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LeBaron Bradford Colt in 1905.

LeBaron Bradford Colt (June 25, 1846 – August 18, 1924) was a United States Senator from Rhode Island and a circuit court judge. He was born in Dedham, Massachusetts to Christopher Colt (the brother of arms maker Samuel Colt) and Theodora Goujand DeWolf Colt; his younger brother, Samuel P. Colt, was a prominent Rhode Island businessman and politician. LeBaron Colt attended the public schools and Williston Seminary. He received an A.B. from Yale University in 1868 and an LL.B. from Columbia Law School in 1870.

After getting his law degree, Colt devoted a year to European travel. Once he returned, he was admitted to the bar and commenced practicing law in Chicago. In 1875, he moved to Bristol, Rhode Island, and started practicing law in Providence.

From 1879 to 1881, Colt was a member of the Rhode Island House of Representatives.

On March 9, 1881, President James A. Garfield nominated Colt to the United States District Court for the District of Rhode Island. The Senate confirmed him on March 21. Three years later, Colt was elevated to the United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit, with President Chester A. Arthur nominating him on July 2, 1884 and Senate confirmation on July 5. On June 15, 1891, Colt was reassigned to the newly created United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit by the Judiciary Act of 1891.

In 1913, Colt was elected as a Republican to the United States Senate by the Rhode Island legislature. On February 7, he resigned from the appellate court, and on March 4, he was sworn in as Senator.

From 1917 to 1919, Colt was chairman of the Senate Committee on Conservation of Natural Resources. From 1919 until his death, he was chairman of the Committee on Immigration.

Colt died on August 18, 1924 in Bristol. He was buried in Juniper Hill Cemetery.

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Legal offices
Preceded by
John Lowell
Judge of the United States Circuit Court for the First Circuit
1884 – 1891
Succeeded by
Seat abolished
Preceded by
Newly created seat
Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit
1891 – 1913
Succeeded by
George H. Bingham
United States Senate
Preceded by
George P. Wetmore
United States Senator (Class 2) from Rhode Island
1913 – 1924
Served alongside: Henry F. Lippitt, Peter G. Gerry
Succeeded by
Jesse H. Metcalf


PD-icon.svg This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.

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