Leeds Bradford International Airport: Wikis

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Leeds Bradford International Airport
LeedsBradford-IA-Logo.png
Leeds Bradford International Airport terminal, left.jpg
The airport terminal
IATA: LBAICAO: EGNM
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner Bridgepoint Capital
Operator Leeds Bradford International Airport Limited
Serves West and North Yorkshire
Location Yeadon, West Yorkshire, England
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 681 ft / 208 m
Coordinates 53°51′57″N 001°39′38″W / 53.86583°N 1.66056°W / 53.86583; -1.66056 (Leeds Bradford International Airport)Coordinates: 53°51′57″N 001°39′38″W / 53.86583°N 1.66056°W / 53.86583; -1.66056 (Leeds Bradford International Airport)
Website www.lbia.co.uk
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
14/32 2,250 7,382 Concrete
Statistics (2009)
Movements 53,817
Passengers 2,574,426
Sources: UK AIP at NATS[1]
Statistics from the UK Civil Aviation Authority[2]

Leeds Bradford International Airport (IATA: LBAICAO: EGNM) is located at Yeadon, in the City of Leeds Metropolitan District in West Yorkshire, England, northwest of Leeds itself. It is sometimes locally referred to as Yeadon Airport.[3] It serves the cities of Leeds and Bradford, as well as the wider Yorkshire region including the cities of York and Wakefield, and is the largest airport within Yorkshire. The airport was in public ownership until May 2007, when it was sold for £145.5 million to Bridgepoint Capital.[4]

Leeds Bradford has a CAA Public Use Aerodrome Licence (Number P800) that allows flights for the public transport of passengers and for flight training. The airport is also the highest in England at an elevation of 681 ft (208 m).[5] By the number of passengers handled in 2009, Leeds Bradford is the 17th busiest in the UK and Yorkshire's largest.

Contents

History

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Early history

The airport was opened as the "Leeds and Bradford Municipal Aerodrome" (Yeadon Aerodrome) on 17 October 1931 and was operated by the Yorkshire Aeroplane Club on behalf of Leeds and Bradford Corporations. In 1935 the aerodrome was expanded by 35 acres (140,000 m2) and scheduled flights began on 8 April 1935 with a service by North Eastern Airways from London (Heston Aerodrome) to Newcastle upon Tyne (Cramlington). The service was soon extended to Edinburgh (Turnhouse). In June 1935 Blackpool and West Coast Air Services started a service to the Isle of Man. By 1936 the London/Yeadon/Newcastle/Edinburgh service was flying three times a week and also stopped at Doncaster and carried on to Aberdeen (Dyce).

In 1936, No.609 (West Riding) Squadron of the Royal Auxiliary Air Force (RAuxAF), Royal Air Force (RAF) formed at Yeadon, and seasonal flights between Yeadon and Liverpool commenced. Work also began on a terminal building, but progress was halted after only one section had been completed.

Wartime use

Civil aviation at Yeadon was halted in 1939, with the outbreak of World War II. Avro built a new shadow factory, to produce military aircraft, just to the north of the aerodrome; a taxiway connected the factory to the aerodrome and many of the aircraft first flew from Yeadon. The aircraft manufactured included the Bristol Blenheim (250), the Lancaster bomber (695), the Anson (over 4,500), the York (45) and the Lincoln (25).

Significant developments were made to the aerodrome; the addition of two runways, taxiways and extra hangarage led to Yeadon becoming an important site for military aircraft testing.

1947 to 1969

Civil flights recommenced at the airport in 1947, after Geoff Rennard fought for Leeds and Bradford to have an aerodrome, and eventually gained permission for an Aero Club. He was then appointed Airport Manager and stayed at the post for 5 years. Subsequently Yeadon Aviation Ltd was formed in 1953 to run the Airport and Aero Club. Two years later in 1955 flights to Belfast, Jersey, Ostend, Southend, the Isle of Wight and Düsseldorf were added to Yeadon's destination list.

Scheduled flights to London began in 1960, and Dublin was added shortly after. A new runway was opened in 1965, and in that year the terminal building was destroyed by a fire, with a replacement terminal opened by 1968.

1970 to 1994

The flyover for the main runway extension. The A658 dual carriageway plus a pedestrian walkway runs through here
Check in Hall A

By the mid 1970s the package holiday had become popular in the UK and in 1976 the first holiday charter flight to the Iberian Peninsula departed Leeds Bradford.

In 1978, it was decided that, with runway extensions, the airport could be upgraded to regional airport status. Work began in 1982, and was completed in November 1984. This included a significant extension to the main runway, including the construction of a tunnel to take the A658 Bradford to Harrogate road beneath the runway. The airport also underwent significant extensions and redevelopments to the Terminal building, the first phase of which was opened in 1985.

On 4 November 1984, the day the runway extension was officially opened, Wardair commenced transatlantic flights from Leeds Bradford to Toronto, using Boeing 747s, though these flights were later discontinued.

In August 1986, an Air France Concorde charter flight from Paris landed at Leeds Bradford for the first time, and an estimated 60,000 people were there to see it. Occasional Concorde charter flights, all of which used British Airways aircraft, continued until June 2000, just one month before the Concorde disaster in Paris.

Initially the airport had restricted operating hours, and this deterred many charter airlines, whose cheap fares depended on 'round-the-clock' use of their aircraft. In 1994, these restrictions were removed and flights could use the airport 24 hours a day,[6] so more airlines were attracted to Leeds Bradford.

1995 to date

A view towards the terminal
Terminal Building and Control Tower
Yorkshire Air Ambulance at Leeds Bradford Airport

Work on the airport terminal has been ongoing since 1996, and the result of this has been significant growth in terminal size and passenger facilities. In 2007 nearly 2.9 million passengers passed through the airport, an 88% increase in just seven years and more than twice as many compared with 1997 (1.2 million). Much of the growth in passenger numbers since 2003 has been due to the introduction of scheduled flights by the based low-cost airline Jet2.com.

Since 2000 the airport has been home to the Yorkshire Air Ambulance.

The original runway (09/27) was closed on 6 October 2005, to be redeveloped as a taxiway and to provide additional apron space.

In 2006 Isle of Man based airline Manx2 re-opened the airport's oldest air route, to the Isle of Man.[7]

2008 saw the introduction of long-haul scheduled flights to Islamabad with Shaheen Air International. This service was introduced in February but ceased after only four months due to a shortage of aircraft.[8] The route was reinstated by Pakistan International Airlines in July 2008.[9][10]

In November 2008 the early stages of the airport masterplan were clarified, with in-depth detailed plans for the expansion of the airport terminal being published, at an estimated cost of £28 million.

The airport lost its direct link with London temporarily in March 2009 when BMI ceased its route to London Heathrow, however Flybe revived the link with a route to London Gatwick in June 2009.

On 11 August 2009 Ryanair announced it would set up a new base at Leeds Bradford, initially basing two aircraft at the airport offering 17 routes from March 2010.[11]

Future

The Airfield area at Leeds Bradford Airport, much of which may be subject to further airport development as set out in the masterplan
Jet2.com Boeing 757-200 lands at Leeds Bradford Airport, UK. Jet2.com is based at Leeds Bradford Airport
Spanair MD-83 landing on Leeds Bradford's runway 32

In line with government recommendations, Leeds Bradford Airport published a masterplan. However since then the airport has been privatised and the new plans of Bridgepoint Capital deviate in areas from the masterplan. The plans that Bridgepoint Capital published were approved by Leeds City Council in July 2009, despite much criticism from protesters. The plans were originally rejected by Leeds City Council on the grounds of further traffic generated from an enlarged airport. The revised plans included the provision of further bus services, however no commitment was made to invest in a rail or light rail link, although the plan continues to be considered.

The masterplan

In 2004 the airport published a master plan in line with government recommendations. The master plan set out the following proposals for future development:[12][13][14]

  • Expansion of the terminal buildings, with new gates added including airbridge boarding tunnels.
  • New aircraft parking areas (there are currently 24 stands, this would increase to 31).
  • A change to the runway configuration (part of which has already been carried out). This includes building a taxiway parallel to the main runway. This would allow aircraft movements to increase from 16 to 25 per hour.
  • New airfield equipment and buildings (including aircraft hangars, new flight catering facilities and a new fuel farm).
  • Hotel and office space (the first phase of which is now complete).
  • A railway station from a spur near Horsforth.
  • New car parking areas.
  • A new link road from the A65, to the airport and then to the A658.

The master plan sets out the stages of development for Leeds Bradford Airport over the next 10 years and outlines general proposals for the period from 2016 to 2030. It is estimated that by 2016 the airport will handle in excess of 5.1 million passengers per year as well as seeing a significant increase in freight traffic. Both Flybe and Ryanair have expressed an interest in expanding their routes at the airport, with Ryanair announcing intentions to base aircraft there.[15]

Bridgepoint Capital and Leeds City Council hope that by redeveloping the airport, it will attract even more companies, jobs and people to the area which already has a population of 2.9 million.[12]

Bridgepoint Capital development plan of 2008

On 5th November 2008, Bridgepoint Capital announced their £28 million plans to redevelop the airport terminal.[16] Planning permission is to be submitted to Leeds City Council in late November 2008. The plans will involve building in front of the current terminal building, effectively turning the current crescent-shaped building into a semicircle. As the current terminal buildings are the product of 40 years of extensions, there is no continuity to the layout and the buildings can become very congested. The extension would be set over two stories and would facilitate new departure and arrival facilities. The ground floor will house new check-in halls, while on the first floor there will be a large departure lounge, featuring a glass roof.[17] Both arrival and departure facilities will benefit from new retail facilities as the management claimed that current facilities were 'inadequate and unenticing'. It is estimated that with the completion of the airport extension and the forecast new flights, an extra 2,000 jobs will be generated at the airport.[18]

The current front to the terminal buildings, the space in this arc will be filled under expansion plans.

Airport ownership

Leeds and Bradford councils jointly bought the airport site at Yeadon in 1930,[19] which opened as Yeadon Aerodrome in 1931.

The airport became a limited company in 1987, and was shared between the five surrounding boroughs of Leeds (40%), Bradford (40%) and Wakefield, Calderdale and Kirklees (together sharing the remaining 20%).

In October 2006 plans to privatise the airport were confirmed when Bradford Council became the last of the five controlling councils to agree to sell off the airport to the private sector.

On 4 April 2007 the five controlling councils announced that Bridgepoint Capital had been selected as the preferred bidder.[20] On May 3, 2007 Bridgepoint was confirmed as the buyer.[21]

On 4 May 2007 Bridgepoint Capital acquired the airport from Leeds, Bradford, Wakefield, Calderdale and Kirklees councils for £145.5 million. Although Bridgepoint Capital own the airport 100% financially, the councils hold a "special share" in the airport, to protect its name and continued operation as an air transport gateway for the Yorkshire region. The new owners have said they are to implement a £70 million capital expenditure plan, to focus on improving passenger and retail infrastructure. Other aims include more than doubling passenger numbers to 7 million per annum and adding up to 20 new scheduled destinations, both by 2015.[4]

Airlines and destinations

Scheduled flights

Airlines Destinations
Air Southwest Bristol, Newquay, Plymouth
BMI operated by BMI Regional Brussels, Edinburgh, Glasgow-International
Eastern Airways Aberdeen, Southampton
Flybe Aberdeen, Belfast-City, Exeter, London-Gatwick, Southampton
Jet2.com Alicante, Amsterdam, Arrecife, Avignon [seasonal], Barcelona, Belfast-International, Bergerac [begins 22 May; seasonal], Chambéry [seasonal], Corfu [begins 21 June; seasonal], Dalaman [seasonal], Dubrovnik [seasonal], Düsseldorf, Faro, Geneva, Heraklion [seasonal], Ibiza [seasonal], Jersey [seasonal], La Rochelle [seasonal], Larnaca [seasonal], Málaga, Milan-Orio al Serio [seasonal], Minorca [seasonal], Monastir [begins 23 May; seasonal], Murcia, Nice [seasonal], Olbia [seasonal], Palma de Mallorca [seasonal], Paphos [seasonal], Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Pisa [seasonal], Prague, Rhodes [seasonal], Rome-Fiumicino, Salzburg [seasonal], Sharm el-Sheikh [seasonal], Tenerife-South, Toulouse [seasonal], Venice-Marco Polo [seasonal]
KLM operated by KLM Cityhopper Amsterdam
Manx2 Isle of Man
Pakistan International Airlines Islamabad
Ryanair Alicante, Carcasonne [begins 28 March], Dublin, Faro [begins 26 March], Girona, Ibiza [begins 27 March], Knock [begins 26 March], Krakow [begins 25 March], Limoges [begins 28 March], Malaga [begins 25 March], Malta [begins 25 March], Montpellier [begins 26 March], Murcia [begins 26 March], Nantes [begins 26 March], Palma de Mallorca [begins 26 March], Pisa [begins 25 March], Venice-Treviso [begins 25 March]
Thomson Airways Chambery [Seasonal], Corfu [seasonal], Palma de Mallorca [seasonal, Sharm el-Sheikh [begins 6 November], Tenerife-South [begins 7 November], Brigdetown-Barbados [seasonal

Charter flights

Airlines Destinations
BH Air Burgas, Sofia [begins 19 December]
Austrian Airlines Innsbruck
Thomas Cook Airlines Alicante [seasonal], Antalya [begins 4 May], Arrecife, Bodrum [seasonal], Dalaman [seasonal], Faro [seasonal], Fuerteventura, Heraklion [seasonal], Ibiza [seasonal], Larnaca [seasonal], Las Palmas de Gran Canaria [seasonal], Minorca [seasonal], Monastir [seasonal], Palma de Mallorca [seasonal], Reus [seasonal], Rovaniemi [seasonal], Rhodes [seasonal], Sharm el-Sheikh [seasonal], Tenerife-South, Zakynthos [seasonal]

Statistics

Aircraft at Leeds Bradford Airport during the snowfall of December 2009, during which the airport had to close.
Number of Passengers[2] Number of Movements[22]
1997 1,254,853 26,123
1998 1,406,948 25,615
1999 1,462,497 26,185
2000 1,585,039 29,263
2001 1,530,227 28,397
2002 1,530,019 28,566
2003 2,017,649 29,397
2004 2,368,604 31,493
2005 2,609,638 35,949
2006 2,792,686 37,251
2007 2,881,539 39,603
2008 2,873,321 37,604
2009 2,574,426 32,531
Source: [23]
LBApax09.jpg
10 Busiest Routes out of Leeds Bradford Airport (2008)
Rank Airport Passengers handled 2007-2008 Change Airlines that serve(d)
1 Amsterdam Airport Schiphol 258,459 8.07% Jet2, KLM Cityhopper
2 Dublin Airport 231,616 7.61% Ryanair
3 Alicante Airport 181,111 0.18% Jet2, Ryanair, Thomas Cook Airlines, Thomson Airways
4 Málaga Airport 157,424 8.50% Jet2
5 Palma de Mallorca Airport 154,776 0.39% Jet2, Thomas Cook Airlines, Thomson Airways
6 London Heathrow Airport 126,069 7.59% Bmi (route now defunct)
7 Belfast International Airport 104,765 2.26% Jet2
8 Paris-Charles de Gaulle Airport 103,920 16.82% Jet2
9 Faro Airport (Portugal) 93,613 8.67% Jet2, Thomas Cook Airlines
10 Southampton Airport 86,128 0.33% Eastern Airways, Flybe
Source: UK Civil Aviation Authority [1]

Transport

Bus interchange

The airport has connections to the local road network and is signposted on a large number of routes in the region. Bus services that link the airport include services 737 & 747 to Bradford operated by Centrebus. Leeds has the Firstbus service 757 meanwhile Harrogate is connected by the 767 operated by Proctors of Leeming. Other local surrounding areas which include, Pool, Otley and Yaedon will be connected by the New 967 service from April 2010 that will be opertated by TLC Tracel. A service is planned to be restarted to York in the near future. Services to Bradford and Leeds link the airport with the National Rail network via Bradford Interchange, Bradford Forster Square and Leeds railway station and connects with long distance coach services at Bradford Interchange and Leeds City bus station.

As part of both the airport and Metro's long-term strategies, there are proposals for the construction of a direct rail link to the airport on a branch from the Harrogate Line, however no firm commitments or timescales have been announced.[12]

The two nearest railway stations are Guiseley and Horsforth. There is a direct link by the 737 Bradford - Airport bus from the airport to Guiseley, and there is service 757 from Leeds - Airport which provides a service between the Airport and New Road side in Horsforth where further changes can be made with service(s) 31, 32 to connect with Horsforth Rail station on a Monday to Saturday daytime.

Flight Training and General Aviation

Multiflight aircraft hangar.

The airport is home to Multiflight, a flight training and aircraft engineering organisation. They are also the dedicated FBO at the airfield and provide helicopter and fixed wing charter flights as well as aircraft sales and management. General Aviaion operations are confined to the south-side of the airport, in order to maintain separation from commercial traffic utilising the main terminal.

In addition to numerous privately owned aircraft hangared on the south-side, a fleet of around 13 training aircraft are based at the airport.

During 2005 two new hangars capable of housing 4 x B737-800's were constructed, as well as a new apron and direct taxiway to the runway. A dedicated southside fuel farm was also installed. In the past decade, over £10m has been invested into infrastructure on the South Side by Multiflight.

Incidents and accidents

Prior to 1985, there were two recorded incidents of runway overuns at Leeds Bradford Airport, both involving British Midland Airways Viscount aircraft, and both showing evidence of hydroplaning.[24]

On 27 May 1985, a Lockheed Tristar operated by British Airtours, registration G-BBAI, overran the runway surface on landing from Palma after a rain shower. The aircraft was evacuated, with only minor injuries sustained by the 14 crew and 398 passengers. The nose landing gear strut folded backwards during the overrun, leading to severe damage to the underside of the forward fuselage. The undersides of both wing-mounted engines were flattened and both engines suffered ingestion damage. The main wheels of the aircraft also dug deep troughs in the area beyond the end of the runway, damaging the buried airfield lighting cables. The accident report concluded that the overrun was caused by the inability of the aircraft to achieve the appropriate level of braking effectiveness and recommended that both the scheduled wet runway performance of the TriStar and the condition of the surface of runway 14 at Leeds Bradford Airport should be re-examined.[24][25]

On 24 May 1995, an Embraer EMB 110 Bandeirante aircraft, registration G-OEAA operated by Knight Air on a flight between Leeds Bradford and Aberdeen entered a steeply descending spiral dive, broke up in flight and crashed into farmland at Dunkeswick Moor near Leeds. All 12 occupants were killed. The probable cause of the accident was the failure of one or both artificial horizon instruments. There was no standby artificial horizon installed (as there was no airworthiness requirement for one on this aircraft) and the accident report concluded that this left the crew without a single instrument available for assured attitude reference or simple means of determining which flight instruments had failed. The aircraft entered a spiral dive from which the pilot, who was likely to have become spatially disoriented, was unable to recover.[26][27]

On 18 May 2005, a Jordanian Airbus A320, registration JY-JAR operating for Spanish charter airline LTE suffered a braking malfunction on landing at Leeds Bradford Airport following a flight from Fuerteventura. The aircraft touched down on runway 14 just beyond the touchdown zone, approximately 400 m (1,300 ft) beyond the aiming point. The pilots determined that the rate of deceleration was inadequate and applied full reverse thrust and full manual braking in an effort to stop the aircraft, however the normal braking system malfunctioned and the Captain turned the aircraft onto a level grassed area to the right of the runway where it came to rest. There were no injuries to the passengers or crew, however the Air Accidents Investigation Branch made seven safety recommendations in the final accident report.[28][29]

See also

References

  1. ^ Leeds Bradford - EGNM
  2. ^ a b UK Airport Statistics: 2009 - annual
  3. ^ "Yeadon Airport On Course For 3M Passengers A Year". Telegraph & Argus. Newsquest Media Group. 1 April 2008. http://archive.thetelegraphandargus.co.uk/2008/4/1/210809.html. Retrieved 2009-08-27. 
  4. ^ a b LBIA - Bridgepoint acquires Leeds Bradford International Airport
  5. ^ Leeds Bradford International Airport - Airfield Information
  6. ^ LBIA - History & Developments
  7. ^ BBC News - New flight destination for Manx2
  8. ^ LBIA Announcements - Shaheen Air International cease of service
  9. ^ LBIA - PAKISTAN INTERNATIONAL AIRLINES (PIA) TO START DIRECT FLIGHTS
  10. ^ LBIA - Direct Flights To Islamabad Take Off
  11. ^ Ryanair Announces 34th Base at Leeds Bradford
  12. ^ a b c LBIA Master Plan 2005-2016
  13. ^ LBIA - Airport Masterplan
  14. ^ Leeds Bradford International Airport, Masterplan 2005-2016 Summary
  15. ^ Yorkshire Post - Flybe's pledge to airport
  16. ^ Building a better airport for you
  17. ^ Airport reveals £28m revamp plan
  18. ^ £28m Leeds Bradford airport plan ready for take-off
  19. ^ Firth, Gary (1997). A History of Bradford. Phillimore. ISBN 1-86077-057-6. 
  20. ^ LBIA - Preferred Bidder Press Release
  21. ^ Airport Sold For 145 Million To Bridgepoint (from Bradford Telegraph and Argus)
  22. ^ Number of Movements represents total air transport takeoffs and landings during that year.
  23. ^ CAA - UK Airport Statistics
  24. ^ a b "Lockheed TriStar, G-BBAI". UK AAIB. http://www.aaib.gov.uk/publications/formal_reports/2_1987_g_bbai.cfm. Retrieved 2008-02-07. 
  25. ^ "Picture Lockheed TriStar, G-BBAI". http://www.airliners.net/photo/British-Airtours/Lockheed-L-1011-385-1-TriStar/0455462/L/. 
  26. ^ "AAIB Report No: 2/1996". UK AAIB. http://www.aaib.gov.uk/publications/formal_reports/2_1996__g_oeaa.cfm. Retrieved 2008-03-05. 
  27. ^ "EMB-110, G-OEAA". Aviation Safety Network. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19950524-0. Retrieved 2007-12-13. 
  28. ^ "Airbus A320-211, JY-JAR". UK AAIB. http://www.aaib.dft.gov.uk/publications/formal_reports/6_2007_jy_jar.cfm. Retrieved 2007-12-13. 
  29. ^ "Picture Airbus A320-211, JY-JAR". http://www.airliners.net/photo/LTE-International-Airways/Airbus-A320-211/0847773/L/. 

External links


Simple English

Leeds Bradford International Airport

File:Leeds Bradford International Airport

IATA: LBA – ICAO: EGCC
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner/Operator Bridgepoint Capital
Location Yeadon, West Yorkshire
Elevation AMSL 681 ft / 208 m
Coordinates 53°51′57″N 001°39′38″W / 53.86583°N 1.66056°W / 53.86583; -1.66056 (Leeds Bradford International Airport)Coordinates: 53°51′57″N 001°39′38″W / 53.86583°N 1.66056°W / 53.86583; -1.66056 (Leeds Bradford International Airport)
Website www.lbia.co.uk
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
14/32 2,250 7,382 Concrete/Grooved Asphalt
Sources: UK AIP at NATS[1]
Statistics from the UK Civil Aviation Authority[2]


Leeds Bradford International Airport is a large airport in Yeadon, Leeds and also near Bradford in West Yorkshire, England. The airport was sold to Bridgepoint Capital in 2007.

Around 3 million people use the airport every year, and more people are expected to have used in in 2008. The airline Jet2.com have are based at the airport.

The airport has flights to many other cities in England and abroad, including London, Edinburgh, Dublin, Paris, Amsterdam, Brussels, Rome, Milan, Madrid, Barcelona and Prague. It is widely used for both holiday and business flights.

In August 2009, Ryanair announced they would open a base at Leeds Bradford Airport, increasing their current 3 routes to 17. This will begin in March 2010 and is expected to bring an extra one million passengers a year to the airport.

Statistics

Number of Passengers[1] Number of Movements[2]
1997 1,254,853 26,123
1998 1,406,948 25,615
1999 1,462,497 26,185
2000 1,585,039 29,263
2001 1,530,227 28,397
2002 1,530,019 28,566
2003 2,017,649 29,397
2004 2,368,604 31,493
2005 2,609,638 35,949
2006 2,792,686 37,251
2007 2,881,539 39,603
2008 2,873,321 37,604
Source: [3]

References

  1. Number of Passengers including both domestic and international.
  2. Number of Movements represents total air transport takeoffs and landings during that year.
  3. CAA - UK Airport Statistics



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