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Lee A. Archer
Born 1919 (age 90–91)
Nickname Buddy
Allegiance  United States
Service/branch  United States Army
 United States Air Force
Years of service 1941–1960
Rank US-O5 insignia.svg Lieutenant Colonel
Unit 99th Pursuit Squadron
332nd Fighter Group
Tuskegee Airmen
Battles/wars World War II
Korean War
Awards Air Force Distinguished Service Medal
Distinguished Flying Cross
Air Medal (18 clusters)
Distinguished Unit Citation

Lieutenant Colonel Lee A. Archer (ret.) (September 1919) was a Tuskegee Airman in the United States Army Air Corps during World War II.

He scored 4½ official, confirmed air combat victories:

  • two Messerschmitt Bf 109s on 18 July 1944 over Memmingen, Germany
  • three Bf 109s on 12 October 1944 over Lake Balaton, Hungary

He also destroyed six aircraft on the ground during a strafing mission in August 1944.

Archer's second kill on 18 July was never credited because it couldn't be confirmed. During the mission, Archer spotted a Bf-109. His flight lead, Wendell O. Pruitt — for whom he was acting as wingman — saw it, but did not pursue. Archer chose then to go after it. Another pilot, Freddie Hutchins, also spotted the plane, and turned to attack. After chasing it for some time, Archer fired and crippled the enemy aircraft. As it headed toward the ground, Hutchins, who'd almost pulled even with Archer, fired as well: "for the hell of it," according to Archer. Because the Army Air Force received conflicting reports as to who had actually scored the kill, both Archer and Hutchins were officially awarded a half-kill, giving Archer 4½ official victories after the mission on 12 October.[1]

He is an Honoree of the American Fighter Aces Association.

Archer's P-51C was named "Ina The Macon Belle", after his wife.

Archer was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross, the Air Medal with 18 Clusters, the Distinguished Unit Citation and many other service medals.

See also

External links


  1. ^ [1]


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