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A depiction of the legendary Rütlischwur.
.A legend (Latin, legenda, "things to be read") is a narrative of human actions that are perceived both by teller and listeners to take place within human history and to possess certain qualities that give the tale verisimilitude.^ Oxford Arthurian Society Thomas Green's Arthurian Resources contains a number of erudite essays on the History of Arthur, the characters, the places, and the literature among other things.
  • Myths and Legends - frames 1 February 2010 2:53 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I love Legends, it's a great place to take in a game, although if the home team's playing plan on waiting a while before getting a table.
  • Legends - Long Beach, CA 1 February 2010 2:53 UTC www.yelp.com [Source type: General]

^ First thing that struck me after a number of listening experiences is the difference with Legends'debut, Light in Extension.
  • LEGEND music, discography, MP3, videos and reviews 1 February 2010 2:53 UTC www.progarchives.com [Source type: General]

.Legend, for its active and passive participants includes no happenings that are outside the realm of "possibility", defined by a highly flexible set of parameters, which may include miracles that are perceived as actually having happened, within the specific tradition of indoctrination where the legend arises, and within which it may be transformed over time, in order to keep it fresh and vital, and realistic.^ The famous scene in which Princess Lily is taken to see and touches the Unicorns by Jack, was actually filmed within the gardens of Pinewood Studos as at the time of filming, the vast Forest set had been destroyed by a fire.
  • Legend (1985) 1 February 2010 2:53 UTC www.imdb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some feel that he may have been the greatest grappler of all-time, but playing outside of his weight-class probably reduced his standings.

^ There is a school of thought (actually many schools of thought) within the combat arts/sports that posits that a fight (any fight) can be examined and then deconstructed into specific range delineations.

The Brothers Grimm defined legend as folktale historically grounded.[1] A modern folklorist's professional definition of legend was proposed by Timothy R. Tangherlini in 1990:[2]
Legend, typically, is a short (mono-) episodic, traditional, highly ecotypified[3] historicized narrative performed in a conversational mode, reflecting on a psychological level a symbolic representation of folk belief and collective experiences and serving as a reaffirmation of commonly held values of the group to whose tradition it belongs."

Contents

Etymology and origin

Holger Danske, a legendary character.
.The word "legend" appeared in the English language circa 1340, transmitted from mediaeval Latin language through French.^ Paul Aclinou presents Thinking and its Objet - Gods and Men , which is a series of pages on Yoruba deities and legends, in both French and English (with a German version in the works).
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.May 2009" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] Its blurred extended (and essentially Protestant) sense of a non-historical narrative or myth was first recorded in 1613. By emphasizing the unrealistic character of "legends" of the saints, English-speaking Protestants were able to introduce a note of contrast to the "real" saints and martyrs of the Reformation, whose authentic narratives could be found in Foxe's Book of Martyrs.^ Any wonderful story coming down from the past, but not verifiable by historical record; a myth; a fable.
  • Legend@Everything2.com 1 February 2010 2:53 UTC everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ Jun 24, 2009 Jack introduces the world to Meat Bones, a real roadie that can thrill you with stories from his exciting life.
  • Brutal Legend Video Game | Reviews, Trailers & Interviews | GameTrailers.com 1 February 2010 2:53 UTC www.gametrailers.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is a collection of tales containing Celtic myth, pseudo-historical romance, and Arthurian legend with resonances of Chretien de Troyes.
  • Myths and Legends - frames 1 February 2010 2:53 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.May 2009" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] Thus "legend" gained its modern connotations of "undocumented" and "spurious". Before the invention of the printing press, stories were passed on via oral tradition.^ May 21, 2009 Jack Black is getting into shape for his leading role in Brutal Legend.
  • Brutal Legend Video Game | Reviews, Trailers & Interviews | GameTrailers.com 1 February 2010 2:53 UTC www.gametrailers.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Brutal Legend is a story of Eddie Riggs, a roadie for a modern day metal band.
  • Brutal Legend Video Game | Reviews, Trailers & Interviews | GameTrailers.com 1 February 2010 2:53 UTC www.gametrailers.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Added On 03/04/2009 1UP Tomb Raider: Legend News: Tomb Raider May Be Returning To The Movies Franchise would receive a complete reboot.
  • Tomb Raider: Legend for PS2 from 1UP 1 February 2010 2:53 UTC www.1up.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Storytellers learned their stock in trade: their stories, typically received from an older storyteller, who might, though more likely not, have claimed to have actually known a witness, rendered the narrative as "history". Legend is distinguished from the genre of chronicle by the fact that legends apply structures that reveal a moral definition to events, providing meaning that lifts them above the repetitions and constraints of average human lives and giving them a universality that makes them worth repeating through many generations.^ When Legend's existence was revealed to the public, but before its name was given out, many fans nicknamed it "Sin Providence", keeping with the trend of referencing Seed director Mitsuo Fukada's past series Cyber Formula.
  • ZGMF-X666S Legend Gundam - Gundam Wiki - Sunrise, Wing, Seed, Zeta, 0083 1 February 2010 2:53 UTC gundam.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ The Healer is more of a ballad-like song actually the first time I hear a song like this by Legend.
  • LEGEND music, discography, MP3, videos and reviews 1 February 2010 2:53 UTC www.progarchives.com [Source type: General]

^ The mark of success for any instructional work is its utility, how well, how easily someone can take the instructed material and apply it to the actual situation it claims to reveal.

.In German-speaking and northern European countries, "legend", which involves Christian origins, is distinguished from "Saga", being from any other (usually, but not necessarily older) origin.^ Two Legends of the Pampa Indians involving people being transformed into plants are retold here by middle schoolers from Argentina and Hawaii.
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The modern characterisation of what may be termed a "legend" may be said to begin 1865 with Jacob Grimm's observation, "The fairy tale is poetic, legend, historic." [4] Early scholars such as Karl Wehrhahn[5] Friedrich Ranke[6] and Will-Erich Peukert[7] followed Grimm's example in focussing solely on the literary narrative, an approach that was enriched particularly after the 1960s ,[8] by addressing questions of performance and the anthropological and psychological insights provided in considering legends' social context. .Questions of categorising legends, in hopes of compiling a content-based series of categories on the line of the Aarne-Thompson folktale index, provoked a search for a broader new synthesis.^ Powered by Answers Recently Asked Questions Check out the Legend of Zelda category on Wikianswers!
  • Link - Zeldapedia, the Legend of Zelda wiki - Twilight Princess, Ocarina of Time, Spirit Tracks, and more 1 February 2010 2:53 UTC zelda.wikia.com [Source type: General]

.In an early attempt at defining some basic questions operative in examining folk tales, Friedrich Ranke in 1925[9] characterised the folk legend as "a popular narrative with an objectively untrue imaginary content" a dismissive position that was subsequently largely abandoned.^ Their layout suggests that there will be myths, legends and folk-tales page in the future.
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^ Lady Pixel presents this page on Native American Legends, Folk Tales and Stories , which currently features tales from the Siksikawa (Blackfeet) and Kiowa tribes.
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^ Russian Crafts collects dozens of Russian and Ukranian folk tales, legends, and stories including a couple retold by Pushkin.
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[10]
.Compared to the highly-structured folktale, legend is comparatively amorphous, Helmut de Boor noted in 1928.[11] The narrative content of legend is in realistic mode, rather than the wry irony of folktale;[12] Wilhelm Heiske[13] remarked on the similarity of motifs in legend and folktale and concluded that, in spite of its realistic mode, legend is not more historical than folktale.^ He is more agile but weaker than the older Link, and he has a hookshot rather than Adult Link's Longshot.
  • Link - Zeldapedia, the Legend of Zelda wiki - Twilight Princess, Ocarina of Time, Spirit Tracks, and more 1 February 2010 2:53 UTC zelda.wikia.com [Source type: General]

^ It is a collection of tales containing Celtic myth, pseudo-historical romance, and Arthurian legend with resonances of Chretien de Troyes.
  • Myths and Legends - frames 1 February 2010 2:53 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Library of Hindu History includes a collection of links to essays concerning the Mahabharat including some which find it to be more grounded in history than legend.
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Legend is often considered in connection with rumour, also believable and concentrating on a single episode. Ernst Bernheim suggested that legend is simply the survival of rumour.[14] .Gordon Allport credited the staying-power of certain rumours to the persistent cultural state-of-mind that they embody and capsulise;[15] thus "Urban legends" are a feature of rumour.^ A fixture in the legends of the cultures native to Alaska and the American Pacific Northwest, Raven is featured in the Aviariy's collection of links to Raven fiction Gryphons, Griffins, Griffons!
  • Myths and Legends - frames 1 February 2010 2:53 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[16] .When Willian Jansen suggested that legends that disappear quickly were "short-term legends" and the persistent ones be termed "long-term legends", the distinction between legend and rumour was effectively obliterated, Tangherlini concluded.^ The idea of proper alignment between fist and forearm is a sound one and fortunately there is a simple but effective test for verity.

^ TRIANGLE CHOKE: Angle one is the inner thigh of the short tail leg (the leg to be tucked behind the long tail knee).

^ We can see this triangulation of jugulation in each of the major chokes but, first, two more terms to define: short tail and long tail.

[17]
In the painting of Lady Godiva by Jules Joseph Lefebvre, the authentic historical person is fully submerged in the legend, presented in an anachronistic high mediaeval setting.

Related concepts

.Legends are tales that, because of the tie to a historical event or location, are believable, although not necessarily believed.^ I used to frequent Legends back in the day just because it was local and they showed a lot of different sporting events.
  • Legends - Long Beach, CA 1 February 2010 2:53 UTC www.yelp.com [Source type: General]

^ It is a collection of tales containing Celtic myth, pseudo-historical romance, and Arthurian legend with resonances of Chretien de Troyes.
  • Myths and Legends - frames 1 February 2010 2:53 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is believed that, although the seven years did pass, because Link was in a coma-like state, he awoke still with the mindset of a child.
  • Link - Zeldapedia, the Legend of Zelda wiki - Twilight Princess, Ocarina of Time, Spirit Tracks, and more 1 February 2010 2:53 UTC zelda.wikia.com [Source type: General]

.For the purpose of the study of legends, in the academic discipline of folkloristics, the truth value of legends is irrelevant because, whether the story told is true or not, the fact that the story is being told at all allows scholars to use it as commentary upon the cultures that produce or circulate the legends.^ These sports are using the objective empirical method whether it is called that or not and, we all think that they are wise to do so.

^ The initial articles contain several essays about mythological stories from numerous cultures all relating to the idea of a savior/creator/fertility deity.
  • Myths and Legends - frames 1 February 2010 2:53 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There’s a story being told in both cases but I can’t be bothered to take the time to absorb it thanks to the lack of anything interesting in the music.
  • LEGEND music, discography, MP3, videos and reviews 1 February 2010 2:53 UTC www.progarchives.com [Source type: General]

The mediaeval legend of Genevieve of Brabant connected her to Treves.
.Hippolyte Delehaye, (in his Preface to The Legends of the Saints: An Introduction to Hagiography, 1907) distinguished legend from myth: "The legend, on the other hand, has, of necessity, some historical or topographical connection.^ It has a great deal of information about the history of the outlaw of Sherwood, as well as a bunch of links to other Robin Hood sites and some historical information about Nottingham castle.
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^ Richard McLaughlin's Mythology Notes present descriptions of gods, summaries of myths, and some historical material on the mythologies of the Ancient Near East, Persia, Scandinavia, and the Celts.
  • Myths and Legends - frames 1 February 2010 2:53 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Legends have been passed down generation after generation, so there's no actual proof that they aren't real, but on the other hand, there's no proof that they are.

.It refers imaginary events to some real personage, or it localizes romantic stories in some definite spot."^ It was considered a positive sign to spot a Hummingbird just prior to some major event such as hunting or traveling to another village.
  • Legends at Native Online. The resource Center for Native Art 1 February 2010 2:53 UTC www.nativeonline.com [Source type: Original source]

.From the moment a legend is retold as fiction its authentic legendary qualities begin to fade and recede: in The Legend of Sleepy Hollow, Washington Irving transformed a local Hudson River Valley legend into a literary anecdote with "Gothic" overtones, which actually tended to diminish its character as genuine legend.^ Washington Irving (1783-1859) wrote both Rip Van Winkle and The Legend of Sleepy Hollow - the tale of Ichabod Crane & the Headless Horseman.
  • Myths and Legends - frames 1 February 2010 2:53 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Two Legends of the Pampa Indians involving people being transformed into plants are retold here by middle schoolers from Argentina and Hawaii.
  • Myths and Legends - frames 1 February 2010 2:53 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This page on Korean Astrology begins by telling the legend of how the Korean zodiac came into being.
  • Myths and Legends - frames 1 February 2010 2:53 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Stories that exceed these boundaries of "realism" are called "fables". For example, the talking animal formula of Aesop identifies his brief stories as fables, not legends. .The parable of the Prodigal Son would be a legend if it were told as having actually happened to a specific son of a historical father.^ If he had told his mother, the father would have been dragged out of the temple and would live unhappily.

If it included an ass that gave sage advice to the Prodigal Son it would be a fable.
Legend may be transmitted orally, passed on person-to-person, or, in the original sense, through written text. Jacob de Voragine's Legenda Aurea or "The Golden Legend" comprises a series of vitae or instructive biographical narratives, tied to the liturgical calendar of the Roman Catholic Church. They are presented as lives of the saints, but the profusion of miraculous happenings and above all their uncritical context are characteristics of hagiography. The Legenda was intended to inspire extemporized homilies and sermons appropriate to the saint of the day.

Some famous legends

References

  1. ^ Norbert Krapf, Beneath the Cherry Sapling: Legends from Franconia (New York: Fordham University Press) 1988, devotes his opening section to distinguishing the genre of legend from other narrative forms, such as fairy tale; he "reiterates the Grimms' definition of legend as a folktale historically grounded", according to Hans Sebald's review in German Studies Review 13.2 (May 1990), p 312.
  2. ^ Tangherlini, "'It Happened Not Too Far from Here...': A Survey of Legend Theory and Characterization" Western Folklore 49.4 (October 1990:371-390) p. 85.
  3. ^ That is to say, specifically located in place and time.
  4. ^ "Das Märchen ist poetischer, die Sage, historischer"; quoted at the commencement of Tangherlini's survey of legend scholarship (Tangherlini 1990:371), which is in large part the basis of this section.
  5. ^ Wehrhahn Die Sage (Leipzig) 1908.
  6. ^ Ranke, "Grundfragen der Volkssagen Forshung", in Leander Petzoldt (ed.), Vergleichende Sagenforschung 1971:1-20, noted by Tangherlini 1990.)
  7. ^ Peukert , Sagen (Munich: E Schmidt) 1965.
  8. ^ Stimulated in part, Tangherlini suggests, by the 1962 congress of the International Society for Folk Narrative Research.
  9. ^ Ranke, "Grundfragen der Volkssagenforschung", Niederdeutsche Zeitschrift fur Volkskunde 3 (1925, reprinted 1969)
  10. ^ Charles L. Perdue Jt., reviewing Linda Dégh and Andrew Vászony's essay "The crack on the red goblet or truth and the modern legend" in Richard M. Dorson, ed. Folklore in the Modern World, (The Hague: Mouton)1978, in The Journal of American Folklore 93 No. 369 (July-September 1980:367), remarked on Ranke's definition, criticised in the essay, as a "dead issue". A more recent examination of the balance between oral performance and literal truth at work in legends forms Gillian Bennett's chaprer "Legend: Performance and Truth" in Gillian Bennett and Paul Smith, eds. Contemporary Legend (Garland) 1996:17-40.
  11. ^ de Boor, "Märchenforschung", Zeitschrift für Deutschkunde 42 1928:563-81.
  12. ^ Lutz Röhrich, Märchen und Wirklichkeit: Eine volkskundliche Untersuchung (Wiesbaden: Steiner Verlag) 1956:9-26.
  13. ^ Heiske, "Das Märchen ist poetischer, die Sage, historischer: Versuch einer Kritik", Deutschunterricht14 1962:69-75..
  14. ^ Bernheim, Einleitung in der Geschichtswissenschaft(Berlin: de Gruyter) 1928.
  15. ^ Allport, The Psychology of Rumor (New York: Holt, Rinehart) 1947:164.
  16. ^ Bengt af Klintberg, "Folksägner i dag" Fataburen 1976:269-96.
  17. ^ Jansen, "Legend: oral tradition in the modern experience", Folklore Today, A Festschrift for William Dorson (Bloomington: Indiana University Press) 1972:265-72, noted in Tangherlini 1990:375.

Source material

Up to date as of January 22, 2010
(Redirected to A Legend article)

From Wikisource

A Legend
by Ross Winn
Originally appearing in Firebrand, March 7, 1897.
"A Legend" was published in Firebrand in 1897.
A knave and a fool on an island were cast;
Their ship had gone down in the hurricane's blast.
.
On the island they met, while hungry and wet,
A wise man who aid to them gave;
They were given a home, with the freedom to roam,
Bounded by naught but the wave.
^ An old man lived along the banks of a stream with his daughter who may have been very beautiful or possibly quite homely.
  • Legends at Native Online. The resource Center for Native Art 1 February 2010 2:53 UTC www.nativeonline.com [Source type: Original source]

^ To do this, one Bear transformed himself into a very handsome man who approached this woman, and seductively lured her to accompany him to his mountain home.
  • Legends at Native Online. The resource Center for Native Art 1 February 2010 2:53 UTC www.nativeonline.com [Source type: Original source]

^ His parents wanted Issun-Boshi to have a fun life so they gave him a bowl, chopsticks and a needle he could use as a sword and waved goodbye.


.
The fool, though demented, was easily contented
To live in this beautiful land:
But the knave was a schemer (there's plenty lots meaner);
He thought out a wonderful plan.
^ It was made out of "Native" copper which was found in the land where they lived, and superficially resembled a shield.
  • Legends at Native Online. The resource Center for Native Art 1 February 2010 2:53 UTC www.nativeonline.com [Source type: Original source]



Said the knave to the fool: "It's plain that some rule
Must govern society here,
Else murder we'll do - Anarchy ensue -
A government is needed, I fear."

The fool was demented, and of course he consented,
But the wise man opposed it alone;
His logic was parried, for the measure was carried
Over the minority of one.
.
Now none but a fool, or a knave wants to rule,
For a wise man knows better than that;
So the knave was elected, for no fool is selected
To wear a governor's hat.
^ Adult parents performed no better than chance at detecting the lie.

^ You want to be the Bellagio that only offers game that it knows that it will win more often than not.

^ These individuals have been interviewed by trained psychologists, doctors, criminologists, and lawyers and Porter says these professionals are generally no better than laypersons in detecting deception .



The knave, as a state, was something quite great,
The fool was lost in surprise;
As he looked on in awe, for the majesty of law
Quite blinded and dazzled his eyes.
.
But states are expensive, and the fool was quite pensive
When the tax collector called round,
And took all his money, (and it wasn't quite funny) -
As payment for using the ground.
^ These sports are using the objective empirical method whether it is called that or not and, we all think that they are wise to do so.



E're long the poor fool, by means of the rule
Of this cunning knave of a state.
Was reduced to a slave and made work for the knave,
From early morning till late.

The wise man foresaw that the knave and his law
Would drive from the island its peace;
He was branded a hater of law, and a traitor,
For whom toleration should cease.

The fool patriotic, and quite idiotic -
(Synonymous terms I declare,)
Was ready with chains, and the law's legal pains,
To fasten his own despair,

And to kill with a blow, first his enemy's foe,
And his own true defender and friend;
To preserve the knave's law, which he worshiped in awe
And to the gallows the hero did send.

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Database error article)

From LoveToKnow 1911

(There is currently no text in this page)


Simple English

Legends are usually very old stories with little or no evidence to prove them. Legends are often passed on by word-of-mouth. They are very similar to myths.

Legends can also be famous or historically significant people, places, art, etc..

Examples of legends include: Oday Jarrar, the Fountain of Youth, or Loch Ness

We sometimes say of someone who is extremely famous that they are a "legend" or "of legendary fame".

Legendary emperors of Japan

The current Emperor of Japan[1] is considered the 125th monarch according to Japan's traditional order of succession.[2]

The earliest Japanese emperors are believed to be mythical or legendary. These historical figures have been included in the traditional list of emperors since the reign of Emperor Kammu, who was the 50th monarch of the Yamato dynasty.[3]

Very little information is available for study before the rule of the 29th monarch, Emperor Kimmei who reigned in the 6th century.[4] Historians consider details about the life of Emperor Kimmei to be possibly legendary, but probable.[5]

These legends are found in the earliest written records which date from the 8th century -- the Kojiki (711)[6] and the Nihonshoki (720).[7]

Some details of the lives of the early emperors are considered likely to be fictional.[5]

Notes

  1. Imperial Household Agency: Genealogy of the Imperial Family
  2. "Prince Akihito comes of age‎," Life, Vol. 23, No. 33. (December 8, 1952), pp. 70-76; Martin, Peter. (1997). The Chrysanthemum Throne, pp. 153-158.
  3. Aston, William. (1896). Nihongi, pp. 109.
  4. Parry, Richard Lloyd. "Japan guards the emperors' secrets; Ban on digs in ancient imperial tombs frustrates archaeologists," The Independent (London). 12 November 1995; Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, pp. 261-262; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki, pp. 123-124; Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 34-36.]
  5. 5.0 5.1 Kelly, Charles F. "Kofun Culture," Japanese Archaeology. April 27, 2009.
  6. Titsingh, p. 64.
  7. Titsingh, p. 66.

References


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 28, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Legend, which are similar to those in the above article.








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