be formed by use of the site.
    • Criminal Attorney, Lawyer, Attorneys, Lawyers and Legal Research Information - Lawyers.com 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC criminal.lawyers.com [Source type: News]
    • Lawyer, Attorney, Law Firms, Attorneys, Legal Information. Lawyers.com 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.lawyers.com [Source type: General]
    • Legal Malpractice Attorney, Lawyer, Attorneys, Lawyers and Legal Research Information - Lawyers.com 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC legal-malpractice.lawyers.com [Source type: News]
    • Suing Your Lawyer - Lawyers.com 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC research.lawyers.com [Source type: General]
    • Maritime Attorney, Lawyer, Attorneys, Lawyers and Legal Research Information - Lawyers.com 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC maritime.lawyers.com [Source type: General]
    • Search for a Lawyer, Attorney & Law Firm by Practice Area or Location - Lawyers.com 10 September 2009 21:51 UTC www.lawyers.com [Source type: News]

    ^ Please read on to find a maritime lawyer, attorney, admiralty lawyer, or to learn more about admiralty and maritime law.
    • Maritime Attorney, Lawyer, Attorneys, Lawyers and Legal Research Information - Lawyers.com 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC maritime.lawyers.com [Source type: General]

    ^ You may also go to the Ehline Law website to learn more about becoming an attorney with no law school - degree, or becoming a lawyer with no college: http://www.ehlinelaw.com/ .

    .However, in Quebec, civil law advocates (or avocats in French) often call themselves "attorney" and sometimes "barrister and solicitor".
  • In England and Wales, "lawyer" is used loosely to refer to a broad variety of law-trained persons.^ Disclaimer: The information provided on Lawyers.com is not legal advice, Lawyers.com is not a lawyer referral service, and no attorney-client or confidential relationship is or should be formed by use of the site.
    • Lawyer, Attorney, Law Firms, Attorneys, Legal Information. Lawyers.com 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.lawyers.com [Source type: General]
    • How to Fire Your Attorney - Lawyers.com 10 September 2009 21:51 UTC research.lawyers.com [Source type: General]
    • Search for a Lawyer, Attorney & Law Firm by Practice Area or Location - Lawyers.com 10 September 2009 21:51 UTC www.lawyers.com [Source type: News]

    ^ However if you're lawyer hopping (sometimes call lawyer shopping), it can be seen as an attempt to game the system.
    • How to Fire Your Attorney - Lawyers.com 10 September 2009 21:51 UTC research.lawyers.com [Source type: General]

    ^ This article on how to become an attorney without college training or a law school degree is not intended to be a law school bible.

    .It includes practitioners such as barristers, solicitors, legal executives and licensed conveyancers; and people who are involved with the law but do not practise it on behalf of individual clients, such as judges, court clerks, and drafters of legislation.
  • In India, the term "lawyer" is often colloquially used, but the official term is "advocate" as prescribed under the Advocates Act, 1961.[5]
  • In Scotland, the word "lawyer" refers to a more specific group of legally trained people.^ Disclaimer: The information provided on Lawyers.com is not legal advice, Lawyers.com is not a lawyer referral service, and no attorney-client or confidential relationship is or should be formed by use of the site.
    • Lawyer, Attorney, Law Firms, Attorneys, Legal Information. Lawyers.com 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.lawyers.com [Source type: General]
    • Labor & Employment Law Attorney, Lawyer, Attorneys, Lawyers and Legal Research Information - Lawyers.com 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC labor-employment-law.lawyers.com [Source type: News]

    ^ They referred it to Diogenes, who gave it in favor of the lawyer as follows: "Let the thief go first, and the executioner follow."
    • SCROOMtimes - Damn, they're funny 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.scroom.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ However, I could put ``here lies an honest lawyer" "But that won't let people know who it is" protested the lawyer.
    • SCROOMtimes - Damn, they're funny 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.scroom.com [Source type: Original source]

    It specifically includes advocates and solicitors. .In a generic sense, it may also include judges and law-trained support staff.
  • In the United States, the term generally refers to attorneys who may practice law; it is never used to refer to patent agents[6] or paralegals.^ If the Law Offices of Jason Waechter does not have a dedicated office near you, we still offer an extremely valuable service THAT IS FREE.   The firm has extensively researched the top attorneys in each state who specialize in each type of personal injury law.  .
    • Personal Injury Lawyer - Michigan Personal Injury Accident Attorney 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.lawyerforlife.com [Source type: News]

    ^ A state law adopted in August will increase the income cap for awarding child support for the first time in 20 years.
    • Legal Issues: Understand Your Legal Issues - Lawyers.com 10 September 2009 21:51 UTC www.lawyers.com [Source type: News]

    ^ An internal conflict arises because making the objection may belabor a particular topic to the judge or jury that the attorney wishes to minimize.
    • George Stein The DUI Lawyer 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.theduilawyer.com [Source type: Original source]

    [7]
  • Other nations tend to have comparable terms for the analogous concept.

Responsibilities

.In most countries, particularly civil law countries, there has been a tradition of giving many legal tasks to a variety of civil law notaries, clerks, and scriveners.^ There may not be world law in the foreseeable future, but the world’s legal systems will be networked.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ After all, there are many who will not be sensitive to the fact that love of country and constitutions means complying with the judgments of the US Supreme Court, not disobeying them.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ Most states have apparrently surrendered to the the ABA , as they have disallowed "reading" for the law under the traditional apprenticeship methods.

[8][9] .These countries do not have "lawyers" in the American sense, insofar as that term refers to a single type of general-purpose legal services provider;[10] rather, their legal professions consist of a large number of different kinds of law-trained persons, known as jurists, of which only some are advocates who are licensed to practice in the courts.^ Browse All Legal Documents Some laws and court proceedings differ from state to state.
  • Legal Forms, State Laws and Agencies, Federal Government Agencies, Inside the Courts, and other Legal Resources - Lawyers.com 10 September 2009 21:51 UTC www.lawyers.com [Source type: News]

^ Disclaimer: The information provided on Lawyers.com is not legal advice, Lawyers.com is not a lawyer referral service, and no attorney-client or confidential relationship is or should be formed by use of the site.
  • Lawyer, Attorney, Law Firms, Attorneys, Legal Information. Lawyers.com 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.lawyers.com [Source type: General]
  • Search for a Lawyer, Attorney & Law Firm by Practice Area or Location - Lawyers.com 10 September 2009 21:51 UTC www.lawyers.com [Source type: News]
  • Legal Forms, State Laws and Agencies, Federal Government Agencies, Inside the Courts, and other Legal Resources - Lawyers.com 10 September 2009 21:51 UTC www.lawyers.com [Source type: News]

^ If the Law Offices of Jason Waechter does not have a dedicated office near you, we still offer an extremely valuable service THAT IS FREE.   The firm has extensively researched the top attorneys in each state who specialize in each type of personal injury law.  .
  • Personal Injury Lawyer - Michigan Personal Injury Accident Attorney 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.lawyerforlife.com [Source type: News]

[11][12][13] .It is difficult to formulate accurate generalizations that cover all the countries with multiple legal professions, because each country has traditionally had its own peculiar method of dividing up legal work among all its different types of legal professionals.^ The Legal Specialist will be required to travel within the country and conduct work with two universities.

^ Read all of the Top Ten Predictions from the Futurist for 2009 and on - possibly most relevant to the legal profession are: .
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ All volunteer participants serving over 90 days receive a generous support package that covers travel, housing, general living, and business expenses.

[14]
.Notably, England, the mother of the common law jurisdictions, emerged from the Dark Ages with similar complexity in its legal professions, but then evolved by the 19th century to a single dichotomy between barristers and solicitors.^ Rule of Law in Singapore: Independence of the Judiciary and the Legal Profession in Singapore A. Introduction To the casual observer, Singapore appears to be a cosmopolitan city-state with a functioning democracy based on the rule of law.
  • LRWC's report on Singapore's judiciary and legal profession : Singabloodypore 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC singabloodypore.rsfblog.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In this sense, it is distinguished from the "Law of the Sea," which is a body of public international law governing navigational rights, mineral rights, jurisdiction over coastal waters and international law governing relationships between nations.
  • Lawyer Videos, Class Actions Videos, Verdict Settlement Videos 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.lawyercentral.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A strong and independent legal profession is a fundamental aspect of the rule of law.
  • LRWC's report on Singapore's judiciary and legal profession : Singabloodypore 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC singabloodypore.rsfblog.org [Source type: Original source]

.An equivalent dichotomy developed between advocates and procurators in some civil law countries, though these two types did not always monopolize the practice of law as much as barristers and solicitors, in that they always coexisted with civil law notaries.^ Given the relative sizes of the two professions and ratio of annual BVC graduate production to annual approved pupillages, this process could quickly lead, if left unchecked, both to a large increase in the overall number of advocates licensed to practice and to a larger number of advocates in the Solicitors than Barristers profession.

^ For fun, guess where these little leeches practice law?
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ Use this free directory to find individual solicitors, barristers, advocates, attorneys.
  • World Lawyer List - Where lawyers meet clients 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC worldlawyerlist.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[15][16][17]
.Several countries that originally had two or more legal professions have since fused or united their professions into a single type of lawyer.^ I reference two of my previous posts: Offshoring in India Changing Legal Services in the West OUTSOURCING: "Lawyers are service providers.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ A certain lawyer was quite wealthy and had a summer house in the country, to which he retreated for several weeks of the year.
  • SCROOMtimes - Damn, they're funny 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.scroom.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Check one or more boxes for the lawyer work-type you need.
  • World Lawyer List - Where lawyers meet clients 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC worldlawyerlist.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[18][19][20][21] .Most countries in this category are common law countries, though France, a civil law country, merged together its jurists in 1990 and 1991 in response to Anglo-American competition.^ It appears to be predominately of Anglo-Saxon common law origin.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ Government Lawyer Civil Litigation , Civil Rights , Education Military and Armed Services , Native American Affairs , Privacy Law .
  • Find a Lawyer, Find an Attorney - LawyerFinder.com 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.lawyerfinder.com [Source type: News]

[22] .In countries with fused professions, a lawyer is usually permitted to carry out all or nearly all the responsibilities listed below.^ This is another example of a few lawyers just quietly getting on with social responsibility adding to the esteem in which our profession is held.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

Oral argument in the courts

.Arguing a client's case before a judge or jury in a court of law is the traditional province of the barrister in England, and of advocates in some civil law jurisdictions.^ Note that some jurisdictions require a notice to be filed with ten business days and also require counsel to inform the court of their intentions to make oral arguments.
  • George Stein The DUI Lawyer 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.theduilawyer.com [Source type: Original source]

^ All Magistrate and District Court judges are civil servants.
  • LRWC's report on Singapore's judiciary and legal profession : Singabloodypore 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC singabloodypore.rsfblog.org [Source type: Original source]

^ A judge in a semi-small city was hearing a drunk-driving case and the defendent, who had both a record and a reputation for driving under the influence, demanded a jury trial.
  • SCROOMtimes - Damn, they're funny 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.scroom.com [Source type: Original source]

[23] However, the boundary between barristers and solicitors has evolved. .In England today, the barrister monopoly covers only appellate courts, and barristers must compete directly with solicitors in many trial courts.^ A trial attorney may not believe he or she has to know a great deal about the appellate court rules if that practitioner is not going to typically handle any appeals.
  • George Stein The DUI Lawyer 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.theduilawyer.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Mistakenly filing the notice of appeal with the appellate court instead of the trial court can potentially lead to missing the thirty day deadline, and prejudicing the defendant’s appeal.
  • George Stein The DUI Lawyer 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.theduilawyer.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Both the motion for new trial and/or the notice of appeal must also be filed in the trial court that rendered the judgment.
  • George Stein The DUI Lawyer 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.theduilawyer.com [Source type: Original source]

[24] .In countries like the United States that have fused legal professions, there are trial lawyers who specialize in trying cases in court, but trial lawyers do not have a de jure monopoly like barristers.^ All are trial lawyers who aren't afraid to take the case to court.
  • Find a Lawyer | Lawyers | Attorneys | Attorney | Find Top Lawyers 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.lawyercentral.com [Source type: News]

^ LegalView's partners represent clients throughout the United States , for a very wide range of legal issues.
  • Avandia Lawyer, Attorneys, & Lawsuit Info - 866-9LAW-NOW 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC avandia.legalview.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The defendent who pleads their own case has a fool for a client, but at least there will be no problem with fee-splitting.
  • SCROOMtimes - Damn, they're funny 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.scroom.com [Source type: Original source]

In some countries, litigants have the option of arguing pro se, or on their own behalf. .It is common for litigants to appear unrepresented before certain courts like small claims courts; indeed, many such courts do not allow lawyers to speak for their clients, in an effort to save money for all participants in a small case.^ Furthermore, "Karen J. Mathis, a Denver lawyer who is president of the American Bar Association, said: “Lawyers represent people in criminal cases to fulfill a core American value: the treatment of all people equally before the law.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ After all, there are many who will not be sensitive to the fact that love of country and constitutions means complying with the judgments of the US Supreme Court, not disobeying them.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ Many lawyers report that they do not capture their real work effort in their billable hours.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

[25] .In other countries, like Venezuela, no one may appear before a judge unless represented by a lawyer.^ Bar and lawyers of other countries; .
  • The Government of The Bahamas - Home 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC laws.bahamas.gov.bs [Source type: Original source]

^ Bar of England, Scotland, Northern Ireland or Eire, or of such other country, whether within the Commonwealth or not, as may be prescribed; or .
  • The Government of The Bahamas - Home 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC laws.bahamas.gov.bs [Source type: Original source]

^ Supreme Court of England, Scotland, Northern Ireland or Eire, or of such other country, whether within the Commonwealth or not, as may be prescribed.
  • The Government of The Bahamas - Home 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC laws.bahamas.gov.bs [Source type: Original source]

[26] .The advantage of the latter regime is that lawyers are familiar with the court's customs and procedures, and make the legal system more efficient for all involved.^ It is time for all law firms of more than a handful of lawyers to realize that there is a return on the investment of management and a competitive disadvantage for ignoring that fact.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

Unrepresented parties often damage their own credibility or slow the court down as a result of their inexperience.[27][28]

Research and drafting of court papers

.Often, lawyers brief a court in writing on the issues in a case before the issues can be orally argued.^ The crux of the argument is that "think, argue, analyze, and write" ("TAAW") skills are both necessary and sufficient for a successful lawyer at an elite firm, to the exclusion of other social skills.

^ In the case of the Disciplinary Tribunal, the Chairman of the Disciplinary Tribunal may proceed to deal with an offence as one occurring before a judge of the Court in lieu of certifying the offence under subsection (1).
  • The Government of The Bahamas - Home 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC laws.bahamas.gov.bs [Source type: Original source]

.They may have to perform extensive research into relevant facts and law while drafting legal papers and preparing for oral argument.^ There may not be world law in the foreseeable future, but the world’s legal systems will be networked.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ I was admitted into law school without having to take the LSAT because I had passed the Baby Bar with no formal legal education.

^ Prepare to Meet with a Lawyer - Meet with a Lawyer - Find an attorney by area of law - Community Message Boards for more help Create your own Legal Documents in minutes .
  • Selecting A Lawyer - Lawyers.com 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC research.lawyers.com [Source type: General]

.In England, the usual division of labour is that a solicitor will obtain the facts of the case from the client and then brief a barrister (usually in writing).^ You'd put him (usually him) back somewhere in the library, have him churn out great memos and briefs, but never, under any condition, let him interact with a client.

[29] The barrister then researches and drafts the necessary court pleadings (which will be filed and served by the solicitor) and orally argues the case.[30]
.In Spain, the procurator merely signs and presents the papers to the court, but it is the advocate who drafts the papers and argues the case.^ Lawyers should be aware of the rule in some states that do not require a court reporter be present in misdemeanor case and therefore should hire a private court reporter.
  • George Stein The DUI Lawyer 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.theduilawyer.com [Source type: Original source]

[31]
.In some countries, like Japan, a scrivener or clerk may fill out court forms and draft simple papers for lay persons who cannot afford or do not need attorneys, and advise them on how to manage and argue their own cases.^ Experience shows that the one page, fill-in-the-blank form will simply not be acceptable if the attorney-in-fact is engaging in a transaction involving much money.
  • Powers of Attorney - Lawyers.com 10 September 2009 21:51 UTC elder-law.lawyers.com [Source type: General]

^ This can cause delay in the attorney in fact acting for your benefit and may become expensive if the matter eventually ends up in court.
  • Powers of Attorney - Lawyers.com 10 September 2009 21:51 UTC elder-law.lawyers.com [Source type: General]

^ I wrote before about how I met Marci , who’s played a big role in my professional and personal life for several years.

[32]

Advocacy (written and oral) in administrative hearings

In most developed countries, the legislature has granted original jurisdiction over highly technical matters to executive branch administrative agencies which oversee such things. As a result, some lawyers have become specialists in administrative law. .In a few countries, there is a special category of jurists with a monopoly over this form of advocacy; for example, France formerly had conseils juridiques (who were merged into the main legal profession in 1991).^ After all, there are many who will not be sensitive to the fact that love of country and constitutions means complying with the judgments of the US Supreme Court, not disobeying them.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ Tags: The Legal Profession Email This Print Comments Subscribe Add this blog to your feeds or subscribe by email using the form below .
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

[33] .In other countries, like the United States, lawyers have been effectively barred by statute from certain types of administrative hearings in order to preserve their informality.^ Bar and lawyers of other countries; .
  • The Government of The Bahamas - Home 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC laws.bahamas.gov.bs [Source type: Original source]

^ Bar of England, Scotland, Northern Ireland or Eire, or of such other country, whether within the Commonwealth or not, as may be prescribed; or .
  • The Government of The Bahamas - Home 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC laws.bahamas.gov.bs [Source type: Original source]

^ Like other states, Texas also has rules about what portions of a trial need to be transcribed.
  • George Stein The DUI Lawyer 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.theduilawyer.com [Source type: Original source]

[34]

Client intake and counseling (with regard to pending litigation)

.An important aspect of a lawyer's job is developing and managing relationships with clients (or the client's employees, if the lawyer works in-house for a government or corporation).^ Disclaimer: The information provided on Lawyers.com is not legal advice, Lawyers.com is not a lawyer referral service, and no attorney-client or confidential relationship is or should be formed by use of the site.
  • Lawyer, Attorney, Law Firms, Attorneys, Legal Information. Lawyers.com 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.lawyers.com [Source type: General]
  • Labor & Employment Law Attorney, Lawyer, Attorneys, Lawyers and Legal Research Information - Lawyers.com 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC labor-employment-law.lawyers.com [Source type: News]
  • Legal Malpractice Attorney, Lawyer, Attorneys, Lawyers and Legal Research Information - Lawyers.com 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC legal-malpractice.lawyers.com [Source type: News]
  • Suing Your Lawyer - Lawyers.com 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC research.lawyers.com [Source type: General]
  • Maritime Attorney, Lawyer, Attorneys, Lawyers and Legal Research Information - Lawyers.com 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC maritime.lawyers.com [Source type: General]
  • How to Fire Your Attorney - Lawyers.com 10 September 2009 21:51 UTC research.lawyers.com [Source type: General]
  • Select a Lawyer - Lawyers.com 10 September 2009 21:51 UTC research.lawyers.com [Source type: News]

^ We have posted here and here on some of HALT 's important work, including their letter grades for states' lawyer disciplinary processes .

^ The attorney may “tune out” the client if such a relationship develops.
  • George Stein The DUI Lawyer 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.theduilawyer.com [Source type: Original source]

.The client-lawyer relationship often begins with an intake interview where the lawyer gets to know the client personally, discovers the facts of the client's case, clarifies what the client wants to accomplish, shapes the client's expectations as to what actually can be accomplished, begins to develop various claims or defenses, and explains his or her fees to the client.^ The lawyer will want to know who you are and .
  • Maritime Attorney, Lawyer, Attorneys, Lawyers and Legal Research Information - Lawyers.com 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC maritime.lawyers.com [Source type: General]

^ Disclaimer: The information provided on Lawyers.com is not legal advice, Lawyers.com is not a lawyer referral service, and no attorney-client or confidential relationship is or should be formed by use of the site.
  • Lawyer, Attorney, Law Firms, Attorneys, Legal Information. Lawyers.com 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.lawyers.com [Source type: General]
  • Legal Malpractice Attorney, Lawyer, Attorneys, Lawyers and Legal Research Information - Lawyers.com 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC legal-malpractice.lawyers.com [Source type: News]
  • Suing Your Lawyer - Lawyers.com 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC research.lawyers.com [Source type: General]
  • Maritime Attorney, Lawyer, Attorneys, Lawyers and Legal Research Information - Lawyers.com 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC maritime.lawyers.com [Source type: General]
  • Prepare to Meet with a Lawyer - Lawyers.com 10 September 2009 21:51 UTC research.lawyers.com [Source type: News]

^ Any legal malpractice lawyer considering taking your case will want to know whether your original lawyer had malpractice insurance to cover your losses, and will balance whether your provable losses are high enough to risk investing the time and energy to take the matter to trial.
  • Suing Your Lawyer - Lawyers.com 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC research.lawyers.com [Source type: General]

[35][36]
In England, only solicitors were traditionally in direct contact with the client.[37] The solicitor retained a barrister if one was necessary and acted as an intermediary between the barrister and the client.[38] .In most cases a barrister would be obliged, under what is known as the "cab rank rule", to accept instructions for a case in an area in which they held themselves out as practising, at a court at which they normally appeared and at their usual rates.^ They are not sacrificing for the freedom of Guantanamo inmates - but by ensuring the ruling of the Supreme Court is carried out fairly and without discrimination, Holland & Hart is protecting the Rule of Law and the freedom of all who are protected by such laws including most who are reading this.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ If he fails to do so, and leave the offer fairly open to two constructions, he has no right to insist, in a court of review, upon that construction which is most favorable to himself, unless it appears that it was so understood by the court which rejected the evidence.’”[xxxi] This rule places the burden upon the attorney to make a clear and unambiguous presentation as to what the evidence would have shown.
  • George Stein The DUI Lawyer 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.theduilawyer.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The United States Supreme Court, in a series of decisions collectively known as the Walder-Harris doctrine, has ruled that illegally obtained evidence, not admissible in the State’s case in chief, may be admitted for the limited purpose of impeaching a witness’s testimony.
  • George Stein The DUI Lawyer 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.theduilawyer.com [Source type: Original source]

[39][40]

Legal advice

.Legal advice is the application of abstract principles of law to the concrete facts of the client's case in order to advise the client about what they should do next.^ Disclaimer: The information provided on Lawyers.com is not legal advice, Lawyers.com is not a lawyer referral service, and no attorney-client or confidential relationship is or should be formed by use of the site.
  • Lawyer, Attorney, Law Firms, Attorneys, Legal Information. Lawyers.com 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.lawyers.com [Source type: General]
  • Wills & Probate Attorney, Lawyer, Attorneys, Lawyers and Legal Research Information - Lawyers.com 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC wills-probate.lawyers.com [Source type: General]
  • Legal Forms, State Laws and Agencies, Federal Government Agencies, Inside the Courts, and other Legal Resources - Lawyers.com 10 September 2009 21:51 UTC www.lawyers.com [Source type: News]

^ Nearly all of my NF clients are very interested in the question of what they should be doing with their lives, and somewhat fearful that they might not make the right choice.

^ Disciplinary Tribunal where the Committee considers that should the complaint be established before the Tribunal the facts of the complaint would warrant a penalty or order other than a reprimand; .
  • The Government of The Bahamas - Home 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC laws.bahamas.gov.bs [Source type: Original source]

.In many countries, only a properly licensed lawyer may provide legal advice to clients for good consideration, even if no lawsuit is contemplated or is in progress.^ Disclaimer: The information provided on Lawyers.com is not legal advice, Lawyers.com is not a lawyer referral service, and no attorney-client or confidential relationship is or should be formed by use of the site.
  • Lawyer, Attorney, Law Firms, Attorneys, Legal Information. Lawyers.com 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.lawyers.com [Source type: General]
  • Legal Forms, State Laws and Agencies, Federal Government Agencies, Inside the Courts, and other Legal Resources - Lawyers.com 10 September 2009 21:51 UTC www.lawyers.com [Source type: News]

^ WE DO NOT PROVIDE LEGAL ADVICE. We strive to make sure that the content provided on this site is as up-to-date and as accurate, as possible.
  • Find a Lawyer, Find an Attorney - LawyerFinder.com 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.lawyerfinder.com [Source type: News]

^ State of the art high definition videos provide you with valuable information that will help best match up our lawyers with prospective clients.
  • Lawyer Videos, Class Actions Videos, Verdict Settlement Videos 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.lawyercentral.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[41][42][43] .Therefore, even conveyancers and corporate in-house counsel must first get a license to practice, though they may actually spend very little of their careers in court.^ In Jordan, the court noted that “even though the test results were not admissible to prove that the appellee was driving under the influence of intoxicants, they were admissible, subject to proper foundation, as the basis for expert testimony that the appellee was not telling the truth .
  • George Stein The DUI Lawyer 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.theduilawyer.com [Source type: Original source]

^ You may even want to go further with an incentive trust provision actually requiring this training, possibly with achievement standards.
  • NFA Gun Trust Lawyer Blog ::Published by Florida Gun Trust Lawyer David Goldman 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.guntrustlawyer.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Excellence in quality of law practiced, as evidenced by corporate references, presence on outside counsel approved lists and panels for national or regional corporations, and other awards and memberships.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

.Failure to obey such a rule is the crime of unauthorized practice of law.^ Joseph N. Pelton, "Toward a Global Rule of Law: A Practical Step Toward World Peace," Nov-Dec 2007, p.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

[44]
.In other countries, jurists who hold law degrees are allowed to provide legal advice to individuals or to corporations, and it is irrelevant if they lack a license and cannot appear in court.^ WE DO NOT PROVIDE LEGAL ADVICE. We strive to make sure that the content provided on this site is as up-to-date and as accurate, as possible.
  • Find a Lawyer, Find an Attorney - LawyerFinder.com 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.lawyerfinder.com [Source type: News]

^ "One in 10 of the 100 biggest law firms have indicated they could seek a stock market flotation in the wake of planned rules allowing outside investment in the legal sector."
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ It produces more law school graduates annually than any other country.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

[45][46] .Some countries go further; in England and Wales, there is no general prohibition on the giving of legal advice.^ Disclaimer: The information provided on Lawyers.com is not legal advice, Lawyers.com is not a lawyer referral service, and no attorney-client or confidential relationship is or should be formed by use of the site.
  • Lawyer, Attorney, Law Firms, Attorneys, Legal Information. Lawyers.com 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.lawyers.com [Source type: General]
  • Select a Lawyer - Lawyers.com 10 September 2009 21:51 UTC research.lawyers.com [Source type: News]
  • Lawyer Ratings - Lawyers.com 10 September 2009 21:51 UTC research.lawyers.com [Source type: General]

^ The rule regarding transcripts is akin to that for objections: if you did not preserve the problematic statements in some recorded format, then there is no error to review on appeal.
  • George Stein The DUI Lawyer 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.theduilawyer.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There is no legal remedy in most states to force the review of these forms.
  • NFA Gun Trust Lawyer Blog ::Published by Florida Gun Trust Lawyer David Goldman 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.guntrustlawyer.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[47] .Sometimes civil law notaries are allowed to give legal advice, as in Belgium.^ Give Bruce's post a good read: Publicly Traded Law Firms in the US? Georgetown Law Symposium Tags: The Legal Profession Email This Print Comments .
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

[48] .In many countries, non-jurist accountants may provide what is technically legal advice in tax and accounting matters.^ Disclaimer: The information provided on Lawyers.com is not legal advice, Lawyers.com is not a lawyer referral service, and no attorney-client or confidential relationship is or should be formed by use of the site.
  • Lawyer, Attorney, Law Firms, Attorneys, Legal Information. Lawyers.com 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.lawyers.com [Source type: General]
  • How to Fire Your Attorney - Lawyers.com 10 September 2009 21:51 UTC research.lawyers.com [Source type: General]
  • Prepare to Meet with a Lawyer - Lawyers.com 10 September 2009 21:51 UTC research.lawyers.com [Source type: News]

[49]

Protecting intellectual property

.In virtually all countries, patents, trademarks, industrial designs and other forms of intellectual property must be formally registered with a government agency in order to receive maximum protection under the law.^ Every person admitted to practice other than a person specially admitted is entitled to receive from the Registrar a certificate of enrolment under the seal of the Court.
  • The Government of The Bahamas - Home 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC laws.bahamas.gov.bs [Source type: Original source]

^ All persons admitted to practice other than persons specially admitted shall form and be members of The Bahamas Bar Association.
  • The Government of The Bahamas - Home 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC laws.bahamas.gov.bs [Source type: Original source]

^ Legal Forms & Documents State Law and Agencies U.S. Constitution Federal Courts & Laws U.S. Small Claims Court Federal Government Agencies Legal Dictionary .
  • How to Fire Your Attorney - Lawyers.com 10 September 2009 21:51 UTC research.lawyers.com [Source type: General]

.The division of such work among lawyers, licensed non-lawyer jurists/agents, and ordinary clerks or scriveners varies greatly from one country to the next.^ I could recount dozens of instances where lawyers' intellect (and particularly seeing a non-TAAW situation as one calling for TAAW skills) got in the way of good results.

^ Unfortunately his lawyer must not have been familiar with the NFA because no one should ever do such a thing.
  • NFA Gun Trust Lawyer Blog ::Published by Florida Gun Trust Lawyer David Goldman 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.guntrustlawyer.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This is one of the (usually) unspoken reasons why part time work for new mothers is such a controversial subject.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

[32][50]

Negotiating and drafting contracts

In some countries, the negotiating and drafting of contracts is considered to be similar to the provision of legal advice, so that it is subject to the licensing requirement explained above.[51] In others, jurists or notaries may negotiate or draft contracts.[52]
.Lawyers in some civil law countries traditionally deprecated "transactional law" or "business law" as beneath them.^ Government Lawyer Civil Litigation , Civil Rights , Education Military and Armed Services , Native American Affairs , Privacy Law .
  • Find a Lawyer, Find an Attorney - LawyerFinder.com 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.lawyerfinder.com [Source type: News]

^ Auto Accidents Bankruptcy Business Law Child Custody Child Support Civil Rights Consumer Criminal Law .
  • Lawyer, Attorney, Law Firms, Attorneys, Legal Information. Lawyers.com 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.lawyers.com [Source type: General]

.French law firms developed transactional departments only in the 1990s when they started to lose business to international firms based in the United States and the United Kingdom (where solicitors have always done transactional work).^ This would a good exercise for my husband and me to do.” Then she saw the photo of the author (me) and said, “hey, I know that guy.” Meg and I had worked together at the same law firm in the mid-1990s.

^ Posted on July 4, 2005 by Gerry Riskin According to this article, Wilmer Cutler law firm joins race for valley tech business , the answer is YES. .
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ The case has major implications for the legality of restrictive gun laws not only in Chicago, but also in other cities across the United States.
  • NFA Gun Trust Lawyer Blog ::Published by Florida Gun Trust Lawyer David Goldman 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.guntrustlawyer.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[53]

Conveyancing

.Conveyancing is the drafting of the documents necessary for the transfer of real property, such as deeds and mortgages.^ A general assignment of personal property is a standard form that transfers all personal property not requiring a deed or special documentation to a trust and is commonly used with a standard revocable living trust.
  • NFA Gun Trust Lawyer Blog ::Published by Florida Gun Trust Lawyer David Goldman 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.guntrustlawyer.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In some jurisdictions, all real estate transactions must be carried out by a lawyer (or a solicitor where that distinction still exists).^ It is time for all law firms of more than a handful of lawyers to realize that there is a return on the investment of management and a competitive disadvantage for ignoring that fact.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ Is this a resource that may be helpful to some of your lawyers (if not all)?
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

[54] Such a monopoly is quite valuable from the lawyer's point of view; historically, conveyancing accounted for about half of English solicitors' income (though this has since changed),[55] and a 1978 study showed that conveyancing "accounts for as much as 80 percent of solicitor-client contact in New South Wales."[56] In most common law jurisdictions outside of the United States, this monopoly arose from an 1804 law[57] that was introduced by William Pitt the Younger as a quid pro quo for the raising of fees on the certification of legal professionals such as barristers, solicitors, attorneys and notaries.[58]
.In others, the use of a lawyer is optional and banks, title companies, or realtors may be used instead.^ Most trusts do not instruct how to purchase, who may use, or who may have access to Title II firearms.
  • NFA Gun Trust Lawyer Blog ::Published by Florida Gun Trust Lawyer David Goldman 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.guntrustlawyer.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Lawyer.com: Orrick Herrington & Sutcliffe is planning a new outsourcing services company for other law firms.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ Nothing on the this website should be taken as medical advice, but instead should act as a useful resource in providing general information that may be useful to members of the general public.
  • Lawyer Videos, Class Actions Videos, Verdict Settlement Videos 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.lawyercentral.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[59] .In some civil law jurisdictions, real estate transactions are handled by civil law notaries.^ Read Blog Post Child Custody & Visitation Criminal Law Immigration Real Estate CHAT: .
  • Legal Discussions, Ask A Lawyer Forum, Chat Live with a Lawyer - Lawyers.com 10 September 2009 21:51 UTC www.lawyers.com [Source type: General]

^ Real Estate Law .
  • Legal Discussions, Ask A Lawyer Forum, Chat Live with a Lawyer - Lawyers.com 10 September 2009 21:51 UTC www.lawyers.com [Source type: General]

^ Real Estate & Landlord Tenant Law Hosted by: Tom Pedreira .
  • Legal Discussions, Ask A Lawyer Forum, Chat Live with a Lawyer - Lawyers.com 10 September 2009 21:51 UTC www.lawyers.com [Source type: General]

[60] .In England and Wales a special class of legal professional–the licensed conveyancer–is also allowed to carry out conveyancing services for reward.^ The risk therefore to the Bar is that it could lose its traditional position as quasi-monopoly supplier of advocacy services in England and Wales, together with any associated monopoly profits.

[61]

Carrying out the intent of the deceased

.In many countries, only lawyers have the legal authority to draft wills, trusts, and any other documents that ensure the efficient disposition of a person's property after death.^ Bar and lawyers of other countries; .
  • The Government of The Bahamas - Home 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC laws.bahamas.gov.bs [Source type: Original source]

^ Many Free Trusts on the Internet or from other sources have been found to be invalid.
  • NFA Gun Trust Lawyer Blog ::Published by Florida Gun Trust Lawyer David Goldman 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.guntrustlawyer.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The case has major implications for the legality of restrictive gun laws not only in Chicago, but also in other cities across the United States.
  • NFA Gun Trust Lawyer Blog ::Published by Florida Gun Trust Lawyer David Goldman 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.guntrustlawyer.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In some civil law countries this responsibility is handled by civil law notaries.[52]
.In the United States, the estates of the deceased must generally be administered by a court through probate.^ December 2, 2009 United States Court of Appeals Suggests Trust for Firearms to Solve Problem .
  • NFA Gun Trust Lawyer Blog ::Published by Florida Gun Trust Lawyer David Goldman 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.guntrustlawyer.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.American lawyers have a profitable monopoly on dispensing advice about probate law (which has been heavily criticized).^ Review lawyer profiles and information about individual law firms to identify the best lawyer to fit your needs.
  • Find a Lawyer, Find an Attorney - LawyerFinder.com 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.lawyerfinder.com [Source type: News]

^ Kirk asked me to direct you American Lawyers who care about voting rights to his post Offtopic - Lawyers and Voters' Rights 2008 - Get Involved at GlobalTort .
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ About the Author George Stein the DUI Lawyer has been a practicing DUI lawyer in Georgia for many years and is the author of “Georgia DUI Law, A Resource for Lawyers and Judges” (Lexis Law Publishing).
  • George Stein The DUI Lawyer 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.theduilawyer.com [Source type: Original source]

[62]

Prosecution and defense of criminal suspects

.In many civil law countries, prosecutors are trained and employed as part of the judiciary; they are law-trained jurists, but may not necessarily be lawyers in the sense that the word is used in the common law world.^ There may not be world law in the foreseeable future, but the world’s legal systems will be networked.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ Council may appear expedient for the tuition of students and their examination, including provision for the practical training and the examination in The Bahamas of students or graduates in law of any university.
  • The Government of The Bahamas - Home 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC laws.bahamas.gov.bs [Source type: Original source]

^ I definitely wish I'd had it to read while in law school, in part just to know there are options out there, and lawyers who are balancing their lives and finding happiness in the profession."

[63] .In common law countries, prosecutors are usually lawyers holding regular licenses who simply happen to work for the government office that files criminal charges against suspects.^ Our powerful network includes some of the successful lawyers in the country, working tirelessly to ensure your rights.
  • Find a Lawyer | Lawyers | Attorneys | Attorney | Find Top Lawyers 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.lawyercentral.com [Source type: News]

^ To make a change to an NFA Firearms Trust, one simply amends the trust to change who can use, purchase, or possess the firearms without risk of criminal liability for violating the NFA. .
  • NFA Gun Trust Lawyer Blog ::Published by Florida Gun Trust Lawyer David Goldman 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.guntrustlawyer.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Unbeknownst to each other, they posted on a common theme: lawyers leaving their law firms.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

.Criminal defense lawyers specialize in the defense of those charged with any crimes.^ Criminal Lawyer Appeals , Criminal Defense , Driving Violations , DUI , DWI , Federal Criminal Defense , Juvenile Defense .
  • Find a Lawyer, Find an Attorney - LawyerFinder.com 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.lawyerfinder.com [Source type: News]

[64]

Education

The educational prerequisites to becoming a lawyer vary greatly from country to country. .In some countries, law is taught by a faculty of law, which is a department of a university's general undergraduate college.^ At Indiana Law, we are building a law faculty universe database that covers 80 years of AALS schools.

[65] .Law students in those countries pursue a Master or Bachelor of Laws degree.^ Bar Council and the Council of Legal Education of the West Indies as being academically equivalent to a Bachelor of Laws degree from the University of The West Indies; .
  • The Government of The Bahamas - Home 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC laws.bahamas.gov.bs [Source type: Original source]

.In some countries it is common or even required for students to earn another bachelor's degree at the same time.^ But most individuals cannot afford the $30,000 to $50,000 in attorney time that even a moderately difficult matter requires for preparation and trial.
  • Selecting A Lawyer - Lawyers.com 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC research.lawyers.com [Source type: General]

Nor is the LL.B the sole obstacle; it is often followed by a series of advanced examinations, apprenticeships, and additional coursework at special government institutes.[66]
.In other countries, particularly the United States, law is primarily taught at law schools.^ Breakout sessions will provide participants the opportunity to talk directly to the panelists and other attorneys about life after law school.

^ The case has major implications for the legality of restrictive gun laws not only in Chicago, but also in other cities across the United States.
  • NFA Gun Trust Lawyer Blog ::Published by Florida Gun Trust Lawyer David Goldman 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.guntrustlawyer.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I oversee on campus recruiting at targeted law schools for our office and local candidates for other firm offices.

.In the United States[67] and countries following the American model, (such as Canada[68] with the exception of the province of Quebec) law schools are graduate/professional schools where a bachelor's degree is a prerequisite for admission.^ The case has major implications for the legality of restrictive gun laws not only in Chicago, but also in other cities across the United States.
  • NFA Gun Trust Lawyer Blog ::Published by Florida Gun Trust Lawyer David Goldman 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.guntrustlawyer.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Juhi holds a Masters in Business Law from India's foremost law school, the National Law School of India in Bangalore and is also a graduate in media from Delhi University.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ Bar Council and the Council of Legal Education of the West Indies as being academically equivalent to a Bachelor of Laws degree from the University of The West Indies; .
  • The Government of The Bahamas - Home 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC laws.bahamas.gov.bs [Source type: Original source]

.Most law schools are part of universities but a few are independent institutions.^ Juhi holds a Masters in Business Law from India's foremost law school, the National Law School of India in Bangalore and is also a graduate in media from Delhi University.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ Here is an excerpt from a brilliant piece under the title of "Law's Heroes" at the web site of the University of Missouris Kansas City Law School : .
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ Seattle University School of Law .
  • State Bar of Texas | 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.texasbar.com [Source type: Academic]

.Law schools in the United States (and many in Canada and elsewhere) award graduating students a J.D. (Juris Doctor/Doctor of Jurisprudence) (as opposed to the Bachelor of Laws) as the practitioner's law degree.^ The case has major implications for the legality of restrictive gun laws not only in Chicago, but also in other cities across the United States.
  • NFA Gun Trust Lawyer Blog ::Published by Florida Gun Trust Lawyer David Goldman 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.guntrustlawyer.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Juhi holds a Masters in Business Law from India's foremost law school, the National Law School of India in Bangalore and is also a graduate in media from Delhi University.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ It produces more law school graduates annually than any other country.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

.Many schools also offer post-doctoral law degrees such as the LL.M (Legum Magister/Master of Laws), or the S.J.D. (Scientiae Juridicae Doctor/Doctor of Juridical Science) for students interested in advancing their research knowledge and credentials in a specific area of law.^ One of the major implications of more professor mobility is the diminution of "school-specific" capital--i.e., desirable law school attributes, such as innovative curriculum, public service reputation, alumni good will, that remains largely intact when a professor leaves.

^ Law schools with high levels of school-specific capital can be wonderful places to work.

^ My analysis of school-specific capital is influenced by my study of law firms.

[69]
The methods and quality of legal education vary widely. .Some countries require extensive clinical training in the form of apprenticeships or special clinical courses.^ A general assignment of personal property is a standard form that transfers all personal property not requiring a deed or special documentation to a trust and is commonly used with a standard revocable living trust.
  • NFA Gun Trust Lawyer Blog ::Published by Florida Gun Trust Lawyer David Goldman 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.guntrustlawyer.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[70] Others, like Venezuela, do not.[71] A few countries prefer to teach through assigned readings of judicial opinions (the casebook method) followed by intense in-class cross-examination by the professor (the Socratic method).[72][73] .Many others have only lectures on highly abstract legal doctrines, which forces young lawyers to figure out how to actually think and write like a lawyer at their first apprenticeship (or job).^ LAWYERS WITH A DIFFERENT VIEW: If there are lawyers out there who think the RollOnFriday story is actually funny, please comment I will be surprised but am willing to listen if you think my views are skewed.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ You want to choose the best lawyer who you think will do the best job for you.
  • Selecting A Lawyer - Lawyers.com 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC research.lawyers.com [Source type: General]

^ At this point, the reader is likely thinking: “Well, that is obvious…the only good lawyer is an effective lawyer.” However, there is a surprising number of lawyers who use the same method or strategy over and over again, despite knowing that the strategy has not worked and will not likely work at any future point.
  • George Stein The DUI Lawyer 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.theduilawyer.com [Source type: Original source]

[74][75][76] Depending upon the country, a typical class size could range from five students in a seminar to five hundred in a giant lecture room. .In the United States, law schools maintain small class sizes, and as such, grant admissions on a more limited and competitive basis.^ One of the major implications of more professor mobility is the diminution of "school-specific" capital--i.e., desirable law school attributes, such as innovative curriculum, public service reputation, alumni good will, that remains largely intact when a professor leaves.

^ It produces more law school graduates annually than any other country.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ So more free agency suggests fewer law schools that transform good human capital into great human capital.

[77]
.Some countries, particularly industrialized ones, have a traditional preference for full-time law programs,[78] while in developing countries, students often work full- or part-time to pay the tuition and fees of their part-time law programs.^ Our powerful network includes some of the successful lawyers in the country, working tirelessly to ensure your rights.
  • Find a Lawyer | Lawyers | Attorneys | Attorney | Find Top Lawyers 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.lawyercentral.com [Source type: News]

^ (I remember this because the starting pay was $44,000, exactly double my offer, but the word was you worked three times as hard.

^ Perhaps out of necessity, part-timers develop better time management skills and they are also forced to focus.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

[79][80]
.Law schools in developing countries share several common problems, such as an overreliance on practicing judges and lawyers who treat teaching as a part-time hobby (and a concomitant scarcity of full-time law professors);[81][82] incompetent faculty with questionable credentials;[83] and textbooks that lag behind the current state of the law by two or three decades.^ One of the major implications of more professor mobility is the diminution of "school-specific" capital--i.e., desirable law school attributes, such as innovative curriculum, public service reputation, alumni good will, that remains largely intact when a professor leaves.

^ Lawyers appreciate people who treat them with the dignity and respect.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ Perhaps out of necessity, part-timers develop better time management skills and they are also forced to focus.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

[81][84]

Earning the right to practice law

Some jurisdictions grant a "diploma privilege" to certain institutions, so that merely earning a degree or credential from those institutions is the primary qualification for practicing law.[85] .Mexico allows anyone with a law degree to practice law.^ Law Practice Management Small Firm Business If anyone has any additions, please let Patrick (and me) know.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

[86] .However, in a large number of countries, a law student must pass a bar examination (or a series of such examinations) before receiving a license to practice.^ Bar of England, Scotland, Northern Ireland or Eire, or of such other country, whether within the Commonwealth or not, as may be prescribed; or .
  • The Government of The Bahamas - Home 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC laws.bahamas.gov.bs [Source type: Original source]

^ Bar Council that the applicant has passed the examination approved by the Bar Council for the purposes of Part C; .
  • The Government of The Bahamas - Home 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC laws.bahamas.gov.bs [Source type: Original source]

^ Bar Council otherwise determines, if he has been disqualified for or suspended from practice in the courts of any place outside The Bahamas and such disqualification or suspension is in force at the date of his application for such admission; .
  • The Government of The Bahamas - Home 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC laws.bahamas.gov.bs [Source type: Original source]

[85][87][88] .In a handful of U.S. states, one may become an attorney (a so-called country lawyer) by simply "reading law" and passing the bar examination, without having to attend law school first (although very few people actually become lawyers that way).^ Bar and lawyers of other countries; .
  • The Government of The Bahamas - Home 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC laws.bahamas.gov.bs [Source type: Original source]

^ A person is qualified for registration as an associate in accordance with this Schedule if he has been called to the Bar or admitted to practice as a barrister or a solicitor or as an attorney-at-law before a court of unlimited jurisdiction in any country whether within or without the Commonwealth and, under the provisions of any enactment for the time being in force regulating the right to engage in gainful occupation or to be employed in The Bahamas, may lawfully be employed to perform the functions allowed to a registered associate under this Act.
  • The Government of The Bahamas - Home 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC laws.bahamas.gov.bs [Source type: Original source]

^ A counsel and attorney may apply to the Attorney General for appointment as one of Her Majesty's Counsel.
  • The Government of The Bahamas - Home 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC laws.bahamas.gov.bs [Source type: Original source]

[89]
.Some countries require a formal apprenticeship with an experienced practitioner, while others do not.^ There are some “appellate commandments” that practitioners should keep in mind at DUI and other trials.
  • George Stein The DUI Lawyer 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.theduilawyer.com [Source type: Original source]

[90] .For example, a few jurisdictions still allow an apprenticeship in place of any kind of formal legal education (though the number of persons who actually become lawyers that way is increasingly rare).^ This is another example of a few lawyers just quietly getting on with social responsibility adding to the esteem in which our profession is held.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ For those who are thinking: "this story is about the UK - not our jurisdiction" I will simply remind you that the largest firm in the world is based there—along with a number of other global legal powerhouses.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ People who become professors are rarely indifferent to the title and status that comes with the role.

[91]

Career structure

U.S. President Abraham Lincoln is a famous example of a lawyer-turned-politician.
The career structure of lawyers varies widely from one country to the next.

Common law/civil law

.In most common law countries, especially those with fused professions, lawyers have many options over the course of their careers.^ When you read this piece you will learn (or be reminded) that Law is a profession and its future lies in the hands of the lawyers who love it.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ On June 25 the program “Law Students, Know Thy Career Options!” will return to help aspiring attorneys determine their career paths.

^ Unbeknownst to each other, they posted on a common theme: lawyers leaving their law firms.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

.Besides private practice, they can become a prosecutor, government counsel, corporate in-house counsel, administrative law judge, judge, arbitrator, law professor, or politician.^ Excellence in quality of law practiced, as evidenced by corporate references, presence on outside counsel approved lists and panels for national or regional corporations, and other awards and memberships.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ About the Author George Stein the DUI Lawyer has been a practicing DUI lawyer in Georgia for many years and is the author of “Georgia DUI Law, A Resource for Lawyers and Judges” (Lexis Law Publishing).
  • George Stein The DUI Lawyer 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.theduilawyer.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I don't know that my anecdotes can beat up your anecdotes, but I've been a big firm litigation partner, a big firm corporate partner, a general counsel who hires big firms, and a law professor.

[92] .There are also many non-legal jobs which legal training is good preparation for, such as corporate executive, government administrator, investment banker, entrepreneur, or journalist.^ Anyway, there may be a job in Augusta for someone interested in enforcing legal ethics.

^ The Good News: The notion of allowing non-lawyer partners would permit key support professionals like Executive Directors, Financial Officers, Marketing Directors, Training Directors, IT Managers, Knowledge Managers etc etc to have a stake in the business.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

[93] .In developing countries like India, a large majority of law students never actually practice, but simply use their law degree as a foundation for careers in other fields.^ Excellence in quality of law practiced, as evidenced by corporate references, presence on outside counsel approved lists and panels for national or regional corporations, and other awards and memberships.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ The case has major implications for the legality of restrictive gun laws not only in Chicago, but also in other cities across the United States.
  • NFA Gun Trust Lawyer Blog ::Published by Florida Gun Trust Lawyer David Goldman 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.guntrustlawyer.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Council may appear expedient for the tuition of students and their examination, including provision for the practical training and the examination in The Bahamas of students or graduates in law of any university.
  • The Government of The Bahamas - Home 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC laws.bahamas.gov.bs [Source type: Original source]

[94]
.In most civil law countries, lawyers generally structure their legal education around their chosen specialty; the boundaries between different types of lawyers are carefully defined and hard to cross.^ American Bar Association, Rule of Law Initiative-Kosovo, Legal Education Reform Specialist (6-12 months, Fall 2009) (Pristina/Mitrovica, Kosovo) .

^ It was, however, one of the most gallant, generous, manly and disinterested Actions of my whole Life, and one of the best Pieces of Service I ever rendered my Country.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ Sure, you might get somebody who was familiar with professional service firms in general, but there's nothing more horizontal than a law firm's structure.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

After one earns a law degree, career mobility may be severely constrained.[95] For example, unlike their American counterparts,[96] it is difficult for German judges to leave the bench and become advocates in private practice.[97] Another interesting example is France, where for much of the 20th century, all judiciary officials were graduates of an elite professional school for judges. .Although the French judiciary has begun experimenting with the Anglo-American model of appointing judges from accomplished advocates, the few advocates who have actually joined the bench this way are looked down upon by their colleagues who have taken the traditional route to judicial office.^ Chairman who shall be one of the judges appointed under paragraph 1(a); and .
  • The Government of The Bahamas - Home 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC laws.bahamas.gov.bs [Source type: Original source]

[98]
.In a few civil law countries, such as Sweden,[99] the legal profession is not rigorously bifurcated and everyone within it can easily change roles and arenas.^ Bar of England, Scotland, Northern Ireland or Eire, or of such other country, whether within the Commonwealth or not, as may be prescribed; or .
  • The Government of The Bahamas - Home 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC laws.bahamas.gov.bs [Source type: Original source]

^ As always, it won't be the legal profession initiating the change - our clients will do that for us.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ With Clemente in the UK just over the horizon, please fasten your seatbelts - this is a pivotal moment for the legal profession and for the Managing Partners within it.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

Specialization

.In many countries, lawyers are general practitioners who will take almost any kind of case that walks in the door.^ After all, there are many who will not be sensitive to the fact that love of country and constitutions means complying with the judgments of the US Supreme Court, not disobeying them.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ All are trial lawyers who aren't afraid to take the case to court.
  • Find a Lawyer | Lawyers | Attorneys | Attorney | Find Top Lawyers 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.lawyercentral.com [Source type: News]

^ At trial, the defendant takes the stand and his lawyer asks him, how many beers did you drink the night you were arrested?
  • George Stein The DUI Lawyer 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.theduilawyer.com [Source type: Original source]

[100] .In others, there has been a tendency since the start of the 20th century for lawyers to specialize early in their careers.^ Can Law Study in China Help a U.S. or Other Foreign Lawyer Get a Job in China or Practice There?

[101][102] .In countries where specialization is prevalent, many lawyers specialize in representing one side in one particular area of the law; thus, it is common in the United States to hear of plaintiffs' personal injury attorneys.^ Unbeknownst to each other, they posted on a common theme: lawyers leaving their law firms.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ Punchline: Whatever happens, keep an eye on this and learn from it — we don't see too many clear transitions in the practice of law — if this works, it will in hindsight have been a big one.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ About the Author George Stein the DUI Lawyer has been a practicing DUI lawyer in Georgia for many years and is the author of “Georgia DUI Law, A Resource for Lawyers and Judges” (Lexis Law Publishing).
  • George Stein The DUI Lawyer 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.theduilawyer.com [Source type: Original source]

[103]

Organization

.Lawyers in private practice generally work in specialized businesses known as law firms,[104] with the exception of English barristers.^ "The most obvious change has been the emergence of full-time law firm CEO's, who do not practice at all.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ Posted on July 4, 2005 by Gerry Riskin According to this article, Wilmer Cutler law firm joins race for valley tech business , the answer is YES. .
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ "Will we ever see a non-lawyer CEO of a law firm?"
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

.The vast majority of law firms worldwide are small businesses that range in size from 1 to 10 lawyers.^ Posted on July 4, 2005 by Gerry Riskin According to this article, Wilmer Cutler law firm joins race for valley tech business , the answer is YES. .
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ "Will we ever see a non-lawyer CEO of a law firm?"
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ I must say I was surprised to see a web site bearing the names of numerous prestigious law firms, as advertisers, attack lawyers in this way.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

[105] .The United States, with its large number of firms with more than 50 lawyers, is an exception.^ Many lawyers are spending too much time at the office and getting far less of a return for themselves and their firms (and their clients) than they would if they spent something less but worked more efficiently and effectively.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ There’s a lot more that people bring to a law firm than profitability: integrity, a cheerful demeanor, teaching ability,” he said.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ Perhaps this is why some lawyers want their firms to be more " corporate ".
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

[106] .The United Kingdom and Australia are also exceptions, as the UK, Australia and the U.S. are now home to several firms with more than 1,000 lawyers after a wave of mergers in the late 1990s.^ Many lawyers are spending too much time at the office and getting far less of a return for themselves and their firms (and their clients) than they would if they spent something less but worked more efficiently and effectively.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ There’s a lot more that people bring to a law firm than profitability: integrity, a cheerful demeanor, teaching ability,” he said.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ Perhaps this is why some lawyers want their firms to be more " corporate ".
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

.Notably, barristers in England and Wales and some states in Australia do not work in "law firms". Those who offer their services to the general public—as opposed to those working "in house"—are required to be self-employed.^ (By the way, my recollection is that Georgetown leads the pack nationwide in terms of law firms who interview on campus.

^ We have posted here and here on some of HALT 's important work, including their letter grades for states' lawyer disciplinary processes .

^ This challenge will be met by some firms who will gain enormous competitive advantage.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

[107] .Most work in groupings known as "sets" or "chambers", where some administrative and marketing costs are shared.^ Its impact with outsourced legal services in western markets has been significant and this is set to grow exponentially as western clients seek to cut legal costs in the face of the current economic recession.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

.An important effect of this different organizational structure is that there is no conflict of interest where barristers in the same chambers work for opposing sides in a case, and in some specialised chambers this is commonplace.^ The rule regarding transcripts is akin to that for objections: if you did not preserve the problematic statements in some recorded format, then there is no error to review on appeal.
  • George Stein The DUI Lawyer 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.theduilawyer.com [Source type: Original source]

Professional associations and regulation

Mandatory licensing and membership in professional organizations

In some jurisdictions, either the judiciary[108] or the Ministry of Justice[109] directly supervises the admission, licensing, and regulation of lawyers.
.Other jurisdictions, by statute, tradition, or court order, have granted such powers to a professional association which all lawyers must belong to.^ Almost all lawyers practice with courage and professionalism every day.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ In any event, the proffered evidence that a Georgia attorney seeks to present at a trial must still be admissible under all other evidentiary rules.
  • George Stein The DUI Lawyer 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.theduilawyer.com [Source type: Original source]

^ All persons admitted to practice other than persons specially admitted shall form and be members of The Bahamas Bar Association.
  • The Government of The Bahamas - Home 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC laws.bahamas.gov.bs [Source type: Original source]

[110] .In the U.S., such associations are known as mandatory, integrated, or unified bar associations.^ The President of the Bar Association shall in each year summon a meeting of the Association to be held in such month as may be prescribed for the purpose of- .
  • The Government of The Bahamas - Home 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC laws.bahamas.gov.bs [Source type: Original source]

^ A counsel and attorney who has ceased to be a member of the Bar Association under subsection (2) is eligible for readmission in the Association subject to compliance with such conditions as the Bar Council may prescribe.
  • The Government of The Bahamas - Home 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC laws.bahamas.gov.bs [Source type: Original source]

^ Attorney-General after consultation with the President of the Bar Association for such period not exceeding two years as is specified in the instrument effecting the appointment.
  • The Government of The Bahamas - Home 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC laws.bahamas.gov.bs [Source type: Original source]

.In the Commonwealth of Nations, similar organizations are known as Inns of Court, bar councils or law societies.^ Bar Council otherwise determines, if he has been disqualified for or suspended from practice in the courts of any place outside The Bahamas and such disqualification or suspension is in force at the date of his application for such admission; .
  • The Government of The Bahamas - Home 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC laws.bahamas.gov.bs [Source type: Original source]

^ There is hereby established a committee to be known as the Ethics Committee of the Bar Council the functions of which shall be- .
  • The Government of The Bahamas - Home 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC laws.bahamas.gov.bs [Source type: Original source]

^ The Bar Council may make bye-laws for the direction, control and government of the Bar Association.
  • The Government of The Bahamas - Home 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC laws.bahamas.gov.bs [Source type: Original source]

[111] In civil law countries, comparable organizations are known as Orders of Advocates,[112] Chambers of Advocates,[113] Colleges of Advocates,[114] Faculties of Advocates,[115] or similar names. .Generally, a nonmember caught practicing law may be liable for the crime of unauthorized practice of law.^ Council may appear expedient for the tuition of students and their examination, including provision for the practical training and the examination in The Bahamas of students or graduates in law of any university.
  • The Government of The Bahamas - Home 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC laws.bahamas.gov.bs [Source type: Original source]

[116]
.In common law countries with divided legal professions, barristers traditionally belong to the bar council (or an Inn of Court) and solicitors belong to the law society.^ In the discharge of its responsibility in respect of legal education under paragraph (b) of subsection (2) of section 5 the Bar Council may- .
  • The Government of The Bahamas - Home 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC laws.bahamas.gov.bs [Source type: Original source]

^ Bar Council otherwise determines, if he has been disqualified for or suspended from practice in the courts of any place outside The Bahamas and such disqualification or suspension is in force at the date of his application for such admission; .
  • The Government of The Bahamas - Home 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC laws.bahamas.gov.bs [Source type: Original source]

^ The Bar Council may make bye-laws for the direction, control and government of the Bar Association.
  • The Government of The Bahamas - Home 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC laws.bahamas.gov.bs [Source type: Original source]

.In the English-speaking world, the largest mandatory professional association of lawyers is the State Bar of California, with 200,000 members.^ She was on Larry Smith's Training Forum for his "Lawyer Hiring & Training Report" and was one of the original members of the Professional Development Consortium.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

.Some countries admit and regulate lawyers at the national level, so that a lawyer, once licensed, can argue cases in any court in the land.^ A certificate from the competent authority in the country in which the applicant claims to have been called to the Bar or admitted to practice, as the case may be, that the applicant has been so called or admitted to practice.
  • The Government of The Bahamas - Home 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC laws.bahamas.gov.bs [Source type: Original source]

^ Every once in awhile, the client does find something in the case that is not right and that the lawyer has overlooked.
  • George Stein The DUI Lawyer 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.theduilawyer.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Lawyers should be aware of the rule in some states that do not require a court reporter be present in misdemeanor case and therefore should hire a private court reporter.
  • George Stein The DUI Lawyer 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.theduilawyer.com [Source type: Original source]

This is common in small countries like New Zealand, Japan, and Belgium.[117] .Others, especially those with federal governments, tend to regulate lawyers at the state or provincial level; this is the case in the United States,[118] Canada,[119] Australia,[120] and Switzerland,[121] to name a few.^ Lawyers should be aware of the rule in some states that do not require a court reporter be present in misdemeanor case and therefore should hire a private court reporter.
  • George Stein The DUI Lawyer 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.theduilawyer.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "The truth is that the global 100 are competing with each other, but most lawyers aren't in those firms.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

.Brazil is the most well-known federal government that regulates lawyers at the national level.^ Well, I suppose Roll on Friday's Leech story levels the playing field a bit now it can be said lawyers are berated "everywhere".
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

[122]
.Some countries, like Italy, regulate lawyers at the regional level,[123] and a few, like Belgium, even regulate them at the local level (that is, they are licensed and regulated by the local equivalent of bar associations but can advocate in courts nationwide).^ PUNCHLINE: It is refreshing to see that lawyers like Mr. Dershowitz place the law even above the temptation to right a wrong.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ I can't even imagine a hiring committee saying something like "well, they are exactly equal but Mary went to Chicago and Joe went to Northwestern, so let's hire Mary."

^ Even at the mega-firms, there are very few lawyers whose practice is so restricted as to do nothing but things requiring ONLY TAAW skills.

[124] .In Germany, lawyers are admitted to regional bars and may appear for clients before all courts nationwide with the exception of the Federal Court of Justice of Germany (Bundesgerichtshof or BGH); oddly, securing admission to the BGH's bar limits a lawyer's practice solely to the supreme federal courts and the Federal Constitutional Court of Germany.^ Supreme Court appointed by the Chief Justice; .
  • The Government of The Bahamas - Home 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC laws.bahamas.gov.bs [Source type: Original source]

^ Bar before courts and tribunals; .
  • The Government of The Bahamas - Home 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC laws.bahamas.gov.bs [Source type: Original source]

^ Almost all lawyers practice with courage and professionalism every day.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

[125]
.Generally, geographic limitations can be troublesome for a lawyer who discovers that his client's cause requires him to litigate in a court beyond the normal geographic scope of his license.^ Perhaps the most valuable tool in the DUI lawyer’s arsenal is the pre-trial motion to suppress evidence incriminatory to a client’s cause.
  • George Stein The DUI Lawyer 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.theduilawyer.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "Lawyers have a primary duty to the courts and a secondary duty to their clients.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ Lawyers should be aware of the rule in some states that do not require a court reporter be present in misdemeanor case and therefore should hire a private court reporter.
  • George Stein The DUI Lawyer 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.theduilawyer.com [Source type: Original source]

.Although most courts have special pro hac vice rules for such occasions, the lawyer will still have to deal with a different set of professional responsibility rules, as well as the possibility of other differences in substantive and procedural law.^ They are not sacrificing for the freedom of Guantanamo inmates - but by ensuring the ruling of the Supreme Court is carried out fairly and without discrimination, Holland & Hart is protecting the Rule of Law and the freedom of all who are protected by such laws including most who are reading this.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ In any event, the proffered evidence that a Georgia attorney seeks to present at a trial must still be admissible under all other evidentiary rules.
  • George Stein The DUI Lawyer 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.theduilawyer.com [Source type: Original source]

^ My view: When lawyers stand up to a dictator who suspends the rule of law, then it is the finest imaginable "judicial activism".
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

.Some countries grant licenses to non-resident lawyers, who may then appear regularly on behalf of foreign clients.^ Her hiring met resistance from lawyers who said clients would never accept a woman in the job.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ Is this a resource that may be helpful to some of your lawyers (if not all)?
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

.Others require all lawyers to live in the jurisdiction or to even hold national citizenship as a prerequisite for receiving a license to practice.^ Almost all lawyers practice with courage and professionalism every day.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ All persons admitted to practice other than persons specially admitted shall form and be members of The Bahamas Bar Association.
  • The Government of The Bahamas - Home 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC laws.bahamas.gov.bs [Source type: Original source]

^ Join 624 other Lawyer professionals receiving free weekly job listings to their inbox every week.
  • Get Lawyer Jobs - Your Lawyer Jobs Site at GetLawyerJobs.com 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.getlawyerjobs.com [Source type: News]

But the trend in industrialized countries since the 1970s has been to abolish citizenship and residency restrictions. .For example, the Supreme Court of Canada struck down a citizenship requirement on equality rights grounds in 1989,[126] and similarly, American citizenship and residency requirements were struck down as unconstitutional by the U.S. Supreme Court in 1973 and 1985, respectively.^ For example, California court rules do not require voir dire or opening argument to be included in the record sent to appellate courts.
  • George Stein The DUI Lawyer 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.theduilawyer.com [Source type: Original source]

[127] .The European Court of Justice made similar decisions in 1974 and 1977 striking down citizenship restrictions in Belgium and France.^ No further appeal shall lie from the decision of the Court of Appeal on an appeal made under this section.
  • The Government of The Bahamas - Home 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC laws.bahamas.gov.bs [Source type: Original source]

[128]

Who regulates lawyers

A key difference among countries is whether lawyers should be regulated solely by an independent judiciary and its subordinate institutions (a self-regulating legal profession),[129] or whether lawyers should be subject to supervision by the Ministry of Justice in the executive branch.
.In most civil law countries, the government has traditionally exercised tight control over the legal profession in order to ensure a steady supply of loyal judges and bureaucrats.^ Posted on June 13, 2005 by Gerry Riskin I believe this is the most important story in the legal profession in your lifetime, even if you are a centenarian.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ Read all of the Top Ten Predictions from the Futurist for 2009 and on - possibly most relevant to the legal profession are: .
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ Tags: Law Firm Leadership , Law Firm Management , Law Related Publications , The Legal Profession , Up Close and Personal Email This Print Comments .
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

.That is, lawyers were expected first and foremost to serve the state, and the availability of counsel for private litigants was an afterthought.^ Lawyers should be aware of the rule in some states that do not require a court reporter be present in misdemeanor case and therefore should hire a private court reporter.
  • George Stein The DUI Lawyer 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.theduilawyer.com [Source type: Original source]

[130] .Even in civil law countries like Norway which have partially self-regulating professions, the Ministry of Justice is the sole issuer of licenses, and makes its own independent re-evaluation of a lawyer's fitness to practice after a lawyer has been expelled from the Advocates' Association.^ When you read this piece you will learn (or be reminded) that Law is a profession and its future lies in the hands of the lawyers who love it.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ In contrast, law schools with hallowed reputations can raise money because donors like to be associated with prestigious institutions.

^ Posted on January 13, 2007 by Gerry Riskin The lion on the left is a metaphor for the lawyers and law firms who stand up to attacks against our profession and justice itself.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

[109] Brazil is an unusual exception in that its national Order of Advocates has become a fully self-regulating institution (with direct control over licensing) and has successfully resisted government attempts to place it under the control of the Ministry of Labor.[131][132]
.Of all the civil law countries, Communist countries historically went the farthest towards total state control, with all Communist lawyers forced to practice in collectives by the mid-1950s.^ Almost all lawyers practice with courage and professionalism every day.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ "The most obvious change has been the emergence of full-time law firm CEO's, who do not practice at all.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ About the Author George Stein the DUI Lawyer has been a practicing DUI lawyer in Georgia for many years and is the author of “Georgia DUI Law, A Resource for Lawyers and Judges” (Lexis Law Publishing).
  • George Stein The DUI Lawyer 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.theduilawyer.com [Source type: Original source]

[133][134] .China is a prime example: technically, the People's Republic of China did not have lawyers, and instead had only poorly-trained, state-employed "legal workers," prior to the enactment of a comprehensive reform package in 1996 by the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress.^ But alas, this attack was not levied against all lawyers, only those who think that people with causes of action ought to be informed of their rights and offered legal service should they so require.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ At trial, the defendant takes the stand and his lawyer asks him, how many beers did you drink the night you were arrested?
  • George Stein The DUI Lawyer 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.theduilawyer.com [Source type: Original source]

^ George Stein and his seasoned legal team of Georgia DUI lawyers are well trained and knowledable in dealing with the inaccuracies and unreliability of the Intoxilyzer 5000.
  • George Stein The DUI Lawyer 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.theduilawyer.com [Source type: Original source]

[135]
.In contrast, common law lawyers have traditionally regulated themselves through institutions where the influence of non-lawyers, if any, was weak and indirect (despite nominal state control).^ "Will we ever see a non-lawyer CEO of a law firm?"
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ Second, a non-lawyer would lack the knowledge base indispensable to actually understanding a law firm.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ Unbeknownst to each other, they posted on a common theme: lawyers leaving their law firms.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

[136] .Such institutions have been traditionally dominated by private practitioners who opposed strong state control of the profession on the grounds that it would endanger the ability of lawyers to zealously and competently advocate their clients' causes in the adversarial system of justice.^ I would like to extend my congratulations to the 9 out of 10 biggest firms who are not contemplating a flotation and the four out of five who are not interested in private capital either.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ Practitioners should be aware of opposing counsel who may “cheat” – i.e.
  • George Stein The DUI Lawyer 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.theduilawyer.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Perhaps the most valuable tool in the DUI lawyer’s arsenal is the pre-trial motion to suppress evidence incriminatory to a client’s cause.
  • George Stein The DUI Lawyer 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.theduilawyer.com [Source type: Original source]

[137]
However, the concept of the self-regulating profession has been criticized as a sham which serves to legitimize the professional monopoly while protecting the profession from public scrutiny.[138] Disciplinary mechanisms have been astonishingly ineffective, and penalties have been light or nonexistent.[139][140][141]

Voluntary associations of lawyers

Lawyers are always free to form voluntary associations of their own, apart from any licensing or mandatory membership that may be required by the laws of their jurisdiction. Like their mandatory counterparts, such organizations may exist at all geographic levels.[86][142] .In American English, such associations are known as voluntary bar associations.^ American Bar Association, Rule of Law Initiative-Kosovo, Legal Education Reform Specialist (6-12 months, Fall 2009) (Pristina/Mitrovica, Kosovo) .

[143] .The largest voluntary professional association of lawyers in the English-speaking world is the American Bar Association.^ Furthermore, "Karen J. Mathis, a Denver lawyer who is president of the American Bar Association, said: “Lawyers represent people in criminal cases to fulfill a core American value: the treatment of all people equally before the law.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

.In some countries, like France and Italy, lawyers have also formed trade unions.^ I do not like lawyer jokes and I tire of lawyers being maligned — it seems to be a form of bigotry that is socially acceptable.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

[144]

Cultural perception of lawyers

Hostility towards the legal profession is a widespread phenomenon. The legal profession was abolished in Prussia in 1780 and in France in 1789, though both countries eventually realized that their judicial systems could not function efficiently without lawyers.[145] .Complaints about too many lawyers were common in both England and the United States in the 1840s[146][147] Germany in the 1910s,[148] and in Australia,[149] Canada,[150] the United States,[151][152][153] and Scotland[154] in the 1980s.^ October 3, 2009 By George Stein the DUI Lawyer About the Author George Stein the DUI Lawyer has been a practicing DUI lawyer in Georgia for many years and is the author of “Georgia DUI Law, A Resource for Lawyers and Judges” (Lexis Law Publishing).
  • George Stein The DUI Lawyer 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.theduilawyer.com [Source type: Original source]

^ About the Author George Stein the DUI Lawyer has been a practicing DUI lawyer in Georgia for many years and is the author of “Georgia DUI Law, A Resource for Lawyers and Judges” (Lexis Law Publishing).
  • George Stein The DUI Lawyer 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.theduilawyer.com [Source type: Original source]

Public distrust of lawyers reached record heights in the United States after the Watergate scandal.[153][155] .In the aftermath of Watergate, legal self-help books became popular among those who wished to solve their legal problems without having to deal with lawyers.^ Nancy G. Edmunds, who became a lawyer as a second career, and was the editor-in-chief of the Wayne Law Review back in 1977 or so.

^ George Stein and his seasoned legal team of Georgia DUI lawyers are well trained and knowledable in dealing with the inaccuracies and unreliability of the Intoxilyzer 5000.
  • George Stein The DUI Lawyer 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.theduilawyer.com [Source type: Original source]

[156] Lawyer jokes (already a perennial favorite) also soared in popularity in English-speaking North America as a result of Watergate.[157] .In 1989, American legal self-help publisher Nolo Press published a 171-page compilation of negative anecdotes about lawyers from throughout human history.^ Kirk asked me to direct you American Lawyers who care about voting rights to his post Offtopic - Lawyers and Voters' Rights 2008 - Get Involved at GlobalTort .
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ About the Author George Stein the DUI Lawyer has been a practicing DUI lawyer in Georgia for many years and is the author of “Georgia DUI Law, A Resource for Lawyers and Judges” (Lexis Law Publishing).
  • George Stein The DUI Lawyer 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.theduilawyer.com [Source type: Original source]

^ October 3, 2009 By George Stein the DUI Lawyer About the Author George Stein the DUI Lawyer has been a practicing DUI lawyer in Georgia for many years and is the author of “Georgia DUI Law, A Resource for Lawyers and Judges” (Lexis Law Publishing).
  • George Stein The DUI Lawyer 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.theduilawyer.com [Source type: Original source]

[158]
.In Adventures in Law and Justice (2003), legal researcher Bryan Horrigan dedicated a chapter to "Myths, Fictions, and Realities" about law and illustrated the perennial criticism of lawyers as "amoral [...] guns for hire"[159] with a quote from Ambrose Bierce's satirical The Devil's Dictionary (1911) that summarized the noun as: "LAWYER, n.^ About the Author George Stein the DUI Lawyer has been a practicing DUI lawyer in Georgia for many years and is the author of “Georgia DUI Law, A Resource for Lawyers and Judges” (Lexis Law Publishing).
  • George Stein The DUI Lawyer 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.theduilawyer.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It is time for all law firms of more than a handful of lawyers to realize that there is a return on the investment of management and a competitive disadvantage for ignoring that fact.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ About Stein & Ward: Stein & Ward, LLP is a law firm dedicated to contested DUI and vehicular homicide cases in Georgia.
  • George Stein The DUI Lawyer 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.theduilawyer.com [Source type: Original source]

One skilled in circumvention of the law."[160]
More generally, in Legal Ethics: A Comparative Study (2004), law professor Geoffrey C. Hazard, Jr. with Angelo Dondi briefly examined the "regulations attempting to suppress lawyer misconduct" and noted that their similarity around the world was paralleled by a "remarkable consistency" in certain "persistant [sic?] grievances" about lawyers that transcends both time and locale, from the Bible to medieval England to dynastic China.[161] The authors then generalized these common complaints about lawyers as being classified into five "general categories" as follows:
.
  • abuse of litigation in various ways, including using dilatory tactics and false evidence and making frivolous arguments to the courts;
  • preparation of false documentation, such as false deeds, contracts, or wills;
  • deceiving clients and other persons and misappropriating property;
  • procrastination in dealings with clients; and
  • charging excessive fees.^ Responses to motions, proffers regarding excluded evidence, and filing proposed jury charges are all examples of where the effective litigator will take the proper steps to make sure the record is complete in the event appellate review is needed.
    • George Stein The DUI Lawyer 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.theduilawyer.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Thus, one way to deal with the corrosive influence of the free agent ethos is the use of long-term contracts.

    ^ Note that some jurisdictions require a notice to be filed with ten business days and also require counsel to inform the court of their intentions to make oral arguments.
    • George Stein The DUI Lawyer 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.theduilawyer.com [Source type: Original source]

    [161]

Compensation

Lawyers are paid for their work in a variety of ways. .In private practice, they may work for an hourly fee according to a billable hour structure,[162] a contingency fee[163] (usually in cases involving personal injury), or a lump sum payment if the matter is straightforward.^ Many lawyers report that they do not capture their real work effort in their billable hours.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ I am not arguing against billable hours, per se, but many lawyers report that they spend far more time in the office than their billable hours suggest.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ Nor may a witness be impeached upon a subject immaterial to the issues involved in the trial of the case.
  • George Stein The DUI Lawyer 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.theduilawyer.com [Source type: Original source]

Normally, most lawyers negotiate a written fee agreement up front and may require a non-refundable retainer in advance. .In many countries there are fee-shifting arrangements by which the loser must pay the winner's fees and costs; the United States is the major exception,[164] although in turn, its legislators have carved out many exceptions to the so-called "American Rule" of no fee shifting.^ After all, there are many who will not be sensitive to the fact that love of country and constitutions means complying with the judgments of the US Supreme Court, not disobeying them.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

.Lawyers working directly on the payroll of governments, nonprofits, and corporations usually earn a regular annual salary.^ The stress of juggling work and family usually falls more heavily on female lawyers...
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

[165] .In many countries, with the notable exception of Germany,[166] lawyers can also volunteer their labor in the service of worthy causes through an arrangement called pro bono (short for pro bono publico, "for the common good").^ Anne Castle, former Holland and Hart Chairman, and Water Law specialist, sought volunteers for a pro bono initiative throughout the 12 offices of the 300+ lawyer firm sprawling over six states.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

[167] Traditionally such work was performed on behalf of the poor, but in some countries it has now expanded to many other causes such as the environment.
.In some countries, there are legal aid lawyers who specialize in providing legal services to the indigent.^ After all, there are many who will not be sensitive to the fact that love of country and constitutions means complying with the judgments of the US Supreme Court, not disobeying them.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ I reference two of my previous posts: Offshoring in India Changing Legal Services in the West OUTSOURCING: "Lawyers are service providers.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ There's a whole universe of lawyers who are spending inordinate amounts of money doing their own finances and supporting their technology and we can do it for a fraction of the cost," said Baxter.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

[168][169] France and Spain even have formal fee structures by which lawyers are compensated by the government for legal aid cases on a per-case basis.[170] A similar system, though not as extensive or generous, operates in Australia, Canada, as well as South Africa.[citation needed]
.In other countries, legal aid specialists are practically nonexistent.^ The Legal Specialist will be required to travel within the country and conduct work with two universities.

.This may be because non-lawyers are allowed to provide such services; in both Italy and Belgium, trade unions and political parties provide what can be characterized as legal aid services.^ I reference two of my previous posts: Offshoring in India Changing Legal Services in the West OUTSOURCING: "Lawyers are service providers.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ However, I believe the only thing that matters is "the client" because collectively the clients will drive demand and the parameters under which legal services are sold.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ The income would be sustained while allowing lawyers to attend the odd family birthday party (when it begins instead of when it ends).
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

[171] .Some legal aid in Belgium is also provided by young lawyer apprentices subsidized by local bar associations (known as the pro deo system), as well as consumer protection nonprofit organizations and Public Assistance Agencies subsidized by local governments.^ American Bar Association, Rule of Law Initiative-Kosovo, Legal Education Reform Specialist (6-12 months, Fall 2009) (Pristina/Mitrovica, Kosovo) .

^ I reference two of my previous posts: Offshoring in India Changing Legal Services in the West OUTSOURCING: "Lawyers are service providers.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ The Coalition received some invaluable help from local lawyers.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

[172] In Germany, mandatory fee structures have enabled widespread implementation of affordable legal expense insurance.[173]

History

16th century painting of a civil law notary, by Flemish painter Quentin Massys. A civil law notary is roughly analogous to a common law solicitor, except that, unlike solicitors, civil law notaries do not practice litigation to any degree.

Ancient Greece

.The earliest people who could be described as "lawyers" were probably the orators of ancient Athens (see History of Athens).^ Lawyers appreciate people who treat them with the dignity and respect.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ Lawyers appreciate people who recognize lawyer jokes for what they are – a form of bigotry (and who therefore pass on the opportunity to proliferate them).
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

However, Athenian orators faced serious structural obstacles. First, there was a rule that individuals were supposed to plead their own cases, which was soon bypassed by the increasing tendency of individuals to ask a "friend" for assistance.[174] However, around the middle of the fourth century, the Athenians disposed of the perfunctory request for a friend.[175] Second, a more serious obstacle, which the Athenian orators never completely overcame, was the rule that no one could take a fee to plead the cause of another. This law was widely disregarded in practice, but was never abolished, which meant that orators could never present themselves as legal professionals or experts.[176] .They had to uphold the legal fiction that they were merely an ordinary citizen generously helping out a friend for free, and thus they could never organize into a real profession—with professional associations and titles and all the other pomp and circumstance—like their modern counterparts.^ Thus, in the legal academy, the free agent ethos is damn near ubiquitous.

^ I looked at the post and realized that I had commented twice, and they were worthy of being brought into the full light of bloggicity.

^ February 1, 2007 in Abstracts Highlights - Academic Articles on the Legal Profession , Associates , Hiring , Law Firms .

[177] .Therefore, if one narrows the definition to those men who could practice the legal profession openly and legally, then the first lawyers would have to be the orators of ancient Rome.^ And of those who are not contemplating a flotation: "one in five expected their firms to seek outside investment" .
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ Your time would be better spent chasing those creeps who pour other brands into your bottles for their restaurants.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ I hope this President Adams story will encourage Holland & Hart as it faces those who would criticize their initiative.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

[178]

Early Ancient Rome

A law enacted in 204 BC barred Roman advocates from taking fees, but the law was widely ignored.[179] .The ban on fees was abolished by Emperor Claudius, who legalized advocacy as a profession and allowed the Roman advocates to become the first lawyers who could practice openly—but he also imposed a fee ceiling of 10,000 sesterces.^ "One in 10 of the 100 biggest law firms have indicated they could seek a stock market flotation in the wake of planned rules allowing outside investment in the legal sector."
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ The first of these risks could be called New barrister practicing certificate risk.

^ When you read this piece you will learn (or be reminded) that Law is a profession and its future lies in the hands of the lawyers who love it.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

[180] .This was apparently not much money; the Satires of Juvenal complain that there was no money in working as an advocate.^ When the faculty is churning too much, there is no continuity or buy-on for time horizons that are needed for truly ambitious institution building.

^ At that time, there was a big premium to working in a New York law firm - as I recall, as much as $10,000 a year.

[181]
.Like their Greek contemporaries, early Roman advocates were trained in rhetoric, not law, and the judges before whom they argued were also not law-trained.^ But they can think, and argue, and analyze, and write, which is, I would have thought, what good law schools teach to and model for their students.

[182] .But very early on, unlike Athens, Rome developed a class of specialists who were learned in the law, known as jurisconsults (iuris consulti).^ When you read this piece you will learn (or be reminded) that Law is a profession and its future lies in the hands of the lawyers who love it.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

[183] Jurisconsults were wealthy amateurs who dabbled in law as an intellectual hobby; they did not make their primary living from it.[183] They gave legal opinions (responsa) on legal issues to all comers (a practice known as publice respondere).[184] Roman judges and governors would routinely consult with an advisory panel of jurisconsults before rendering a decision, and advocates and ordinary people also went to jurisconsults for legal opinions.[183] .Thus, the Romans were the first to have a class of people who spent their days thinking about legal problems, and this is why their law became so "precise, detailed, and technical."^ For those who are thinking: "this story is about the UK - not our jurisdiction" I will simply remind you that the largest firm in the world is based there—along with a number of other global legal powerhouses.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ Richard has a first class honours degree in law from the University of Glasgow and a doctorate in law and computers from Balliol College, Oxford.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ But alas, this attack was not levied against all lawyers, only those who think that people with causes of action ought to be informed of their rights and offered legal service should they so require.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

[183]

Late Ancient Rome

During the Roman Republic and the early Roman Empire, jurisconsults and advocates were unregulated, since the former were amateurs and the latter were technically illegal.[185] Any citizen could call himself an advocate or a legal expert, though whether people believed him would depend upon his personal reputation. .This changed once Claudius legalized the legal profession.^ As always, it won't be the legal profession initiating the change - our clients will do that for us.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

By the start of the Byzantine Empire, the legal profession had become well-established, heavily regulated, and highly stratified.[186] The centralization and bureaucratization of the profession was apparently gradual at first, but accelerated during the reign of Emperor Hadrian.[187] At the same time, the jurisconsults went into decline during the imperial period.[188]
In the words of Fritz Schulz, "by the fourth century things had changed in the eastern Empire: advocates now were really lawyers."[189] .For example, by the fourth century, advocates had to be enrolled on the bar of a court to argue before it, they could only be attached to one court at a time, and there were restrictions (which came and went depending upon who was emperor) on how many advocates could be enrolled at a particular court.^ "And another thing: In how many professions can one be truly creative at a young age?
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ After all, there are many who will not be sensitive to the fact that love of country and constitutions means complying with the judgments of the US Supreme Court, not disobeying them.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ After capably exploring options for the future, but before concluding the retreat, the firm made time to hear from one of its own, Director, Patrick Bracher, who explored with his fellow Directors how the firm might breathe more life and focus into its social responsibility to its communities.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

[190] .By the 380s, advocates were studying law in addition to rhetoric (thus reducing the need for a separate class of jurisconsults); in 460, Emperor Leo imposed a requirement that new advocates seeking admission had to produce testimonials from their teachers; and by the sixth century, a regular course of legal study lasting about four years was required for admission.^ In addition, we will be focusing on assisting Indian law firms with their strategies to develop business in the western hemisphere and to assist western firms wishing to take advantage of the burgeoning Indian legal services market.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ About the Author George Stein the DUI Lawyer has been a practicing DUI lawyer in Georgia for many years and is the author of “Georgia DUI Law, A Resource for Lawyers and Judges” (Lexis Law Publishing).
  • George Stein The DUI Lawyer 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.theduilawyer.com [Source type: Original source]

^ October 3, 2009 By George Stein the DUI Lawyer About the Author George Stein the DUI Lawyer has been a practicing DUI lawyer in Georgia for many years and is the author of “Georgia DUI Law, A Resource for Lawyers and Judges” (Lexis Law Publishing).
  • George Stein The DUI Lawyer 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.theduilawyer.com [Source type: Original source]

[191] Claudius's fee ceiling lasted all the way into the Byzantine period, though by then it was measured at 100 solidi.[192] Of course, it was widely evaded, either through demands for maintenance and expenses or a sub rosa barter transaction.[192] The latter was cause for disbarment.[192]
The notaries (tabelliones) appeared in the late Roman Empire. Like their modern-day descendants, the civil law notaries, they were responsible for drafting wills, conveyances, and contracts.[193] They were ubiquitous and most villages had one.[193] In Roman times, notaries were widely considered to be inferior to advocates and jurisconsults.[193] .Roman notaries were not law-trained; they were barely literate hacks who wrapped the simplest transactions in mountains of legal jargon, since they were paid by the line.^ Tags: Law Firm Economics , Law Firm Human Resources , Law Firm Management , Law Firm Strategy , Law Firm Training , The Legal Profession , W Compensation , W Firm Management , W Profitability Email This Print Comments (1) .
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ Tags: Law Firm Innovation , Law Firm Management , Law Firm Marketing , Law Firm Strategy , Law Firm Training , The Legal Profession Email This Print Comments .
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ Tags: Law Firm Management , Law Firm Training , The Legal Profession Email This Print Comments .
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

[194]

Middle Ages

After the fall of the western Empire and the onset of the Dark Ages, the legal profession of Western Europe collapsed. .As James Brundage has explained: "[by 1140], no one in Western Europe could properly be described as a professional lawyer or a professional canonist in anything like the modern sense of the term 'professional.'^ I could recount dozens of instances where lawyers' intellect (and particularly seeing a non-TAAW situation as one calling for TAAW skills) got in the way of good results.

^ She was on Larry Smith's Training Forum for his "Lawyer Hiring & Training Report" and was one of the original members of the Professional Development Consortium.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

."[195] However, from 1150 onward, a small but increasing number of men became experts in canon law but only in furtherance of other occupational goals, such as serving the Roman Catholic Church as priests.^ The goal is to "increase the number of women and minorities directly responsible for [our] relationship at our law firms."
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ I know that a number of foreign law firms have done well in China for many years and so there is a basis for optimism that other foreign law firms will do well there also.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ (For further particulars on those diversity requirements, see my post titled: Law Firms as "Exclusive Clubs for White Men" ) .
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

[196] From 1190 to 1230, however, there was a crucial shift in which some men began to practice canon law as a lifelong profession in itself.[197]
The legal profession's return was marked by the renewed efforts of church and state to regulate it. In 1231 two French councils mandated that lawyers had to swear an oath of admission before practicing before the bishop's courts in their regions, and a similar oath was promulgated by the papal legate in London in 1237.[198] During the same decade, Frederick II, the emperor of the Kingdom of Sicily, imposed a similar oath in his civil courts.[199] .By 1250 the nucleus of a new legal profession had clearly formed.^ Tags: The Legal Profession Email This Print Comments Subscribe Add this blog to your feeds or subscribe by email using the form below .
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[200] .The new trend towards professionalization culminated in a controversial proposal at the Second Council of Lyon in 1275 that all ecclesiastical courts should require an oath of admission.^ Lawyers should be aware of the rule in some states that do not require a court reporter be present in misdemeanor case and therefore should hire a private court reporter.
  • George Stein The DUI Lawyer 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.theduilawyer.com [Source type: Original source]

[201] Although not adopted by the council, it was highly influential in many such courts throughout Europe.[201] The civil courts in England also joined the trend towards professionalization; in 1275 a statute was enacted that prescribed punishment for professional lawyers guilty of deceit, and in 1280 the mayor's court of the city of London promulgated regulations concerning admission procedures, including the administering of an oath.[202]

Titles

.Generally speaking, the modern practice is for lawyers to avoid use of any title, although formal practice varies across the world.^ Using these commandments and an honest evaluation of practice style will ensure that a lawyer not only has good trial skills, but good tactics to preserve issues for appeal if and when needed.
  • George Stein The DUI Lawyer 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.theduilawyer.com [Source type: Original source]

.Historically lawyers in most European countries were addressed with the title of doctor, and countries outside of Europe have generally followed the practice of the European country which had policy influence through "modernization" or "colonialization."^ It was, however, one of the most gallant, generous, manly and disinterested Actions of my whole Life, and one of the best Pieces of Service I ever rendered my Country.
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^ The awards commend outstanding written works most likely to have a practical influence in shaping the actions lawyers take to manage their practices.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

.The first university degrees, starting with the law school of the University of Bologna (or glossators) in the 11th century, were all law degrees and doctorates.^ Juhi holds a Masters in Business Law from India's foremost law school, the National Law School of India in Bangalore and is also a graduate in media from Delhi University.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ I suspect a lot of law professors aspire to work at institutions that are committed to being "effective", "useful" and "enjoyable" from the perspective of all stakeholders--that is school-specific capital.

^ At Indiana Law, we are building a law faculty universe database that covers 80 years of AALS schools.

[203] .Degrees in other fields did not start until the 13th century, but the doctor continued to be the only degree offered at many of the old universities until the 20th century.^ Richard has a first class honours degree in law from the University of Glasgow and a doctorate in law and computers from Balliol College, Oxford.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

Therefore, in many of the southern European countries, including Portugal and Italy,[204] lawyers have traditionally been addressed as “doctor,” a practice which was transferred to many countries in South America[205] (including Macau in China).[206] The term "doctor" has since fallen into disuse, although it is still a legal title in Italy and in use in many countries outside of Europe.[207]
.The title of doctor has never been used to address lawyers in England or other common law countries (with the exception of the United States).^ Unbeknownst to each other, they posted on a common theme: lawyers leaving their law firms.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ LL.M. programs and other law study (usually in English) open to U.S. lawyers and others are considered.

^ The Lawyer.com: Orrick Herrington & Sutcliffe is planning a new outsourcing services company for other law firms.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

.This is because until 1846 lawyers in England were not required to have a university degree and were trained by other attorneys by apprenticeship or in the Inns of Court.^ Lawyers should be aware of the rule in some states that do not require a court reporter be present in misdemeanor case and therefore should hire a private court reporter.
  • George Stein The DUI Lawyer 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.theduilawyer.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In Georgia, argument of counsel is statutorily exempt from recordation in proceedings by a court reporter (in other words, the attorney must request that argument be transcribed).
  • George Stein The DUI Lawyer 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.theduilawyer.com [Source type: Original source]

[208] Since law degrees started to become a requirement for lawyers in England, the degree awarded has been the undergraduate LL.B.
.Even though most lawyers in the United States do not use any titles, the law degree in that country is the Juris Doctor, a professional doctorate degree,[209] and some J.D. holders in the United States use the title of "Doctor" in professional[210] and academic situations.^ PUNCHLINE: It is refreshing to see that lawyers like Mr. Dershowitz place the law even above the temptation to right a wrong.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

^ We have posted here and here on some of HALT 's important work, including their letter grades for states' lawyer disciplinary processes .

^ Richard has a first class honours degree in law from the University of Glasgow and a doctorate in law and computers from Balliol College, Oxford.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

[211] .In countries where holders of the first law degree traditionally use the title of doctor (e.g.^ Richard has a first class honours degree in law from the University of Glasgow and a doctorate in law and computers from Balliol College, Oxford.
  • The Legal Profession : Amazing Firms, Amazing Practices 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC www.gerryriskin.com [Source type: News]

Peru, Brazil, Macau, Portugal, Argentina, and Italy),[212] J.D. holders who are attorneys will often use the title of doctor as well.[213] It is not uncommon for English-language lawyers, especially in the United States, to use the honorific suffix "Esq." (for "Esquire"), irrespective of whether the lawyer is male or female.[214]
In many Asian countries, the proper title for a lawyer is simply, "lawyer", but holders of the Juris Doctor degree are also called "博士" (doctor).[215]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Henry Campbell Black, Black's Law Dictionary, 5th ed. (St. Paul: West Publishing Co., 1979), 799.
  2. ^ Geoffrey C. Hazard, Jr. & Angelo Dondi, Legal Ethics: A Comparative Study (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2004, ISBN 0-8047-4882-9), 20-23.
  3. ^ John Henry Merryman and Rogelio Pérez-Perdomo, The Civil Law Tradition: An Introduction to the Legal Systems of Europe and Latin America, 3rd ed. (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2007), 102-103.
  4. ^ Hazard, 22-23.
  5. ^ Advocates Act, 1961, s. 2.
  6. ^ Carl W. Battle, The Patent Guide: A Friendly Guide to Protecting and Profiting from Patents (New York: Allworth Press, 1997), 49.
  7. ^ David G. Cooper and Michael J. Gibson, Introduction to Paralegal Studies, 2nd ed.(Clifton Park: Thomson Delmar Learning, 1998), 4.
  8. ^ Richard L. Abel, "Lawyers in the Civil Law World," in Lawyers in Society: The Civil Law World, vol. 2, eds. Richard L. Abel and Philip S.C. Lewis, 1-53 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1988), 4.
  9. ^ Merryman, 105-109.
  10. ^ Walter O. Reyrauch, The Personality of Lawyers (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1964), 27.
  11. ^ Jon T. Johnsen, "The Professionalization of Legal Counseling in Norway," in Lawyers in Society: The Civil Law World, vol. 2, eds. Richard L. Abel and Philip S.C. Lewis, 54-123 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1988), 91.
  12. ^ Kahei Rokumoto, "The Present State of Japanese Practicing Attorneys: On the Way to Full Professionalization?" in Lawyers in Society: The Civil Law World, vol. 2, eds. Richard L. Abel and Philip S.C. Lewis, 160-199 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1988), 164.
  13. ^ Merryman, 105.
  14. ^ Hazard, 21-33.
  15. ^ Benoit Bastard and Laura Cardia-Vonèche, "The Lawyers of Geneva: an Analysis of Change in the Legal Profession," trans. by Richard L. Abel, in Lawyers in Society: The Civil Law World, vol. 2, eds. Richard L. Abel and Philip S.C. Lewis, 295-335 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1988), 297.
  16. ^ Carlos Viladás Jene, "The Legal Profession in Spain: An Understudied but Booming Occupation," in Lawyers in Society: The Civil Law World, vol. 2, eds. Richard L. Abel and Philip S.C. Lewis, 369-379 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1988), 369.
  17. ^ Vittorio Olgiati and Valerio Pocar, "The Italian Legal Profession: An Institutional Dilemma," in Lawyers in Society: The Civil Law World, vol. 2, eds. Richard L. Abel and Philip S.C. Lewis, 336-368 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1988), 338.
  18. ^ Bastard, 299, and Hazard, 45.
  19. ^ Harry W. Arthurs, Richard Weisman, and Frederick H. Zemans, "Canadian Lawyers: A Peculiar Professionalism," in Lawyers in Society: The Common Law World, vol. 1, eds. Richard L. Abel and Philip S.C. Lewis, 123-185 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1988), 124.
  20. ^ David Weisbrot, "The Australian Legal Profession: From Provincial Family Firms to Multinationals," in Lawyers in Society: The Common Law World, vol. 1, eds. Richard L. Abel and Philip S.C. Lewis, 244-317 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1988), 250.
  21. ^ Georgina Murray, "New Zealand Lawyers: From Colonial GPs to the Servants of Capital," in Lawyers in Society: The Common Law World, vol. 1, eds. Richard L. Abel and Philip S.C. Lewis, 318-368 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1988), 324.
  22. ^ Anne Boigeol, "The Rise of Lawyers in France," in Legal Culture in the Age of Globalization: Latin America and Latin Europe, eds. Lawrence M. Friedman and Rogelio Pérez-Perdomo, 185-219 (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2003), 208.
  23. ^ Hazard, 30-32.
  24. ^ Richard L. Abel, The Legal Profession in England and Wales (London: Basil Blackwell, 1989), 116.
  25. ^ See, e.g., Cal. Code. Civ. Proc. § 116.530 (preventing attorneys from appearing in small claims court except as parties or witnesses).
  26. ^ Rogelio Pérez-Perdomo, "The Venezuelan Legal Profession: Lawyers in an Inegalitarian Society," in Lawyers in Society: The Civil Law World, vol. 2, eds. Richard L. Abel and Philip S.C. Lewis, 380-399 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1988), 387.
  27. ^ Gordon Kent, "Lawyerless Litigants: Is Justice Being Served?" Edmonton Journal, 27 January 2002, A1.
  28. ^ Alan Feuer, "Lawyering by Laymen: More Litigants Are Taking a Do-It-Yourself Tack," New York Times, 22 January 2001, B1.
  29. ^ Fiona Boyle, Deveral Capps, Philip Plowden, Clare Sandford, A Practical Guide to Lawyering Skills, 3rd ed. (London: Cavendish Publishing, 2005), 47-50.
  30. ^ See Abel, England and Wales, 56 and 141.
  31. ^ Jene, 369.
  32. ^ a b Rokumoto, 164.
  33. ^ Anne Boigeol, "The French Bar: The Difficulties of Unifying a Divided Profession," in Lawyers in Society: The Civil Law World, vol. 2, eds. Richard L. Abel and Philip S.C. Lewis, 258-294 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1988), 263; and Boigeol, "The Rise of Lawyers," 206.
  34. ^ Richard L. Abel, American Lawyers (New York: Oxford University Press, 1989), 132. See, e.g., Hines v. Lowrey, 305 U.S. 85 (1938) (upholding limitation on attorneys' fees in veterans' benefits cases to $10).
  35. ^ Paul J. Zwier & Anthony J. Bocchini, Fact Investigation: A Practical Guide to Interviewing, Counseling, and Case Theory Development (Louisville, CO: National Institute for Trial Advocacy, 2000), 13-44.
  36. ^ John H. Freeman, Client Management for Solicitors (London: Cavendish Publishing Ltd., 1997), 266-274.
  37. ^ Abel, England and Wales, 1 and 141.
  38. ^ J. R. Spencer and Richard M. Jackson, Jackson's Machinery of Justice, 8th ed. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989), 336.
  39. ^ R.E. Megarry, Lawyer and Litigant in England (London: Stevens and Sons, 1962), 32.
  40. ^ Maureen Paton, "Cab-rank exits," The Times, 9 October 2001, 1. This brief article explains the uneasy tension between solicitors and barristers, and the loopholes that have developed. For example, a barrister need not accept a case if the fee is too low or the barrister is just too busy.
  41. ^ Arthurs, 125; Johnsen, 74; and Pérez-Perdomo, "Venezuelan Legal Profession," 387.
  42. ^ Erhard Blankenburg and Ulrike Schultz, "German Advocates: A Highly Regulated Profession," in Lawyers in Society: The Civil Law World, vol. 2, eds. Richard L. Abel and Philip S.C. Lewis, 124-159 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1988), 124.
  43. ^ Joaquim Falcão, "Lawyers in Brazil," in Lawyers in Society: The Civil Law World, vol. 2, eds. Richard L. Abel and Philip S.C. Lewis, 400-442 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1988), 401.
  44. ^ Justine Fischer and Dorothy H. Lackmann, Unauthorized Practice Handbook: A Compilation of Statutes, Cases, and Commentary on the Unauthorized Practice of Law (Buffalo: William S. Hein Company, 1990), 30-35.
  45. ^ Abel, England and Wales, 185; Bastard, 318.
  46. ^ Kees Schuyt, "The Rise of Lawyers in the Dutch Welfare State," in Lawyers in Society: The Civil Law World, vol. 2, eds. Richard L. Abel and Philip S.C. Lewis, 200-224 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1988), 201.
  47. ^ Stephen J. McGarry, Multidisciplinary Practices and Partnerships: Lawyers, Consultants, and Clients, § 1.06[1] (New York: Law Journal Press, 2002), 1-29.
  48. ^ Luc Huyse, "Legal Experts in Belgium," in Lawyers in Society: The Civil Law World, vol. 2, eds. Richard L. Abel and Philip S.C. Lewis, 225-257 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1988), 227.
  49. ^ Murray, 325; and Rokumoto, 164.
  50. ^ Lee Rousso, "Japan's New Patent Attorney Law Breaches Barrier Between The 'Legal' And 'Quasi-Legal' Professions: Integrity Of Japanese Patent Practice At Risk?" 10 Pac. Rim L. & Pol'y 781, 783-790 (2001).
  51. ^ Arthurs, 125; and Pérez-Perdomo, "Venezuelan Legal Profession," 387.
  52. ^ a b Huyse, 227.
  53. ^ Boigeol, "The Rise of Lawyers," 206.
  54. ^ Abel, England and Wales, 176; Hazard, 90-93; Murray, 325; and Pérez-Perdomo, "Venezuelan Legal Profession," 387.
  55. ^ Abel, England and Wales, 177.
  56. ^ Weisbrot, 292.
  57. ^ s. 14 Stamp Act 1804
  58. ^ Brian Abel-Smith and Robert Stevens, Lawyers and the Courts: A Sociological Study of the English Legal System, 1750-1965 (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1967), 23.
  59. ^ Weisbrot, 251.
  60. ^ Arthurs, 125; Huyse, 227; and Schuyt, 201.
  61. ^ Simon Domberger and Avrom Sherr, "The Impact of Competition on Pricing and Quality of Legal Services," in The Regulatory Challenge, eds. Matthew Bishop, John Kay, Colin Mayer, 119-137 (New York: Oxford University Press, 1995), 121-122.
  62. ^ Ralph Warner & Stephen Elias, Fed Up with the Legal System: What's Wrong & How to Fix It (Berkeley: Nolo Press, 1994), 11.
  63. ^ Hazard, 34-35; Huyse, 227; Merryman, 105, and Schuyt, 201.
  64. ^ Larry J. Siegel and Joseph J. Senna, Introduction to Criminal Justice, 10th ed. (Belmont: Thomson Wadsworth, 2005), 311-325.
  65. ^ Lawrence M. Friedman and Rogelio Pérez-Perdomo, "Latin Legal Cultures in the Age of Globalization," in Legal Culture in the Age of Globalization: Latin America and Latin Europe, eds. Lawrence M. Friedman and Rogelio Pérez-Perdomo, 1-19 (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2003), 6.
  66. ^ Abel, England and Wales, 45-59; Rokumoto, 165; and Schuyt, 204.
  67. ^ Wayne L. Anderson and Marilyn J. Headrick, The Legal Profession: Is it for you? (Cincinnati: Thomson Executive Press, 1996), 52-53.
  68. ^ Anonymous, "Careers in the legal profession offer a variety of opportunities: While we may not think about it often, the legal system affects us every day," The Telegram, 14 April 2004, D8.
  69. ^ Christen Civiletto Carey and Kristen David Adams, The Practice of Law School: Getting In and Making the Most of Your Legal Education (New York: ALM Publishing, 2003), 525.
  70. ^ Hazard, 127-129; Merryman, 103; and Olgiati, 345.
  71. ^ Pérez-Perdomo, "Venezuelan Legal Profession," 384.
  72. ^ Robert H. Miller, Law School Confidential: A Complete Guide to the Law School Experience, By Students, for Students (New York: St. Martin's Griffin, 2000), 25-27.
  73. ^ Anderson, 4-10.
  74. ^ Blankenburg, 132; Friedman and Pérez-Perdomo, 6; Hazard, 124-128; and Olgiati, 345.
  75. ^ Sergio Lopez-Ayllon and Hector Fix-Figaro, " 'Faraway, So Close!' The Rule of Law and Legal Change in Mexico: 1970-2000," in Legal Culture in the Age of Globalization: Latin America and Latin Europe, eds. Lawrence M. Friedman and Rogelio Pérez-Perdomo, 285-351 (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2003), 324.
  76. ^ Herbert Hausmaninger, "Austrian Legal Education," 43 S. Tex. L. Rev. 387, 388 and 400 (2002).
  77. ^ Miller, 42-60.
  78. ^ Abel, American Lawyers, 57; Miller, 25; and Murray, 337.
  79. ^ Falcão, 410.
  80. ^ J.S. Gandhi, "Past and Present: A Sociological Portrait of the Indian Legal Profession," in Lawyers in Society: The Common Law World, vol. 1, eds. Richard L. Abel and Philip S.C. Lewis, 369-382 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1988), 375.
  81. ^ a b Lopez-Ayllon, 324.
  82. ^ Eliane Botelho Junqueira, "Brazil: The Road of Conflict Bound for Total Justice," in Legal Culture in the Age of Globalization: Latin America and Latin Europe, eds. Lawrence M. Friedman and Rogelio Pérez-Perdomo, 64-107 (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2003), 89.
  83. ^ Junqueira, 89.
  84. ^ Rogelio Pérez-Perdomo, "Venezuela, 1958-1999: The Legal System in an Impaired Democracy," in Legal Culture in the Age of Globalization: Latin America and Latin Europe, eds. Lawrence M. Friedman and Rogelio Perez-Perdomo, 414-478 (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2003), 459. For example, a 1997 study found that not a single law school in Venezuela had bothered to integrate any part of the Convention on Children's Rights into its curriculum, even though Venezuela had signed the treaty in 1990 and subsequently modified its domestic laws to bring them into compliance. Rather than embark on curriculum reform, Venezuelan law schools now offer special postgraduate courses so that recent graduates can bring their legal knowledge up-to-date with current law.
  85. ^ a b Abel, American Lawyers, 62.
  86. ^ a b Lopez-Ayllon, 330.
  87. ^ Hazard, 127, 129, & 133; Miller, 335-341.
  88. ^ Alan A. Paterson, "The Legal Profession in Scotland: An Endangered Species or a Problem Case for Market Theory?" in Lawyers in Society: The Common Law World, vol. 1, eds. Richard L. Abel and Philip S.C. Lewis, 76-122 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1988), 89.
  89. ^ G. Jeffrey MacDonald, "The self-made lawyer: Not every attorney goes to law school," The Christian Science Monitor, 3 June 2003, 13.
  90. ^ Hazard, 129 & 133.
  91. ^ Weisbrot, 266.
  92. ^ Abel, American Lawyers, 167-175; Abel, England and Wales, 214; Arthurs, 131; Gandhi, 374; Merryman, 102, and Weisbrot, 277.
  93. ^ Anderson, 124-131.
  94. ^ Gandhi, 374.
  95. ^ Merryman, 102-105.
  96. ^ Although it is common for former American judges to return to private practice, it is highly controversial for them to suggest that they still retain any judicial powers (for example, by wearing judicial robes in advertisements). Brad McElhinny, "Workman criticized for using robe in ad: Group files State Bar complaint about the way former justice seeks clients," Charleston Daily Mail, 3 February 2005, 1A.
  97. ^ Blankenburg, 133.
  98. ^ Boigeol, "The Rise of Lawyers," 202.
  99. ^ Bernard Michael Ortwein II, "The Swedish Legal System: An Introduction," 13 Ind. Int'l & Comp. L. Rev. 405, 440-445 (2003).
  100. ^ Hazard, 39-43; Olgiati, 353.
  101. ^ Abel, American Lawyers, 122.
  102. ^ Michael H. Trotter, Profit and the Practice of Law: What's Happened to the Legal Profession (Athens, GA: University of Georgia Press, 1997), 50.
  103. ^ Herbert M. Kritzer, "The fracturing legal profession: the case of plaintiffs' personal injury lawyers," 8 Int'l J. Legal Prof. 225, 228-231 (2001).
  104. ^ Anderson, 111-117.
  105. ^ Hazard, 39.
  106. ^ Junqueira, 92. According to this source, as of 2003, there were 901 law firms with more than 50 lawyers in the United States.
  107. ^ Gary Slapper and David Kelly, The English Legal System, 7th ed. (London: Cavendish Publishing Ltd., 2004), 550.
  108. ^ Weisbrot, 264.
  109. ^ a b Johnsen, 86.
  110. ^ Boigeol, “The French Bar,” 271; Merryman, 106, and Junqueira, 89.
  111. ^ Abel, England and Wales, 127 and 243-249; Arthurs, 135; and Weisbrot, 279.
  112. ^ Bastard, 295; and Falcão, 401.
  113. ^ Blankenburg, 139.
  114. ^ Jene, 370.
  115. ^ Paterson, 79.
  116. ^ Arthurs, 143.
  117. ^ Murray, 339; Rokumoto, 163; and Schuyt, 207.
  118. ^ Abel, American Lawyers, 116.
  119. ^ Arthurs, 139.
  120. ^ Weisbrot, 244.
  121. ^ Bastard, 299.
  122. ^ Falcão, 404.
  123. ^ Olgiati, 343.
  124. ^ Huyse, 239.
  125. ^ Howard D. Fisher, The German Legal System and Legal Language, 3rd ed. (London: Routledge Cavendish, 2002), 208-209.
  126. ^ Andrews v. Law Society of British Columbia, [1989] 1 S.C.R. 143.
  127. ^ Abel, American Lawyers, 68.
  128. ^ Mary C. Daly, "Ethical and Liability Issues in International Legal Practice," in Comparative Law Yearbook of International Business, vol. 17, eds. Dennis Campbell and Susan Cotter, 223-268 (London: Kluwer Law International, 1995), 233.
  129. ^ For a classic explanation of the self-regulating legal profession, see the Preamble to the ABA Model Rules of Professional Conduct, ¶¶ 10-13.
  130. ^ Abel, Civil Law World, 10; Johnsen, 70; Olgiati, 339; and Rokumoto, 161.
  131. ^ Falcão, 423.
  132. ^ Maria da Gloria Bonelli, "Lawyers' Associations and the Brazilian State, 1843-1997," 28 Law & Soc. Inquiry 1045, 1065 (2003).
  133. ^ Kandis Scott, "Decollectivization and Democracy: Current Law Practice in Romania," 36 Geo. Wash. Int'l L. Rev. 817, 820. (2004).
  134. ^ Timothy J. Tyler, "Judging the Past: Germany's Post-Unification Lawyers' Admissions Review Law," 29 Tex. Int'l L.J. 457, 472 (1994).
  135. ^ Michael J. Moser, "Globalization and Legal Services in China: Current Status and Future Directions," in The Internationalization of the Practice of Law, eds. Jens I. Drolhammer and Michael Pfeifer, 127-136 (The Hague: Kluwer Law International, 2001), 128-129.
  136. ^ Abel, American Lawyers, 142-143; Abel, England and Wales, 29; and Arthurs, 148.
  137. ^ Arthurs, 138; and Weisbrot, 281.
  138. ^ Abel, American Lawyers, 246-247.
  139. ^ Abel, American Lawyers, 147; Abel, England and Wales, 135 and 250; Arthurs, 146; Hazard, 135; Paterson, 104; and Weisbrot, 284.
  140. ^ Richard L. Abel, English Lawyers Between Market and State: The Politics of Professionalism (New York: Oxford University Press, 2003), 374-375.
  141. ^ William T. Gallagher, "Ideologies of Professionalism and the Politics of Self-Regulation in the California State Bar," 22 Pepp. L. Rev. 485, 490-491 (1995).
  142. ^ Abel, England and Wales, 132-133.
  143. ^ Arthurs, 141.
  144. ^ Boigeol, “The French Bar,” 274; and Olgiati, 344.
  145. ^ Blankenburg, 126; and Boigeol, “The French Bar,” 272.
  146. ^ Abel, England and Wales, 37.
  147. ^ Gerald W. Gawalt, "Sources of Anti-Lawyer Sentiment in Massachusetts, 1740-1840," in Essays in Nineteenth-Century American Legal History, ed. Wythe Holt, 624-648 (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1976), 624-625. According to this source, the strong anti-lawyer sentiment of the period was rather ironic, since lawyers were actually so scarce in the American colonies that a 1715 Massachusetts law forbade litigants from retaining two lawyers because of the risk of depriving one's opponent of counsel.
  148. ^ Blankenburg, 127.
  149. ^ Weisbrot, 246.
  150. ^ Arthurs, 128.
  151. ^ Marc Galanter, "Predators and Parasites: Lawyer-Bashing and Civil Justice, " 28 Ga. L. Rev. 633, 644-648 (1994).
  152. ^ Stephen D. Easton, "Fewer Lawyers? Try Getting Your Day in Court," Wall Street Journal, 27 November 1984, 1. This article rebuts the common complaint of too many lawyers in the U.S. by pointing out that it is virtually impossible for a plaintiff to prevail in the vast majority of countries with less lawyers, like Japan, because there are simply not enough lawyers or judges to go around. Even wrongful death cases with clear evidence of fault can drag on for decades in Japan. Thus, any reduction in the number of lawyers would result in reduced enforcement of individual rights.
  153. ^ a b Gerry Spence, With Justice For None: Destroying An American Myth (New York: Times Books, 1989), 27-40
  154. ^ Paterson, 76.
  155. ^ Jerold Auerbach, Unequal Justice: Lawyers and Social Change in Modern America (New York: Oxford University Press, 1976), 301.
  156. ^ For examples of legal self-help books written by lawyers which concede that the profession has a bad image, see Mark H. McCormack, The Terrible Truth About Lawyers (New York: Beech Tree Books, 1987), 11; Kenneth Menendez, Taming the Lawyers (Santa Monica, CA, Merritt Publishing, 1996), 2; and Stuart Kahan and Robert M. Cavallo, Do I Really Need A Lawyer? (Radnor, PA: Chilton Book Company, 1979), 2.
  157. ^ Gayle White, "So, a lawyer, a skunk and a catfish walk into a bar...: No shortage of jokes," National Post, 27 May 2006, FW8.
  158. ^ Andrew Roth & Jonathan Roth, Devil's Advocates: The Unnatural History of Lawyers (Berkeley: Nolo Press, 1989), ix.
  159. ^ Bryan Horrigan, "Myths, Fictions, and Realities" (chap. 2), in Adventures in Law and Justice: Exploring Big Legal Questions in Everyday Life, Law at Large, 55–82 (Sydney: University of New South Wales Press, 2003, ISBN 0-86840-572-8), 55 & 62–66. Bierce is quoted p. 64.
  160. ^ Ambrose Bierce, "Lawyer", in The Devil's Dictionary (1911), electronic entry at Dict.org. Also found quoted in many legal books.
  161. ^ a b Hazard, 60.
  162. ^ Anderson, 111-112.
  163. ^ Herbert M. Kritzer, Risks, Reputations, and Rewards: Contingency Fee Legal Practice in the United States (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2004), 258-259. According to this source, contingency fees (or de facto equivalents) are allowed, as of 2004, in Canada, England, Scotland, Northern Ireland, Ireland, New Zealand, Australia, the Dominican Republic, Greece, France, Brazil, Japan, and, of course, the United States.
  164. ^ See Fleischmann Distilling Corp. v. Maier Brewing Co., 386 U.S. 714 (1967) (reviewing history of the American Rule).
  165. ^ Anderson, 120-121.
  166. ^ Matthias Kilian and Francis Regan, "Legal expenses insurance and legal aid—two sides of the same coin? The experience from Germany and Sweden," 11 Int'l J. Legal Prof. 233, 239 (2004). According to this article, pro bono arrangements are illegal in Germany.
  167. ^ Abel, American Lawyers, 129-130.
  168. ^ Abel, American Lawyers, 133.
  169. ^ Arthurs, 161; Murray, 342; Pérez-Perdomo, 392; Schuyt, 211; and Weisbrot, 288.
  170. ^ Boigeol, “The French Bar,” 280; and Jene, 376.
  171. ^ Olgiati, 354, and Huyse, 240.
  172. ^ Huyse, 240-241.
  173. ^ Blankenburg, 143.
  174. ^ Robert J. Bonner, Lawyers and Litigants in Ancient Athens: The Genesis of the Legal Profession (New York: Benjamin Blom, 1927), 202.
  175. ^ Bonner, 204.
  176. ^ Bonner, 206.
  177. ^ Bonner, 208-209.
  178. ^ Hazard, 18.
  179. ^ John A. Crook, Law and Life of Ancient Rome (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1967), 90.
  180. ^ Crook, 90. Crook cites Tacitus, Annals VI, 5 and 7 for this point. For more information about the complex political affair that forced Emperor Claudius to decide this issue, see The Annals of Tacitus, Book VI (Franklin Center, PA: The Franklin Library, 1982), 208.
  181. ^ Crook, 91.
  182. ^ Crook, 87.
  183. ^ a b c d Crook, 88.
  184. ^ Crook, 89.
  185. ^ Crook, 90.
  186. ^ A. H. M. Jones, The Later Roman Empire, 284-602: A Social, Economic, and Administrative Survey, vol. 1 (Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press, 1964), 507.
  187. ^ Fritz Schulz, History of Roman Legal Science (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1946), 113.
  188. ^ Schulz, 113.
  189. ^ Schulz, 268.
  190. ^ Jones, 508-510.
  191. ^ Jones, 512-513.
  192. ^ a b c Jones, 511.
  193. ^ a b c Jones, 515.
  194. ^ Jones, 516.
  195. ^ James A. Brundage, "The Rise of the Professional Jurist in the Thirteenth Century," 20 Syracuse J. Int'l L. & Com. 185 (1994).
  196. ^ Brundage, 185-186.
  197. ^ Brundage, 186-187.
  198. ^ Brundage, 188.
  199. ^ Brundage, 188-189.
  200. ^ Brundage, 190.
  201. ^ a b Brundage, 189.
  202. ^ John Hamilton Baker, An Introduction to British Legal History, 3rd ed. (London: Butterworths, 1990), 179.
  203. ^ Herbermann, et al. (1915). Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Encyclopedia Press. Accessed May 26, 2008. García y García, A. (1992). "The Faculties of Law," A History of the University in Europe, London: Cambridge University Press. Accessed May 26, 2008.
  204. ^ E.g. Portugal: Alves Periera Teixeira de Sousa. Accessed February 16, 2009; Italy Studio Misuraca, Franceschin and Associates. Accessed February 16, 2009.
  205. ^ Peru: Hernandez & Cia. Accessed February 16, 2009; Brazil: Abdo & Diniz. Accessed February 16, 2009 (see Spanish or Portuguese profile pages); Argentina: Lareo & Paz. Accessed February 16, 2009.
  206. ^ Macau: Macau Lawyers Association. Accessed February 16, 2009
  207. ^ Regio Decreto 4 giugno 1938, n.1269, Art. 48. (in Italian). Accessed February 10, 2009.
  208. ^ Stein, R. (1981). The Path of Legal Education from Edward to Langdell: A History of Insular Reaction, Pace University School of Law Faculty Publications, 1981, 57 Chi.-Kent L. Rev. 429, pp. 430, 432, 434, 436
  209. ^ Association of American Universities Data Exchange. Glossary of Terms for Graduate Education. Accessed May 26, 2008; National Science Foundation (2006). "Time to Degree of U.S. Research Doctorate Recipients," "InfoBrief, Science Resource Statistics" NSF 06-312, 2006, p. 7. (under "Data notes" mentions that the J.D. is a professional doctorate); San Diego County Bar Association (1969). "Ethics Opinion 1969-5". Accessed May 26, 2008. (under "other references" discusses differences between academic and professional doctorate, and statement that the J.D. is a professional doctorate); University of Utah (2006). University of Utah – The Graduate School – Graduate Handbook. Accessed May 28, 2008. (the J.D. degree is listed under doctorate degrees); German Federal Ministry of Education. "U.S. Higher Education / Evaluation of the Almanac Chronicle of Higher Education". Accessed May 26, 2008. (report by the German Federal Ministry of Education analysing the Chronicle of Higher Education from the U.S. and stating that the J.D. is a professional doctorate); Encyclopedia Britannica. (2002). "Encyclopedia Britannica", 3:962:1a. (the J.D. is listed among other doctorate degrees).
  210. ^ American Bar Association. Model Code of Professional Responsibility, Disciplinary Rule 2-102(E). Cornell University Law School, LLI. Accessed February 10, 2009. Peter H. Geraghty. Are There Any Doctors Or Associates In the House?. American Bar Association, 2007.
  211. ^ E.g. University of Montana School of Business Administration. Profile of Dr. Michael Harrington. University of Montana, 2006. See also Distance Learning Discussion Forums. New wrinkle in the "Is the JD a doctorate?" debate. Distance Learning Discussion Forums, 2003-2005.
  212. ^ E.g. Peru: Hernandez & Cia. Accessed February 16, 2009; Brazil: Abdo & Diniz. Accessed February 16, 2009 (see Spanish or Portuguese profile pages); Macau: Macau Lawyers Association. Accessed February 16, 2009; Portugal: Alves Periera Teixeira de Sousa. Accessed February 16, 2009; Argentina: Lareo & Paz. Accessed February 16, 2009; and Italy Studio Misuraca, Franceschin and Associates. Accessed February 16, 2009.
  213. ^ E.g. Dr. Ronald Charles Wolf. Accessed February 16, 2009. Florida Bar News. Debate over 'doctor of law' title continues. Florida Bar Association, July 1, 2006.
  214. ^ See the "Esquire" article in the English Wikipedia, particularly the "United States" section in that article.
  215. ^ Google Translate; The Contemporary Chinese Dictionary. (2002). Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press, Beijing.; Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English (Chinese-English). (2006). Pearson Education, Hong Kong, 2006. Also see The Morrison & Foerster law firm website, one of the largest law firms in Asia and the United States, for an example of usage
  216. ^ considered a lawyer in England and Wales
  217. ^ considered a lawyer in England and Wales and Australia

External links


Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Lawyers article)

From Wikiquote

Lawyers are people who practice law. In most countries, lawyers enter their profession through a period of specialized study. Lawyers are a frequent target of criticism, in part because they are often the public face of unscrupulous parties such as persons being tried for crimes, because they employ a specialized jargon which makes it difficult for persons without a legal education to receive the benefits of the legal system without hiring a lawyer, and because they make up a disproportionate percentage of politicians.

Sourced

  • I pleaded your cause, Sextus, having agreed to do so for two thousand sesterces How is it that you have sent me only a thousand? "You said nothing," you tell me, "and this cause was lost through you." You ought to give me so much the more, Sextus, as I had to blush for you.
    • Martial, Epigrams, Bk. VIII, Ep. 18, reported in Hoyt's New Cyclopedia Of Practical Quotations (1922), p. 410.
  • Is it not remarkable that the common repute which we all give to attorneys in the general is exactly opposite to that which every man gives to his own attorney in particular? Whom does anybody trust so implicitly as he trusts his own attorney? And yet is it not the case that the body of attorneys is supposed to be the most roguish body in existence?
  • [Lawyers] can make the worse appear the better cause, as though they were fresh from Leontine schools, and have been known to wrest from reluctant juries triumphant verdicts of acquittal for their clients, even when those clients, as often happens, were clearly and unmistakably innocent.
  • Lawyers earn earn their bread in the sweat of their browbeating.
  • When there are too many policemen, there can be no individual liberty, when there are too many lawyers, there can be no justice, and when there are too many soldiers, there can be no peace.
    • Lin Yutang, Between Tears and Laughter (1943), p. 66.
  • About half the practice of a decent lawyer consists of telling would-be clients that they are damned fools and should stop.
    • Elihu Root, quoted in Philip C. Jessup, Elihu Root (Hamden, Conn.: Archon Books, 1964), vol. 1, p. 133, as cited by Lloyd B. Snyder, "Is attorney-client confidentiality necessary?", Georgetown Journal of Legal Ethics, Spring 2002, p. 33
  • We have the heaviest concentration of lawyers on Earth—one for every five-hundred Americans; three times as many as are in England, four times as many as are in West Germany, twenty-one times as many as there are in Japan. We have more litigation, but I am not sure that we have more justice. No resources of talent and training in our own society, even including the medical care, is more wastefully or unfairly distributed than legal skills. Ninety percent of our lawyers serve 10 percent of our people. We are over-lawyered and under-represented.
  • What are lawyers really? To me a lawyer is basically the person that knows the rules of the country. We're all throwing the dice, playing the game, moving our pieces around the board, but if there's a problem, the lawyer is the only person that has actually read the inside of the top of the box.
    • Jerry Seinfeld, SeinLanguage (New York: Bantam, 1993), ISBN 0553096060, p. 90
  • LAWYER: A professional advocate hired to bend the law on behalf of a paying client; for this reason considered the most suitable background for entry into politics.
    • Rick Bayan, The Cynic's Dictionary (2003), ISBN 9780785817130
    • This citation is too vague. If complete source details are not provided, the quotation may be deleted.
  • A common and not necessarily apocryphal example portrays a solo practitioner starved for business in a small town. A second lawyer then arrives, and they both prosper.
    • Deborah L. Rhode, In the Interests of Justice: Reforming the Legal Profession, Oxford US
    • This citation is too vague. If complete source details are not provided, the quotation may be deleted.
  • Lawyer — One who protects us against robbers by taking away the temptation.

Unsourced

  • A jury consists of twelve persons chosen to decide who has the better lawyer.
  • I never been to prison, but I've been to law school....
  • He who is his own lawyer has a fool for a client.
    • Proverb
  • Lawyers are like nuclear missiles: I have mine, you have yours, and when we use them we fuck everything up.
    • Other People's Money

External links

Wikipedia
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Look up lawyer in Wiktionary, the free dictionary

Source material

Up to date as of January 22, 2010

From Wikisource

Cornhuskers by Carl Sandburg
Lawyer
Listen to this text (help | file info or download)
Information about this edition
.WHEN the jury files in to deliver a verdict after weeks of direct and cross examinations, hot clashes of lawyers and cool decisions of the judge,
There are points of high silence—twiddling of thumbs is at an end—bailiffs near cuspidors take fresh chews of tobacco and wait—and the clock has a chance for its ticking to be heard.
^ In more significant civil and criminal matters, cases are heard at first instance before a single judge of the High Court.
  • LRWC's report on Singapore's judiciary and legal profession : Singabloodypore 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC singabloodypore.rsfblog.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The trial judge also awarded aggravated damages to Mr. Goh on the basis that defence counsel's cross-examination of Mr. Goh was "a baseless attack" which "aggravated the hurt caused to Mr. Goh".
  • LRWC's report on Singapore's judiciary and legal profession : Singabloodypore 11 September 2009 7:24 UTC singabloodypore.rsfblog.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Steve Sadow said when he cross-examines "Big Moe" tomorrow, there will be plenty of reasons for "serious doubt."
  • Lawyer | TMZ.com 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.tmz.com [Source type: General]


.A lawyer for the defense clears his throat and holds himself ready if the word is “Guilty” to enter motion for a new trial, speaking in a soft voice, speaking in a voice slightly colored with bitter wrongs mingled with monumental patience, speaking with mythic Atlas shoulders of many preposterous, unjust circumstances.^ Prosecutors don't take a defense lawyer seriously unless they know that the lawyer has a history of taking cases to trial and winning.
  • Court Martial Lawyer | Military Defense Attorney | Army Air Force Navy Marine Corps 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.ucmjdefense.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Trial lawyers, who specialize in trial work, must be able to think quickly and speak with ease and authority.
  • Lawyers 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.bls.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Find A Lawyer | Lawyers | Attorneys | Attorney | Find Top Lawyers 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.findattorneyorlawyer.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Perhaps the most valuable tool in the DUI lawyer’s arsenal is the pre-trial motion to suppress evidence incriminatory to a client’s cause.
  • George Stein The DUI Lawyer 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.theduilawyer.com [Source type: Original source]


Bible wiki

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From BibleWiki

.
among the Jews, was one versed in the laws of Moses, which he expounded in the schools and synagogues (Mt 22:35; Lk 10:25).
^ Competition for admission to many law schools—especially the most prestigious ones—generally is intense, with the number of applicants greatly exceeding the number that can be admitted.
  • Find A Lawyer | Lawyers | Attorneys | Attorney | Find Top Lawyers 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.findattorneyorlawyer.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Navigating Your Career Law Career Profile: Glenn Warren “One major reason for going to law school was to help my wife realize ...
  • The Home Page for Today’s Lawyer - The Complete Lawyer 15 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.thecompletelawyer.com [Source type: General]

The functions of the "lawyer" and "scribe" were identical. (See DOCTOR.)
This entry includes text from Easton's Bible Dictionary, 1897.
what mentions this? (please help by turning references to this page into wiki links)
This article needs to be merged with LAWYER (Jewish Encyclopedia).

Simple English

A lawyer (or in some countries called an "Advocate", "attorney", "Barrister", "counsel", "counsellor", or "Solicitor") is someone who studied law and got a degree in that discipline. If people have a problem with law, or with someone else, they might go to a lawyer to get legal advice. If the case goes to court, the lawyer will then represent those people, either defending the person because someone else has started a legal case or arguing a case that the person has started. Lawyers also help people "settle out of court," which generally means to agree to a punishment in a criminal law case or a payment of money in a civil law case. When a person is accused of a crime, the person has a defense lawyer to try to show they have not committed a crime. The lawyer arguing that they did do the crime is called the prosecutor.

He or she might also help to prepare legal documents for those people (this is one of things real estate lawyers do), or give legally binding witness that some event took place (like the signing of a contract).

Lawyers work in different settings. Some work by themselves, while some work in big law firms. Some lawyers work for hospitals and private companies. Lawyers who work for private companies are usually called in-house counsel.

There are fees for the different services offered, unless the work is done for free, which is called pro bono.

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Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 22, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Lawyer, which are similar to those in the above article.








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