The Full Wiki

Lee (Korean name): Wikis

Advertisements
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

Advertisements

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Lee
Hangul 이 (리 applies only to 李)
Hanja ; and are rare
Revised Romanization I (Ri)
McCune–Reischauer Yi (Ri)
Note: North Korean usage is in parentheses
percentage of family names in Korea      Kim, Gim      Lee, Yi, Rhee      Park, Pak      Choi      Jung, Jeong, Chung, Cheong

Lee is the common English spelling of (Korean pronunciation: [iː]), a common Korean family name. The proper pronunciation in South Korea is like the English letter "E", although in North Korea the name is still written as "리" and pronounced "Lee". Many times South Koreans will knowingly introduce themselves as "Lee" to foreigners even though this is not the proper pronunciation of their name. The more traditional spelling and therefore pronunciation of the name is the North Korean "리" (Lee). 이 derived from the Chinese Hanzi character (the Korean Hanja character is written the same way) is the second most common family name (after Kim) in Korea, with 이 derived from 異 or 伊 being relatively rare. The name is sometimes also transliterated as Yi (more commonly used in modern times when transliterating a given, rather than family, name) or Ri (North Korean), and was previously transliterated as Rhie or Rhee (Syngman Rhee is an example) for the pronunciation of r and l are not distinguished in the Korean language just like Japanese and Chinese. The pronunciation of 李 as 리 is still common in North Korea.

The hanja 李 literally means "plum" or "judge". This character, as used in Korea, China and Vietnam, is the the most common surname in the world.

Contents

Distribution

is the surname of approximately 15% of ethnic Koreans. This translates to 6,796,227 people in South Korea (2000), and millions more in North Korea (including 리) and among Korean emigrants and their descendants worldwide.

Clans

Monument for the founder of Gyeongju Yi clan

As with all Korean family names, the holders of the Lee surname are divided into different patrilineal clans, or lineages, known in Korean as bon-gwan, based on their ancestral seat. Most such clans trace their lineage back to a specific founder. This system was at its height under the yangban aristocracy of the Joseon Dynasty, but it remains in use today. There are approximately 241 such clans claimed by South Koreans. Most people with surname Lee in Korea belong to either the Jeonju or Gyeongju clans.

Deoksu clan

The founder of this clan was Yi Dongsu, an official of the Goryeo period. This was a prominent yangban clan during the Joseon Dynasty, producing figures including the admiral Yi Sun-sin and the philosopher Yi I. The clan seat, Deoksu, corresponds to Deoksu-hyeon, an old division of what is now Kaep'ung-gun in Kaesong city, North Korea.

Jinsung clan

The founder of this clan is Yi Hwang. He was a notable politician served as minister.

Yong-in clan

The founder of Yongin clan was Kil-kwon who helped to found Goryeo.

Gyeongju clan

The founder of this clan was Alpyeong, one of the original village headmen of Silla, who chose Bak Hyeokgeose as the first king. According to the Samguk Sagi, the Yi name was officially bestowed on the family by King Yuri around 9 CE. Prominent members include the Joseon-era scholar Yi Hwang, Yi Hang-bok. In present days, Lee Byung-chull, the founder of Samsung Group and the former Samsung CEO, Lee Kun-hee, and Lee Myung-bak, current president of South Korea are notable figures from the Gyeongju Lee clan.[1] It is the most populous Lee clan after the Jeonju Lee clan.

Yeoju clan

Prominent members of this clan include the Joseon Dynasty philosopher Yi Ik.

Jeonju clan

Descendents of the Jeonju Lee family perform rites called Jongmyo jerye to honor their ancestors in an annual ceremony the Korean government has declared an Important Intangible Cultural Asset.

This is the most populous Lee clan. The founder of this clan was Yi Han, a native of Baekje who later married a Silla princess and became a high official of Silla. His 22nd-generation descendant, Taejo of Joseon, went on to found the Joseon Dynasty. The Jeonju Yi family ruled Joseon for 518 years between 1392 and 1910.

The current pretender to the Korean throne is Her Imperial Highness, Empress Haewon of Joseon. Members of the different branches of Jeonju Yi family dominated Korean history right up until the formation of the current Republic of Korea. There are many families that claim membership in the Jeonju Yi clan.

Danyang clan

The founder of this clan was Jeong Dojeon, who was the first Prime Minister of Joseon and had close relations to King Yi Seonggye. He bestowed upon him the right to start his clan, a right only a yangban could ask, thus Jeong Dojeon created a new yangban clan. The clan's ancestral seat is Danyang.

Yangsan clan

The founder of this clan was Yi Man-young, an internal minister in Korea following the fall of the Goryeo Dynasty. He died of strangulation near an isolated mountain.

Suan clan

The founder of this clan was Yi Gyunwoong (Korean: 이견웅), who helped found the Goryeo Dynasty.

Seongsan clan

The founder of this clan was Sun Yu (Korean: 순유, Hanja: 純由), a prominent official of late Silla. His 12th-generation descendant Jang Gyeong (Korean: 장경, Hanja: 長庚) was also a prominent official of the Goryeo Dynasty. Eight generations of Jang Kyung's descendants yielded 75 civil examination qualifiers. As of a 2000 census conducted by the ROK, 186,188 Koreans of the Seongsan Yi clan live in South Korea.

Hongju clan

The founder of the Hongju Lee clan was Yi Yu-seong, a member of the King's inner circle during the late Goryeo Dynasty. The clan's ancestral seat was bestowed when his 9th generation descendant, Yi Gi-jong, was titled. Hongyang/Hongju is located in present day Hongseong, South Chungcheong Province. Especially during the late Goryeo and early Josoen Dynasties, the Hongju Lee clan produced many outstanding and influential people, including Yi Yeon-su, Yi Seong, Yi Seo, and Yi Jong-jang.

Notable people

Given the prevalence of Lee as a family name among ethnic Koreans, a great number of notable people have this surname.

See also

References

  1. ^ Han Jeong-gon (한정곤) (2004-07-29) <재벌가 얽히고 설킨 혼맥 24탄> 삼성그룹 Ilyo Siisa, Vol. 445

Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

Lee
Hangul 이 (리 applies only to 李)
Hanja 李; 異 and 伊 are rare
Revised
Romanization
I (Ri)
McCune-
Reischauer
Yi (Ri)
Note: North Korean usage is in parentheses
File:Distribution of South Korean family names.svg
percentage of family names in Korea

██ Kim, Gim

██ Lee, Yi, Rhee

██ Park, Pak

██ Choi

██ Jung, Jeong, Chung, Cheong

Lee is the common English spelling of 이 (Template:IPA-ko), a common Korean family name. The proper pronunciation of the name in South Korea is "E" as in the letter in English(read aforementioned link to "Korean pronunciation"). Although in North Korea the name is still spelled as "리" and pronounced "Lee". Many times South Koreans will knowingly introduce themselves as "Lee" to foreigners even though this is not the proper pronunciation of their name. The more traditional spelling and therefore pronunciation of the name is the North Korean "리" (Lee). 이 derived from the Chinese Hanzi character (the Korean Hanja character is written the same way) 李 is the second most common family name (after Kim)김 in Korea, with 이 derived from 異 or 伊 being relatively rare. The name is sometimes also transliterated as Yi (more commonly used in modern times when transliterating a given, rather than family, name) or Ri (North Korean), and was previously transliterated as Rhie or Rhee. The pronunciation of 李 as 리 is still common in North Korea.

The hanja 李 literally means "plum" or "judge." This character, as used in Korea, China and Vietnam, is the the most common surname in the world.

Contents

Distribution

이 is the surname of approximately 15% of ethnic Koreans. This translates to 6,796,227 people in South Korea (2000), and millions more in North Korea (including 리) and among Korean emigrants and their descendants world-wide.

Clans

As with all Korean family names, the holders of the Lee surname are divided into different patrilineal clans, or lineages, known in Korean as bon-gwan, based on their ancestral seat. Most such clans trace their lineage back to a specific founder. This system was at its height under the yangban aristocracy of the Joseon Dynasty, but it remains in use today. There are approximately 241 such clans claimed by South Koreans. Most people with surname Lee in Korea belong to either the Jeonju or Gyeongju clans.

Deoksu clan

The founder of this clan was Yi Dongsu, an official of the Goryeo period. This was a prominent yangban clan during the Joseon Dynasty, producing figures including the admiral Yi Sun-sin and the philosopher Yulgok Yi I. The clan seat, Deoksu, corresponds to Deoksu-hyeon, an old division of what is now Kaep'ung-gun in Kaesong city, North Korea.

Jinsung clan

The founder of this clan is Teo-gye, Hwang Lee whose surname is Dosan. He was notable politician served as prime minster.

Yong-in clan

The founder of Yongin clan was Kil-kwon who helped to found Goryeo.

Gyeongju clan

The founder of this clan was Yi Alpyeong, one of the original village headmen of Silla, who chose Bak Hyeokgeose as the first king. According to the Samguk Sagi, the Yi name was officially bestowed on the family by King Yuri around 9 CE. Prominent members include the Silla general Yi Sabu and the Joseon-era scholar Yi Hwang, as well as Yi Oseong (Hang-bok), one of the "Oseong and Haneum" scholar pair from the Joseon era. It is the most populous Lee clan after the Jeonju Lee clan.

Yeoju clan

Prominent members of this clan include the Joseon Dynasty philosopher Seongho Yi Ik.

Jeonju clan

This is the most populous Lee clan. The founder of this clan was Yi Han, a native of Baekje who later married a Silla princess and became a high official of Silla. His 22nd-generation descendant, Ah Tae Jo (Yi Seonggye), went on to found the Joseon(Chosun) Kingdom. The Jeonju Yi family ruled Joseon for 518 years between 1392 and 1910. The current pretender to the Korean throne is Her Imperial Higness, Empress Haewon of Joseon. Members of the different branches of Jeonju Yi family dominated Korean history right up until the formation of the current Republic of Korea. there are still many korean families that carry the jeonju yi name.

Danyang clan

The founder of this clan was Jeong Dojeon, who was the first Prime Minister of Joseon and had close relations to King Yi Seonggye. He bestowed upon him the right to start his clan, a right only a yangban could ask, thus Jeong Dojeon created a new yangban clan. The clan's ancestral seat is Danyang.

Yangsan clan

The founder is Yi Man-young, an internal minister in Korea following the fall of the Koryo dynasty. He died of strangulation near an isolated mountain.

Suan clan

About 38 generations before were the original Chinese. Suan, located in North Korea is also a prominent clan. Born in 1910, Lee Kiyoung, a member of his clan was a former CEO of one of Korea's first and biggest construction company, a feat so prestigious that he was one of the 200 most successful people in Korea at his time.

Seongju clan

The founder of this clan was Soon Yu (Korean:순유, Traditional Chinese:純由), a prominent official of late Silla. His 12th-generation descendant Jang Gyeong (Korean: 장경, Traditional Chinese: 長庚) was also a prominent official of the Goryeo dynasty. Eight generations of Jang Kyung's descendants yielded 75 civil examination qualifiers. As of a 2000 census conducted by the ROK, 186,188 Koreans of the Seongju Yi clan live in South Korea.

Hongju clan

The founder of the Hongju Lee clan was Lee Yoo Sung, a member of the King’s inner circle during the late Koryo dynasty. The clan’s ancestral seat was bestowed when his 9th generation descendant, Lee Ki-jong, was titled. Hongyang/Hongju is located in present day Hongseong, Chuncheong Nam Do Province, South Korea. Especially during the late Koryo and early Lee dynasties, the Hongju Lee clan produced many outstanding and influential people, including Lee Yeon-su, Lee Seong, Lee Seo, and Lee Jong-jang.

Notable people

Main article: List of people named Lee (Korean name)

Given the prevalence of Lee as a family name among ethnic Koreans, a great number of people have this surname.

See also

  • Korean name
  • Li (surname)
  • List of Korea-related topics


ko:이 (성씨) pl:Lee (koreańskie nazwisko)

Facts about Lee (Korean name)RDF feed

This article uses material from the "Lee (Korean name)" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message