The Full Wiki

More info on Lead hydrogen arsenate

Lead hydrogen arsenate: Wikis

  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Lead hydrogen arsenate, also called lead arsenate, acid lead arsenate or LA, chemical formula PbHAsO4, is an inorganic insecticide used primarily against the potato beetle.

Contents

Chemistry

It is usually produced using the following reaction:

Pb(NO3)2(aq) +H3AsO4(aq) → PbHAsO4(s) +2HNO3(aq)

Lead arsenate was the most extensively used arsenical insecticide[1] According to the preceding reference, two (2) principal formulations of lead arsenate were marketed; basic lead arsenate (Pb5OH(AsO4)3, CASN: 1327-31-7) and acid lead arsenate (PbHAsO4, CASN: 7784-40-9). As an insecticide, it was first used against the gypsy moth in Massachusetts, as a less soluble and less toxic alternative to then-used Paris Green. It also adhered better to the surface of the plants, further enhancing and prolonging its insecticidal effect.

Until 1930s-1940s, lead arsenate was frequently prepared by farmers at home, by reacting soluble lead salts with sodium arsenate.

Lead arsenate was widely used in Australia, Canada, New Zealand, USA, England, France, North Africa, and many other areas, principally against the codling moth. It was used mainly on apples, but also on other fruit trees, garden crops, turfgrasses, and against mosquitoes. In combination with ammonium sulfate, it was used in southern California as a winter treatment on lawns to kill crab grass seed.

Lead arsenate was also used in the early part of twentieth century for controlling pests of cranberry (fireworm, cranberry girdler) in Massachusetts.

Basic lead arsenate, Pb5OH(AsO4)3, was used in some areas of California.

The search for a substitute was commenced in 1919, when it was found that its residues remain in the products despite washing their surfaces. Alternatives were found to be less effective or more toxic to plants and animals, until 1947 when DDT was found. The use of lead arsenate in the USA continued until mid 1960's. It was officially banned as an insecticide on August 1, 1988.

See also

References

  1. ^ Peryea F.J. 1998. Historical use of lead arsenate insecticides, resulting in soil contamination and implications for soil remediation. Proceedings, 16th World Congress of Soil Science, Montpellier, France. 20-26. Aug. Available online: http://soils.tfrec.wsu.edu/leadhistory.htm
  • Sunset Western Garden Book, First Edition, 1954

External links








Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message