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Legislative Assembly of Prince Edward Island
Type
Type Unicameral
Houses Legislative Assembly
Leadership
Speaker Kathleen Casey, Liberal Party
since July 6, 2007
Structure
Members 27
Political groups Progressive Conservative Party
Liberal Party
Election
Last election May 28, 2007
Meeting place
282 - Birthplace of Canada Charlottetown PEI.JPG
Province House, Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island, Canada
Website
www.assembly.pe.ca

The Legislative Assembly of Prince Edward Island is one of two parts of the General Assembly, the other being the Lieutenant-Governor. The General Assembly meets at Province House, which is located at the intersection of Richmond and Great George Streets in Charlottetown.

Contents

History

As a colony, Prince Edward Island originally had a bicameral legislature founded in 1773 with the Legislative Council of Prince Edward Island serving as the upper house and the House of Assembly as the lower house. Together they composed the 1st General Assembly of the Island of Saint John. After the name of the colony changed in 1798, the body became known as the General Assembly of Prince Edward Island. In 1893 the two bodies were amalgamated into a unicameral legislature and became known as the Legislative Assembly of Prince Edward Island. Formally, the legislature is still known as the General Assembly of Prince Edward Island.

In 1769, a British Order-in-Council established a new government on the British colony of St. John’s Island (present day P.E.I.). In 1770, Lieutenant Governor Walter Patterson (the Island’s first Governor) arrived and appointed a Council to assist him in the administration of the Island. By 1773, at the insistence of the British government, Governor Patterson summoned the Island’s first Assembly.

Elections for the Island’s first House of Assembly were held on July 4, 1773, with 18 members being elected. Tradition has it that the first session of the Island’s new Assembly was held in the Crossed Keys Tavern on the Corner of Queen and Dorchester Streets in Charlottetown; however, a Journal entry contradicts this and indicates that it was actually held in the home of James Richardson.

In 1839, an important distinction was drawn between the executive and legislative capacities of the Legislative Council. This distinction proved to be an important step on the road to responsible government which was finally implemented in 1851.

Prior to 1893, Prince Edward Island had a bi-cameral system of Government consisting of a Legislative Council and a House of Assembly. These two bodies were amalgamated in 1893 to create one Legislative Assembly consisting of 30 Members elected from 15 different constituencies. Each constituency returned a Councillor and an Assemblyman to the Assembly. The only change to this system of returning Members to the Assembly was the addition of two Members resulting from the creation of 6th Queens in 1966. In 1996, the system and the electoral map were restructured, and P.E.I. now has twenty-seven Members of the Legislative Assembly, each elected from a different constituency.

Composition

The Legislative Assembly currently has 27 single-member districts and is currently the smallest provincial assembly in Canada.

Prior to the 1996 provincial election, the province was divided into 16 dual-member districts, each of which was represented by one member who held the title Assemblyman and one member who held the title Councillor. This was a holdover from the legislature's historic bicameral structure — instead of simply abolishing its upper house as most Canadian provinces with historically bicameral legislatures did, Prince Edward Island merged the two houses in 1893. Although both members sat in the same legislative house, all voters in a district voted for the assemblyman while only landowners could vote for the councillor. Excepting the division of 5th Queens, the district that contained the capital city of Charlottetown, into two districts in 1966, these district boundaries were never adjusted for demographic or population changes.

The property qualification was discontinued in 1963, largely eliminating any practical distinction between the two roles, although the nominal titles continued to be used until the current single-member districts were introduced in 1996.

Members

Cabinet ministers are in bold, party leaders are in italic, and the Speaker of the Legislative Assembly is designated by a dagger.

Member Party Electoral district
     Jim Bagnall Progressive Conservative Montague-Kilmuir
     Carolyn Bertram Liberal Rustico-Emerald
     Paula Biggar Liberal Tyne Valley-Linkletter
     Richard Brown Liberal Charlottetown-Victoria Park
     Allan Campbell Liberal Souris-Elmira
     Kathleen Casey Liberal Charlottetown-Lewis Point
     Olive Crane Progressive Conservative Morell-Mermaid
     Doug Currie Liberal Charlottetown-Parkdale
     Michael Currie Progressive Conservative Georgetown-St. Peters
     Valerie Docherty Liberal Kellys Cross-Cumberland
     Bush Dumville Liberal West Royalty-Springvale
     Cynthia Dunsford Liberal Stratford-Kinlock
     Sonny Gallant Liberal Evangeline-Miscouche
     Robert Ghiz Liberal Charlottetown-Brighton
     Gerard Greenan Liberal Summerside-St. Eleanors
     Robert Henderson Liberal O'Leary-Inverness
     Neil LeClair Liberal Tignish-Palmer Road
     Ron MacKinley Liberal Cornwall-Meadowbank
     Charlie McGeoghegan Liberal Belfast-Murray River
     Alan McIsaac Liberal Vernon River-Stratford
     Robert Mitchell Liberal Charlottetown-Sherwood
     Pat Murphy Liberal Alberton-Roseville
     Wes Sheridan Liberal Kensington-Malpeque
     Janice Sherry Liberal Summerside-Wilmot
     Robert Vessey Liberal York-Oyster Bed
     Buck Watts Liberal Tracadie-Hillsborough Park
     George Webster Liberal Borden-Kinkora

Party standings

Legislative Assembly Chamber
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Affiliation Members
     Liberal Party 24
     Progressive Conservative Party 3
 Total
27
 Government Majority
14

See also

External links

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